3D Dandalin bayanan yanar gizo tare da API-javascript: Esri Progress

Lokacin da muka gani da ayyuka Smart Campus ArcGIS da ayyuka kamar tafiya hanyoyi tsakanin wani tebur a kan uku bene na ginin Professional Services da kuma daya a Q masu sauraro, a sakamakon duka biyu ƙasar ciki da kuma hadewa na BIM data, mun sami Haɗin haɗin gine-ginin Geo-engineering yana gudana a cikin hangen nesa mai matukar kusa.

Kuma duk da cewa rashin tsanani ayyuka don kula da master data management Hanyar (MDM) ga gaskiya ma'ana tsakanin hasken gaskiya GIS, BIM da cikakken gaskiya incidences a hakikanin rai aikace-aikace a guje a kan wannan Pointer. Mun kuma gane cewa duk da wannan aiki ne a guje a kan yanar gizo bincike, tare da wasu Python routines amma musamman tare da irin wannan hur harshen kamar javascript.

Abin da babu shakka ya tunatar da mu, cewa masu amfani da injiniyoyi da injiniyoyi zasu ci gaba da fahimtar samfurori, da lambobin tsarawa.

Yana da mahimmanci a lura da canje-canje a cikin tayi daga matsayi mai nauyi mai nauyi zuwa nauyin kullin mai amfani da siginan kwamfuta. Babu shakka masanin kimiyya na kwamfuta wanda yayi kayan fasahar GIS, Gis Engine ko Gis abubuwa sun bar Spain lokacin da ya ga yadda Leaflet ya yi aiki a cikin hanya MappingGis; Ba zan yi mamakin idan ya tafi ya yi tsalle a kan kabarin zuwa magajinsa ba.

Yayin da yake faruwa na gaba na ArcGis Indoors, wannan labarin ya taƙaita haɗuwa da tunanin Lau - wani yarinya mai ban sha'awa wadda ke haɗaka tare da wannan shafin - da kuma ra'ayi game da editan Geofumadas.com, game da shafukan yanar gizo na baya-bayan nan "Gabatarwa ga 3D a kan yanar gizo tare da APC ArcGIS don Javascript ".

Webinar mabajan da farko ya bayyana tare da mai kyau ƙugiya a kan topic 3D amfani a ArcGIS aikace-aikace, da kuma yadda shi bayyana a dandamali: Scene Vidiyo, Story Maps, ko Web App Builder dangane da manufar da binciken.

Yana da muhimmanci domin ayyana shigar, asali Concepts alaka da topic 3D, musamman saboda bayan kundin nuna nẽmi Model tafiyar matakai. Har ila yau da al'amari cewa har yanzu yana da wuyar gaske cikin sharuddan asali tsarin bukatun for guje tafiyar matakai nasaba da irin wannan data da cewa su ne gaba daya daban-daban daga wadanda 2D, kamar yadda su ne mai kyau graphics katin, OpenGL support kunshe a cikin browser w / WebGL.

Idan ba haka ba, bari a gaya musu ta abokai SELPER, a cikin kyakkyawar hanya na sarrafa kayan kuɗi a cikin fasahar GIS, wadda take da ma'auninta kafin sassan OpenGL na katunan katunan Nvidia na Jami'ar inda aka ci gaba. Ƙararruwar da dalibai na Bogotanos suka ƙara yawaitawa sun kara yawaitawa wanda ya yi wuya a yi jarrabawar jarrabawa a baya.

Bugu da ƙari, sun saukar da kaddamar da goyan baya don gudanar da kayan aiki a kan na'urorin haɗi kamar wayar hannu ko kuma allunan.

A gabatarwa gudanar da dama misalai ko zanga-zanga, a gane yadda API for JavaScript ayyuka da kuma yadda data aka juna don samar da tallan kayan kawa 3D, suka fara da load na yadudduka ko bayanai zuwa WebScene kuma daga baya ta yin tallan kayan kawa / kauda 3D a Screeneview,

Haɗin haɗin fasaha

Gidan yana daga cikin nau'ikan 4.x kuma ya ƙunshi abubuwan da aka gani da kuma widget din, baya ga karɓar nau'ikan bayanai masu yawa daga asusun bayanai daban-daban. Wannan gine yana fitowa ne a kan 3.x saboda, zane na 3D yana samuwa ne kawai don wannan matakin. Webscene kayan aikin da SceneView ana amfani da data management 3D kuma suna da cikakken hadedde cikin API, kazalika da yadda za ta iya saba da yin tallan kayan kawa 3D data samuwa a baya aplicacioneos.

Misalai, ya nuna na gani bambanci tsakanin 2D Y 3D data kamar yadda motsi daga taswira view zuwa SceneView 2D WebScene 3D ta hanyar javascript lambobin. A handling na kamara shi ne mai sauki, ya kara da takamaiman dokokin ra'ayoyi canza shugabanci. Gwaje-gwaje da aka gudanar a kan wadannan halaye:

  • je, wanda ya ba da damar juyawa kyamarar a kan aiki.
  • goTo: Ana amfani dasu don kafa ra'ayi bisa ga abin da kake son ganin a cikin 3D, kuma za ka iya yin radiyo tare da wannan kayan aiki, kamar saka wasu digiri na batu don sake motsawa cikin juyawa.
  • ToMap: daukan daidaitawar ra'ayi kuma sanya shi a kan tashar 2D
  • toScreen: ba ka damar nuna wani mahimmin akan tashar 2D kuma sanya shi a baya a cikin 3D view
  • hitTest: Ana amfani dashi don ƙayyade halaye da cewa wani maƙalli yana da cikin ra'ayi

Sun kuma ayyana cewa gina wani taswira 3D yana da guda kayayyakin aiki, don haifar da daya 2d, kamar yin amfani da basemaps, yadudduka ko yadudduka wanda ake ma goyon cewa ga 2D (WMS, vectors ko CSV).

Duk da haka, ya kamata ka lura cewa 2D yadudduka dauke da wani bayani "Z" (tsawo), wanda shi ne dalilin da ya sa ya zama dole Model data hade tare da 3D da yadudduka kamar yadda girgije na da maki, meshlayersko masu tayar da hankali. A cikin API za ka iya tuntubar kan wadannan 3D yadudduka kamar tadawa takamaiman maki a cikin wurin, cikin siffar (1) asali lura filin, da kuma siffar (2) kamar yadda shi ya musanya daga tambaya ko shawarwari.

Sun nuna alamun misalai na yadda aka wakilta bayanan, alal misali, abin da bayanan SceneLayers (maki) suka yi, da abubuwan 3D (abubuwan 3D).

Ga manyan biranen dake wakiltar 3D abubuwa ne mai iko herrramienta, kamar yadda za ka iya gani, ba wai kawai da na sarari wuri na abu amma ta girma dangantaka da yanayi, kamar ka iya ƙara muhimmi carácteríisticas na kowane da abubuwa. Hoton da ke gaba ya nuna yadda suka zabi ɗakin da ba a gama ba a Birnin New York, kuma dukkanin halayensa zasu iya gani. Hakazalika, ana iya shirya tambayoyin da yawa bisa ga tsarin, kamar: inda wasu sifofin da ke da ƙayyadadden tsawo ko ma'anar hanya mafi kyau duka suna samuwa

Tana goyon bayan sarrafawa na yadudduka kamar Mai haɓakaMeshLayer, wanda shine asalin bayani daga masu sauti kamar drones. Ba su ƙunshi bayanan bayani ba game da kowane tsarin kamar siffar da ta gabata, amma yawancin bayanai ne tare da siffofin 3D.

Amma ga ma'ana girgije, za ka iya wasa da girman da dige don samun mafi view na bayanai, tun kowane batu Layer iya samun iyaka data maki, amma suka ba su wakilta a matsayin mai 3D abu da kanta.

Sun ƙayyade amfani da alama a cikin bayanai na 3D, waɗanda aka gabatar a cikin siffofi na ɗakin kwana, da kuma alamar kwatankwacin da ke haɗe da abubuwan da aka halitta a 3D. Wadannan zasu iya zuwa cikin takamaiman sassa bisa ga irin abu. Sun nuna amfani da abin da ake kira Extrudes zuwa "launi" da tsarin bisa ga halaye,

Ana nuna nau'ikan sa da za'a iya amfani dasu: sauƙi, inda dukkanin abubuwa suna da nau'i guda ɗaya, da musammanValueRenderer inda za ka iya rarraba abubuwan, bisa ga wani sifa, da kuma ClassBreakRenderer inda ake halayen halayen kowane abu game da ɗalibai: a wannan yanayin sun nuna nisan nesa daga ginin da ake bukata don samun damar tsarin sufuri na jama'a.

Masu gabatarwa, sun nuna a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci na Webinar, dukan amfanin amfani da API ArcGIS don Javascript, ciki har da:

  • 3D widgets: tare da zanga-zanga masu nunawa sun nuna nisa tsakanin abubuwa, duka a fili da kuma tsaye.
  • Ginin aikace-aikace: daga wurin da abubuwa 3D.
  • Dubi yanayin yanayin: yana fassara abun ciki da kuma yanayin da aka gani na 3D kuma ana iya uploaded zuwa Portal don ArcGIS.
  • Geodesic ma'aunai: ba wai kawai ya maida hankalin akan tsarin sifofin ba, amma har ya ba da damar auna nisa a duniya.
  • Building aikace-aikace, yin tallan kayan kawa 3D bisa ga gaskiyar gabatar sarari, Lines ko kumfa kira inda wasu siffofin da ake nuna, kamar tags da suke a kan dandamali, kamar Google Earth, a cikin wannan yanayin 3D
  • Declutter: amfani da su tsarkake ko tace tasirin ko halaye, wanda ake bukata don ganin a kan taswira 3D, ta haka ne guje da yawa tasirin da cewa ba da damar da ta dace na gani, da kuma haifar da amo lokacin da locating wani abu musamman.

Biyo bayan zanga-zangar kowane nau'in halayyar da aka shigar API ArcGIS don Javascript, ya nuna wajerun da za a gabatar a cikin sabon tsarin 4.10. Inda za ku sami yiwuwar:

  • Gina Layer Scene
  • Slice widget din: wanda zai aika da bayanan da aka tsara zuwa abu na 3D
  • Ana amfani da adadin bayanai: ba kawai m zuwa wani gari ba, amma a ƙasa (ƙasa).
  • Point cloud filters

Taimakon wannan shafin yanar gizon zuwa geoengineering

A takaice, batun yana da matukar inganci; Ƙarfafu cewa Trend zuwa dijital da Smart Cities Gemelos bukatar tunanin bayan da bayanai management, da tallan kayan kawa da aka ƙwarai wuce, hadewa da tallan kayan kawa aiki ne jawabi. A kasuwar ne manyan kuma alamar kwanan wata riga yana da yawa mafita kusan turnkey da kuma karshen mai amfani; amma ga wadanda suka yi amfani da fasahar yin kayan aikin ba gwangwani, shi ne har yanzu wuya hanya. Wannan ya nuna, to converge sauran girma kamar lokaci, kudin da rai sake zagayowar matakai. ba a matakin data da fasaha, kamar yadda muka nema ne bayyananne theme, amma kasa mai raɗaɗi karbuwa ga ayyuka na real rayuwa mai amfani don shamaki a cikin ma'amala sarkar wucewa ta hanyar sarari bayanai. Daga gefe na ESRI, yi data ne da ɗan wuya, domin ko da yake data iya yanzu hade BIM gina a kan Revit, har yanzu kama biyu raba halittu cewa bukatar wani hadadden canji. A sabon inshora ayyukansu za a iya amfani a kan BIM model, amma akwai fiye da kima adadin CAD bayanai don gudanar da gida da yanayi tare da poligonizados sarari, elevations kuma ko da m yadudduka da aka daidaita.

Duk da haka, idan cancanci ya cancanci Esri, shi ne gaba wanda ya dauka dangane da hangen nesa da sauƙi. Na riga na yi tunani game da damuwa na Don Jack, tare da kokarinsa na "bari mu sauƙaƙa" shugabannin shugabannin na tsaye na AutoDesk, a wannan marigayi amma nasarar aure inda «kusan aikace-aikacen ArcGIS Pro»Dole ne ku sami karkashin takalma kamar takalma da nau'ikan da ke nuna abu guda amma tare da matsaloli don sauƙaƙe ainihin sakamakon da tarihin da ake ciki, aikin injiniya, aikin injiniya da injiniya ya nema. Kuma wannan shine yanayin sauƙi na taswirar ginin da GIS ta yi, har yanzu dole ne ya zama CAD na al'ada, ta hanyar wannan al'ada don ya manta cewa jirgin sama ba shi da wata hanya, amma abu mai mahimmanci shi ne a sa aikin ginin.

Good ayyuka tallan kayan kawa GIS, hur, mayar da hankali a kan abstraction na gaskiya za su zama da amfani ga CAD / BIM matasan, wadda ga wata yayin da za su zauna, saboda tallafi na BIM a kasashe da dama ke don dogon, musamman da dokokin ineptitude Jami'an tsofaffi da aka ba da izini a kan haruffa biyu na hangen nesa na AECO.

Wannan tseren zai zama mai ban sha'awa a cikin shekaru masu zuwa, a cikin irin wannan yanayin da ya dace don kawo ci gaba ta hanyar CAD-GIS-BIM-DigitalTwin-SmartCity; kamar yadda aka nuna ta hanyar ayyuka a gefen Siemens / Bentley a sayen mafita kamar su CityPlanner da kuma sakin budewa akan Javascript.

A yanzu, muna ba da lada ga Esri don wannan aiki tare tare da AutoDesk, bayan haɗakar bayanai / fasaha, a cikin tsari / haɗin kai haɗin kai. A ƙarshe ita ce riba ga masu amfani, wanda wajibi ne mu tabbatar da cewa mataki don koyon fahimtar samfurori da lambar; don fara akalla kyakkyawan tsarin ArcGIS Pro da kuma Javascript na ainihi.

Waɗannan su ne wasu darussan da muke bada shawara don ci gaba da sabunta ku, a farashin kuɗi.

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