Add
AutoCAD-AutoDeskCartografiaGoogle Earth / Mapsda yawa GISMicrostation-Bentley

Georeferenced map dwg / dgn

yankin yankin arewa Za mu yi amfani da wannan darasi don bayyana wasu shakku a hanyar yadda za a sanya jigilar zuwa tashar CAD.

Za mu yi amfani da misali an gina shi a baya, wanda muke ƙirƙirar shinge na UTM na yankin 16 na arewa daga wani takarda mai girma da kuma gina tare da AutoCAD.

1 Ƙungiyoyin

Wannan shine babbar matsala yayin aiki tare da kayan aikin CAD na al'ada. A game da AutoCAD, raƙuman aiki suna da wuyar ganewa don kawai mutane, saboda lokacin da aka shigar da shi a karo na farko da aka kashe shi, yana tambaya: Shin kun gringo ne? ... To, ba haka ba ne kawai amma ka tambayi idan zaka yi amfani da raka'a a millimeters ko inci.

Tambayar ita ce, ƙasashen {asar ta Hispanic} ungiyar ita ce mita, don haka za mu iya zama duniyar duniyar da cewa don dalilai na tsare-tsaren ingantaccen abu basa da muhimmanci (raka'a ne raka'a) ... tare da rashin daraja a yayin da ake yin kaya ko tsarin na layi na bukatar sake sakewa. Kuma kodayake versions na AutoCAD sun taimaka tare da wannan matsala, fayilolin da aka yi tare da tsofaffin wallafe-wallafen suna kula da matsala na raka'a don lokacin da suke so su rabawa.

A cikin yanayin Microstation, an saita wannan a cikin "aiki raka'a”amma haka suke ci gaba da zama CAD files ba tare da georeference ba. Kuna da mafi kyawun iko akan abin da Microstation ya gane azaman fayil iri (fayil ɗin iri), inda dukkanin waɗannan ƙayyadaddun suna ƙayyade ... cewa ko da yake sun kasance sun iya gane su a farkon sun taimaka fiye da shafukan AutoCAD zuwa Anglo-Saxon.

Bari mu tuna cewa idan kuna aiki tare da haɗin gwiwar UTM, kuma taswirar tana "georeferenced" zuwa ɗayan waɗannan haɗin gwiwar, abin da kuke da shi shine fayil ɗin tare da alaƙar dangi zuwa grid, amma har yanzu bai sami tsinkaya ko Datum ba, wanda shi ne abin da ake amfani da shi. An san shi azaman georeference ko cikakkiyar magana.

tunani dgn

A cikin akwati na, "don kada a sami rikitarwa" tare da sassan AutoCAD, abin da nake yi shi ne bude taswirar ƙasata a Microstation, wanda na san yana da georeferenced, na kira fayil ɗin AutoCAD a matsayin tunani (saboda baya buƙatar shigo da kaya). ) kuma zaɓi maɓallin "Zaɓuɓɓukan DWG" inda na bayyana cewa sassan aiki ne "Seed file master units", musamman ma Hanyar abin da aka makala bari ya kasance daidaituwa ta duniya"Duniya Coincidence". Kuma a shirye, ba wani abu idan dwg aka aiki a millimeters ko inci, da fayil gane aikin raka'a ta DGN map, sa'an nan kwafa taswirar tunani da na fayil da kuma sanya shi karkashin wani sunan, cewa hanya zan san cewa taswirar yana da halaye na zuriyata fayil.

... lafiya, yana da matukar wahala amma yana aiki ... za ku iya samun tayarwarku 🙂

2 Ba da shawara

Wadannan masu sauki ne, zaka iya yin haka tare da da yawa, ko da yake idan kana da takalma a baya da ke da daraja $ 1,500 zaka iya yin shi da ArcGIS :), kamar yadda ya yi Map3D, Microstation Geographics, Cadcorp...

Don yin shi tare da Manifold kuna ƙirƙirar sabon fayil, sannan shigo da fayil ɗin CAD "fayil / shigo / zane", kun zaɓi zaɓin fayil ɗin "dgn". Yana tambayar ku zaɓi don sassan lanƙwasa, waɗanda kuke karɓar ƙimar da ta zo ta tsohuwa.

Yawancin magoya baya da yawa

Sannan fayil ɗin da aka shigo da shi, na goge aya da layi biyu waɗanda ban san dalilin ƙirƙirar su ba. Don haka kawai ku yi "taɓawa da sharewa"… kuna wasa sannan kuma kuyi share tare da maɓallin "share" 🙂

yaduwa

Don sanya tsinkaya, zaɓi ɓangaren ɓangaren, maɓallin linzamin kwamfuta na dama kuma zaɓi "asafta tsinkaya"

sanya ma'ana

Ka tuna cewa ba za ka iya zaɓar "canza tsinkaya" ba saboda fayil ɗin cad ne, wanda ba shi da tsinkaya.

A cikin yanayina zan zaɓi "Universal Traverso Mercator", Zone 16 Northern Hemisphere da WGS84 a matsayin Datum.

UTM WGS84

3 Fitarwa zuwa Google Earth.

Wannan hanya ce mai kyau don bincika cewa taswirar tana da alaƙar ƙasa, don haka zan fitar da shi zuwa kml (babu buƙatar sanya masa tsinkayar daidaita yanayin yanki). Danna-dama akan bangaren da aka riga aka ambata kuma zaɓi zaɓin "fitarwa", zaɓi tsarin kml.

Don ƙirƙirar bangarori daban-daban, ba kawai ka kwafi ɓangaren ba (ba tare da raguwa ba), sannan manna, manna, manna, manna, manna, manna, manna, manna ... sannan ka sanya wurare daban-daban zuwa kowane ɓangaren halitta. (Nau'in a Manifold yana daidaita da Layer)

Sa'an nan kuma ka bude fayilolin kml tare da Google Earth, zaka canza yanayin kauri da launi na layin ... kuma a nan akwai wurare daga Mexico zuwa Venezuela da na Spain.
ƙungiyoyi masu amfani

Daga nan zaka iya sauke fayiloli na wannan darasi a cikin tsarin.dwg,.DGN V7 ,.map na yawa da.KML tare da yankunan da ke arewa maso yammacin ƙasashe na Hispanic, ciki har da uku da suka shafi Spain

... duk an dauki daga fayil mai sauƙi dwg gina tare da Excel.

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

shafi Articles

3 Comments

  1. Ƙaunata game da batun, Ina da shakka kuma matsala don warwarewa.
    Shin q da CAD DWG fayil, wanda shi ne arewacin lardin na Ecuador, ya ce mapita parce zama a yankin 18N Wgs84 gaskatãwa tsarawa daga wasu maki dauka a kan Google Earth, ba shakka grafting taswirar ne a cikin 17 yankunan da 18 da kuma arewacin da kuma kudancin yammancin duniya, a can ne matsalar ina da wani data area (polygon) da kuma Shape format da yanayin tsinkaya Wgs84 wanda ya nuna mini duk abin da daidai a cikin shirye-shirye da cewa amfani da tsinkaya, amma a lokacin da fitarwa zuwa DWG wannan taya ni nisa daga kasancewa cewa a lokacin da bita da baya tsarawa daga yankin 18 arewa utm wani babba kusurwa ta a arewacin yammancin duniya da ni kora tafi da tsarawa ba da Mimas da kuma gwada tare da daban-daban tsinkaya amma babu wanda ya ba ni amma ya jaddada matsayin iko tsarawa ina sake nazari da dama shirye-shirye q nuna jirgin an kimanta AutoCAD arewacin zone 18 wgs84.
    wanda zai zama abin da ba zan kula ba ko yadda zan bi da bayanin a cikin waɗannan lokuta.
    godiya a gaba don amsar.

  2. Kayi daidai, Na riga na gyara matsalar. Duba idan zaka iya sauke su

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.

Komawa zuwa maɓallin kewayawa