Ci gaba da aiwatar da BIM - Amurka ta tsakiya

Da yake kasancewa a BIMSummit a Barcelona, ​​makon da ya wuce yana da ban sha'awa. Duba a matsayin mai banbanci daban-daban, daga masu shakka ga mafi yawan hangen nesa ya dace cewa muna cikin lokaci na musamman na juyin juya halin a cikin masana'antu da suka fito daga kama bayanai a filin don haɗuwa da ayyukan a cikin ainihin lokacin ɗan ƙasa. BIM tana taka muhimmiyar rawa, a wannan haɓakar makamashi na fasahar fasahar da kamfanonin kasuwanci ke amfani da shi, buƙatar ƙarin sabis na mai amfani na ayyukan jama'a da kuma ma'auni wanda daidaitattun zasu iya aiki.

Amma a cikin optimists nasara labaru na kasashen Nordic inda magana game da OpenSource ba ya savawa da zaman kansa bukatun da kowa, da kuma gaggawa na kasashen yankan baki fasaha inda ajanda tasowa da kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, akwai da hadin gaskiya daga cikin kasashen inda da rashin aikin da gwamnati ta yi don ci gaba da aikinta a cikin binciken abubuwan da suka fi kyau a kasar. A wannan yanayin, muna magana kadan na karshe zance da Gab!, Abokin aiki a rabin awa egeomates kofi ya ce da ni da tunaninsa na BIM a Tsakiyar Amirka mahallin.

Gaskiya, ƙwarewar mafi kyau na cigaba a cikin wannan mahallin zai iya ɓoyewa ta hanyar iyakancewa ta ido; don haka dole mu nemi abin da muka ji a can. Tun daga farko, akwai raɗaɗin ci gaba a kasashe kamar Costa Rica da Panama, duk da haka, a wasu ƙasashe na yankin, kodayake ilimi yana da matakai masu zaman kansu, batun ilimi da jihohin ba shi da ganuwa a matakin aiwatarwa; idan muka dubi shi daga hangen nesa na BIM, wanda, bayan da aka tsara tsarin gini, wata hanyar ce ta haɗa da gudanar da bayanai da kuma gudanar da aiki a cikin tsarin aiwatar da ka'idoji.


Hanyoyin BIM Panama

Panama zama kasa mai girma da girma mai girma yana da karin haske da gaggawa. Ka kawai da samun kashe filin jirgin sama da kuma kai karauka da kuma ganin cewa dukiya ne na kwarai zango a Jamhuriyar yanki, saboda haka, da BIM suenta a matsayin cikakken amalgam na hadewa da yanayin kasa da yin sama da daban-daban na jiki, IT da kuma na sarrafawa kayayyakin more rayuwa . Fiye da duka, tunawa da abin da Panama ya zama ƙasa tare da tsarin kasuwanci da buƙatun duniya, wanda ba zai iya ba a bari a baya.

  • A 14 Yuli 2016 Panama majalisar na Construction CAPAC a tare da tare da Panama Society of Engineers da masu zanen gine-gine SPIA da Jami'o'in na Panama, fasaha da kuma USMA, ya sanar da kafa wani kwamitin fasaha da cewa za ta samar da aiwatar da BIM tsari, da ake kira Forum BIM Panama.
  • Akwai ƙungiyoyi masu yawa suna inganta amfani da BIM kamar Autodesk, Bim Forum na Panama, Bentley Systems, PCCad, Blue AEC Studio, Comarqbim, da sauransu.
  • Tasirin BIM na musamman a Panama shine fadada Canal na Panama.

BIM Misalin Canal na Panama. Ya karbi lambar yabo na BIM Experience Autodesk don tsarawa ta ƙulli na uku.

Gaba ɗaya, akwai cikakkiyar budewa a cikin masu zaman kansu, tare da matsayi na sana'a don neman BIM kyauta a matsayin abin da ake buƙata don ci gaban ayyukansu.


Abubuwan BIM Costa Rica

Wannan ƙasa tana inganta wasu hanyoyin yin amfani da hanyoyin BIM a sabon tsarin. A babban bangare, saboda bukatun duniya, wasu kamfanoni masu zaman kansu sun fara aiwatar da wasu matakai; Duk da haka, aikin samar da ayyukan BIM ba shi da iyaka, idan muka kwatanta shi da ƙasashen kudancin Amirka. Costa Rica ta riga tana da Bim Forum Costa Rica.

  • Cibiyar BIM Forum Costa Rica wani kwamitin fasaha ne wanda aka kafa tare da manufar inganta aikin da aka ba da shawara da kuma aiwatar da tsarin BIM a cikin masana'antun masana'antu.

A matsayin misali mai ban sha'awa, a Bankin Ƙasar Bankin Ƙasar Amirka (IDB, Gidan Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Gida da Kimiyya, Fasaha da Innovation Division (CTI), suna aiki a kan ƙungiyar BIM a cikin zane da kuma kula da ayyuka na al'ada.

A Costa Rica, misali, shi aka hada a bayani dalla-dalla na yi dubawa hijirarsa zane zane BIM model da kuma sa idanu a lokacin shiri. Wannan shi ne, jirage 2D 3D da za a wuce, da kuma ingancin bayanai, yi jerin (4D) da kuma kudin iko (5D) zai iya hadedde; Wannan zai ba ka damar sanin lokaci, ƙoƙari da farashi mai yawa, don matsawa daga zane na al'ada zuwa BIM. Da ake samu, ta halin kaka, deadlines da kuma bukatar gyara a lokacin aikin gine-gine a kan San Gerardo - Barranca, za a idan aka kwatanta da kashi Limonal - San Gerardo, wanda yana da guda zane bayani dalla-dalla, kuma za a gina a lokaci guda.

Ko da yake akwai wata hanya mai tsawo zuwa yankin, sakamakon matakan jirgin zai zama abin sha'awa ga gwamnatoci su aiwatar da BIM kuma suyi amfani da amfanin yawan aiki da inganci, ta hanyar canji mai yawa a hanyar da aka aiwatar da ayyukan.


Hanyoyin BIM Guatemala

Saboda babbar ƙasa ce, akwai wasu ci gaba mai girma a BIM. Mun riga muna da Master a Modeling da Gudanarwa na Ginin BIM Management a Jami'ar Valle de Guatemala da Jami'ar Universidad del Istmo tare da Master a Bim Management.

Akwai abokai da aka keɓe don horo a Bim, kamar Revit Guatemala da GuateBIM (BIM Council of Guatemala). Akwai wasu yarda a matakin kamfanoni. Alal misali zai zama kamfanin Danta Arquitectura wanda ya shiga cikin BIM. Kada kuma mu bari masu rabawa na BIM masu kyauta ba su daina inganta wannan hanya.


Yanayin BIM El Salvador

A El Salvador, akwai žarin bayani yana samuwa. Duk da haka, ayyukan da kamfanonin Structuristas Consulttores EC suka haɓaka da BIM sun fita waje.

Shirin: Cibiyar bayanai ta TIER III da kuma ginin gine-ginen kamfanin banco Agrícola, a San Salvador.

  • Su biyu gine-gine ne tare da gine-gine na 11,000 m2 ciki har da: cibiyar bayanai tare da halaye na TIER III da kuma ginin ofisoshin kamfanonin 5.
  • Tsarin gine-gine, tsara HVAC da daidaitattun aikin injiniya na multidisciplinary, ta yin amfani da kayan aikin BIM da kuma ci gaban cigaba da tsarin BIM.
  • Kwararru sun hada da: Ƙungiyoyin, Gine-gine, Tsarin gine-gine, Harkokin lantarki, Ma'aikata, Ayyuka.

Kodayake wannan aikin ne tare da tallafin BIM, tare da nau'o'in daban daban; Tabbas, takardun shaida da ɓangaren shirin ba haka ba ne; ko da yake a cikin aikace-aikace na samfurin. A cikin wannan akwai wani abu na labarun bayanai, lokacin da wani labarin jarida ko ma ilimi ya mayar da hankali ne kawai kan tsarin tsarin gine-ginen / tsari, amma manta ka tuntube don samfurin aiki a gaba ga zane har sai an haɓaka kayan aikin a cikin mahallin.


Hanya na BIM Nicaragua

A nan mun samo alamomi na cibiyoyin horarwa, wasu majalisa ko da yake fiye da matakin aiwatarwa, har yanzu a cikin tsari don gabatar da BIM. Akwai wasu nazarin gine-gine da suke gabatar da wannan kalma, irin su binciken na BRIC.

A matsayin misali, CentroCAD, wanda a ganina na daya daga cikin wuraren horarwa mafi kyau a Nicaragua, saurin Revit yakan fi mayar da hankali ne game da Gine-gine da kuma MEP, amma muna ganin kadan a cikin tayin tsarin, kaya ko simintin gyare-gyare. Kodayake BIM ya koyi, koyi da samfurin tare da software ba daidai yake da fahimtar hanyoyin da ta dace ba inda kayan aiki shine kawai hanyar adanawa da sarrafa bayanai.

Yana da wani m ƙasa Autodesk BIM kwanan nan da aka gudanar a Congress a Nicaragua; al'amari da cewa sun koma kuma ci gaba da kokarin da jami'o'i da masu sana'a kungiyoyin Geo-injiniya. Tare da BIM Forum 2019 da aka gudanar a Managua, tare da jawabai daga cikin Amurka ta tsakiya, Jamhuriyar Dominican da kuma Colombia ne, bayyananne cewa a cikin wannan kasa akwai da yawa aiki daga kamfanoni da masana ilimi da taka muhimmiyar rawa, amma a sama da dukan da bukatar su mayar da hankali kokarin tada yuwuwar na BIM to jama'a da manufofin.


BIM mahallin Honduras

Kamar Nicaragua, yana cikin tsarin zamantakewa, horo, majalisa da kuma sanar da masu sana'a. Akwai abokai waɗanda aka sadaukar da su don inganta aikin BIM da kuma horar da kamfanoni na kamfanoni, kamar PC Software, Cype Ingenieros, da Kwalejin Kasuwancin Honduras.

Akwai kamfanoni ga kamfanoni masu zaman kansu don fara aiwatar da BIM, ko da yaushe tare da iyakokinta. Yana da ban sha'awa da haifuwar sabuwar kamfanoni tare da hangen nesa kamar Green Bim Consulting wanda aka sadaukar da shi don tuntuba da kuma ci gaban ayyukan BIM. Ƙarin kamfanoni masu ƙarfi kamar Katodos BIM Cibiyar sune alamar wakiltar Honduras.

A cikin 'yan watanni, kamfanoni masu zaman kansu sun gudanar da aikin mita na mita 1,136.8 a ayyukan daban-daban a Honduras, 57,5% ya kasance don ayyukan zama; 20,2% kasuwanci, 18,6% a cikin ayyuka da 3,7% masana'antu. Daga wannan adadin, wani ɓangaren ƙananan gine-ginen ya yi amfani da fasaha na al'ada ba kamar BIM don tsara ayyukan.

Masanin injiniya, Marlon Urtecho, babban manajan kamfanin Accensus Structural Systems, ya tabbatar da cewa ci gaban da ake yi a yanzu ya ba da iznin ganin wannan aikin ya fi dacewa: "Yanzu ofisoshin gine-gine na iya gabatar da ayyukan su a cikin kashi uku da sauri kuma tare da karin hotuna"In ji shi. Ya bayyana a fili cewa hangen nesa kamar wannan yana nuna cewa babu sauran tsabta game da ikon da BIM ke ciki.

Duk da rarraba bayanai da ya fito daga Honduras, sakamakon kwanan nan Maris 2019, ranar da Majalisa ta Farko na BIM na Amurka ta tsakiya da Caribbean. Ya isa kadan marigayi saboda an riga an rubuta labarin, duk da haka yana kawo hasken ban sha'awa don batun BIM na gaba a cikin Amurka ta tsakiya.

Duk da matsaloli a masana'antu, a Honduras masana'antu Highlights wasu ci gaba a cikin yin amfani da BIM (a kalla a matakin bayanai tallan kayan kawa) musamman a cikin gine-gine category, wanda ya sa show ci gaba a aikin zane. Don abubuwan da suka dace na matakin 2 (BIM Level2) inda aka yi amfani da aikace-aikacensa azaman kama-da-wane daidai da abubuwan ginawa zuwa kowane ɓangaren da aka yi amfani da shi don gina gine-gine, wanda akalla a cikin birane da aka ci gaba ya yi alkawarin.

Wani labarin daga jaridar Procesohn ya fito, http://proceso.hn/tecnologia/2-ciencia-y-tecnologia/constructores-hondurenos-avanzan-en-el-uso-de-tecnologia-bim.html


Bayan kamar kofuna na kofi da kayan dadi mai dadi, zamu kusan zama tare da Gab! cewa BIM bai gama sauka a Amurka ta tsakiya ba. Tabbas tabbas bincike mai zurfi ne mai girman gaske a cikin wannan al'amari, wanda wajibi ne ya inganta cigaba da daidaitawa. Tabbatar akwai wasu matsaloli, amma a cikin adiko na goge baki da muka lura a kalla waɗannan masu zuwa kamar fifiko:

  • Babban kuɗin ma'aikatan horo da rashin cancantar horo. Manajan BIM suna kidaya akan yatsunsu; Yin la'akari da cewa kawo mai bada shawarwari na duniya yana da tsada sosai.
  • Babban haɗin lasisi na lasisi (haƙƙin lasisi a Amurka ta tsakiya zai iya haɗuwa har zuwa 3 sau nawa a Mexico, Amurka ko Chile). Kamfanonin rarraba suna nuna shi ga ƙananan tallace-tallace, don haka dole ne su tada farashin su sadu da burin da kamfanonin iyaye suka kafa. Wannan yana inganta fashinci da kuma jin tsoron aiwatar da BIM saboda azabar da za a iya samu daga masu rarraba software.
  • Babban farashin kwakwalwa da ake buƙata don sarrafawa na BIM, kamar haɗuwa da plugins na keɓancewa zuwa kayan aiki na waje ko fassarar.
  • Babu wani al'ada da aka tsara a cikin tsarawa da shirya shirye-shirye na takardun da ake bukata don ayyukan. BIM na buƙatar buƙatar siffofin irin su EIR, BEP, BIM Protocols, bin tsarin, da dai sauransu. -Wane ne yake da lokacin, idan sun tambaye ni in fara aikin jiya- A jargon da aka sani a cikin masu sana'a na aikin da ba shakka ba ne, saboda idan ka shirya sosai, za ka iya yin ayyukan a lokacin rikodin.
  • Babban matakin cin hanci da rashawa da ke nuna wadannan alamu. Wasu lokuta suna ɓoye bayanin da zai ba da damar haɓaka kudin, kuma mafi yawan aikin, shi ne mafi sauƙi a kara shi. Mun bayyana cewa yin amfani da BIM zai karya yawancin cin hanci da rashawa a ayyukan gwamnati.
  • Yi kwararru ba su so su bar AutoCAD, har yanzu a cikin wani generality ba son fahimta da m na tallan kayan kawa 3D. Clear saboda akwai dole ne wani m aiki yayi rama kokarin koyi, kuma musamman da damar ire a cikin simplification kuma ingantawa lokacin da muka gani BIM kamar yadda fiye da 3D tallan kayan kawa.
  • Yin amfani da BIM yana da kudin, musamman a software idan kana so ka yi aiki bisa doka; Wannan ba sauki ga kamfanoni masu yawa da suke ƙoƙari su tsira a cikin wadannan tattalin arzikin da aka raunana ba, inda 'yan suna daukar manyan ayyuka ta hanyar tsararren da ake ciki. Kuma don zama mai horo na BIM tare da duk doka, dole ne a sami lasisi domin. Tarin software don horar da BIM na iya nuna jigon kuɗi na US $ 3,500.00 na shekara-shekara don lasisi, a wasu ƙasashe na tsakiya ta tsakiya. Ya zama wajibi ne a ga yadda hakan zai inganta manufofi na software a matsayin hidimar da manyan masu samar da software ke gudanarwa.

A ƙarshe, Amurka ta tsakiya a general ne a wani tsari na socialization BIM, aiki tare da yin tallan kayan kawa 3D amma sosai iyakance ikon yinsa, matakin da muka gani a cikin wasu riƙa. Domin a yanzu, mu bar a lokacin da wani m karshe na wannan labarin, sane da cewa, kwanan nan, majalisar wakilan mu da wani sabon karatu wadannan bayanai da aka pitifully unsystematized bayan musayar takamaiman abubuwan.

Duk da haka, da sauran gefen tsabar kudin a Amurka ta tsakiya, shi ne mai ban sha'awa damar idan ilimi, masu zaman kansu, masu sana'a 'yan wasan kwaikwayo sarrafa su shiga cikin gwamnatin kansu don amfanin da kuma bukatun zama for standardization.

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