Yadda za a sauke hotuna daga Google Earth - Taswirar Google - Bing - ArcGIS Hoto da kuma sauran kafofin

Ga masu bincike, muna son gina tashoshi inda duk wani zane-zane na kowane dandamali kamar Google, Bing ko ArcGIS Imagery ana gani, hakika ba mu da matsala tun da kusan dukkanin dandamali yana da damar samun waɗannan ayyuka. Amma idan abin da muke so shi ne sauke wadannan hotuna a cikin kyakkyawan tsari, to, mafita kamar Tsarin mai amfani bace, shakka mafita mafi kyau shine SAS Planet.

SAS Planet, ne mai free shirin, na Rasha asali, wanda ba ka damar gano wuri, zaɓi da kuma download mahara images daga daban-daban dandamali, ko sabobin. Cikin sabobin za a iya samu, Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo, Bing, Nokia, yandex, Navitel Maps, VirtualEarth, Gurtam kuma za a iya kara musu hoton overlays kamar tasirin ko hanya Tsarin - abin da ake kira hybrid- . Daga cikin litattafansa, za ku iya lissafa:

  1. zama aikace-aikacen ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, bazai buƙatar shigarwa kowane nau'i, kawai ta wurin aiwatar da shi yana yiwuwa a aiwatar da kowane tsari,
  2. da yiwuwar shigar da fayiloli .ML fayiloli,
  3. aunawa na nisa da hanyoyi
  4. nauyin karin bayanai daga wasu sabobin kamar Wikimapia,
  5. Ana fitar da tashoshi zuwa wayar hannu, dace da dandamali irin su Apple - iPhone.

Ta hanyar misali mai kyau, zai yiwu a gani da matakai don cire bayani a cikin tsarin raster na kowane daga cikin dandamali da aka ambata. Ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ya fi dacewa shi ne cewa hotunan da aka sauke ta hanyar wannan aikace-aikacen sune haɓaka, wanda shine lokacin ajiyewa a cikin tsarin kayan. Wani abu ya bambanta da abin da ya faru da hotuna na Google Earth, ana iya adana su - saukewa, amma suna buƙatar tafiyar matakai na gaba, waɗanda ke fassara cikin ɓata lokaci.

Tsarin matakai don sauke hotuna

Zaɓin zaɓi na yanki na sha'awa

  1. Mataki na farko shi ne sauke fayil wanda ya ƙunshi SAS Planet mai sakawa, a wannan yanayin an yi amfani da sakon karshe da aka saki don amfani da jama'a a watan Disamba na 2018. An sauke fayiloli a cikin .zip tsarin, kuma don samun damar gudu, dole ne ka dage duk abun ciki gaba daya. Lokacin da ya gama, hanya ta hanyar budewa kuma Sasplanet wanda aka gudanar yana samuwa.
  2. Lokacin aiwatar da shirin, babban ra'ayi na aikace-aikacen ya buɗe. da dama toolbars (kore), da kuma babban aikace-aikace menu (ja launi), da babban view (orange), da zuƙowa view (yellow), da halin da ake ciki game da (m), mashaya lura na jihar da kuma haɓaka (fuchsia launi).
  3. Don fara bincike, idan ka san abin da ake bukata yanki tsarin kula da map da babban view ne, har sai ka isa da ake so location a daya daga cikin toolbars tushen raster bayanai da aka zaba a wannan harka shi ne Google .
  4. Idan kana so ka canja tushen bayanai, kawai latsa inda tushe sunan nuna, akwai aka zaba daga: Google, yandex, Nokia, Kosmsnimki, Navteq, Genplan na Moscow, GeoHub, Bing, Geoportal, Yahoo! , wasu maps, tarihi, yawon shakatawa, marine maps, Space, gida maps, OSM, ESRI, ko Google Earth.
  1. Bayan zaben, za a zaɓi zabin yankin da aka buƙata. Dangane da yadda ake duba fuska, an zaɓi uwar garke, don misali an yi amfani da hoton Google, tun da yake ba ta dauke da kowane irin girgije ba a wurin.

  1. Sa'an nan, an kunna maɓallin Canji, tare da wannan yankin za a zaɓa ta hanyar mai siginan kwamfuta. Kawai danna kan kusurwa kuma ja zuwa wuri da ake so, an sanya maɓallin karshe, kuma taga yana buɗewa, inda dole ne mu sanya sigogin fitarwa na hoto da aka zaɓa.
  1. A cikin taga, ana lura da shafuka da yawa, a cikin farko Download, an zaɓi matakin zuƙowa. Matakan zuwan suna bambanta daga 1 zuwa 24 - mafi girman ƙuduri. Lokacin da aka zaɓi hoton, a cikin maɓallin zuƙowa, an nuna matakin, duk da haka, a cikin wannan taga za'a iya canzawa. Har ila yau yana nuna uwar garken da za'a samo samfurin.
  1. A cikin shafin da ke gaba, an sanya sigogi fitarwa. Musamman don raƙatar da za a sami ceto tare da bayanin bayanan sararin samaniya. A cikin (1) akwatin, da image format nuna a akwatin (2) fitarwa hanya, da akwatin (3) da aka zaɓa uwar garke a cikin (4) akwatin idan wani mai rufi Layer, a Akwatin (5) ana tsara shi da tsinkaya, sannan ƙungiyar ta kira Ƙirƙiri fayil na georeferencing (6), Mafi kyawun zaɓi an yi alama, a cikin wannan yanayin da .w, Har ila yau, ana barin inganci ta hanyar tsohuwa a 95%da kuma a karshe danna kan fara,
  2. Hoton da aka fitar dashi a JPG format, amma za a iya fitar dashi a cikin wadannan tsare-tsaren: PNG, BMP, ECW (Matsawa Wavelet Ƙara ƙarfin), JPEG2000, KMZ for Garming (JPEG overlays), raw (guda bitmap mai hoto), GeoTIFF.
  3. Idan ka duba babban fayil inda aka ajiye hoton, za a iya gane fayilolin 4, fayiloli raster .jpg, fayil ɗin mai taimakawa, sannan a lura da jpgw (wannan shine fayil din da aka yi a baya .w), da .prj hade da hoton.

Raster nuna a cikin SIG

  1. Bayan samun tsari, an bude fayil ɗin a cikin kowane software na GIS don tabbatar da cewa hoton yana daidai a yankin da ake bukata. Don ci gaba, a cikin aikin ArcGIS Pro, ana ɗaukar nau'i-nau'i a siffar tsari, yana nuna inda za'a sanya sabon hoton hoto.
  2. Lokacin da ka bude shi, zaka iya ganin hotunan ya cika daidai, tare da abubuwa a siffar siffar babban ra'ayi, wato, tare da jikin ruwa a cikin tsari na kayan yaƙi. Wurin da yake a cikin hoton ya daidaita zuwa wurin wurin polygon, sabili da haka, an dauke shi da cikakken rubutu.

Amfani da matasan

Idan kana so ka cire bayanan raster tare da wasu abubuwan ciki, irin su tituna da hanyoyi, da kuma amfani da su a cikin na'urori na hannu don wurin mai amfani, ana aiwatar da wannan tsari na zaɓi na yanki na sha'awa.

Bambanci shine cewa yanzu za a dauki bayanan uwar garken Bing, a cikin sakonta hanyoyi - tituna, babban ra'ayi na nuna kawai wuraren da ke da sha'awa, da kuma sunayen manyan tituna. Idan har yanzu ka ci gaba da kusanci ra'ayin babban, ana adana bayanai game da yankin bincike.

Yanzu, idan an buƙatar rasha na baya don samun bayanai na taswirar hanyoyi da shafukan da ake amfani dasu, kawai matasan - samfurori, wanda shine kawai zakuɗa bayanai daga tushe na wuraren bincike, tare da hoton raster.

  1. A cikin kayan aiki, akwai maɓallin da aka gabatar da yadudduka, lokacin da za a shiga can, duk wuraren ajiya da za a iya gabatar da su tare da raster suna nunawa. Daga Google, OSM - Open Street Maps, Yandex, Rosreestr, Hybrid Yahoo, Hibrid Wikimapia, Navteq.
  2. Bayan haka, don tushen raster, Taswirar Bing - An yi amfani da uwar garken Satellite, sannan an shigar da shi cikin menu matasan, da kuma kunna kamar yadda ake bukata, - wannan don sanin, wanda daga cikin matasan yana da ƙarin bayanan sararin samaniya, domin an zaɓa misali: Google, OSM, Wikimapia, da kuma ArcGIS matasan, ra'ayi na raster tare da samfurori da aka gabatar a sama.

  1. Don ajiye hoton, tare da bayanai na matasan, an zaɓi ra'ayi kamar yadda aka saba a baya, amma a wannan lokacin, lokacin allon allo na hoton ya nuna, an zaɓi waɗannan masu zuwa: a cikin shafin juyawa, tsarin fitarwa, hanyar fitarwa, madogarar rassan (Bing) an sanya, da kuma Layer Layer - an zaɓa Google Hybrid - da kuma fayil ɗin fadi na sararin samaniya .w.
  2. Bayan an gudanar da tsari, an bude hoton a cikin SIG ko software na zaɓinku, kuma an tabbatar cewa an fitar dashi tare da bayanan da aka ba da labarin Google Hybrid. Ana nuna alamar abubuwan da ke cikin yankin sha'awa, kuma lokacin da aka sanya siffar, an gano daidai inda ruwan ya kamata ya tafi.

Ana iya ganin tsarin wannan labarin a cikin tashar Youtube na Geofumadas

Consideraciones finales

Kamar yadda za'a iya tabbatarwa, yin amfani da kayan aiki yana da sauƙi, bazai buƙatar babban ƙoƙari na fahimtar yadda kowane ɗayan hanyoyin da kayan aiki da suke tsara su ke ba. Sabili da haka, ana amfani dashi da amfani.

Ba kamar sauran manufofi a cikin wannan aikin na sauke hotunan georeferenced ba, irin su batun Tsarin maɓallin, juyin halitta da SASPlanet ya yi yana da karɓa, cewa a cikin kowane hali na kowane sabuntawa an kara kayan aiki da ayyuka tare da samun damar samun ƙarin ayyuka. An yi wannan kasida ta amfani da sabon tsarin barga na 21 Disamba 2018, duk da haka, muna ba da wannan haɗin, daga shafi na hukuma, wanda ya ƙunshi duk wani jujjuya da aka saki tun shekara ta 2009.

Taya murna ga SASPlanet da shekaru 10 na ci gaba.

Kayan amsa ga "Yadda za a sauke hotunan daga Google Earth - Google Maps - Bing - ArcGIS Hoto da sauran kafofin"

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