Shafin yanar gizon tashoshin da aka fi sani a cikin tashoshin 28-124 na Mapping

A cikin kwanan nan da aka buga littafin 28 -don watan Maris da Afrilu 2019- Mujallar taswirar ta tsara matsayinta na ainihi duk abin da ya danganci taron IX na Iberian game da Harkokin Bayanan Labaran Duniya. A cikin zaɓaɓɓun abubuwa bakwai na kimiyya, da aka buga a wannan mujallar tahimmanci ga filin haɗin gwiwar, akalla batutuwan hudu sun fito, wanda muke yin taƙaitaccen bayanin.

Taswirar ne mai fasaha-kimiyya bazawa da 28 shekaru na tarihi da nufin a yaduwar bincike, ayyukan da aikin yi a fagen geomatics da kuma tarbiyya da alaka da shi, tare da musamman girmamawa a kan ta aikace-aikace a cikin filin na Duniya Sciences.

A hankali na editan mu, abubuwan da aka zaba sune:

  • Tsohon yanar gizon yanar gizo
  • Ayyukan bayanai na Ƙungiyar Na'urorin Lafiya (UTM-CSIC),
  • Ana aiwatar da samfurin INSPIRE a cikin Labaran Labarai
  • Binciken Kayan Gwaninta a cikin matakan bayanai, bayanai da ayyuka: yadda za a yi amfani da jigilar gwaje-gwaje da kayan aiki.
  1. Tsohon shafukan yanar gizo na Old Maps

Yana daya daga cikin abubuwan bincike, wanda ya kama hankalinmu kawai ta hanyar kallon take; Alvaro Bachiller, Carolina Soteres, da kuma wasu marubuta guda hudu. Shafin ya ce da yawa; don sanin abin da zai faru a nan gaba dole ne mu san abin da ya faru a baya, abin da ya dace da yanayin sararin samaniya.

Wannan daftarin bazawa na haihuwa maps - kira La Cartoteca- fara tun 2008, da kuma ake za'ayi da CNIG - National Geographic Information Center, tare da haɗin gwiwar Department of Abuja National Geographic Cibiyar da National Geographic Institute - IGN. The ban sha'awa abu ne cewa, waccan mujalla da muka cibiyoyin da aka tattara da yawa na tarihi na sarari bayanai tun karni na sha shida da tawagar da ta sa har da Map Library.

"A tarihi maps, taimakawa wajen gano morphologies, Tsarin gina kafin abin da a halin yanzu da aka sani, kuma zai iya samar da karin kankare analysis, tsinkaya daga abin da ya kasance da za su kasance cikin sarari, banda kasancewarsa kasa al'adunmu."

Da yawa daga cikin waɗannan takardu masu mahimmanci, gami da taswirar yawan jama'a, taswirar jigogi, ko tsare-tsaren yanayin ƙasa, ɗalibi, ƙwararre ko mai son jama'a za su iya tuntuɓar sa. Abubuwan da aka ambata a baya sun kasance ta hanyar tsarin CNIG, don bayar da Sabis ɗin Taswirar Yanar Gizo - a cikin ladabi na WMS - don aiki a matsayin ma'ajiyar wannan adadi mai yawa.

A cikin WMS, zaka iya samun dama ga ayyuka masu yawa kamar:

  • Shafukan Kilometer - Shirye-shiryen siffofi na hotuna: tare da sikelin 1: 2000. An wallafa wannan tarihin tarihi tsakanin 1861 da 1870; by General General of Statistics - wanda ya riga ya kasance na IGN.
  • Taswirar: Wadannan layuka ne da ke nuna shirye-shiryen rubutu da aka yi a tsakanin 1870 da 1950, kafin gina ginin taswirar ƙasa a 1: 50.000 sikelin.
  • Shirye-shiryen farko na Taswirar Tunawa na Ƙasa - MTN, wanda aka haifar tsakanin kwanakin 1875 da 1968. Wannan sabis ɗin ya ƙunshi wasu nau'o'in nau'ukan shafukan guda biyu:
    • Ministocin MTN da aka yi tsakanin 1915 zuwa 1960,
    • Fitowa na farko na MTN: ya ƙunshi zanen 4123, kuma an halicce shi daga 1975 zuwa 2003.

Bayanin sarari yana aiki a matakin ƙasa, duk da haka, dangane da biranen da ke da mahimmancin dabaru da mahimmancin tarihi kamar Madrid, an tattara manyan bayanai masu alaƙa kuma ana miƙa su a cikin sabis ɗin taswirar yanar gizo ɗaya - WMS. Bayanin kan zanen tarihin na Madrid ya sha bamban da wanda muka ambata, akwai bayanai kamar su: Taswirar Mancelli ta Madrid, taswirar kasa na kotun Villa da Madrid, taswirar Nicolás de Chalmadrier, taswirar Madrid, tsarin Madrid da Madrid kunshi taswira

A cikin wannan labarin, suna nuna wasu ayyukan da suka haɗa da dandalin CNIG, irin su tambayoyin da aka samo asali, da kuma fasahar da aka yi amfani da wannan aikin ta hanyar Tarihin Orthophotography na tarihi. Wannan sabis na samar da nau'i nau'i shida na masu amfani:

  • Hanyoyin Amurka: B jerin (1956 DA 1957),
  • Tsarin Interministerial: Ayyuka na Majalisar Ɗaukaka ta Spain tsakanin 1976 da 1986,
  • Jirgin gida: 1 sikelin: 18.000 tsakanin 1981 da 1983,
  • Jirgin OLISTAT: Ma'aikatar Aikin Gona ta ƙarfafa, ga lardunan zaitun tsakanin 1997 da 1998,
  • da kuma PNOA Flights: yana rufe dukkanin ƙasa tare da tsawon shekaru uku, kawai bayanai daga 2004 zuwa 2016 an haɗa su.

Bugu da kari ya na sama, a kan wuri, da kuma yanayi na kwanan wata halitta daga cikin kayayyakin da shi nuna yadda ya kasance da magani daga cikin bayanai, tun da, na sarari bayanai dating baya a kan 100 shekaru da suka wuce, na bukatar shirye-shiryen aiwatar da , kimantawa da kuma ajiya har ma fiye da mahimmanci fiye da ƙarin bayanan spatial. Wani misali na wannan magani ne cewa wadannan maps da kasancewa wani irin sakandare data, tafi, ta hanyar digitization aiwatar da wani kwararren photogrammetric da georeferenced scans, pp -for 400 da 254 mafi} ananan sikelin -for mafi large- sikelin pp , sa'an nan kuma adana su a cikin sabobin CNIG, wanda za a yanke shawarar bisa ga girmansu idan an aika su zuwa uwar garken WMS ko ajiyayyu akan fom na waje.

Ya kamata a kuma ambata cewa marubuta sunyi bayanin yadda juyin halitta na aikin ya kasance a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, tun lokacin budewa ga jama'a, nuna bayanan da ya nuna: nau'in uwar garke, yawan ziyara, yawan buƙatun, saukewa a cikin (Gb) da kuma dandalin da ke karɓar bayanai.

  1. Ayyukan bayanai na Ƙungiyar Na'urorin Lafiya (UTM-CSIC),

gwargwado ko surface zazzabi: A wannan bincike, da Juan Valderrama, Susana Tagarro, da kuma biyu co-mawallafa, aikin naúrar Marine Technology cewa da nufin samar da gawawwakin jihar bayanai a kan teku yankunan kamar yadda aka bayyana.

Wannan naúrar aikin mai ban sha'awa aiki, kamar yadda yana da tattara da kuma bincika bayanan da aka tattara kowane 24 hours, don haka muka ɗauka shi fassara a cikin high girma na daban-daban yanayi saboda aiki a cikin tekuna. Ma'aikatar Science, Innovation da Jami'o'in - a cikin wannan bincike Abin mamaki žuntata amfani da bayanan da aka tattara a cikin filin, wanda aka sa'an nan sarrafa, bincikar kuma canjawa wuri zuwa ga hukumar mulki ne alama.

Labarin ya ambaci abubuwan da ke tattare da hadewar kayan aikin hada hadar sararin samaniya na ruwa don jiragen ruwa na teku, ana gabatar da kowane daya daga cikin matakan da ake bukata don cimma wannan manufar, kamar su: tabbatar da ayyukan da zasu kasance kungiyar tarawa, bincike da tsare bayanan (kimiyyar lissafi, masana kimiyyar halittu, masana kimiyyar kasa, ko masu nazarin yanayi), gina metadata, kundayen adireshi, aiwatar da kasida na kamfen - wanda zai nuna nau'ikan bayanan da suka wajaba don tsara samfurin karshe-, bukatun software Jirgin Geonetwork)

  1. Ana aiwatar da samfurin INSPIRE a cikin Labaran Labarai

Wannan aikin halitta da Jorrín Abellán da kuma Oscar Diego Alonso, shi ne tsananin alaka da babban jigo na mujallar na wannan girma, don haka ku fara bada dalilai na da muhimmancin da yi da kuma aiwatar da sarari Data Sayyed (H) - SDI kamar yadda wahayi zuwa gare su ya ƙalubalanci kalubale na daidaitawa.

Sun kuma bayyana abubuwan da suka hada da abin da tsarin daidaitawa na bayanan bayanai ya ke nufi, menene kayan aiki wanda ake amfani dashi a lokacin wannan tsari, abin da ake bukata a warware, amfanin da duk wannan jituwa.

  1. Binciken Kayan Gwaninta a cikin matakan bayanai, bayanai da ayyuka: yadda za a yi amfani da jigilar gwaje-gwaje da kayan aiki

Yana daya daga cikin batutuwa da suka shafi batun baya, wanda Alejandro Guinea de Salas da Paula Rodrigo suka rubuta. Wannan zai fara da jaddada yadda da fasaha jagororin wahayi zuwa gare su, iya zahiri dauke da muhimmanci da bayanai, don tabbatar interoperability na data da kuma hanya da ake bukata an nuna ga bayanai, metadata da kuma matakai da alaka da wahayi zuwa gare su ne tasiri da ingantaccen ta hanyar watsawa.

A labarin da yake da ban sha'awa sosai ba mai karatu wata dabara mai haske a kan yadda za a fara aiki tare da wahayi zuwa gare su, suka fara da sanyi na ATS - saita daga m gwaje-gwaje, coding da kuma bukatun, ci gaba tare da ETS - sets na executable gwaje-gwaje, raya ci gaban da gwaje-gwaje - Sakamakon gwaje-gwajen, Jigilar gwaje-gwajen, da Akwatin Gwajin Test, da kuma sakamakon da aka samu.


Baya ga sake duba abubuwan da aka ambata a baya, ɗayan yana aiki cewa wannan mujallar ta gabatar da wannan rukuni ya haɗa da:

  • Valencian Tsarin Shafin Farko
  • Binciken Geolake (makomar IDE tana inganta kullun)
  • A matsayin matsayi na sunayen sararin samaniya a cikin Balearic Islands: Nomenclátor de Toponymy na Menorca da Yankin Ƙungiyar Yankin Ƙasar Balearic a nan gaba.

A matsayin farko, sun sanar da Geobloggers a edition na biyu, wanda zai faru a Yuni na 2019; abubuwan da Geofumadas za su sake tallafawa - lokaci ne a cikin mutum.


Game da taswira

Mujallar Taswira, is an Hispanic reference ne a cikin wallafe-wallafen kimiyya. Tare da shekaru 28 na watsa ayyuka da bincike kan batutuwan da suka shafi fannin geomatics, kayayyakin more rayuwa, gudanar da bayanai na kasa da kuma manyan ci gaban da ke faruwa a wannan mahallin.

 “Tun daga shekarar 2013, kungiyar editocin yanzu ta bayyana sabon layin dabarun MAPPING. An zaba kyau da kuma daraja, yana nuna cewa mujallar tana ɗaya daga cikin manyan wuraren adana bayanai da labarai a cikin ɓangaren kuma hanyar haɗi tsakanin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, jami'o'i da ƙungiyoyin jama'a waɗanda ke haɓaka ayyukan, koyar da yada ilimin Geomatics da aikace-aikacen sa a yankuna daban-daban waɗanda suka ƙunshi Kimiyyar ƙasa. "

Muna bada shawarar zuwa shafin yanar gizon mujallar Taswira, a can za su iya samun damar yin amfani da duk littattafan su.

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