Amfanin GIS don sarrafawa da hana Dengue

A cikin yanayin mu na Mesoamerican da kuma yankuna masu zafi na duniya gaba ɗaya, Dengue cuta ce gama gari a cikin watanni na lokacin damina. Sanin inda mafi yawan abubuwan da ke faruwa hakika motsa jiki ne wanda aikace-aikacen GIS ke ba da sakamako mai mahimmanci.sauro

Na tuna cewa lokacin da nake karami, dengue ba ya mutuwa kamar yanzu; kusan mako guda tare da zazzabi, ciwon tsoka, yawan ruwa da kuma nadamar rashin samun damar yin kyakkyawan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa a cikin laka tare da abokai daga maƙwabta. A yau mutuwa ce, idan wani bai halarci likitan ba, za su iya mutuwa cikin kwana biyu daga zafin jini da ke saurin sauka.

Amma matsalar dengue a cikin biranen Mesoamerica ba ta da sauƙin warwarewa. Launin da aka la'anta (Aedes aegypti) yana rayuwa a cikin tsaftatattun ruwa, don haka yana iya zama da yawa a cikin taya na wani wuri mara kyau kamar a cikin tukunyar tsire-tsire. Aƙarshe, hanyar yaƙi da ita shine lalata cheanƙyanshe haɗe da fumigation. Ba tare da bayanan sarari ba, wannan aikin na iya zama mara iyaka kuma mara amfani.

Darasi mai ban sha'awa a cikin aikace-aikacen Tsarin Bayanai na Geographic don bincike kan al'amuran kiwon lafiya shine batun Taiwan. Manufa ita ce a bincika yadda sauro mai cutar ke yadawa tsakanin mahalli kuma, ta wannan hanyar, gano manyan hanyoyin da ke yaduwa tsakanin kowane lokaci. Sabili da haka, ana la'akari da sarari da girma na lokaci ɗaya.

Ta hanyar kafa cibiyar sadarwa na muhalli, masu bincike zasu iya gano wuraren da ke dauke da kwayoyin cutar sauro da lissafi hanyoyin da zasu yiwu don motsa su kuma ya hana su shiga cikin wadannan hanyoyi.

Taswirar Dengue

Dangane da sakamakon wannan bincike, yana lalata karfin haɗin hanyoyin sadarwar muhalli ta hanyar takaita hanyoyin yada sauro masu dauke da cutar, za a iya shawo kan yaduwar zazzabin dengue yadda ya kamata. Manufofin binciken guda uku sune:

  • Yin amfani da nazarin hanyar sadarwar muhalli don gano wasu hanyoyin da ake zargi da yaduwar hanyoyin domin sauro na dauke da cutar lokacin da tsakanin kowane lokaci.
  • Yi shawarwarin da aka danganta da magunguna daban-daban domin dakatar da yaduwar kwayoyin cutar.
  • Ira software na GIS don haɗa bayanan bincike da sakamako da kuma nuna bayanan akan taswirar.

A sakamakon haka, ana iya samun wadannan sifofi:

Tsarin sararin samaniya na zazzaɓi dengue.

Idan ya shafi yaduwar lokaci na yaduwar cutar dengue, motsin mutum da motsin sauro mai dauke da cutar ya zama dole. Mu tuna cewa radiyon jirgin sauro bai fi mita 100 ba, don haka hanyoyin kamuwa da cutar lokaci ne; saboda haka yaduwarta a hankali. Idan ana iya gano hanyar, za a iya iyakance ta ƙarfin waje. Sabili da haka, ana iya ganowa da kuma nuna hanyoyin sauro masu dauke da cutar tare da software na GIS, sannan kuma wuraren da aka bada shawarar a kawar da ita an kuma nuna su a dandalin GIS don shawo kan yaduwar cutar. dengue.

 Madogarar bayanai

An kama bayanai masu mahimmanci daga Cibiyoyin Kula da Cututtuka na Taiwan, an bincika su, kuma an nuna su a kan dandalin GIS don bincika manyan hanyoyin watsa sauro don kamuwa da cutar. Bayan haka, an ba da shawarar don kawar da waɗannan manyan hanyoyin don lalata dangantakar dake tsakanin ƙarfin kowane mazaunin da kuma cimma burin hana yaduwar.

Yanar-gizo na tsawon lokaci-lokaci don wuraren zama da kuma Ma'aikata na kwayoyin cutar.

Hanyar sadarwar lokaci-lokaci an yi ta ne da yadudduka da layuka, mallakar lokuta daban-daban. Kowace kumburi tana gano mazaunin da ake samun ƙwai sauro, an ƙirƙira shi a tsakiyar filin da ya dace a cikin layin. Kuma kowane layin da yake haɗa mahaɗa biyu yana wakiltar mashigar matsuguni biyu a cikin yanayin sauro. Hakanan, ana iya raba layukan zuwa nau'ikan hanyar haɗi guda biyu masu haɗa nodes biyu a cikin lokaci ɗaya na Layer ko kuma lokacin lokacin Layer daban-daban. Layi mai tsayi yana wakiltar madogara mai yuwuwa a cikin wannan lokacin, matuƙar maki biyu na ƙarshen suna cikin zangon lokaci ɗaya. A halin yanzu, layi mai ɗigo yana wakiltar yiwuwar watsa hanyar zuwa lokaci biyu, idan dai ƙarshen ƙarshen yana cikin matakan lokaci daban-daban. An gina cibiyar sadarwar muhalli ta sauro ta cutar dengue bisa ka'idar da ke sama.
Dengi zazzabi

Ƙididdigar muhimmancin kowace haɗin

Ana amfani da nazarin a cikin ma'anar hanyar sadarwar muhalli da kuma nazarin lokaci-lokaci don ayyana ma'anar kowane mahaɗin. Bugu da ƙari kuma, gano maƙalar maƙwabta zai ba da damar ma'anar dangantakar maye gurbin vector.

Haɗa nau'ikan mahaɗa da halayen

Dangane da halaye na ɗan lokaci na hanyoyin haɗin a cikin ɗaya ko a cikin lokaci daban-daban, da kuma sakamakon binciken da ya haɗa da haɗin duniya da haɗin gida. Aurin yana ɗaukar mafi mahimmanci duka. Abun keɓaɓɓen hanya yana da ma'ana tare da yiwuwar kuma maɓallin hanyar watsa sauro mai cutar. Bugu da ƙari kuma, hanyar haɗin yanar gizo a cikin lokaci ɗaya ko daban-daban yana bayyana tsananin tasirin haɗarin watsawa. Manya-manyan layuka na nau'ikan hanyoyin haɗi tare da GIS Software, yana ba da damar ganin babbar hanyar watsawar da aka gina duka a cikin lokaci ɗaya da daban-daban.

 

A wannan yanayin, ana gudanar da aikin ta amfani da shi SuperGIS Desktop

 

Wannan ba sabon abu bane. Muna tuna taswirar Doctor Snow don gano dengue. A wannan yanayin, damar da muke da ita ga fasahohi ya bambanta kuma cewa maimakon zama najasa kamar yadda yake a waccan lokacin, yana da kayan aiki

Don ƙarin bayani, zaku iya ganin shafin Supergeo Technologies.

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