LADM aiwatar amfani INTERLIS - Colombia

A cikin makon na uku na Yuni, 2016 ya koyar da shirin na INTERLIS Course, wanda aka gani a matsayin harshe da kayan kayan aiki don sauƙaƙe aiwatar da Alamar Gudanarwa na Ƙasa (LADM) a cikin yanayin kula da ƙasa na Colombia.

A hanya da aka ɓullo da a matakai biyu, daya a wani asali / msar tambayar matakin da babban rukuni na daban-daban cibiyoyin da hannu a ƙasar management, neman gane abin da yake INTERLIS, da yin amfani da aikace-aikace da dabarun, ta yaya za a iya amfani da sakamakon da aikace-aikace a cikin ƙasar gwamnati a kasashen tsakiyar / Gabashin Turai. a rana ta biyu daga cikin shakka shi ne mafi m tare da wata tawagar da karami thematic kwararru wanda aka hannu a gina model LADM Colombia.

Kalubale mai ban sha'awa, la'akari da cewa mai gudanarwa na hanya shine Michael Germann, banda daya daga cikin masu magana da LADM dangane da INTERLIS a wani samfurin FIG, tare da Jürg Kaufmann, Daniel Steudler, Christiaan Lemmen, Peter Van Oosterom da Kees de Zeeuw. Kuma na ce kalubalanci, domin hotunan wannan matakin yana da iyakancewa lokacin da ake gabatar da batutuwa kyauta a gaban jama'a na Latin American context.

Mene ne INTERLIS?

Harshe ne mai mahimmanci na harshe (Harshen Hoto Hanya - CSL), wanda ke aiki don kwatanta samfurori, ko da yake ana iya amfani dashi ga kowane tsarin, yana da ƙwarewa a cikin tsarin jeri, tun da ya haɗa da nau'in nau'ikan geometries. Ya kamata a lura cewa INTERLIS ba software ba ne, amma harshe tsaka tsaki ba tare da wani dandamali ba, wanda ya haɗa da tsarin canja wurin bayanai wanda aka samo ta hanyar kai tsaye daga samfurin; INTERLIS ba harshen harshe ba ne, ko da yake yana da nasu fasali don bayyana tsarin daidai, haɗe da ma'anar ƙuntatawa (ƙuntatawa).

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

The canja wurin bayanai format ne ITF (INTERLIS-1) ko XTF (INTERLIS-2, XML) wanda aka samu, kamar yadda aka ambata riga, da data model ta daidaita dokoki. A m rabo tsakanin tallan kayan kawa da kuma canja wurin (tsarin kula da samfurin) yana da matukar ban sha'awa, saboda zurfin shi yana ba da kyautar ga hayaki LADM wanda sau daya an tsara wannan tambaya Kuma abin da jahannama nake yi a yanzu?

A transfuse na INTERLIS tafiya kusan a 30 shekaru 1989 lokacin da Swiss fara zuwa dabble a cikin yin amfani da kwakwalwa karkashin hanyoyin zamani. Duk da yake amfani da kwamfuta zuwa kasa tun da farkon 70, shi ne ta hanyar da aikin da aka sani da RAV (Official Cadastral garambawul) don yin wani tsari da tsakiyar ra'ayin dangane da 'yanci a cikin yin amfani da hanyoyin da cadastral aiki. Babu shakka cewa gabatarwar wannan manufa ya nuna bukatar wani m dandali bayani ga bayanin da ajiya na bayanai, da kuma wannan shi ne yadda INTERLIS-1 haife shi a 1989. Shi ne m falsafar haihuwa, da koyarwan na " 'yancin a cikin yin amfani da hanyoyin", saboda ya ƙarfafa kowane Municipality, sashen, yanayin yankin ko hukumomi mahaluži iya amfani da kayan aiki da dace wa da shi, idan dai kana tsaya ga INTERLIS iya zama total interaperability Jirgin jirgi ya kasance a farkon shekarun ninni, a cikin 1993 an fara wallafa samfurin tsarin aikin na farko; ban sha'awa idan muka yi la'akari da cewa a 1994 2014 fara Cadastre himma cewa an karshe da aka buga a 1998.LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Bayan da ƙaddamar da farko na aikin cadastral model, akwai aukuwa na farko kayayyakin aiki, kamar tarawa don tabbatar da daidai ginin kalma model, Translator auku data daga daya model zuwa wani, da kuma XTF Checker domin inganta data da model. An kirkiro INTERLIS-1998 tsakanin 2006 da 2 kuma a wannan shekarar an buga Checker tare da lasisi kyauta. Domin 2007 INTERLIS zama kasa misali a Switzerland da kuma 2014 akwai riga 160 model na kasa SDI, aka bayyana a cikin misali, wanda a tsakanin sauran halitta da dalilin da ƙaddamar da sabon Land Registry Taƙaitawa Jama'a Law a kan Property , fahimtar Gundumar 2014.

A matsayin ƙarshe na ƙarshe, INTERLIS ba harshen harshe ba ne, amma harshe na bayanin da canja wurin bayanai. Ko da yake an rubuta a cikin UML, yana da wasu nau'o'in bayanai kamar canja wuri da sabunta bayanan da suka riga su.

Amfani da INTERLIS

Babban amfani shine "'yanci na hanyoyin". Yana da muhimmanci a goyi bayan ka'idodin 2014 na Cadastral, musamman ma game da yin amfani da 'yancin kai tare da samfurori ta hanyar batu amma a cikin tsarin bincike daya; Baya ga sassaucin da zai haifar da samfurin bayanai a gaba ɗaya, ko da yake yana da muhimmanci a ga idan yana kama da wutsiyar Wuta na Swiss don yin samfurin.

Kwararrun masanan ilimin kimiyya da kuma kwararru a kan batun gwamnati suna iya fahimta. An fahimci cewa tare da haɗin gwiwar da dokoki don samo tsarin canja wuri, za'a iya sarrafa shi kuma ya inganta ta hanyar shirye-shiryen kwamfuta.

Sauran amfanoni suna ɗauka cewa za'a iya aiwatar da shi sauƙi, kodayake bayan an duba littafin 160 ... Dole ne in yarda cewa yana ƙoƙari na akalla mako guda don ganin misalai da kuma kokarin gina su. Tabbas, samun samfurin gina tare da editan UML sannan kuma samar da code don aikace-aikacen ko samfurin jiki na database yana shakka gaba ... idan an yi kyau, ba shakka.

Littafin yana cikin Jamusanci, Faransanci da Ingilishi. Tare da amfani da cewa lokacin da ake tafiya a Colombia an yi ƙoƙari don samun fassarar Mutanen Espanya da cewa hanyar da ake ci gaba da ingantawa; Muna fatan nan da nan za a samu don saukewa a cikin www.interlis.ch.

Differences tsakanin INTERLIS-1, INTERLIS-2 da sauran harsuna

Hanyoyin 2 na INTERLIS abu ne mai daidaitawa, mafi sauƙi kuma yana goyon bayan ƙananan ɗalibai; yana dacewa tare da version 1 kuma yana goyon bayan kari, ƙuntatawa mai ƙuntatawa da canja wuri ta hanyar XML.

Idan aka kwatanta da sauran ladabi da harsuna, INTERLIS ya fi daidai da UML mai sauki, kodayake duk abin dogara ne akan wannan harshe. Bugu da ƙari kuma, yana da ƙayyadaddun wuri a cikin gefen ƙasa saboda hada da nau'o'in abubuwa (maki, layi, arcs, yankunan da saman). Idan aka kwatanta da GML, yana taimakawa hanyar cin amana, wanda ba a cikin LADM ba kuma ga waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin aika saƙon WFS ta amfani da GML fahimtar iyakancewa. INTERLIS yanzu kuma wani ɓangare na ɗakin karatu na OGR / GDAL (2.0) da kuma fayilolin XTF za a iya duba su ta amfani da QGIS. Sauran kayan aikin samfurori na ƙyale tsarawar tsarin bincike a PostgreSQL / PostGIS, da shigo da bayanai zuwa wannan tsari da kuma fitarwa zuwa fayil XTF (ili2pg). Kuma ba shakka akwai wasu aikace-aikacen kayan aiki daga manyan, GEONIS don ArcGIS bisa FME, GeosPro don Geomedia, INTERLIS na AutoCAD Map3D.

LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, don amfani da INTERLIS akwai wasu aikace-aikacen lasisi na kyauta na kyauta don samfurin gyare-gyare da kuma tabbatar da bayanai a cikin daidaitattun, kamar Ƙwararruwa, Editan UML da Checker.

A INTERLIS tarawa hidima domin inganta da ginin kalma da wani model, da INTERLIS Checker domin inganta karfinsu na wani data fayil game da wani siffatawa model, don haka ya yi amfani da bukatar wani model (.ili tsawo) da kuma canja wurin fayil ( .itf o.xtf); kuma shi bukatar aiwatar da fayil tsawo .cfg sanyi siffofin (inda bukatun ake tsare cikin sharuddan m yarda da model). An kashe Edita UML ta hanyar umleditor.jar, yana ba da izini don shirya fassarar INTERLIS a siffar gani. Domin a yanzu shi ne kawai a Faransanci da Jamusanci. A Gui ne da ɗan m idan aka kwatanta da VisualParadigm ko ciniki Architect, duk da haka shi da amfani kayan yau da kullum - kuma shi ne mafi kyau cewa ya haifar da da model code tare da daidai cakude.

Aikace-aikacen Aikace-aikace

Shirin farko ya cika aikin da ya kamata "mu masu amfani da hankali kada mu ji tsoron samfurin", wanda ya nuna cewa dole ne mu karanta. A rana ta biyu, mun yi aiki don bayyana ainihin batutuwa; a cikin batun batun LADM na Swiss,

Ana amfani da batutuwa:

  • -Catastro
  • - Mur mur
  • -Momin Alamar
  • - yanar gizo na hydrosanitary

A cikin yanayin Colombian, an yi daidai da daidaitattun abubuwa, tare da matakai masu zuwa:

  • -Catastro
  • -Register
  • yankin ordenamiento
  • da dai sauransu.

Sa'an nan aka bayyana batuttukan su:

  • -Castastro Objects:
  • -Control Point
  • -Predio (Ya hada da ƙasa da gini)
  • -Da'idodin iyakoki
  • -Yazuwar ƙaddamarwa
  • -unanan yankunan jiki
  • - Yankunan tattalin arziki
  • -Etc.

A ƙarshe, wasu ka'idojin LADM na yanzu suna da umarnin, misali, idan za a kawar da zato, idan azuzuwan zasu kasance cikin jam'i ... da dai sauransu. Ana nuna cewa zancen ya kasance a Plural, yayin da azuzuwan ɗayan. Saboda haka, riga a kan tashi, samfurin yayi kama da haka:

TOPIC Control_Points =

END Points_of_control;

TOPIC Predios =

! Maɗaukaki na Ƙimar

! Land, Construction, ...

END;

TOPIC Ƙayyadaddun =

! Gudanarwa Division

! Yankin Ƙasa na yanki

END;

Bayan haka, iri-iri, subtypes da dokoki sun rushe; Yana da wuya, amma ba. Tare da bambancin cewa samfurin Colombia yana da ƙididdigarsa, a cikin kwanaki biyu ya yiwu a gina tsarin LITTA ta INTERLIS na watan Maris. Tabbas, mu Latin Amirkawa sun ci gaba, baya saboda duk ƙananan yankuna, iri da subtypes an haɗa su a cikin tsarin INTERLIS; abubuwa da za su iya raba tsakaninsu a tsawon lokaci. Dubi yadda mai sauƙi samfurin Holland shine:

!! --------------------
!!
!! ISO 19152 LADM kasar NL da aka buga tare da INTERLIS 2
!!
!! --------------------
!! nazarin tarihin
!! --------------------
!!
!! 03.02.2014 / MG: fasalin farko
!! 17.11.2014 / MG: wasu gyaran gyare-gyare
!!
!! --------------------
!!
!! (c) Swiss Land Management (www.swisslm.ch)
!!
!! --------------------

INTERNIS 2.3;

Ƙaddamar da tsarin LADM_NL (en)

AT «http://www.swisslm.ch/models»
SANTA "2014-02-03" =

LABARI DA KASANCE DA ISO_Base;
KARANTA DUNIYA ISO19107;
KARANTA DUNIYA ISO19111;
KARANTA DUNIYA ISO19115;
KARANTA DUNIYA ISO19156;
SANTA DA LADM_Base DA KASA KUMA.
LADM DA KUMA SANTAWA;

DOMAIN
GASKIYA UnknownValueType =
END UnknownValueType;

CLASS NL_SpatialUnit (ABSTRACT) SANTA LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_SpatialUnit =
girman (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
landConsolidationInterst: LIST {0..5} OF UnknownValueType;
buyPrice: Currency;
Ƙararrawa (Ƙaƙata): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_VolumeValue;
END NL_SpatialUnit;

TOPIC LADM_NL =

CLASS NL_Party KASHI LADM.Party.LA_Party =
suna (EXTENDED): CharacterString;
rawar (EXTENDED): LADM.Party.LA_PartyRoleType;
END NL_Party;

CLASS NL_AdminSourceDocument EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
da'awar: Kudin;
buyPrice: Currency;
END NL_AdminSourceDocument;

CLASS NL_RRR (ABSTRACT) SANTA LADM.Administrative.LA_AdministrativeSource =
bayanin: CharacterString;
END NL_RRR;

CLASS NL_BAUnit EXTENDS LADM.Administration.LA_BAUnit =
suna (EXTENDED): CharacterString;
END NL_BAUnit;

CLASS NL_RealRight Ƙari NL_RRR =
typePurchased: (wasu);
typeSold: (wasu);
END NL_RealRight;

CLASS NL_Restriction EXTENDS NL_RRR =
END NL_Restriction;

CLASS NL_Mortgage EXTENDS LADM.Administrative.LA_Mortgage =
bayanin (KASHI): CharacterString;
END NL_Mapaya;

CLASS NL_Parcel EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_Parcel;

CLASS NL_BuildingUnit EXTENDS NL_SpatialUnit =
END NL_BuildingUnit;

CLASS NL_Network YADDA LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_LegalSpaceUtiliyNetwork =
girman (EXTENDED): LADM.Spatial_Unit.LA_DimensionType;
landConsolidationInterest: LIST {0..5} OF CharacterStringListValue;
Sabili da haka kasancewa har sai kun nemo END LADM_NL
LADM INTERLIS COLOMBIA

Samu shiga cikin internationalization na INTERLIS a Latin American mahallin, ga alama mai ban sha'awa kalubale Agustin Codazzi Cibiyar da sauran cibiyoyin da nasaba da Land Administration a Colombia, ba kawai ga goyon baya da kanta wakiltar Swiss hadin amma takamaiman nauyi na da hukumomin Colombia a cikin kudancin Amirka. Ina tsammani mai kyau tallafi da tsawo na model a fannonin cadastre, haxe da Property Registry, Land Management da Colombian sarari Data Lantarki mayar da hankali kasashen duba bayan kudancin mazugi.

INTERLIS damar zumunta sauƙi a aiwatar da Land Administration Domain Model (ISO 19152), a kalla kamar abin da interoperability, musamman saboda shi shortens da ɗan hanya tallafi na GML fayiloli a matsayin musayar Formats, da jawo kayan aikin duba , canja wurin da ingantawa. Ka kawai da tunanin da m, la'akari da cewa Colombia tare da sabon shi ne dokokin za a fara a shafa na multipurpose cadastre, a cikin abin da kayan aikin da ake bukata domin ingancin iko da data biyu kamfanoni da kuma bokan kwararru da kuma game da 1.100 municipalities za su shiga cikin sauri ba tare da wata matsala ba game da ƙungiyar masu iko ta IGAC na ƙungiyoyi masu rarrabawa ko ƙungiyoyi ... ga abin da INTERLIS ke aiki sosai.

imageKuma a takaice dai, masu amfani da geomatics dole su koyi fahimtar samfurori, in ba haka ba, GML, UML, LADM da waɗannan ƙananan kalmomi zasu yi kama da masu shirye-shirye.

http://www.interlis.ch/index_e.htmgeofumed interlis

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga.

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.