Add
CartografiacadastreKoyar da CAD / GISGeospatial - GIS

Jagora a cikin Dokokin Shari'a.

Abin da ake tsammani daga Jagora a cikin Sharuɗɗan Shari'a.

A cikin tarihi an ƙaddara cewa kadastre na ƙasa shine kayan aiki mafi inganci don gudanar da ƙasa, godiya ga wannan, an sami dubunnan sararin samaniya da bayanan zahiri da ke da alaƙa da ƙasa. A gefe guda, mun ga cewa kwanan nan Jagora a cikin Dokokin Shari'a, wani aiki mai ban sha'awa na Kwalejin Kimiyyar Kimiyya ta Valencia, kuma Babban Makarantar Fasaha ta Geodetic, Cartographic and Topographic Engineering ta inganta shi. Gabatarwar wannan kalmar "Joometries na Sharia" abin sha'awa ne, saboda haka mun sami ɗaya daga cikin wakilan wannan Jagora don fayyace shakkun da suka zo da ma'anarta.

La Dr. Natalia Garrido Guillén, darektan Jagora kuma memba na Sashen Ingantaccen Injiniya, Geodesy da Photogrammetry na Universitat Politècnica de València, ya bayyana tushen Jagora, kawayen da suka halarci wannan aikin, da kuma dalilan da ya sa aka kirkireshi.

Geometry na Shari'a

Muna farawa tare da ma'anar asali, idan muka bincika kalmar "Kundin Tsarin Mulki" akan yanar gizo an bayyana shi azaman haɗakar lissafi a cikin doka, musamman takamaiman amfani da adadi na lissafi don yin iyaka. Dokta Garrido ya gaya mana cewa wannan ma'anar daidai ce.

Geometry na Shari'a daidai yake, bincike don haɗakar Doka a cikin hanyoyin fasaha na iyakance dukiya, tunda wannan, dukiya, ba komai bane face aikin doka. Tambayar da ta rage a cikin iska ita ce sanin ko wannan ma'anar tana cikin nutsuwa dangane da girman aikin cadastre. Natalia tayi tsokaci cewa a wata ma'ana, Ee-kusan ya zama daidai da cadastre-, amma musamman a Spain, tunda babu wani yanki a ciki, tunda ba a kirkira taswira ba ta hanyar kayyade shinge daga kan iyaka.

Bugu da ƙari, yana neman daidaitawa, tare da jinkiri na shekaru biyar, ga wannan buƙatar daidaita duniyoyin biyu. Kuma tana nemanta ta hanyar nuna cewa masu fasaha sune suke jagorantar wannan daidaituwa, tunda ya dace wanda yake da ma'anarsa ta musamman a cikin kunshin lissafi. Sabili da haka, ee, an tsara shi a fagen shari'a, amma tare da niyya ta, ta hanyar wannan daidaituwa, yaɗa yanayin harajin kuɗaɗe ta hanyar sanya ƙarshen ya dogara da na farko. Bugu da kari, ya kara da cewa ya shafi kayan gwamnati da na masu zaman kansu. Ta hanyar jujjuya dukiyoyi, ana iya aiwatar da shi a ɓoye da kuma a bayyane kuma, a kowane yanayi, a cikin dama da dama.

Este Mai Martaba Shawara ce ta ilimi na Univesitat Politècnica de València cewa, kodayake Magatakarda sun nuna goyon bayansu gare ta, a tsarin duniya tana da ƙwarewar fasaha, sabili da haka an yi amfani da Spanishungiyar Spanishwararrun Spanishwararrun Spanishwararren Spanishasar Spain a matsayin ƙwararrun mashawarta. Koyaya, kuma da niyyar neman daidaituwa mai dacewa tare da masu aikin shari'a, an yi ƙoƙari don daidaita ajanda zuwa bayanan martaba daban-daban. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa aka raba digiri na biyu zuwa digiri na jami'a daban daban wadanda, duk da cewa suna da ban sha'awa gaba daya, daya yana magana ne akan bangaren fasaha dayan kuma na bangaren doka ne kawai, da nufin samun damar cika bayanan masu ilimin gaba daya, a cikin lamarin farko, kamar na masu fasaha, a na biyun.

Kamar yadda Dokta Garrido ya nuna, mai sha'awar zai iya zaba tsakanin darajarta daban-daban: Diploma na Kwarewa a Fannin Geometries, Kwararren Jami'a a Georeferencing da Babbar Jagora a Fannin Geometries. Misali, waɗanda suke son samun taken Kwararren Malami a Jami'ar Georeferencing, suna nufin ɓangaren sararin samaniya na Jagora, kawai suna buƙatar ƙaddamar da ƙirar II, musamman batutuwa Topography, Geodesy, Cartography da Geographic Information Systems waɗanda aka yi amfani da su game da ƙasa.

Dangane da difloma na ƙwarewa a cikin Lissafin Shari'a, Module I da Module III dole ne a wuce su. Don saduwa da manufofin binciken, mai nema zai sami azuzuwan koyarwa ta hanyar yanar gizo - wanda aka watsa ta hanyar tattaunawa ta bidiyo a ainihin lokacin-; kuma daga baya aka yi rikodin don samun damar a cikin yanayin jinkiri.

Yanzu bari mu gani, manufar Babbar Jagora ita ce don mai digiri ya kasance yana da kayan aikin da ake buƙata don aiwatar da ƙayyadaddun yanayin ƙasa don dalilai na cadastral ko rajista, sun tabbatar da sararin samaniya, don haka, zane-zane da yanayin ƙasa suna taka muhimmiyar rawa. Dokta Garrido ya jaddada cewa ba zai yiwu ba a ayyana yanayin mallakar ƙasa, tare da tasirin da hakan zai iya samu dangane da rikice-rikice da zaman lafiyar al'umma ba tare da samun hanyoyin da suka dace ba, dabaru da ilimi a wannan batun, waɗanda suke na Topography, Cartografia, Geodesy da Tsarin Bayanai na Yanayi.

Hakanan, yana haskaka cewa, kodayake muna a lokacin da muke yin fare akan 3D cadastre, digiri na biyu bai dace da shiga tsakani ba, kodayake yana da abubuwan da suka shafe shi. A kowane hali, kuma kodayake ƙungiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa, kamar su FIG, suna yin fare akan samfurin 3D Cadastre kusan shekaru goma, a Spain ana fara aiwatar da shi a halin yanzu, don haka magance wannan takamaiman batun ba zai yiwu ba. Abin da wannan maigidan yake magancewa fannoni ne na hakkoki na ainihi da iyakokin gudanarwa waɗanda suka faɗo kan abubuwan geospatial, sabili da haka suna ba da ma'ana ga 3d cadastre fiye da wakilcin girma uku.

Ya zuwa yanzu mun san cewa Jagora yana nufin ƙwararrun masanan da ke son karɓar cikakken horo-kan doka da fasaha- don madaidaicin iyakokin ƙasaSabili da haka, ya bayyana wannan kalmar azaman sa hannun mai fasaha wanda ke ba da tabbaci, amintacce kuma ya yarda da alhakin aikin ma'anar lissafi; wani abu wanda, kodayake yana da alama mai ban mamaki, ba shine mahimmin buƙata a cikin Spain ba.

A gefe guda, akwai manyan kurakurai a cikin keɓance ƙasa, don haka babban gibin da za a cike shi ne rashin ƙwarewar bayanan fasaha tare da cikakken ilimin doka. Babu wani abu da ya zama dole idan muka yi la’akari da cewa kadarorin lamari ne da ya samo asali daga Doka kuma koyaushe abin yake shafar shi - iyakance na doka, sauƙin gudanarwa, hanyoyin birane, halatta haraji, da sauransu. -.

Bari muyi magana game da saurin canje-canje a cikin fasaha (gaskiyar abin da ke faruwa, haɓaka, Iot) da haɓaka / amfani da sarari, amma, gudummawar Jagora zuwa zamanin dijital na 4 ba shi da tabbas. Da farko kuma an ba da hakan, kamar yadda aka faɗa, 3D Cadastre yana da iyakance aiwatarwa a cikin Spain, saboda gaskiyar cewa kawai ya haɗa da abubuwa masu girma uku ba tare da ma'anar doka da ke aiki tare da yanayin su ba, kuma misalin duk wannan nau'ikan nau'in ne bene wanda babu wani hadadden bayani da zai kare su. Hakanan, ababen more rayuwa, musamman waɗanda ke ƙarƙashin ƙasa, suna da tasiri na halal da na zahiri a kan dukiyar masu zaman kansu da ta jama'a, sabili da haka suna da matukar mahimmanci la'akari da aikace-aikacen gaskiya da aka haɓaka. Sabili da haka, hadewar hanyoyin lissafin shari'a tare da BIM da mahalli makamantansu sarari ne don bincika.

Bayan sanin mahimmancin "Tsarin Jigogi na Shari'a", Natalia ta yi mana magana game da aiki tare da kiyaye bayanan, tana mai jaddada cewa lissafin doka shine kayan aiki don samun, sarrafawa, sarrafawa da kuma tabbatar da bayanan zahiri da na doka? Tsarin da ya kunshi wadannan bayanan da kuma yada shi wani aikace-aikace ne da muke tsammanin nauyi ne na gwamnatoci su bunkasa.

Wannan tsarin wanda, a halin yanzu a Spain, ya warwatse tsakanin kungiyoyi daban-daban, kamar cadastre, rijistar kadarori, hukumomin tsara birane na birni, da hukumomin yanki (masu yankin jama'a) .Saboda haka, ɗayan mahimman hanyoyin Abubuwan da ke cikin digiri na biyu shine samar da dabaru don sanin cikakken hulɗar wannan tsarin wanda ba shi da inganci kawai don amfani da shi a cikin gajeren lokaci, har ma don inganta haɓaka a matsakaici da dogon lokaci.

Zamu iya cewa to Lissafin Shari'a zai zo ne don sanya adadi na keɓaɓɓun bayanai, waɗanda aka tattara ta hanyar tarwatse ba tare da takamaiman manufa ba. Tunanin don kayan aikin aikin ya fito ne daga La Spanishungiyar Mutanen Espanya ta Gewararrun ometwararrun ometwararru hakan ya haifar da ilimin ilimin kimiyya wanda ba a gano shi ba zuwa Makarantar Fasaha ta Fasaha ta Geodetic, Cartographic and Topographic Engineering na Jami'ar Polytechnic ta Valencia. Bayan kimanta yiwuwar, ya ɗaga damar haɓaka digirin nasa a cikin zangon karatun sa wanda zai gano wannan buƙata ta kasuwa.

Tunda yana da digiri na biyu ne na horar da masana, malamai kwararru ne a fannonin da suke koyarwa, ko su malaman jami’o’i ne (daga jami’ar Polytechnic ta Valencia da kuma ta Valencia), ko kuma idan sun fito daga kungiyoyin hukuma (National Geographic Institute) , Rijistar kadara, Cadastre ...), ko duniyar aiki. A cikin wannan ma'anar, don sauƙaƙe sulhu tare da ayyukan ɗalibai, za a watsa azuzuwan ta hanyar gudana kuma za a yi rikodin don yiwuwar jinkirta kallo.

Dangane da taimakon kudi ko tallafin karatu, Dokta Garrido ya bayyana cewa "A halin yanzu babu wani taimako na wannan nau'in, kasancewar cancanta ce ta Jami'ar Polytechnic ta Valencia, ba ta cancanci taimakon hukuma ba." Mai sha'awar zai iya shiga Daga gidan yanar gizon maigidan, akwai cikakken bayani game da farashin cancantar da za a iya amfani da su.

 

Ari game da Jagora

A ƙarshe, bari muyi la’akari da cewa sarari yana ci gaba da canzawa sosai, ga wasu ya zama fa'ida, ga wasu kuma babbar matsala ce. Gaskiyar kasancewar albarkatu da kadarorin an taƙaita su ta hanyar da ta dace, tana ba da damar aiwatar da wasu matakai yadda ya kamata, sabili da haka yana ba da gudummawa ta haɓaka ci gaban ƙasa.

Kullum muna magana game da abin da ake buƙata don cancantar yanki azaman Smart City ko Smart City, ya wuce haɗakar Injin da Bayanai da Sadarwa, na'urori masu auna sigina ko wasu; hakika mataki na farko shine sanin menene, inda yake da kuma wacce hanya mafi kyau don cin gajiyarta.

Ta hanyar bayyanawa gaba daya game da dukkanin wadannan ra'ayoyin, da samun bayanan yankin da aka sabunta, da kuma ba shi damar isa ga kowane irin jama'a, za mu iya fara sake tunanin abin da muke son samu da kuma yadda za mu same shi. Kuma an ƙara da wannan, ana buƙatar ƙwararrun ƙwararrun kwararru da ingantattun kayan aiki don fuskantar duk ƙalubalen da ke tattare da magance wannan zamanin na zamani 4. Kuna iya yin nazarin tattaunawar duka tare da Dr. Natalia Garrido a  Twingeo Magazine Mujalladi Na Biyar.

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

shafi Articles

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.

Komawa zuwa maɓallin kewayawa