Siffofin CAD / GIS dole ne su je GPU

Wadanda muke da su masu amfani da aikace-aikace masu launi, muna tsammanin cewa kwakwalwa suna da ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa. A cikin wannan, ana tambayar tambayoyin CAD / GIS akai-akai ko aka auna bisa ga lokacin da ake yi don yin ayyukan yau da kullum kamar:

  • Nazarin sararin samaniya
  • Daidaitawa da yin rajistar hotuna
  • Yin amfani da bayanai masu yawa
  • Gudanar da bayanai a cikin wani geodatabase
  • Sabis na bayanai

PC na gargajiya bai canza ba a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, dangane da RAM, kundin wuya, ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya da kuma siffofin da aka ƙaruwa kawai; amma aikin dabaru na CPU ya kiyaye ma'anarta na asali (Shi ya sa muke ci gaba da kira shi CPU). Har ila yau, ya zama rashin haɓaka kamar yadda ƙungiyoyi suke girma a cikin ƙwarewar, shirye-shiryen suna kashe haɗarsu ta hanyar tsarawa don cinye sabuwar damar.

asus-dual-gpu-card

A matsayin misali, (da kuma misali kawai) Lokacin da biyu masu amfani da aka sanya a lokaci guda karkashin wannan yanayi na kayan aiki da kuma bayanai, daya AutoCAD 2010 da daya tare da Microstation V8i, loading 14 raster images, a parcelario fayil 8,000 dũkiyarsu da kuma dangane da wani sarari database Oracle, zamu tambayi kanmu tambayar:

Mene ne ɗayan biyu na da, don haka kada in rushe na'urar?

Amsar ita ce ba a cikin bidi'a ba, wannan shine hanyar da shirin yake tasowa, saboda ba ya faru da AutoDesk Maya, wanda yake yin karin abubuwa da yawa kuma yana aiki mafi kyau. Hanyar amfani da PC yana da iri ɗaya (har yanzu a cikin saurin shirye-shirye biyu), kuma a matsayin wannan aikin muna harbe shirye-shiryen, saboda muna riƙe su aiki, da yawa. Saboda haka, wasu kwakwalwa suna sanannun kamfanoni na al'ada, ma'aikata ko sabobin; ba saboda suna da wani launi ba, amma saboda hanyar da suke ba da aiwatar da shirye-shirye masu girma a cikin zane-zane, aikin bidiyo, bunkasa aikace-aikacen, ayyuka na uwar garke da kuma yanayinmu, aiki tare da bayanan sararin samaniya.

Kadan CPU, mafi GPU

A mafi fice a cikin 'yan canje-canje da suka faru a cikin gine na inji mai kwakwalwa ne ajalin buga GPU (Tsari Unit Graphics), to sami mafi kwamfuta yi, yin babban routines a kananan lokaci daya da ayyuka, jingine gwamnati na CPU (Tsakanin Tsakanin Tsakanin Tsarin Mulki), wanda ake aiki da aiki a tsakanin rikici na rumbun, RAM memory, ƙwaƙwalwar bidiyo da kuma wasu bayanan (ba mutane da yawa ba).

Ba a sanya katunan graphics don ƙara ƙwaƙwalwar bidiyo ba, amma sun hada da na'ura mai sarrafawa wanda ya ƙunshi daruruwan murjani waɗanda aka tsara don tafiyar da matakai na layi daya. Sun ko da yaushe suna da wannan (fiye ko žasa), amma amfanin yanzu shi ne cewa waɗannan masana'antun suna ba da wasu gine-gine masu ginin (kusan) don masu haɓaka software zasu iya la'akari da wanzuwar katin daga cikin wadannan damar kuma amfani da damarta. Shafin yanar gizon PC na wannan watan Janairu ya ambaci kamfanoni kamar NVidia, ATI da sauransu sun haɗa da haɗin gwiwa OpenCL

Don fahimtar bambancin tsakanin CPU da GPU, a nan ina magana akan wani misali:

CPU, duk an rarrabaYana kama da gari tare da duk abin da ke tattare da shi, wanda yana da tsarin birane, ya san cewa dole ne ya sarrafa ci gabansa amma bai iya kulawa da sababbin sababbin abubuwan da suka saba wa ka'idoji ba. Amma a maimakon ƙaddamar da wannan sabis ɗin ga kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, ya nacewa wajen daukar nauyin, yawancin ba su san wanda za su yi kora game da makwabcin da ke tafiya a gefe ba, kuma birnin yana ci gaba da rikici a kowace rana.

Yi haƙuri, ba magana game da maigidanku ba, kawai yayi magana game da simintin CPU, inda wannan Tsakiyar Tsarin Mulki (a game da Windows) ya kamata ƙungiya ta yi a cikin matakai irin su:

  • Shirye-shiryen da ke gudana lokacin da Windows ta fara, kamar Skype, Yahoo Messenger, Antivirus, Java Engine, da dai sauransu. Duk masu cinye wani ɓangare na ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar aiki tare da fifiko mai mahimmanci amma ta hanyar ba dole ba sai dai idan an gyara su ta hanyar msconfig (abin da wasu suka ƙi).
  • Ayyukan da suke gudana, waxannan ɓangare na Windows, shirye-shiryen da aka yi amfani da su, hardware da aka haɗa ko wasu waɗanda aka cire amma an bar su gudu. Wadannan suna da matsakaicin matsakaici / babban fifiko.
  • Shirye-shiryen da suke amfani da su, waɗanda suke cinye sararin samaniya tare da fifiko mai yawa. An yi amfani da sauri a cikin hanta saboda mun la'anta idan ba su yi azumi ba duk da cike da babban aikin.

Kuma ko da yake Windows yana yin jigilar kayan aiki, aikace-aikace kamar samun shirye-shirye da dama, shigarwa ko cirewa maras tabbas, batutuwa marasa mahimmanci da aka gani pintones, suna sa mu laifi da rashin aiki na kayan aiki.

Yana faruwa a lokacin, cewa idan muka fara tsari na waɗanda aka ambata a farkon, mai sarrafawa bankrupt da kwakwa neman yin la'akari da wannan akan sauran shirye-shiryen amfani. Su ne 'yan zaɓuɓɓuka don inganta RAM, video memory (wanda aka sau da yawa shared), idan akwai wani graphics katin don samun wani abu, dangane da irin rumbun kwamfutarka da kuma sauran trifles, da plaintive whimper iya zama m.

GPU, daidaitattun matakai, Kamar kamar municipality ya yanke shawara don rarrabawa, ba da izini ko cinye abubuwan da ba su iya isa ba, koda kuwa sun kasance manyan matakai ne aka kawo su cikin ƙananan ayyuka. Saboda haka, bisa ga ka'idoji na yanzu, kamfani mai zaman kansa ya ba da gudummawar saka idanu ga ƙetare hukuncin kisa a wata hanya. A sakamakon haka (kamar misali), ɗan adam zai iya cika wannan yardar rai na gaya wa haƙarƙarin ga makwabcin da ke dauke da kare shit a kan gefensa, wanda ke gina bangon da ke cikin shinge, ajiye motarka ba daidai ba, da dai sauransu. Kamfanin ya amsa kiran, ya je wurin, aiwatar da aikin, ya kai shi gaban kotu, ya yi daidai, rabi yana zuwa gari, ɗayan yana kasuwanci ne.

Wannan shi ne yadda GPU ke aiki, ana iya tsara shirye-shiryen don kada su aika da matakai masu yawa a hanya ta al'ada, amma suna tafiya a cikin layi kamar ƙananan kayan aiki. Oh! ban mamaki!

Ya zuwa yanzu, ba da yawa shirye-shiryen suna yin aikace-aikace tare da waɗannan siffofi ba. Mai play gurin don isa 64 ragowa warware matsaloli sannu a hankali, ko da yake mun san cewa Don Bill Gates zai yaushe tafiya a cikin wadanda karfin caji ba dole ba abubuwa a kan gaba versions na Windows. A dabarun Windows ya hada da yin amfani da GPU via APIs tsara aiki a kan DirectX 11, tabbatar da shi zai zama madadin cewa duk (ko mafi) yarda, saboda sun fi son kamar yadda misali maimakon yin hauka abubuwa domin kowane iri daga OpenCL.

gflops

Mai hoto ya nuna misali, inda aka nuna shi a tsakanin 2003 da 2008 mai sarrafawa ta NVidia ta hanyar GPU yana canzawa da damarsa idan aka kwatanta da Intel CPU. Haka kuma bayani mai kyafaffen na bambanci.

Amma yiwuwar GPU yana nan, da fatan da shirye-shirye na CAD / GIS ya fitar da abincin da ake bukata. An riga an ji shi, kodayake yanayin da ya fi dacewa shi ne
kuma da yawa GIS, tare da CUDA, NVDIA cards a cikin abin da wani tsari na samar da dijital ƙasa model cewa ya dauki fiye da 6 minti 11 gudanar ya gudu a cikin dakikoki kawai shan amfani da wanzuwar wani CUDA katin. Kyafaffen da ya sanya su yi nasara da Geotech 2008.

A ƙarshe: Muna tafiya ga GPU, za mu gani sosai a cikin shekaru biyu masu zuwa.

5 Sakamakon "Cibiyar CAD / GIS dole ne ta je GPU"

  1. Hello Vicente, Ina ganin cewa ana iya amfani da ku a Windows 7.

    Akwai wani abu da ka rasa game da xP?
    Akwai dalilai da yasa ba zan dawo zuwa XP ba?

  2. Windows 7 a 64bits kuma ba ka damar shigar da aikace-aikacen a cikin 32bits ... Kuma a yanzu babu wani aikace-aikacen GIS na daina aiki.

  3. «Af, kun gwada Manifold akan ramuwar 64?»

    Nup ... Yayinda nake da karfin bashi na AMD na ragowar 64, ban so in shigar da Windows 64 ba tun lokacin da kullun aikace-aikace da direbobi ba su da amfani. Ina tsammanin mataki zai kasance a samu PC ɗin da aka keɓe sannan kuma tafi shigar da kome a cikin 64bits ..

    Ina da babu shakka cewa da yawa zama daya daga cikin wadanda aikace-aikace da zai gudu a karkashin 64 su bambancin ragowa, kuma ba za a mere adapatación amma zai cire ruwan 'ya'yan itace (kamar yadda suka yi da GPU CUDA fasaha).

  4. Na gode da bayanin Gerardo. Af, kuna gwada Manifold akan ramuwar 64?

  5. Good note
    Idan kana son ganin video zanga-zanga da yawa a cikin abin da m aiki gudun da faranti da CUDA fasaha dubi - shi ma za a iya shigar da dama a layi daya da kuma ta haka ƙara suspotencias, a duk lokacin da akwai ramummuka samuwa - je wannan URL YouTube :
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1h-jKbCFpnA

    Ƙari na gaba don tarihin Manifold: 1er na shirin 64 bit SIG. Kuma yanzu, 1er SIG ta amfani da fasahar CUDA.

    gaisuwa

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