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Yadda za a sauke hotuna daga Google Earth - Taswirar Google - Bing - ArcGIS Hoto da kuma sauran kafofin

Ga yawancin manazarta, waɗanda ke son gina taswira da ke nuna ambaton raster daga kowane dandali kamar Google, Bing ko ArcGIS imagery, muna da tabbacin cewa ba mu da wata matsala tunda kusan kowane dandamali yana da damar waɗannan ayyukan. Amma idan abin da muke so shine zazzage waɗancan hotunan cikin kyakkyawan ƙuduri, to menene mafita kamar su Tsarin mai amfani bace, shakka mafita mafi kyau shine SAS Planet.

SAS Planet, shiri ne na kyauta, na asalin Rasha, wanda ke ba ku damar gano wuri, zaɓi da zazzage hotuna masu yawa daga dandamali ko sabobin daban-daban. A cikin sabobin, ana iya samun Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo, Bing, Nokia, Yandex, Navitel Maps, VirtualEarth, Gurtam kuma ana iya ƙara zane a kan hoton, kamar su tambari ko tsarin hanya - abin da ake kira matasan- . Daga cikin labarinta, zaku iya lissafa:

  1. zama aikace-aikacen ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, bazai buƙatar shigarwa kowane nau'i, kawai ta wurin aiwatar da shi yana yiwuwa a aiwatar da kowane tsari,
  2. da yiwuwar shigar da fayiloli .ML fayiloli,
  3. aunawa na nisa da hanyoyi
  4. nauyin karin bayanai daga wasu sabobin kamar Wikimapia,
  5. Ana fitar da tashoshi zuwa wayar hannu, dace da dandamali irin su Apple - iPhone.

Ta hanyar misali mai amfani, zai iya yuwuwar ganin matakan da ake bi don ciro bayanai ta hanyar raster daga kowane dandamali da aka ambata. Ofaya daga cikin mafi girman fa'idodi shi ne cewa hotunan da aka sauke ta wannan aikace-aikacen suna da alaƙa, wanda ke adana lokaci a gina samfuran. Ya bambanta da abin da ke faruwa tare da hotunan Google Earth, ana iya adana su - zazzage su, amma suna buƙatar matakan georeferencing na gaba, wanda ke fassara zuwa cin lokaci.

Tsarin matakai don sauke hotuna

Zaɓin zaɓi na yanki na sha'awa

  1. Mataki na farko shine zazzage fayil din da ke dauke da mai saka SAS Planet, a wannan yanayin an yi amfani da sabon sigar da aka fitar don amfanin jama'a a watan Disamba na 2018. An zazzage fayel din a cikin .zip, kuma don gudu, dole ne su zare abun ciki gaba daya. Bayan kammalawa, hanyar makiyaya ta buɗe kuma ana samun Sasplanet zartarwa.
  2. Lokacin aiwatar da shirin, babban ra'ayi na aikace-aikacen ya buɗe. da dama toolbars (kore), da kuma babban aikace-aikace menu (ja launi), da babban view (orange), da zuƙowa view (yellow), da halin da ake ciki game da (m), mashaya lura na jihar da kuma haɓaka (fuchsia launi).
  3. Don fara bincike, idan ka san abin da ake bukata yanki tsarin kula da map da babban view ne, har sai ka isa da ake so location a daya daga cikin toolbars tushen raster bayanai da aka zaba a wannan harka shi ne Google .
  4. Idan kana so ka canja tushen bayanai, kawai latsa inda tushe sunan nuna, akwai aka zaba daga: Google, yandex, Nokia, Kosmsnimki, Navteq, Genplan na Moscow, GeoHub, Bing, Geoportal, Yahoo! , wasu maps, tarihi, yawon shakatawa, marine maps, Space, gida maps, OSM, ESRI, ko Google Earth.
  1. Bayan zaben, za a zaɓi zabin yankin da aka buƙata. Dangane da yadda ake duba fuska, an zaɓi uwar garke, don misali an yi amfani da hoton Google, tun da yake ba ta dauke da kowane irin girgije ba a wurin.

  1. Sa'an nan, an kunna maɓallin Canji, tare da wannan yankin za a zaɓa ta hanyar mai siginan kwamfuta. Kawai danna kan kusurwa kuma ja zuwa wuri da ake so, an sanya maɓallin karshe, kuma taga yana buɗewa, inda dole ne mu sanya sigogin fitarwa na hoto da aka zaɓa.
  1. A cikin taga, ana lura da shafuka da yawa, a cikin farko Download, an zaɓi matakin zuƙowa. Matakan zuƙowa daga 1 zuwa 24 - ƙuduri mafi girma. Lokacin da aka zaɓi hoton, a cikin zuƙowa na zuƙowa, ana nuna matakin, duk da haka, a cikin wannan taga ana iya canza shi. Hakanan yana nuna sabar da za'a cire kayan daga gare ta.
  1. A cikin shafin da ke gaba, an sanya sigogi fitarwa. Musamman don raƙatar da za a sami ceto tare da bayanin bayanan sararin samaniya. A cikin (1) akwatin, da image format nuna a akwatin (2) fitarwa hanya, da akwatin (3) da aka zaɓa uwar garke a cikin (4) akwatin idan wani mai rufi Layer, a Akwatin (5) ana tsara shi da tsinkaya, sannan ƙungiyar ta kira Ƙirƙiri fayil na georeferencing (6), Mafi kyawun zaɓi an yi alama, a cikin wannan yanayin da .w,  Har ila yau, ana barin inganci ta hanyar tsohuwa a 95%da kuma a karshe danna kan fara,
  2. Hoton da aka fitar dashi a JPG format, amma za a iya fitar dashi a cikin wadannan tsare-tsaren: PNG, BMP, ECW (Matsawa Wavelet Ƙara ƙarfin), JPEG2000, KMZ for Garming (JPEG overlays), raw (guda bitmap mai hoto), GeoTIFF.
  3. Idan ka duba babban fayil inda aka ajiye hoton, za a iya gane fayilolin 4, fayiloli raster .jpg, fayil ɗin mai taimakawa, sannan a lura da jpgw (wannan shine fayil din da aka yi a baya .w), da .prj hade da hoton.

Raster nuna a cikin SIG

  1. Bayan samun tsari, an bude fayil ɗin a cikin kowane software na GIS don tabbatar da cewa hoton yana daidai a yankin da ake bukata. Don ci gaba, a cikin aikin ArcGIS Pro, ana ɗaukar nau'i-nau'i a siffar tsari, yana nuna inda za'a sanya sabon hoton hoto.
  2. Lokacin da ka bude shi, zaka iya ganin hotunan ya cika daidai, tare da abubuwa a siffar siffar babban ra'ayi, wato, tare da jikin ruwa a cikin tsari na kayan yaƙi. Wurin da yake a cikin hoton ya daidaita zuwa wurin wurin polygon, sabili da haka, an dauke shi da cikakken rubutu.

Amfani da matasan

Idan kana so ka cire bayanan raster tare da wasu abubuwan ciki, irin su tituna da hanyoyi, da kuma amfani da su a cikin na'urori na hannu don wurin mai amfani, ana aiwatar da wannan tsari na zaɓi na yanki na sha'awa.

Bambanci shine cewa yanzu za a dauki bayanan uwar garken Bing, a cikin sakonta hanyoyi - tituna, babban ra'ayi na nuna kawai wuraren da ke da sha'awa, da kuma sunayen manyan tituna. Idan har yanzu ka ci gaba da kusanci ra'ayin babban, ana adana bayanai game da yankin bincike.

Yanzu, idan an buƙatar rasha na baya don samun bayanai na taswirar hanyoyi da shafukan da ake amfani dasu, kawai matasan - samfurori, wanda shine kawai zakuɗa bayanai daga tushe na wuraren bincike, tare da hoton raster.

  1. A cikin kayan aiki, akwai maɓallin da aka gabatar da yadudduka, lokacin da za a shiga can, duk wuraren ajiya da za a iya gabatar da su tare da raster suna nunawa. Daga Google, OSM - Open Street Maps, Yandex, Rosreestr, Hybrid Yahoo, Hibrid Wikimapia, Navteq.
  2. Bayan haka, don tushen raster, Taswirar Bing - An yi amfani da uwar garken Satellite, sannan an shigar da shi cikin menu matasan, kuma duk waɗanda aka buƙata ana kunna su, - wannan don tantance, wanne ne matasan yana da ƙarin bayanan sararin samaniya, domin an zaɓa misali: Google, OSM, Wikimapia, da kuma ArcGIS matasan, ra'ayi na raster tare da samfurori da aka gabatar a sama.

  1. Don ajiye hoton, tare da bayanai na matasan, an zaɓi ra'ayi kamar yadda aka saba a baya, amma a wannan lokacin, lokacin allon allo na hoton ya nuna, an zaɓi waɗannan masu zuwa: a cikin shafin juyawa,  tsarin fitarwa, hanyar fitarwa, madogarar rassan (Bing) an sanya, da kuma Layer Layer  - Google Hybrid aka zaba - da fayil ɗin bayanin kula na yanki .w.
  2. Bayan an gudanar da tsari, an bude hoton a cikin SIG ko software na zaɓinku, kuma an tabbatar cewa an fitar dashi tare da bayanan da aka ba da labarin Google Hybrid. Ana nuna alamar abubuwan da ke cikin yankin sha'awa, kuma lokacin da aka sanya siffar, an gano daidai inda ruwan ya kamata ya tafi.

Ana iya ganin tsarin wannan labarin a cikin tashar Youtube na Geofumadas

Consideraciones finales

Kamar yadda ya yiwu a tabbatar, amfani da kayan aikin abu ne mai sauki, baya buƙatar manyan ƙoƙari don fahimtar tasirin kowane tsari da kayan aikin da suka tsara shi. Sabili da haka, ana ba da shawarar amfani da shi sosai.

Ba kamar sauran manufofi a cikin wannan aikin na sauke hotunan georeferenced ba, irin su batun Tsarin maɓallinJuyin Halittar da SASPlanet yayi ya zama abin sakewa ne, wanda ya ƙara kayan aiki akai-akai da ayyukan aiki a kowane ɗaukakawar sa, gami da samun ƙarin ayyuka. An yi wannan labarin ta amfani da sabon yanayin sabuntawa, daga Disamba 21, 2018, duk da haka, muna ba ku wannan haɗin, daga shafin hukuma, wanda ya ƙunshi ma'ajiyar duk sigar da aka sake tun 2009.

Taya murna ga SASPlanet da shekaru 10 na ci gaba.

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

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