3D Dandalin bayanan yanar gizo tare da API-javascript: Esri Progress

Lokacin da muka gani da ayyuka Smart Campus ArcGIS da ayyuka kamar tafiya hanyoyi tsakanin wani tebur a kan uku bene na ginin Professional Services da kuma daya a Q masu sauraro, a sakamakon duka biyu ƙasar ciki da kuma hadewa na BIM data, mun sami Haɗin haɗin gine-ginin Geo-engineering yana gudana a cikin hangen nesa mai matukar kusa.

Kuma duk da cewa manyan ayyuka sun ɓace don kula da nau'in nau'in sarrafa bayanai mai mahimmanci (MDM) don ma'anar gaskiya tsakanin gaskiyar hasken GIS, cikakken bayanin BIM da abubuwan aikace-aikacen cikin rayuwar gaske wanda ke gudana akan wannan alamar. Hakanan mun fahimci cewa duk waɗannan ayyukan suna gudana akan masu bincike na yanar gizo, tare da wasu Python don abubuwan yau da kullun amma musamman tare da harshe mai haske kamar javascript.

Abin da babu shakka ya tunatar da mu, cewa masu amfani da injiniyoyi da injiniyoyi zasu ci gaba da fahimtar samfurori, da lambobin tsarawa.

Hakanan yana da mahimmanci a lura da canjin yanayin daga yanayin yanayin tebur mai nauyi zuwa maɓuɓɓakan lambar bincike mai sauƙi. Tabbas masanin kimiyyan komputa ne wanda yayi kere kere tare da sabar GIS, Gis Engine ko kayan Gis sun fita daga hannu lokacin da ya ga yadda karamin takarda yayi aiki a wani kwas. MappingGis; Ba zan yi mamakin idan ya tafi ya yi tsalle a kan kabarin zuwa magajinsa ba.

A yayin gabatar da sabon tsari na ArcGis Indoors na gaba, wannan labarin ya taƙaita haɗin haɗin godiya na Lau - wani yarinya mai ban sha'awa wadda ke haɗaka tare da wannan shafin - da kuma ra'ayoyin mahallin editan Geofumadas.com, kan shafin yanar gizon kwanan nan "Gabatarwa ga 3D a kan yanar gizo tare da APC ArcGIS don Javascript ".

Masu baje kolin gidan yanar gizon da farko sun bayyana da kyakkyawar ƙugiya kan batun amfani da 3D a cikin aikace-aikacen ArcGIS, da kuma yadda take bayyana kanta a cikin dandamali na: Mai kallo na Scene, Taswirar Labari, ko Gidan Yanar Gizon Gidan Yanar Gizon ya danganta da dalilin binciken.

Yana da mahimmanci cewa ma'anar asali da ke da alaƙa da jigon 3D an bayyana ta tun farko, musamman saboda fiye da nuna juzu'i, yana neman ƙirar tsari. Hakanan bangaren da har yanzu yake da mahimmanci dangane da abubuwan da ake buƙata na tsarin don gudanar da ayyukan da ke da alaƙa da wannan nau'in bayanan da suka banbanta da 2D, kamar katin kirki mai kyau, Tallafin OpenGL da ke cikin mai binciken w / WebGL.

Idan ba haka ba, bari a gaya musu ta abokai SELPER, a cikin kyakkyawar hanya na sarrafa kayan kuɗi a cikin fasahar GIS, wadda take da ma'auninta kafin sassan OpenGL na katunan katunan Nvidia na Jami'ar inda aka ci gaba.  Ara yawan gaske ta hanyar zanga-zangar ɗaliban Bogota wanda ya sa ya zama da wahala a yi isassun gwaje-gwaje a ranar da ta gabata.

Bugu da ƙari, sun saukar da kaddamar da goyan baya don gudanar da kayan aiki a kan na'urorin haɗi kamar wayar hannu ko kuma allunan.

A gabatarwa gudanar da dama misalai ko zanga-zanga, a gane yadda API for JavaScript ayyuka da kuma yadda data aka juna don samar da tallan kayan kawa 3D, suka fara da load na yadudduka ko bayanai zuwa WebScene kuma daga baya ta yin tallan kayan kawa / kauda 3D a Screeneview,

Haɗin haɗin fasaha

Gine-ginen nau'ikan nau'ikan 4.x ne kuma an yi shi ne da abubuwan da aka gani da kuma nuna dama cikin sauƙi, ban da karɓar tarin bayanai da yawa daga tushen bayanai daban-daban. Wannan ginin ya fi 3.x yawa saboda ana iya ganin 3D kawai don wannan matakin. Ana amfani da kayan aikin Webscene da SceneView don sarrafa bayanan 3D kuma an haɗa su cikin API, ban da yadda samfurin 3D za a iya dacewa da bayanan da ke cikin aikace-aikacen da suka gabata.

Tare da misalai, sun nuna bambancin gani tsakanin bayanan 2D da 3D da yadda za a tafi daga kallon taswirar 2D WebScene zuwa 3D SceneView, ta hanyar lambobin javascript. Yin amfani da kyamara mai sauƙi ne, ƙara wasu takamaiman umarni ra'ayoyi sun canza shugabanci. Gwaje-gwaje an gudanar akan halaye masu zuwa:

  • je, wanda ya ba da damar juyawa kyamarar a kan aiki.
  • goTo: Ana amfani dasu don kafa ra'ayi bisa ga abin da kake son ganin a cikin 3D, kuma za ka iya yin radiyo tare da wannan kayan aiki, kamar saka wasu digiri na batu don sake motsawa cikin juyawa.
  • ToMap: daukan daidaitawar ra'ayi kuma sanya shi a kan tashar 2D
  • toScreen: ba ka damar nuna wani mahimmin akan tashar 2D kuma sanya shi a baya a cikin 3D view
  • hitTest: Ana amfani dashi don ƙayyade halaye da cewa wani maƙalli yana da cikin ra'ayi

Sun kuma ayyana cewa gina wani taswira 3D yana da guda kayayyakin aiki, don haifar da daya 2d, kamar yin amfani da basemaps, yadudduka ko yadudduka wanda ake ma goyon cewa ga 2D (WMS, vectors ko CSV).

Duk da haka, ya kamata ka lura cewa 2D yadudduka dauke da wani bayani "Z" (tsawo), wanda shi ne dalilin da ya sa ya zama dole Model data hade tare da 3D da yadudduka kamar yadda girgije na da maki, meshlayersko masu tayar da hankali. A cikin API za ka iya tuntubar kan wadannan 3D yadudduka kamar tadawa takamaiman maki a cikin wurin, cikin siffar (1) asali lura filin, da kuma siffar (2) kamar yadda shi ya musanya daga tambaya ko shawarwari.

Sun nuna misalai da yawa na yadda ake wakiltar bayanan, misali, waɗanne bayanai ne SceneLayers (maki), da abubuwan 3D (Abubuwan 3D) ke tallafawa.

Ga manyan garuruwa, wakiltar abubuwa 3D kayan aiki ne mai ƙarfi, tunda yana yiwuwa a ga ba kawai sararin samaniyar abin ba, har ma da ƙarar sa, alaƙar sa da muhalli, da halaye na asali kowane ɗayan su. abubuwan. Hoton da ke ƙasa yana nuna yadda suka zaɓi ginin ba da daɗewa ba a cikin Birnin New York, kuma ana iya ganin duk halayensa. Hakanan, ana iya shirya tambayoyi da yawa bisa ga tsarin, kamar: inda wasu sifofi waɗanda ke da takamaiman tsayi ko ma'anar hanyoyin mafi kyau suna.

Tana goyon bayan sarrafawa na yadudduka kamar Mai haɓakaMeshLayer, wanda shine asalin bayani daga masu sauti kamar drones. Ba su ƙunshi bayanan bayani ba game da kowane tsarin kamar siffar da ta gabata, amma yawancin bayanai ne tare da siffofin 3D.

Amma ga ma'ana girgije, za ka iya wasa da girman da dige don samun mafi view na bayanai, tun kowane batu Layer iya samun iyaka data maki, amma suka ba su wakilta a matsayin mai 3D abu da kanta.

Sun ƙayyade amfani da alamar a cikin bayanan 3D, wanda aka gabatar a cikin siffofi madaidaiciya / madaidaiciya, da alamomin ƙarar da ke hade da abubuwan da aka kirkira a 3D. Waɗannan na iya kasancewa cikin takamaiman salo dangane da nau'in abu. Sun nuna amfani da abin da ake kira Extrudes zuwa “launi” tsarin bisa ga halayensa,

Ana nuna nau'ikan sa da za'a iya amfani dasu: sauƙi, inda dukkanin abubuwa suna da nau'i guda ɗaya, da musammanValueRenderer inda za ka iya rarraba abubuwan, bisa ga wani sifa, da kuma ClassBreakRenderer inda ake halayen halayen kowane abu game da ɗalibai: a wannan yanayin sun nuna nisan nesa daga ginin da ake bukata don samun damar tsarin sufuri na jama'a.

Masu gabatarwa, sun nuna a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci na Webinar, dukan amfanin amfani da API ArcGIS don Javascript, ciki har da:

  • 3D widgets: tare da zanga-zanga masu nunawa sun nuna nisa tsakanin abubuwa, duka a fili da kuma tsaye.
  • Ginin aikace-aikace: daga wurin da abubuwa 3D.
  • Dubi yanayin yanayin: yana fassara abun ciki da kuma yanayin da aka gani na 3D kuma ana iya uploaded zuwa Portal don ArcGIS.
  • Geodesic ma'aunai: ba wai kawai ya maida hankalin akan tsarin sifofin ba, amma har ya ba da damar auna nisa a duniya.
  • Building aikace-aikace, yin tallan kayan kawa 3D bisa ga gaskiyar gabatar sarari, Lines ko kumfa kira inda wasu siffofin da ake nuna, kamar tags da suke a kan dandamali, kamar Google Earth, a cikin wannan yanayin 3D
  • Declutter: amfani da su tsarkake ko tace tasirin ko halaye, wanda ake bukata don ganin a kan taswira 3D, ta haka ne guje da yawa tasirin da cewa ba da damar da ta dace na gani, da kuma haifar da amo lokacin da locating wani abu musamman.

Biyo bayan zanga-zangar kowane nau'in halayyar da aka shigar  API ArcGIS don Javascript, ya nuna wajerun da za a gabatar a cikin sabon tsarin 4.10. Inda za ku sami yiwuwar:

  • Gina Layer Scene
  • Slice widget din: wanda zai aika da bayanan da aka tsara zuwa abu na 3D
  • Ana amfani da adadin bayanai: ba kawai m zuwa wani gari ba, amma a ƙasa (ƙasa).
  • Point cloud filters

Taimakon wannan shafin yanar gizon zuwa geoengineering

A takaice, batun yana da inganci sosai; tuna cewa yanayin zuwa Tagwayen Digital da Smart Cities yana buƙatar hakan, fiye da tunani game da gudanar da bayani, wanda samfurinsa ya wuce ƙwarai, za a magance haɗin kai tare da samfurin sarrafawa. Kasuwa yana da fadi, yana da alamar ra'ayoyi kuma ya zuwa yanzu ya riga ya sami mafita kusan game da ƙarshen mai amfani; kodayake ga mu da muke amfani da fasaha wajen kera kayan aikin da ba gwangwani ba, har yanzu hanyar tana da wuya. Wannan yana nuna, haɗa sauran girman kamar lokaci, farashi da sake zagayowar rayuwa na ayyukan; ba a matakin bayanai da fasaha ba, wanda, kamar yadda muka nace, batun ne bayyananne, amma a cikin sauƙin raɗaɗi mai sauƙi ga ayyukan rayuwar mai amfani a gaban masu shiga tsakani a cikin tsarin ma'amala wanda ke wucewa ta bayanan sararin samaniya. Daga bangaren ESRI, gina bayanai yana da ɗan wahala, saboda kodayake zaku iya haɗa bayanan BIM da aka gina akan Revit, har yanzu ana ganinsa azaman duniyoyi biyu daban daban waɗanda ke buƙatar canji mai rikitarwa. Sabbin ayyuka tabbas za'a iya amfani dasu akan samfuran BIM, amma akwai adadi mai yawa na bayanan CAD wanda zai kawo shi cikin yanayin cikin gida, tare da sararin samaniya, tsawaita da daidaitattun matakan har yanzu suna da tsada.

Koyaya, idan Esri ya cancanci yabo, to ci gaba ne a cikin gani mai kayatarwa da sauƙi. Tuni na iya tunanin ɓacin ran Don Jack, tare da kyan gani na «bari mu sauƙaƙa shi» shugabannin layin tsaye na AutoDesk, a cikin waccan marigayi amma nasarar auren inda «kusan aikace-aikacen ArcGIS Pro»Dole ne a sami a ƙarƙashin zanen gado azaman takalmi mai yankuna da yawa waɗanda suke nuni iri ɗaya amma tare da matsaloli don sauƙaƙa ainihin sakamakon da topography, Injiniyan Masana'antu, Injiniyan Masarauta, Injiniyan Gini da Gine-gine ke nema. Kuma shine yanayin sauƙin taswirar fasaha da GIS ya sha wahala, dole ne har yanzu ya kasance ta hanyar CAD na yau da kullun, saboda wannan ɗabi'ar mantawa da cewa shirin kawai matsakaici ne, amma mahimmin abu shine sanya ginin cikin aiki.

Good ayyuka tallan kayan kawa GIS, hur, mayar da hankali a kan abstraction na gaskiya za su zama da amfani ga CAD / BIM matasan, wadda ga wata yayin da za su zauna, saboda tallafi na BIM a kasashe da dama ke don dogon, musamman da dokokin ineptitude Jami'an tsofaffi da aka ba da izini a kan haruffa biyu na hangen nesa na AECO.

Wannan tseren zai zama mai ban sha'awa a cikin shekaru masu zuwa, a cikin irin wannan yanayin da ya dace don kawo ci gaba ta hanyar CAD-GIS-BIM-DigitalTwin-SmartCity; kamar yadda aka nuna ta hanyar ayyuka a gefen Siemens / Bentley a sayen mafita kamar su CityPlanner da kuma sakin budewa akan Javascript.

A yanzu, bari mu ba Esri daraja don wannan haɗin haɗin gwiwa tare da AutoDesk, bayan haɗin bayanai / fasaha, a cikin tsarin haɗin gwiwa / mai wasan kwaikwayo. A ƙarshe, riba ce ga masu amfani, waɗanda aka barsu don tabbatar da wannan matakin don koyon fahimtar samfuran da lambar; don farawa aƙalla kyakkyawar hanyar ArcGIS Pro da kuma kayan yau da kullun Javascript.

Waɗannan su ne wasu darussan da muke bada shawara don ci gaba da sabunta ku, a farashin kuɗi.

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