The National System of Property Management SINAP

ƙananan hondurasThe National System of Property Administration (SINAP) ne a fasahar dandali cewa integrates duk bayanai alaka da jiki da kuma tsara albarkatun da al'umma, inda daban-daban jama'a, masu zaman kansu da kuma daidaikun mutane 'yan wasan kwaikwayo rikodin duk ma'amaloli da suka shafi kaya dukiya, wajibi ne don tsarin mulki da sake farfado da kasuwar jari.

Hoton da ke hannun dama zai iya gani a wani wuri, saboda abin takaici ne cewa wata rana na yi a lokacin hutu na kaina LADM, a daya daga cikin nune-nunen Amsterdam, a nan ta 2012.

SINAP haife kuma aiwatar a Honduras a 2002-2005 lokaci cikin tsarin na wani Land Management Shirin, kama da waɗanda aka faruwa a layi daya a lokacin a wasu kasashe a karkashin taimakon kudi daga bankin duniya. Ba haife kamar yadda wani dan hanya wahayi, ya kafuwar ne a cikin gargajiya theories cewa goyi bayan ci gaban model inda nasĩha ga kasuwar cin abubuwa ne, a hannu daya rage yawan farashi(albarkatun kasa, albarkatun mutane, fasaha da kuma babban birnin) kuma, a gefe guda, rage yawan farashin ciniki. Saboda haka, saboda wahalar rage yawan farashin kayan aiki a cikin ƙasa mai tasowa, yawancin SINAP shine rage farashin da lokutan ciniki.

SINAP ba kwamfuta kayan aiki, amma wani sa na manufofin ciki har da fasahar ci gaba, dunkulewa da hukumomi masu ruwa da tsaki da hannu a ƙasar management da kuma simplification na matakai bisa duniya trends a matsayin da tallafi na bayanai da fasahar da kuma sadarwa.
SINAP aka conceptualized idan akwai isasshen tsabta da cewa kawai cika fasahar ba tare da gyara dokokin da hukumomi kadarori ne kusan kamar sa a kan wani doki tayoyin, maimakon zayyana wani sabon abin hawa. Saboda haka tsarin da aka haɗa tare da wani canji mai saurin gaske wanda ya haɗa da ƙirƙirar sababbin dokokin kamar Dokar Yanki da Dokar Yammacin Duniya; a karkashin wannan doka kafa da Property Institute, abinda ya kawo tare da Land Registry (wanda mallakar Kotun Koli), da National Cadastre (wanda an Executive Director a karkashin shugaban) da National Geographic Institute aka halitta ( wanda ya danganci ma'aikatar ayyukan jama'a da sufuri).

A sabon ma'aikata ne a Directorate of Records, a Directorate of Cadastre da yanayin kasa da kuma wani adireshin Regularization karkashin wani Tantancewar mayar da hankali a kan samuwan kaya daga waje da Associated Cibiyoyin cewa zai iya samar da municipalities ko abokai karkashin jama'a-zaman kansa cinikayya.

SINAP

SINAP an haife shi a ƙarƙashin Core Register Domain Model (CCDM), wata takarda da cewa a wannan lokacin shine abastracto na Christiaan Lemmen da sauran kayan aikin da suka nemi hanyar shimfida tsarin Cadastre 2014.

A CCDM a 2012 zama LADM (ISO-19152), amma ta sa'an nan (2002) ya riga isasshe balagagge tunani na yadda abubuwa ke aiki a ƙasar gwamnati su iya Sauki zuwa sauki dangantaka of Law, kamewa da kuma Nauyi (RRR ) tsakanin masu ruwa da tsaki (Party) da kuma yin rajista abubuwa (BAUnits), tare da ƙasar a matsayin sarari dangane da abubuwa da zanen taswira kamar yadda abubuwa na jama'a dokar ta shafi zaman doka.

Wannan shine zane-zanen SINAP a cikin shekara ta 2004; da jerin transactional nodes wanda a wancan lokaci zarcewa: SINIMUN for municipalities, INTUR ga yawon shakatawa kansu, SINIA muhalli, SNGR ga hadarin management, CIEF for gandunan daji da kuma INFOAGRO ga harkokin noma.

SINAP

Alamar da ke hannun dama shine wanda ya dace da ni don sake sakewa a cikin 2012, kula da ainihin wanda yake da shi. A taƙaice, SINAP wani dandamali ne wanda ya hada da akalla huɗun sassan guda hudu:

Shirin SAS ɗinke na Ƙungiyar SURE.

Wannan tsarin ya hada da, a tsakanin sauran rijista, ainihin dukiyoyi da rajista na cadastral a matsayin gaskiya guda. Yana nufin cewa parcels dokoki da cikakken janye daga yankin, da masu zaman kansu da kaddarorin da aka daura wa gonaki rajista a karkashin & Fonte real m, kazalika da kayayyakin jama'a, kamar hanyoyi da koguna nasaba da administrative takardar. Bugu da kari, da mãkirci daidai da interesecto kamar yadda affectations sha wahala da zanen taswira wanda yana da mahada zuwa ga jama'a dokar, kazalika da ambaliyar zones, kare yankunan, wuraren tarihi, da dai sauransu

SURE ba wai kawai ya ƙunshi dukiya ba; wani abu ne mai hankali don haɓaka kayan haɓaka na ƙasa; a halin yanzu ya ƙunshi dukiyar kasuwanci, iko, ilimi da motoci.

Ƙungiyar Bayar da Bayanai ta Ƙasar (SINIT)

Wannan tsarin yana rajista da kuma yada dukkanin bayanan tashoshin da aka samar da cibiyoyi daban-daban na kasar kuma ya kirkiro sabis na ƙimar da aka ba da damar yin amfani da shi ga masu amfani a karkashin tsari guda. Bugu da kari publicita sarari bayanai taka wata rawa daga mangaza na bayanai don kauce wa asarar bayanai samar da hukumomin gwamnati da su bauta a matsayin kumburi bazawa ga waɗanda ba su yi da ake bukata, in bauta wa bayanai samar da kayayyakin aiki.

Rijista na Dokokin Amfani da ƙasa (RENOT)

Wannan shi ne rijista wanda ya hada dukkan ka'idojin da ke dauke da halayen alamar shafi ko amfana ga amfani, yanki ko kuma sana'a na wajibi. A tushen wannan rikodin ake dangantawa da Land Management Law, sunã nẽman management da tsare-tsaren da kuma jama'a domin dokokin da cewa samar da daban-daban cibiyoyin iya zama enforzables da kuma nuna yadda encumbrances a kan parcels a cikin ofishin, ko cadastral takardar shaidar, kazalika da da gudanar da hanyoyin ko takaddun shaida a cikin kaddarorin Registry Land.

Kodayake masu tallafin RENOT sun canza a lokuta daban-daban, ra'ayinsu ya kasance daidai da taswirar da aka zana a ɗaure: "Dole ne akwai sharuɗɗa na ka'idojin da ke ƙarfafa ka'idojin yarda, ƙwarewa, tallace-tallace da kuma rajista, don haka dokoki na sararin jama'a yana nunawa a cikin kayan haɓaka "

Cibiyar Harkokin Bayanin Labarai na kasa (INDES)

Hakika, ba abin da ya kasance mai sauƙin aiwatarwa ba. A cikin 2002, batun batun fasaha na sararin samaniya ya kasance mai mahimmanci, a kalla a cikin waɗannan ƙasashe inda ƙwarewar ma'aikata da jami'ar kimiyya ba su da kaɗan. A wancan lokaci, ana kiran tsarin na huɗu Clearinghouse, tsawon shekaru takwas wanda ya tunatar da mu game da injunan binciken mashahuran mashahuran. Domin shekara ta dole in sake gane shi, muna kira shi Ƙarin Rarraba Ƙasa na kasa (INDES).

Shin SINAP ya dace da kokarin?

An nuna SINAP a cikin daban-daban na duniya, koda yake a kaina ra'ayi, yana da wahala daga marubutan da suke so su ƙidaya alherin su a karkashin tsarin ƙauna. Don zama wani mutum haife daga karce a kan gilashin tebur da 'yan kofuna na kofi a kasar da matsaloli na cin hanci da rashawa da kuma siyasa taimaka kama da kasashe da dama na Hispanic mahallin kyafaffen, SINAP ne abar aikin a hanyoyi masu yawa. Na hudu subsystems, SURE shi ne wanda ya fi iya sostenibillidad, saboda ta ci gaba da aka yi a wani lokaci a matsayin rikodin a matsayin m kasance ya godparents kuma saboda za su bet ga waxansu mahara fronts lobbying ga sabon dokokin kuma hukumomi canji, abin da ba abu mai sauƙi ba (ko shawara) don aiwatarwa a kowace ƙasa; ko da yake wannan dole ne tsalle cikas kamar yadda ba a taba yakin code (wanda daya daga cikin wadannan za lissafin), da kuma tasiri sosai a kan Cadastre-Registral aiki, ko da yake ya aka hada a sana'a takardun shaida.

Amma hukumomi girma akwai kalubale da dama tun lokacin da marigayi institutionalization na aikin, da rashin wani farar hula aiki da unforeseeable ma'aikata jam'iyya ya haddasa kusan zuwa durkushe da mafi daraja lokacin da Property Institute. Duk da haka, kamar yadda fasahar dandali SURE game da cewa ya yarda da shi don ci gaba da aiki kamar na aikin dandali cancanci.

Ba a ganin software na kyauta ba don wannan lokacin tare da ƙwarewar balaga, don haka ya zama dole don amfani da fasaha mai yawa, don bada misali:

  • An kirkiro taswirar dijital ta hanyar bunkasa VBA, daga babban rijista na mãkirci, zuwa tarihin tarihin DGN V8, tare da tsarin kulawa ta rajista ta amfani da ProjectWise,
  • Ta amfani da mai duba yanar gizon ActiveX, masu amfani a cikin ƙananan hukumomi sun buƙaci sadaukarwa ta hanyar amfani da DGN redline, GeoWeb Publisher da mai bincike na intanet.
  • Za'a iya yin aikin ƙaddamar da takaddun shaidar digiri daga abokin ciniki na Microstation Geographics, samar da taswirar, bayanan digiri da kuma tsarin shafuka kawai ta hanyar zabar maɓallin cadastral; yayin da za a iya yin amfani da yanar gizon ta amfani da GeoWeb Publisher, ɗayan kai-da-kai ko da yawa, samar da fayilolin PDF dauke da alphanumeric da kuma bayanan hoto.
  • Ana yin nazarin da kuma cirewa daga cikin littattafai na Registry tare da aikace-aikacen da aka sarrafa ta atomatik wanda ya juya wannan aiki mai wuyar gaske a cikin tsari na maquila, wanda daga bisani aka ba da shi zuwa kamfanoni masu zaman kansu.
  • Ƙaddamar da tsarin sadaukarwa ta hanyar sadaukarwa da ainihi ya ci gaba da ci gaba da yanar gizo.

Zai yiwu amfani da duk wadannan fasahar, duk wadannan masu amfani da matakin na aiki da kai sanã'anta shi da shekara 2004 da BeAwards (yau BeInspired) kyautar a cikin category management yanayi da kuma 2005 a cikin gwamnatin category. Amma jarrabawar wuta ita ce lokacin da 2006 ya fuskanci canjin siyasa tare da wata jam'iyya daban-daban da kuma dukkanin hanyoyin da aka saba amfani da ita na mulkin mallaka da kuma sha'awar shafe duk abin da ya fara daga fashewa.

Wata safiya sun zo tare da fadi na waje (wanda yake sabo ne a wannan lokacin), don cewa an haɗa Kwamfutaccen Bayanan Labaran a kan wannan faifan ... sun dakatar da tambayar lokacin da suka gane cewa zasu buƙaci masarrafan waje waje.

Wani safiya, wani ya buƙaci gudanar da gudanarwa na mai amfani da kamfanin. Bayan kwana biyu ya manta da key, kuma wannan ya zama dole kowane kwanaki uku don fara da database bayan sarrafa kansa backups tsakar dare, domin a wancan lokacin babu sabar virtualization da wani Replica ya aiki kamar yadda ya yi da Ajiye tsakanin 12 na dare da 6 na safe.

Rijistar da aka rigaya ta amfani da tsarin ya fara kokawa, sannan kuma yaron ya gane cewa tsarin bai zama ba ne kawai ba da kyau don nuna sha'awa a cikin PowerPoint Presentations.

Babu shakka daga kuskuren da aka yi, akwai wasu darussan da suka dace waɗanda masu amfani daban-daban suka shiga cikin fahimta, zane, ci gaba, takardun shaida, aiwatarwa da kuma yadda za a samar da su a cikin gida. Lokacin da tsarin ya kasance mai ban sha'awa, kuma mutane su ne masu halartar, damar da ke bayan wannan kwarewa ya canza rayuwarsu, bayan bayanan da aka samu.

SINAP

Abin da ba za a iya hana shi ba game da ƙaddamar da Honduras, tare da SINAP, shi ne cewa tare da ƙarshen lokaci, mafarki na farko bai canza ba. Shirin ya ci gaba da rayuwa sau uku na gwamnati, ciki harda juyin mulki (2009); a wannan lokacin akwai dukan yiwuwar gazawar, amma aikace-aikacen da manufa na kowa hankali yana da muhimmanci «idan za ku yi babban tsari, ku yi aiki da sauri«; lokacin da suke so su dawo da amfani da littattafan, masu amfani guda ɗaya sun kare shi. 16 yanzu an sabunta shi a cikin gundumomin gundumar 24, wanda ke aiki a yanzu a tsarin. A 2013 an tsara tsarin juyin halitta don ƙaura zuwa wani sabon dandamali duk ayyukan da aka lalata, shigar da software na budewa don inganta cigaba, da kuma daidaitawa ga tsarin kasuwanci ya shirya shi don haɗa haɗin mai zaman kansa, tare da tallafin misali LADM da BlockChain fasaha don kulla bayanai. Ɗaya daga cikin manyan buƙatun shi ne kunshe a cikin sararin samaniya, Running daga triggers, don haka idan wani sabon lissafi, an rubuta su haxe dokoki (a matsayin sabon kare yankin), ta atomatik duk filaye da bala'in ya shafa da kuma bayyana a matsayin m jijjiga a gonaki rajista. bude da fasahohi kamar OpenLayers, GeoServer da GeoNetwork maye gurbin GeoWeb Publisher da kuma BentleyMap maye gurbin Microstation Geographics code ne kuma kafa. Ga masu birni, an samar da ayyukan yanar gizon don yin hulɗar ta hanyar WFS a kan wani shirin QGIS.

A cikin wadannan shafuka na kama hanyar hanyar SINAP, wanda ke neman nasarar rinjayar biyu Rahotanni na 2014 wanda ba a taɓa cin nasara ba: cewa kamfanoni da kuma jama'a suna aiki tare, wanda ke haifar da shawara marar kyau na haɗin kai da jama'a da kuma yin amfani da ƙwarewar harkokin kasuwanci wanda zai ba da damar rage farashi.

A karkashin sabon hangen nesa, tsarin SINIT da RENOT ba'a daina buƙata don ƙarin tsarin, kamar yadda ƙananan fasaha na fasaha na 2004 da ƙuntatawa suka nuna. SINIT kawai ƙari ne kawai na SURE (The Cartographic Record) da RENOT da Regulatory Register; sabon tsari har yanzu yana ci gaba; Wannan hoto ya nuna wani abu game da fasahar fasaha.

Idan abubuwa sun ci gaba da saurin da suke ɗauka, SINAP zai iya cika ka'idar da ta kasance daga farko a karkashin tsarin Cibiyar Associated; kasancewa Registry da kuma Cadastre kawai hukumomi tsarin a cikin tsarin rarraba an gudanar da shi a karkashin tsarin makamai na Front-back.

Saboda haka cewa municipalities ne alhakin Ana ɗaukaka cadastral da kuma ayyuka da dangantaka da ma'amaloli. a halin yanzu da kuma da dama gargajiya da aka yi a karkashin makirci na tawagar, ma'amaloli a kan jinginar gidaje da kuma aka kai tsaye sarrafa ta wasu bankunan kamar yadda na gefe ofisoshin, kamar Mercantile Registry aka sarrafa da Harkokin Kasuwanci, kuma dan takarar yi yawa fiye da da ...

Babu shakka wani babban rauni na SINAP zai kasance na dogon lokaci, rashin mawaka da suke magana akan yiwuwar su daga ka'idodi, fasaha da fasaha. Abin tausayi, la'akari da cewa watakila wata alama ce ta farko ta LADM, kafin ta zama misali (CCDM); ya cancanci cewa sauran ƙasashe kamar Colombia za su dauka, inda irin wannan ɗaukakar ba ta daina amfani da amfani kuma an saka su cikin manufofin jama'a, kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin SANAR 3859.

Darussan da aka koya daga SINAP sune akalla wasu 8, kuma suna da matukar muhimmanci ... sun kasance wani ɓangare na wannan hayaki yana da muhimmanci. Za a sami lokacin yin magana game da shi, farin ciki na ƙarshe shekara ta 2016.

2 tana nunawa ga "Ƙungiyar Gudanar da Harkokin Gudanar da Abincin SINAP"

  1. Wannan daidai ne, sabon fasalin, wanda har yanzu yana kan ci gaba, ya haɗa da sabis don masu amfani waɗanda ke cinye, sabuntawa da kuma yada bayanai game da ikon ƙasa zasu iya haɗawa. Suchaya daga cikin irin wannan misali shine SIT na Municipal SIT, wanda daga cikin birni zai iya yin aikin tabbatarwa a cikin tsarin Cadastre, har ila yau ya haɗa da tsarin tsara ƙasa wanda daga cikinsu zasu iya haɗawa da tsarin shirye-shiryen su.

  2. Nasara Ba zan iya tunanin mawuyacin wahala na aiwatar da wannan aikin ba. Shin kun ga yiwuwar yin tuntuɓar bayanan ta API? Wannan zai sa wasu masu aiki, irin su kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu da ke aiki a yankunan da ke cikin ƙasa, don haɓaka ayyukansu ta hanyar sauƙi tare da takaddama na kasa.

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