Fahimtar yadda aka tsara UTM

Mutane da yawa a kowane lokaci suna tambayar yadda za a canza haɗin gwiwar zuwa UTM. Za mu yi amfani da wannan yanayin kuma muyi bayani tare da abin da muke da shi akan yadda aikin UTM ke aiki don fitar da wasu shakka.

Ina bayar da shawara idan kun rigaya ya karbi wannan batun, kada ku rabu da mintuna m ... amma za ku iya danganta mu da blog dinku :). Ba dalilin wannan post ba ne don yin magana game da samfurori, domin akwai wasu wasu abubuwa, da gaske yana da ban sha'awa don bayyana yadda ake gudanar da haɗin kai, zamu yi amfani da Google Earth don nuna misalai.

Ƙididdigar geographic

Geographic tsarawa ne daga daga cikin duniya a ~ angarorin kamar yadda za ka da wani apple, yin tsaye cuts meridians (kira tsawo) da kuma a kwance cuts yi layi daya (da ake kira latitudes).

Don yin la'akari da latitudes shine ɓangare na equator, arewa ko kudu daga zero zuwa 90 digiri a kwakoki kuma waɗannan biyu halves ake kira hemispheres.

A cikin hali na tsawo, wadannan fara da za a jera daga Meridian na Greenwich da ake kira sifili Meridian zuwa gabas, an jera har zuwa 180 digiri, inda guda Meridian raba ƙasar (da ake kira antemeridiano), wannan rabin ake kira " Wannan ». To, da sauran rabin ake kira West, kullum wakilta W (yamma), kamar yadda meridians Greenwich tashi a gaban shugabanci daga sifili zuwa 180 digiri.

1 geographic amfani da shi

Ta haka ne jagora a Spain zai iya zama Latsa 39 N da tsawon 3 W, wani haɗin kai a Peru zai zama Latitude 10 S da 74 W. na tsawon lokaci.

Wannan hanya ta ƙayyade ƙayyadaddun da ba'a yi da matakin da yake sama da teku ba, tun da yake ƙira ce ta farawa daga tsakiyar duniya zuwa ga farfajiya, wannan shine tushen da Google Earth yayi amfani, kuma wannan ita ce hanya na ƙayyadaddun da ke amfani da fayilolin kml, Bugu da ƙari, an ƙaddamar da wani shafi spheroid wanda shine hanyar da za a kwatanta fuskar ƙasa don dalilai masu auna. Google yana amfani da WGS84 a matsayin alamar spheroid (ko da yake akwai kayan aikin da zai ba ka damar shigar da haɗin UTM cikin Google Earth). Mafi amfani da wannan tsari shi ne cewa haɗin kai na musamman a ƙasa, kodayake sarrafawa na sarrafawa don ƙidayar nisa ko wurare ba shi da amfani ga "masu ba da geographers".

Ƙungiyoyin UTM

Ƙididdiga na UTM fara daga ra'ayin yin la'akari da lakabi mai zurfi a matakin teku daga zane-zane na cylindrical Traverso de Mercator. Kasashen duniya suna rarraba kasa a kowane lokaci, a cikin sassan digiri shida da suka hada da 60, waɗannan ana kiran su yankuna. Ƙididdigar waɗannan yankuna yana farawa daga antemeridian, daga zero zuwa 60 daga yamma zuwa gabas.

Segments cewa samar da layi daya jere daga 84 S zuwa 80 N, kuma an jera tare da haruffa jere daga C zuwa X ( "I" an cire da kuma "Yã"), kowane kashi yana da 8 digiri Latitude , sai dai X wanda ke da digiri na 12.

Ana amfani da A, B, Y, Z musamman ga iyakar polar; Google ba ya hada da wannan sashi saboda yana buƙatar ƙididdigar infinitesimal a cikin wani yanki na sha'awa kawai ga polar bears :).

1 geographic amfani da shi

1 geographic amfani da shiA cikin dukkanin yankunan 60 sune digiri na 6 kowanne, kazalika

  • Mexico ya fada tsakanin yankunan 11 da 16
  • Honduras a cikin 16 da kuma sashi a 17
  • Peru tsakanin 17 da 19
  • Spain tsakanin 29 da 31.

Tsarin gwargwadon ƙididdigar ruwa a cikin teku, ya sa arci cewa waɗannan layi suna da ma'auni daidai da gaskiyar ƙididdigar gari. Wannan tunani spheroid, sama (popularized a Latin America) ya NAD27, da a halin yanzu yadu amfani NAD83, da aka sani da yawa kamar yadda WGS84. Bayan samun daidaitattun wurare daban-daban, ƙananan spheroids daban daban.

Saboda haka wani yanki yana da wani x daidaita, kuma lokacin da na fara a cikin hali na Amurka ta tsakiya, iyakar tsakanin bangarori 15 16 kuma yana da wani m tsara 178,000, kuma ya kai fiye ko žasa 820,000. Wannan zangon tsara shi ne guda ga kowane sashi, a wannan latitud amma tãtacce, ba wani orthogonal Grid amma ga dalilai na gida ji, shi ne quite kama. Iyakoki tsakanin yankunan da ake rufe, amma duk wani bangare na tsakiyar axis, inda a can ne mai cikakken tsaye Meridian wanda tsawon aka 300,000 da aka sani da "wannan ƙarya" ga dalilai biyu hagu da kuma dama na wannan Meridian babu raka'a korau
Latitude (Y hadewa) ya fara ne daga 0.00 a matakan kuma ya hau zuwa arewacin arewa tare da haɗin kusa da 9,300,000.

Ƙungiyar 16

Taswirar da muka sani don dalilai na cadastral, tare da Sikeli 1: 10,000 ko 1: 1,000 tashi daga bangare na wannan sashi, a cikin wani post na gaba za mu bayyana yadda ya zo wannan bangare.

1 geographic amfani da shi

Geographic tsarawa, kamar 16N 35W ne na musamman, duk da haka, a UTM daidaita matsayin kasancewa X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 karkacewa daya batu maimaita ta a cikin 60 yankunan guda latitud, duka a cikin Arewa, kuma a cikin ta Kudu. Yana bukatar wani yanki da kuma ayyana yammancin duniya inda shi nasa.

Bayanan biyu za su kasance cikin layin rubutu. A cikin yanayin daidaitawar UTM, idan akwai a NAD27 ba zai zama daidai da WGS84 ba tun lokacin da jakar da ke samar da grid ba daidai ba ne. Don sauyawa haɗin UTM zuwa haɗin gwiwar Geographic ko kuma a madaidaicin akwai aikace-aikace da ke sauƙaƙe shi, kamar su Shafukan tsararraki.

Yana da muhimmanci a fahimci cewa gargajiya CAD tsarin bai goyi bayan a tsinkaya, kamar AutoCAD ko Microstation, AutoCAD kawai ya yi Map3D ko Microstation Geographics (Daga AutoCAD da Microstation 2009 8.9 XM yi). By ta amfani da AutoCAD georeferenced taswira tare da UTM tsarawa, abin da muke da shi ne taswira cikin Cartesian jirgin sama, amma dole ne mu gane cewa waɗanda guda tsarawa 60 wanzu a wasu wurare a cikin wannan latitud a biyu da Arewa da kudancin hemispheres. Saboda haka ya zama hadaddun aiki a UTM da gonaki wanda ke tsakanin biyu yankuna.

Don yin hulɗa tare da UTM, Google Earth da Excel haɗin gwiwar, waɗannan alaƙa zasu iya amfani sosai:

UTM kula a Google Earth

Canza canje-canjen gefuna zuwa UTM tare da Excel

Canza saitunan UTM zuwa Girgirar tare da Excel

57 tana maida hankali ga "fahimtar tsarawar UTM"

  1. Ya dogara da abin da software ke da shi don duba shi.
    Wannan haɗin da kake buƙatar ƙarin buƙatar yana buƙatar yankin, tun da an sake maimaita shi a kowane ɓangaren 60, duka a arewacin kudancin kudu da kudancin.

  2. Ina da waɗannan halayen kuma ina bukatar in san wurin, abin da zan yi
    N1300113 E 1040271. KYA KA

  3. Ba zan iya ganin hoton abin da kuke kiwon ba. Amma dole ne ku fahimci cewa haɗin gwargwadon aikin ba su da mahimmanci, ana maimaita su a kowane yanki a lokaci guda.

  4. Yaya zan yi aiki a kan labarun da nake ciki a cikin iyaka tsakanin 13 da 14 ,,,. na fayil na birni a yankin 13 da kuma wani fayil na birni a yankin 14 kuma na danna su a cikin fayil guda don ganin yadda ya dubi, tambayar ta shine dalilin da ya sa suke da nisa sosai idan a gaskiya sun kusan tare? Na duba shi akan ƙasa ta google kuma komai yana cikakke, kawai suna da nisa kuma a fili kamar sun kasance a baya a garin 13 a gaban 14 lokacin da ba gaskiya bane

  5. sannu zai kasance na iya taimakawa da wadannan: a filin yawanci dauki maki tare da GPS a UTM sa'an nan a karkashin data aiki planimetry a AutoCAD, amma so don fitarwa zuwa cadastral maps, mafi kammala zane batu ne kawai ya bayyana, abin da ke wannan ... Ecuador

  6. Kyakkyawar haƙurinka da karimci don raba iliminka, Geofumed!

  7. Ta yaya zan samu na da maki 2 hakar ma'adinai grids ba a hako ma'adinai sauƙaƙewa a Bolivia idan ta haruffa ne a cikin psad 56 da kuma na tsarawa ne WGS 84 don Allah idan ka taimake ni saboda na wayar salula GPS na tafi dogon desplasado

  8. Fernando Ojeda Fabrairu, 2017 a
    Ina so in canzawa zuwa UTM haɗin gwanon dutsen mai tsabta Popocatepetl wanda shine:
    Latsa 19 ° 13'20.00 "
    Length 98 ° 37¨40.00 "

    Kuma tsarin lissafi mafi kyau bai yarda da tsawon 98 ba.
    Yaya ya kamata in ci gaba idan ya gaya mini cewa ba zan tafi daga 80 da 90 ba, lokacin da bayanai ke da 9

    UTM Z14 WGS84
    2125458.053 539124.2666 14

  9. Ina so in canzawa zuwa UTM haɗin gwanon dutsen mai tsabta Popocatepetl wanda shine:
    Latsa 19 ° 13'20.00 "
    Length 98 ° 37¨40.00 "

    Kuma tsarin lissafi mafi kyau bai yarda da tsawon 98 ba.
    Ta yaya zan ci gaba idan ka gaya mini kada in tafi daga 80 da 90 lokacin da bayanai ke da 98?

  10. Shin wani zai iya taimake ni in taswira girman girman ƙasa ?? Ina da hanzarin 4 da tsawo. Idan wani ya miƙa zan aika bayanan da nake da kuma zan gode maka sosai. Na gode

  11. Hi, Bruno.
    Ba mu da kyau a kan abin da kake faruwa:
    Wataƙila idan kun kwatanta halin da ake ciki: Shin faɗin abin da za ku yi? Shin adadi ba daidai ba ne?
    Za ku raba shi akan taswira?

  12. Ni sabon zuwa rike GPS kuma maps, tambaye ni misali ya dauki wasu da maki a x, y (4 maki) da mãkirci a kan wani tsauni, idan yankin ne 4 kadada, kuma ya zama, sau 100 kowane x, da kuma Don Allah, daidaita. Godiya (bruficarrasco123-4qoutlook.com)

  13. Ba zan san yadda za mu fahimta ba, dangane da maɓallin da kake amfani dashi. Ka tuna cewa idan mai haɗawa ya haɗa da wannan karya, ba zai dace da kai ba tare da UTM na al'ada, waɗanda Google suke nunawa.

  14. Hi! Ina fatan za ku iya taimaka mini, domin na yi kokarin komai kuma baya aiki:
    Ina ƙoƙarin sauya wasu haɗin gwargwadon wuri zuwa UTM, ta amfani da dama daga cikin masu juyo da ke kan intanet. Da farko na yi tunani ba daidai ba ne, amma na duba shi kuma a duk ina samun wannan.
    Ina nema da halayen wasu ƙananan tsaunuka a Mexico; Ina amfani da Google Earth don wannan kuma yana ba ni haɗin gwargwado. Matsalar shi ne cewa a lokacin da ya tuba zuwa UTM, shi ya faru a yankin 13 zuwa 14 da wannan duka-duka ya musanya tsarawa a "x", haka cewa Nevado de Colima (kusa da tekun Pacific) ya nuna mani wani daidaita tare da 600,000, yayin da Nevado de Toluca (wanda yake a tsakiyar kasar) iri dabi'u 400,000 ni. Ban fahimci me yasa.
    Godiya a gaba

  15. Zan ba ku misalin da ba kome ba ne kawai da misali don ku fahimta. Ka yi la'akari da yanayin da yake wucewa a bakin teku, wani maƙallin 200 mai wucewa sama, wani nauyin 1000 mai wucewa sama. Dukkanin alamomi ne, kuma ma'ana tana daidai da kowanne ɗayansu amma grid ɗin ba shine, don haka matsayin UTM zai iya samun jagoranci daban a cikin datti daban-daban

  16. yadda za a lissafa nisa a kilomita (sikelin) a cikin ƙirar

  17. Dubi wani ɓangaren yankin da kake sha'awar Goolgle Duniya. Idan har zuwa arewacin layin mahadin, shi ne yankin 17 a arewa. Idan akwai ƙasa, Yankin 17 a kudu ne.

  18. Hi, za ku iya taimake ni da wata tambaya:
    Download wani dem cewa shi ne a WGS84, na bukatar Project shi zuwa UTM na binciken yankin ne kudu maso yammacin Colombia (Nariño), abin tambaya shi ne, wanda yanki na amfani da su domin yin UTM tsinkaya, Zone 17s 17n Caravan.
    Na gode da bayaninku kuma ku gafarta jahilci a kan batun.

  19. To, ban gane ba.
    Aika mana daidaitawar UTM don ganin, saboda ba zan iya ganin matsalar ba.

  20. Lokacin da na shiga na farko, sai na fada cikin teku, a Gulf of Mexico. Amfani da WGS84
    Ga waɗannan masu biyo baya, waɗanda suke UTM, sun kasance suna ƙayyade wane yanki suke.

    Tabbatacce, yana da hanyoyi masu yawa da kuma daidaita tsarin da kake buƙatar ya bayyana ta wanda ya dauki su.

  21. Na gode da rashin jin daɗin da kuke yi don bayyana dukkanin wannan, wanda zanyi la'akari sosai da mahimmanci, bayyanawa, duk da haka akwai fassarar da kuka yi amfani da wannan ba zan iya fahimta ba saboda rashin fahimta. Ina da tambaya game da tebur mai zuwa wanda wani ya gabatar da ni. Kuna iya gaya mani tare da wannan bayanan da aka gabatar a kasa, wanda tsari ne wanda yake da shi kuma wanda aka yi amfani da shi (idan yana da). Godiya a gaba, Ina jiran.

    Length Gabas Latitude (X) Arewa (Y)
    -92.170660948 19.294503558 587135.5 2133622.5
    -92.170643520 19.294488976 587137.4 2133620.9
    -92.170620402 19.294469407 587139.8 2133618.8
    -92.170618372 19.294467695 587140.0 2133618.6
    -92.170614312 19.294464279 587140.5 2133618.2
    -92.170610252 19.294460862 587140.9 2133617.8
    -92.170597249 19.294449921 587142.3 2133616.6

  22. A ina zan iya sauke siffar da grid na bangarori masu amfani?

  23. Bari mu gani, sake bayani
    Wani mai canzawa kuka yi amfani dashi?

    Kuna nufin cewa yin gyare-gyare na baya ya ba ku damar zama daban?

  24. Duba, converters amfani utm maki da El Salvador tsarawa ne longitude da Latitude 89 13 ° ° na amfani da 16 yankin da kuma arewacin yammancin duniya amma maida mita ba ni 89 2 ° ° kuma latitud iya yi ba.

  25. Sannu, CONAGUA ya tambaye ni «Shirin tare da ma'auni da haɗe-haɗe masu haɗin gwiwa a cikin haɗin UTM» ba wanda ya san wanda zai iya yin wannan sabis?

  26. Mafi kyawun POst, ci gaba da wannan hanyar sababbin hanyoyin koyar da waɗanda suke so su koyi waɗannan batutuwa.

  27. WANNAN KA WANNAN LITTAFI NA 10 YA YA KAUTA KUMA
    GRACIAS

  28. Abubuwan da aka kawo, wace raka'a ne? Ina aiki algebraically don sanin nisa tsakanin maki biyu kuma sakamakon yana a cikin mita?

  29. Ina ganin cewa kai tsaye a AutoCAD ba zai iya ba. Wata kila Civil3D yana da wani abu, amma yawanci dole ne ka juyo da su.

  30. Yaya zan iya canza canjin lat / lon zuwa UTM a daidai wannan ɗakin na Ina fatan za ku taimake ni cikin wannan godiya

  31. Abin sha'awa sosai abin da na manta da duk abin da yanzu ga 'yar na kawar da kwakwalwa godiya.

  32. Eh, matsala ce mai mahimmanci da rashin ƙarfi na tsarin UTM. Akwai zaɓuɓɓuka, amma suna dogara ne akan abin da ake bukata.

    Don dalilai na aikin, madadin shine don motsa gabashin gabas, ma'ana, cewa tsakiyar tsakiya na yankin yana motsawa. Wannan yana ba da damar shirye-shiryen, tare da zaɓi na gyare-gyaren tsari.

    Wani zabin shine aiki tare da latitudes da kuma dogon lokaci a wannan yanki, ko kuma makircinsu wanda ke tasiri a iyakar yankin. Bayan haka, don bugu da manufar, yana da kyau don bada bayanai a wannan hanya don kauce wa rikicewa.

  33. Abin sha'awa da mahimmanci a cikin batu, amma amsar ita ce: idan ina da wurin aunawa kuma wannan yana cikin yankuna biyu, yayin da na wakilci ƙididdiga na amfani da ita, idan na yi la'akari da guda ɗaya ko duka biyu?
    ko a wasu kalmomi, ta yaya zan wakilta wani wuri da aka auna a cikin SAN SANTAWA?

  34. To, ba zan iya fahimtar dukan abu ba, amma ya kamata ka duba yankin, saboda Zacatecas yana cikin yankunan 13 da 14.

    Idan ba ka yi daidai da wurin da kake tsammani ba, hanyarka kawai za a bincika shi ne tare da wanda ka ɗauki bayanai, saboda yana iya samun kuskuren karya wanda ya nuna cewa tsakiya na tsakiya na x = 500,000 yana da maye gurbin.

  35. cewa mai kyau cewa akwai wannan sararin samaniya don iya iya shakku, Na ɗauki digiri tare da haɗin gwiwar kuma wannan misali ne.

    shigar da daidaituwa na shirin shirin takardun shaida
    tare da wannan bayanan
    x = 636,130.00 y = 2,656,898.00
    kuma ina samun 24.01828298 -103.6614938

    Don haka a can muke, tambayar ita ce:

    lokacin da haɗin ginin shine x = 507258 y = 2658745
    idan muna cikin zacatecas kuma tare da halayen da aka ambata a baya sun aika ni zuwa wani jihohi kuma yana da dutse.
    an ɗauka cewa haɗin da suka shiga sune daga mãkirci, shine matsalar da ban sani ba irin nauyin gps ko tsarin da suka ɗauka, kamar yadda zan iya bincika nau'o'in nau'ukan da kuma halaye.

    na gode da hankalinku

  36. Na kasance mai ban sha'awa saboda ina son in gan ta mafi kyau a duniya.

  37. Aika mani wannan shirin shi ne faxias maras kyau

  38. godiya ga galvarezhn, shin kayi san kowane shirin, na yau da kullum ko irin wannan abin da nake nuna game da ƙungiyoyi biyu? Ina bukatan shi don aikace-aikace a autocad.

    gaisuwa

  39. Hello Ismael
    Don zana amfani da haɗin UTM a yankuna da ke rikicewa yankuna dole ne a canza canjin gabas da yake a tsakiyar yankin, wannan kuwa shine saboda an tsara tsarin tsarin UTM don ganin yankunan gida ... kuma wannan wani rauni ne a kalla a cikin waɗannan yanayi.

    Wannan app ba don hakan ba ne

  40. Wannan shirin yana da amfani ga zane a autocad tsakanin bangarorin biyu? tun lokacin da ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun dabi'u waɗanda autocad ba su fahimta ba. Ina tsammanin cewa lokacin da shigar da haɗin gwargwadon ƙasa da nuna yankin, shirin ya sa ƙungiya ƙungiyoyi biyu? a cikin haɗin gudanarwa ta hanya

  41. impeccable, don haka za mu iya sanin inda za mu fara.
    Tsarin mahimmanci abu ɗaya ne kuma nau'i nau'in nau'i.
    Shirin taswirar ya kamata ya ambaci duka biyu, koyaushe.

  42. Yi haƙuri Yorel, yana da wuyar zama lafiya tare da kowa da kowa, amma idan ka bayyana mana wanene daga cikin biyu ka yi kokarin yaudara ba za mu iya mayar da kai zuwa wasu shafukan yanar gizo ba wanda ke bayyana rashin wauta ... watakila matakin wannan blog ba naku ne ba kuma muna fahimta

    ... wanene daga cikin biyu ... daya daga madubi ko sauran ...

    kuma kada ka damu, Na fahimta ma'anar kalmar motsin

  43. wannan daga cikin halayen da na dauka na da matukar muhimmanci saboda mun san inda muke

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