Matsayin ilimin geotechnologies a cikin rubutun da aka samu na 3D Cadastre

A ranar Alhamis Nuwamba 29, kamar Geofumadas tare da masu halarta na 297 mun shiga cikin shafin yanar gizon da aka inganta UNIGIS karkashin taken: "Matsayin ilimin geotechnologies a cikin rubutun da aka samu na 3D Cadastre»Ta hanyar Diego Erba, wanda ya bayyana muhimmancin dangantakar dake tsakanin masana'idun geotechnologies da 3D cadastre. Wannan labarin ya rufe Lau, abokin hulɗar Geofumadas, tare da wanda a cikin rana mun sake nazarin abubuwan da ya nuna, abubuwan binciken da kuma nazarin abubuwan ciki saboda UNIGIS Ya rataye shi ga wadanda suka rasa shi.

Yin sauraron Erba yana buƙatar yin tunani mai zurfi don samun hangen nesa a kasashe masu tasowa, da kuma hangen nesa a cikin ƙasashe wanda wannan Shafin Farko na 2034 bai wakiltar abin da za a iya yi ba; amma ga mahimmanci a gudanar da canje-canje, yanke shawara da kuma tattalin arziki a cikin mahallin inda basusuka ga sakamakon ga dan'adam sunyi girma a cikin samar da mafi kyawun ayyuka daga bayanan yankin. Abokina, Lau ya kasance mai sana'a a cikin taƙaita abubuwan da ke cikin Webinar; a launi kofi abin da nake magana a matsayin editan Geofumadas.com.

An kirkiro shafin yanar gizon bisa abin da ke cikin littafi Ayyuka mafi kyau na FIG-3D CadastresKuma ya fara bayyana, kamar yadda tallan kayan kawa 3D iya inganta ƙasar kamar yadda aka hannu a wani karfi fasaha juyin juya halin da ya samar da dama ga sarari gabatar da fasahar da cewa ya inganta ci gaba, duk wannan ba tare da sakaci duk halayen daga Bayanan 2D (maps, haruffa, shirye-shirye).

Erba, ya jaddada cewa ana tattara sauƙin tattara bayanai ta hanyar software kyauta kamar su M, wanda shine aikace-aikacen da aka tsara don kama bayanai kuma an adana wannan bayanai a kan yanar gizo, yana barin takardun yin amfani da takarda a matsayin hanyar tarin fasalin.

Babban kalubale ga masu yanke shawara. Hakika, hangen nesa na ilimi da hangen nesa wata hanya ce mai inganci. Duk da haka, idan muka ga kwarewa irin su Colombast's Multipurpose Cadastre, inda Trimble ya zo tare da ban mamaki Land Folio da PenMap, mun fahimci cewa haɗuwa da harkar wutar lantarki a yankunan karkara har yanzu ƙalubale ne mai wuya. Kayan yanar gizo zai kasance har yanzu a cikin fasali tsakanin tarin, aiki tare, har ma da takarda.

The m kamata a yi la'akari shan la'akari da cewa ko da yake a fasaha za mu har yanzu suna a wani sauyin lokaci tsakanin 3D nuni da 5D aiki, manyan birane a Latin America ne a gaggawa bukatar ya dauko sunadaran farko duniya, za su zama kyakkyawan aiki don hanya zuwa birane masu kyau.

Ya kuma kara da nuna cewa, ya kamata mu fara tunanin wani tallan kayan kawa 3D ba kawai da fasahar zamani, amma da gaskiya na sarari bukatunsu, ta hanyar wannan yana yiwuwa ya fi yin tallan kayan kawa na sarari-tsarin kuzarin kawo cikas. Ta hanyar wani misali, za ka iya ganin rawar da tallan kayan kawa 3D zuwa wani m aukuwa kamar girgizar asa da kuma iya lissafta da korar Tsarin game da ƙasa da ƙasa hijirar cikin sharuddan Tsarin.

Ya kuma nuna kimiyya karatu gudanar a duk duniya tun da 2011 inganta yin amfani da tallan kayan kawa 3D ga bincike na sarari, ban da gayyatar saurãre ga ci gaban ayyukan da suka shafi wannan batu musamman a asashen Yammacin Amirka.

Hanyoyin fasaha

Don gane da fasahar da ya shafi yin tallan kayan kawa 3D, bisa ga ƙasa, da shi wajibi ne don amsa wannan tambaya na yadda za a dukiya ne rajista a 3D?, Da sanin cewa naúra da aka asali dangantawa da ƙasar amfani polygon ko da yaushe, da yadda za ka iya rajistar wani dukiya a cikin 3D kuma wace amfana ba a samu tare da tsarin al'adun gargajiya ba.

Da farko, a farkon misali, ana iya amfani da fasaha na 3D don gudanar da wurare, wato, don yin fassarar siffar su, ƙararraki da wuri, kazalika da nau'in surface a inda suke.

Amfani da zamani m gabansa ne yiwu kama high kundin bayanai, ciki har da data tsara, kamar girgije maki ko aya girgije, da muhimmanci ga gina abubuwa 3D fitar da ci gaban da na sarari databases.

Ya kamata kasashe masu tasowa su dace da hanyoyin da suka dace kamar su, wanda, kamar yadda na fada a sama, na da hangen nesa da kuma rashin karɓa. Yayinda waɗannan abubuwa ke yin amfani da shi, yana da muhimmanci a ci gaba da aiwatarwa; saboda ko da yake kayan aikin kama sun ci gaba, ayyukan da software don gyarawa, tare da sarrafawa ta hanyar sarrafawa da sashe na baya zuwa ga bayanan da aka gabata an iyakance. Idan yin bin ka'idar ISO-19152 wani ƙalubalen ƙalubale ne, tsakanin rage ƙirar samfurin zuwa samfurin jiki, tare da ɗakunan jinsin rubutu wanda ya danganci maɗaukaki a matsayin ma'aunin ajiyar matakan metadata; shine muyi tunani idan muna so muyi samfurin gyare-gyare guda uku (ba ta hanyar gani ba, ko kama, amma ta hanyar sarrafawa).

Ina tsammanin matsala ba ita ce ta hanyar sabon sababbin hanyoyi ba. Dukan cibiyoyi suna da ƙwarewar 'yan Adam, musamman ma game da nazarin bayanai da bunkasa fasaha; amma wahalar tana haɗawa da matakai na mishan wanda ba kawai ke mayar da hankali kan lokacin karbar bayanai ba, amma yana buƙatar aiwatar da wannan sabon gaskiyar bayanai, ka'idodin tsari da cancanta ga sauran ƙungiyoyi waɗanda za su yi amfani da bayanin, hanyoyin sabuntawa a ƙarƙashin sarrafawa ta hanyar sadarwa, da mahimmancin tsarin binciken don 'yan wasan kwaikwayo da zasu shiga cikin samar da ayyuka ga ɗan ƙasa.

Wanda sun aiwatar Hadakar matakai tsakanin Land Registry, muna sane da na kalubale na canji management hada da cancantar a rikoda da cewa nuna taswira a kan wani shafin yanar viewer cewa ba daukawa bayyana m, a rubuce, kamar yadda su ne bayyane a cikin bayanin fasaha na fasaha na taswirar cadastral kuma, wanda kuma yana nuna ƙuntatawa daga tsarin mulki na musamman wanda ya fito ne daga dokokin yankin. Ka yi la'akari da cewa a maimakon jirgin 2D, ya kamata ka ga raguwa guda uku tare da gine-gine masu rabi a cikin mafi kyawun Drone2Map ko ContextCapture.

A webinar aka shãfe cewa kafin tattauna da aiwatar da zanen taswira 3D a dukan duniya, wajibi ne a yi amfani dace kimiyoyi don samar da model na wakilci na sarari, kamar yadda suke da geoid, kamar yadda wadannan ake bukata don gina da kuma goyon bayan da samfurori da suka dace da gaskiyar sararin samaniya. Ginin wannan samfurin a ƙasashe da dama yana da ƙari, wanda shine matsala mai tsanani lokacin da la'akari da irin wannan tsari, mafi girma.

Ba za a iya barin sashin shari'a ba, don sanin cewa tsarin tsarin na kasa kamar haka ya shafi shari'a - tattalin arziki da yanayi na jiki. Dangane da doka tsarin dangantaka da ƙasar a kowane birni, da hanyar da Tsarin da kuma sarari suna bi aka ƙaddara, ya tattauna da hali Colombia-Brazil, inda akwai mai sayar da dama na ginin sarari ba gina (ja yanki) .

To, abin da amfani da ƙasar 3D, kazalika da girma data data kasance, zai kuma zama da amfani ga abin da suka kira da yanar gizo taron karawa juna sani da suna "overlapping yanayi", da cewa shi ne, don warware matsalolin da suka shafi hane-hane, a tsaye overlays (shafi gine-gine) ko kayan aiki (bututu, igiyoyi, tunnels ko bututu).

An fara daga gabatarwa guda biyu:

  • Samun: wato, abin da ke faruwa, abin da akwai, inda yake yadda yake.
  • Halitta: ƙirƙirar bayanai ta hanyar fasaha irin su BIM, kuma samar da samfurin 3D, wanda zai bi ta hanyar yin fassarar wanda ya ba abu abu mai kama da shi.

Mene ne abin tausayi da za a sake maimaitawa; babu inda za a kawo ƙarshen gudanar da mulkin ƙasa, amma a cikin wasu lokuta na sabuntawa da haɗin haɗin kai ga masu aikin kwaikwayo da aka danganta da sarkar ma'amala.

Taimaka wa geoengineering

A lokacin da nuni, Erba nuna misalai na yadda aka yi amfani da 3D model na wasu asali sabis Tsarin, haka na nuna cewa wadannan model wakiltar wani kayan aiki ga yanke shawara yin, tun da shi ne wani ɓangare na abin da ya wanzu, cewa shi ne, ganin cewa akwai, inda akwai kuma yadda yake, wannan zai iya zama farkon wurin simulations wanda ke amfani da wannan nau'in bayanai don hana duk wani nau'i mai kyau ko mummunar aiki.

Bayanan ƙaddamarwar ƙaddamarwa ya canza zuwa abu, ƙaddamar da batun zai fara Voxel, wani abu kamar takalmin pixel, amma a cikin abubuwa 3D, "ita ce ƙananan matakan sarrafawa na matrix uku-dimensional". An gabatar da batun na 3D cadastre na tattalin arziki, daga abin da mabambanta ko Amfani da ku, wanda shine nau'i wanda aka sanya wani abu a cikin wani wuri, don ƙayyade wasu halaye bisa ga tsarin da dangantaka da yanayin nan gaba.

Abin da zai iya faruwa da Geographic Information Systems, kuma dukan yanayi halitta sarari analysis tsarin?, Kuma yanzu bayan kafa fifiko data tsara 3D saboda Erba ce cewa wasu kwararru hade da filin a fili yana nuna cewa ƙarshen bayanan ƙididdiga kamar yadda aka sani, wato shine ya ce shi ne "Ƙarshen polygon" a matsayin tushen don hada bayanai da aka haɗa zuwa cadastre", Wanda ya nuna cewa hanyar da aka samu, da aka gina da kuma dubawa ya kamata a yi la'akari.

Ciki har da na gani, kuma magudi 3D data ne ba da nisa daga gaskiya, aikace-aikace kamar ArcGIS Pro ESRI, DigitalTwins Bentley Systems sun hada da, a da functionalities dubawa a game da wadannan bayanai, QGIS ma ya hada da kara-kan for tanadin data Tsarin sharadi, Saboda haka shi ya haifar da wani asiri a matsayin abin da zai faru da al'ada da kuma sauran aikace-aikace na sarari bincike GIS, saboda updates dole ne jinsin da sananne fasaha ci gaba, za mu gani a cikin 'yan shekaru, idan akwai gyare-gyare free software cewa ba da dama ga ayyuka masu yawa don samfurin 3D bayanai.

The tambaya dole ne mu tambayi ne ko mu kasashe suna aiki hannu da hannu da fasaha ci gaba, da ci gaban SmartCities gaskiya ne cewa shi ne kawai a kusa da kusurwar, da kuma bukatar mafi girma kokarin da fasaha hadewa, daga tallan kayan kawa 3D da dangantaka da yawa data kasance na'urori masu auna sigina, da manufar IoT - Internet na abubuwa, da kuma watsa bayanai ta hanyar girgije, shi ne abin da canza birnin da kuma ƙasar, ya shugabance su zama mai kaifin birane da kuma mai kaifin ƙasar.

Wannan webinar ya quite ban sha'awa, idan akai la'akari da muhimmancin BIM-tallan kayan kawa 3D- data a cikin girgije-na'urori masu auna sigina na geo-injiniya, da kuma ma wadanda suke motsi a cikin tarbiyyar da irin wannan bayani.

A matsayina na, girmamawa ga Diego Erba, don yin wa'azi marar ƙarfi na hangen nesa fiye da nan gaba. Ba tare da ambaton ƙaunar da ke da mahimmanci na bayyana abubuwan da aka ƙona ba a cikin mafi kyawun samfurin ga mutane.

UNIGIS, ba tare da samun wannan kyauta maras kyau ba Jagoran Jagora na Yanar Gizo a cikin Harkokin Bayani na Gida, tare da waɗannan shafukan yanar gizo, yana tallafa wa kirkiro al'umma wanda yake son abun da ke kara darajar wannan kamfani. Yayin da lambobi ne da sanyi, 95 Colombians, Argentinians 37, 35 33 Mexicans da Ecuadorians lissafta kashi biyu daga uku na dukkan mahalarta a cikin wannan webinar.

Don jira na gaba.

Ba za ku iya halartar #Webinar na #UNIGIS tare da Diego Erba ba? Ga link tare da gajeren rikodin don ganin rubutun #: https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/7579969785221365507

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