OpenGeo Suite: Babban misali na GIS Software na tunanin ƙananan ƙa'idodin tsarin OSGeo

A yau, a kalla a cikin yanayin haɗin gwiwar, duk masu sana'a da tsaka-tsaki suna gane cewa tushen kayan aiki na asali yana da matukar girma kamar software na kasuwanci, kuma a wasu hanyoyi mafi kyau.

Dabarun ka'idodi na aiki sosai. Duk da yake shi ne m balance karshe da makamashi ake bukata fasaha juyin halitta, watakila shi ne abin da ya sanya harsãshin domin samun nasarar a cikin wasu fitattu a matsayin al'umma falsafa m, tattalin arziki da kuma sauran ra'ayoyin da aka yi amfani da su gaskata da model, cewa a takaice dai mahimmanci ne.

Duk da haka, sayar Open Source mafita mai sauki ba a kasuwanci ko gwamnati muhallin, domin dalilai da yawa da cewa jera fãra a gasar amma kuma a matsayin makawa sakamakon da kasawan na model, wanda dole ne bullo da kuma cu] anya da mallakar tajirai software. Masu yanke shawara sun tambayi kansu tambayoyi kamar:

  • Idan wata safiya mun ga matsalar da ta haifar da sabunta wasu dandamali, a wasu fannoni kamar tsaro Wane ne yake amsa lokacin da muke buƙatar tallafi, kuma wane farashin barin shi an tsara shi?

  • Bayar da madadin hanyoyin da za a yi a harshe, ɗakunan karatu, mafita na abokan ciniki, mafitacin yanar gizo, abin da hade za mu zabi don tabbatar da daidaito kusan total?

OpenGeo Suite wani bayani ne da ba wai kawai yana amfani da cikakken matukar samfurori masu samuwa ba, amma yana nufin mayar da martani ga waɗannan raunin samfurin. Bugu da kari ya ba da al'umma da wani bayani da za su iya bunkasa su ci gaba da tunanin, Halicci thread ga gyara da hannu kai tsaye su ci gaba da, ga kamfanonin OpenGeo Suite na samar da muhimmancin yana bukatar yankan shawara a kan bude Madogararsa. Duk da yake akwai wasu kamfanonin, bayan dan lokaci na ƙoƙari na wannan madadin, ba ni da wani zaɓi sai dai in gane ƙwaƙƙwan iyawa da kuma kirkirar tunanin da ke faruwa a Boundless, kamfanin da ya haifar da wannan bayani.

Bari mu ga wasu daga abin da OpenGeo Suite ya nuna:

Wadanne kayan aiki ne OpenGeo Suite ya ƙunshi?

Samun da yawa da dama na bayani ba mummunan ba, yana da al'ada, ko da yake yana ƙaddamar da ɗan yadda za a tabbatar da zaɓin kayan aiki a cikin matakai masu amfani. Zaɓin ɓataccen abu na iya ƙada idan muka fahimci lokacin da muka riga muka yi kokarin gudanar da bincike, ci gaba, horar da, kuma, mafi girma, lokaci marar karɓa.

Alal misali, kawai cikin sharuddan harshen ci gaban da muke da mai wuyar warwarewa sakamakon da bukatun da al'umma, da yawa daga cikinsu yi daidai da wannan, wasu kwaikwayi wani dandano, wasu da musamman fasali a cikin sauki routines cewa yana da m kuma mun yi duk. Bari mu ga wannan rabuwa ta hanyar aiki da harsuna; ko da yake na dole a gaskiya, categorization ba m da kuma a wasu lokuta wuya a bambanta kan iyakar:

  • A matakin ƙwararrun masallaci, shahararren lamari shine: QGis, Grass, ILWIS, SAGA, Kapaware, bisa C ++. gvSIG, Jump, uDIG, Kosmo, LocalGIS, GeoPista, SEXTANTE, bisa Java. MapWindow ta gefensa a kan ActiveX dangane da .NET.
  • A cikin ɗakunan karatu muna da: GDAL, OGR, PROJ4, FDO, GEOS a C ++. GeoTools, WKB4J, JTS, Baltic bisa Java. NTS, GeoTools.NET, SharpMap on .NET.
  • Game da shafukan yanar gizon, wanda yanzu suna ci gaba: MapServer, MapGuide OS akan C ++; GeoServer, Degree, Geonetwork akan Java. OpenLayers, Leaflet da Ka-Map a Javascript, taswirar Fed a kan Python, MapBender a PHP / Javascript.
  • Game da bayanan bayanan sirri, Postgres shi ne babban rinjaye, ko da yake akwai wasu mafita.

Wannan na sama yana nuna cewa yana yiwuwa ya hau tsarin kusan a kowane yanayi. Bugu da ƙari, yawancin su, ko da yake an haife su a cikin harshe, yanzu suna tallafa wa wasu. Yawancin su an haife shi a matsayin abokin ciniki amma suna iya sarrafa bayanai na yanar gizo da kuma lokuta irin su Layer Layers shi ne ma yiwu a ci gaba a cikin wani shafin yanar gizon kusan dukkan abin da aka yi a kayan aiki.

Menene haɗin kayan aiki kyauta don amfani?

An yanke shawarar da aka bude OpenGeo Qis kamar yadda wani tebur abokin ciniki, wanda a wannan lokaci ya riga wani category na abubuwa a egeomates cancanci. Domin yanar gizo zaba GeoServer matsayin data uwar garke cewa aiki a kan Tomcat, jetty da Runtime yanayi Java, GeoWebCache for tessellation da OpenLayers matsayin library Ko da yake karshen wani zaɓi yana da wani wajibi a rajista la'akari mafita kamar Leaflet cewa yana girma tare da babban rabo mai girma musamman ga ta model plugins, kuma bisa laákari da yuwuwar da hannu aikace-aikace. Suna ganin cewa sun iya tafi for guda line na harshe amma ina son ganin analysis matrix cewa ya haddasa wannan definition.

Bari mu kasance a fili, kowa zai iya aiwatar da wadannan mafita a kowanne. Abin da OpenGeo ya ƙunshi shi ne mai sakawa tare da sifofin waɗannan abubuwan da aka haɓaka tare da ingantawa don inganta ayyukan yau da kullum; misali:

bude ci gaba

  • bude uwar garken tashar yanar gizo ta budegeoMai sakawa ya sa ƙungiyar ta hanya mai kyau. Da yake iya zabar wace kayan da za a shigar, cire ko cirewa. Ga wadanda suka yi aiki tare da ginin lokaci na Java tare da kuskuren 503 mai ban sha'awa za su san mai amfani.
  • Akwai daban-daban installers: for Windows, Mac OS X, CentOS / RHEL, Fedora, Ubuntu da Saitunan Aikace-aikace.
  • Sakamakon 4.02 na kwanan nan ya kawo PostgreSQL 9.3.1, PostGIS 2.1.1, GeoTools 10, GeoServer 2.4.3 da GeoWebCache 1.5; kuma yana goyan bayan OpenLayers 3.
  • A farkon fararen haɗin kai tsaye an hana don dakatar ko fara GeoServer da Postgres; Har ila yau, don tayar da ƙwaƙwalwar mai amfani da bayanan da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin Postgres (shp2psql) kuma don samun dama ga DatabaseGis database (PgAdmin).
  • Har ila yau, a farkon menu akwai damar zuwa localhost, wanda a cikin wannan version kawar da abokin ciniki dubawa 3 version tare da tsabta Control panel ga GeoServer, GeoExplorer GeoWebCache da kuma ayyuka.
  • Wannan samfurin, GeoExplorer ne mai ban mamaki ci gaban Boundles dangane GeExt cewa hidima viewer bayanai zuwa GeoServer, sa data upload daga wani gida fayil ko daga wani data kantin sayar da iya saita launi, line kauri, nuna gaskiya, wanda aka lakafta, ciki har da dokoki da ajiyewa kai tsaye a kan fayil na style geoServer (sld). Babu wanda ke cikin hankalinsu na gaskiya yana yin wannan zuwa lamirin tsabta kuma GeoExplorer shine kyakkyawan bayani -ko da yake yana aikata abubuwa da yawa-.
  • GeoServer shigar version hada da wani mahada zuwa ga shigo da bayanai, da kuma iya halitta daga gida kafofin siffar yadudduka, ciki har da PostGis inda data za a iya motsa daga wannan tushe zuwa wani localhost ciki har da wani bakuncin sabis. Yana da ban sha'awa cewa wannan Yunƙurin a data OGR2OGR cewa solves matsaloli sai ya yi da wasan bidiyo line, jefa matsaloli a lokacin da wani multipolygon Layer up, a matsayin tsoho ne mai sauki polygon.
  • A wannan yanayin, ayyukan WPS suna bayyana saboda a cikin zaɓi don shigarwa na yanke shawarar haɗa su.
  • A lokacin shigarwa za ka iya ƙara GeoServer Add-ons kamar CSS Styling, CSW, Gyara da kuma goyon baya ga ɗakunan karatu na GDAL. Har ila yau, akwai Add-on don PostGIS da ke goyan bayan kulawar girgije a kan bayanai kuma a matsayin abokin ciniki zaka iya shigar da GDAL / OGR. Ga masu haɓaka akwai zaɓi don shigar da Webapp SDK da GeoScript.
  • Ba kamar ta shirya a kan uwar garke version, ina ganin cewa akwai karin yiwu data kafofin cewa inshora za a iya kara amma a yanayin saukan wanda ya zo da OpenGeo Suite version kawo delimited rubutu waƙafi H2, H2 JNDI, SQL Server, OGR, Oracle da ƙuƙƙwarar hanyoyi a cikin raster origins.

Shin game da Qgis?

  • Daga mafi kyawun, ga Qgis sun kirkiro wani babban abin da ake kira OpenGeo mai bincike wanda za ka iya hulɗa tare da tushen Postgres kuma tare da GeoServer. Daga nan zaka iya shirya slds, motsa layi, kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu, gyara sunaye, sharewa, duba ayyukan aiki, ɗakunan layi, da dai sauransu.
  • Idan an cire takarda, an cire sld; duk wannan mai yiwuwa ne kuma a ƙarshe ya samo aikin daga abokin ciniki wanda ke sarrafa abin da yake da shi, wannan aiki tare zai iya amfani da API REST.
  • Domin a yanzu ba dole ne shp2psql amma ba mamaki sa'an nan batutuwa a cikin wannan panel, watakila a matsayin m kamar yadda plugin tofa cewa sabanin da UI Stores nasabar, za ka iya upload da dama yadudduka toshe, da ci gaba mashaya ne mafi bayyane masu ganewa kuma mafi kuskuren saƙonnin kuskure.

bude kayan aiki mai suna geo suite plugin

Tare da wannan OpenGeo Suite ba yana cewa wannan shine girke-girke na sihiri ba. Amma zai motsa yawancin al'umma zuwa wannan zaɓi, musamman saboda ƙananan kamfanoni da ke sayar da kwarewa zasu fi son koyar da wannan hanyar da ke tabbatar da ƙimar karatun koyo.

Haɗin yana dace da wasu kayan aikin da za a iya saka a kan uwar garke.

Mene ne tasiri tare da OpenGeo Suite?

Za mu ga yadda wannan tasiri yake a kan al'umma, saboda a baya babu mutane da ke da kwarewa a fagen, wanda ya shiga cikin kayan aiki da wuraren sayar da litattafan da ke yanzu da ke ci gaba da kasancewa. Amma sama da dukkanin kullun a kasuwancin da kuma sayar da ayyuka, wanda sau da yawa ya ɓata daga matakin fasaha. Don ambaci akalla shida:

  • Eddie Pickle da Ken Bossung, wadanda suka kafa kamfanin IONIC, kamfanin da ya sayi ERDAS a 2007 da kuma abin da Leica ke mallakar yanzu.

  • Andreas Hocevar da Bart van den Eijnden, wadanda aka haifa a ci gaba da OpenLayers 2 da GeoExt.

  • Victor Olaya, wanda ya bar mana wannan kyautar SEXTANTE,

  • Paul Ramsey, na farko masu gabatarwa na PostGIS.

Sauran tasiri mai tasiri shi ne kan tsarin manyan kamfanoni, cewa a waje da zama dan kasuwa a kasuwar - wanda ke da haɗari, yana bayar da tsari ga gasar da kamfanoni a kamfanoni masu zaman kansu a wasu fannoni kamar goyon baya, tabbatarwa, tsaro da inganci mai kyau a kan ci gaban.

Cikin kewayon sabis yana m, jere daga migrating dandamali zuwa shekara-shekara ayyuka na tallafi ze m tare da kamfanoni da kungoyoyi kasuwar hankali fahimta bambanci na da ciwon gida goyon baya da kuma kasuwanci goyon baya. Na kamata ba zama da sauki wannan kasuwa, amma mun gani da kyau idanu kamar yadda cibiyoyin girma cikin tunani, valuing da software ci gaba da kuma bayanai a matsayin wani kadari da kuma sanya shi ta hanyar ware aikin auto makaniki ta masu motoci saya inshora da kuma na musamman da sabis na kamfanonin rarraba.

marasa iyakaA cikin samfurin kyauta, akwai damar ga kowa da kowa. Don haka abin da Boundless offers, akwai, tare da damar zuwa zama abokin tarayya; akwai yiwuwar waɗanda suke so su bunkasa ikon su na sayar da ayyuka dangane da aiwatarwa, horo, tallafi ko ci gaba. Misalin da muka sami kyawawan darussan da za mu koya da kuma dacewa da kokarin da GvSIG Foundation ke ɗauka, wanda zamu yi magana game da wani lokaci.

Sauke OpenGeo Suite.

2 yana nunawa ga "OpenGeo Suite: Babban misali na GIS Software wanda aka tsara don rashin ƙarfi na tsarin OSGeo"

  1. Samun sha'awa ga Masu Tsara Ayyuka a karkashin Opengeo Suite don yin amfani da kulawa na geospatial zuwa hanyoyin megaprojects

  2. Na gode da yawa don masu rubutun ku. Da kaina, na same su suna wadatawa.
    Taimakonku yana da mahimmanci don nazarin da kuma yanke shawara.

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