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CartografiaKoyar da CAD / GISGoogle Earth / Mapsda yawa GIS

Google Duniya; talla na gani don masu kallo

Google Earth, bayan zama kayan aikin nishadi ga jama'a, ya zama abin kariya na gani don zane-zane, duka biyu don nuna sakamakon kuma duba cewa aikin da ake yi yana da daidaito; kada a ce a matsayin kayan aikin pedagogical don geography ko geodesy azuzuwan.

gina grid cartography

A wannan halin zan taimaka wa Manifold GIS don gina quadrants da Google Earth don bincika sakamakon, amfani da wani aikin da muka ci gaba tare tare da Cristian Mejía, mai binciken daga Sucre wanda aka gudanar da aikinsa tare da taimakonsa. A ka'ida, muna buƙatar keɓance yankin da za mu yi aiki a kansa, a game da Bolivia, yana tsakanin yankuna 19, 20 da 21; da kuma latitude 8 da 24 digiri, a cikin kudancin duniya. Duk wannan za'a iya fitar da shi daga Google Earth tare da dubawa mai sauƙi, canza canjin don ganin shi a cikin UTM don yin la'akari da yankunan da kuma a geographic don ganin latitudes da longitudes.

1. Quadrant na bangarori uku na sha'awa.

gina grid cartography

A Manifold an yi tare da Duba> layin wutar lantarki

Sannan muna nuna cewa muna tsammanin quadrant wanda yake zuwa daga longitude -54 zuwa -72, basu da kyau saboda suna cikin yankin yamma. Kuma latitude da muka zaɓa tsakanin -8 da -24, har yanzu suna da ƙarancin kasancewa a ƙasa da mahallin.

Mun kuma nuna yadda muke son raba shi; cikakken girman shine 18 (3 6 spindles) a cikin latitude da 16 (sau 2 sau 8) a latitud. Muna nuna cewa kun yarda da mu fale-falen buraka maimakon layuka masu sauki. Kuma a can muna da yankuna uku, kamar yadda yake a sama a cikin Google Earth ,. Don gwada shi, mun danna layin da dama zuwa fitarwa zuwa kml, yana sanya yanayin gani ya zama mai ma'ana cewa a cikin dakin binciken ƙasa shekaru 20 da suka gabata yana da wuyar fahimta.

gina grid cartography

2. Maps 1: 250,000

Misali, zamuyi aiki na 20 a daidai wannan hanyar. A wannan yanayin, takaddun 1: 250,000 suna da girman digiri 1.5 x 1, kwatankwacin rarraba dukkanin yankin zuwa matrix 16 x 4 fale-falen buraka.

gina grid cartography

Mun nuna cewa yanzu muna so grid da ke tsakanin 60 da 66 tsawo, da kuma gina grid cartographyda latin 8 zuwa 24; wanda yana nuna cewa za a raba maki na 6 cikin sassan 1.5 da kuma latitudes a cikin sassan 1.

Anyi: don bincika, danna dama da fitarwa zuwa kml. A cikin lat / dogon kallo zaka iya bincika idan layukan sun dace da grid ɗin Google Earth.

Don ƙara centroids, duk fale-falen an zaɓa, kuma ana amfani da aikin sarrafa ƙasa, kamar yadda aka gani a cikin zane mai zuwa. Ba lallai ba ne a sake yin wani layin, tunda Manifold yana tallafawa nau'ikan abubuwa a ciki, idan kuna son aikawa zuwa wani, bai kamata ku zaɓi su ba saboda an halicce su da zaɓin da aka kunna saboda kawai yanke / manna.

3. Maps 1: 100,000

A wannan yanayin, babu wani abu da ya canza fiye da sauyin yanayi, an rarraba nauyin 1.5 zuwa sassa uku, saboda haka suna zama 0.50 x 0.50.

gina grid cartography

4. Taswirar 1: 50,000

Ya tafi ba tare da faɗi cewa layin na gaba ya kasu kashi 0.25 x 0.166667, tunda muna rarraba shi zuwa matrix 2 x 3, kamar yadda aka gani a sakamakon ƙarshe. A hannun dama ana nuna alamun, a cikin babban fayil kuma a ƙasa da su a cikin taswira, kamar su kamar yadda muka bayyana a rana ɗaya.

gina grid cartography

Kuma wannan ita ce yadda zai kasance a cikin Google Earth, za mu iya yin shi gaba daya, tare da dukan yanki, duk da haka ba dace ba saboda muna bukatar mu canza su zuwa UTM kuma anyi haka tare da lakaran da aka raba ta wurin.

gina grid cartography

Shi ne m cewa .map fayil da yawa dauke da duk yadudduka KB matakan kawai 85 da 59 kb na Google Earth.

Anan zaka iya sauke fayil a tsari .map don Gifar GIS da kuma .kmz don Google Earth.

Aƙarshe, yin hakan ba tare da Google Earth ba zai buƙaci ƙarin lokaci mai yawa na duba abu da kuma shakku game da kuskuren da mai yuwuwa. Hotunan Google ba zai kasance daidai ba, amma a matsayin kayan aiki na pedagogical zai iya zama da amfani sosai ga matakin da ya samo asali ya dauki nauyin yanayi har zuwa ƙananan kayan ado.

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

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19 Comments

  1. Ina tsammanin abin da kake son yi da PlexEarth, ba shi komai, tabbas zai warware ku kuma ya gudana akan AutoCAD

  2. Ina so in shigo da wani hoton google duniya zuwa autocad tun a autocad Ina da ƙananan shingen ƙasa amma ina so in yi kama da siffar G. ƙasa amma a'a a yadda girman grid ya ba ni image don iya hawa shi ban sani ba za ku iya taimake ni

  3. Hi, Fernando.

    Sashen sabuwar Google Earth da asarar wannan mahada:

    http://www.google.com/intl/es/earth/download/ge/agree.html
    Wani zaɓi kuma daga Google Earth, je zuwa zaɓin "taimako, bincika sabuntawa" zaɓi, wanda ke bincika idan akwai sabon sigar idan aka kwatanta da wanda kuke da shi kuma zazzage sabon idan kun yanke shawara.

    Ina tsammanin idan Manifold ya yi hakan, ArcGIS ya kamata. Ko da yake ban taɓa yin shi tare da software na ESRI ba.

  4. wakili g!, Na riga na shigar da version of google ta 6.5, a wace shafi za ku iya sauke sabuntawa?

    Har ila yau wajibi ne kawai don amfani da yawa don fitarwa kowane Layer ko hoto kuma amfani da shi, zai iya aiki a wasu software kamar Arcgis?

  5. Ba daidai ba ne, ban tsammanin akwai wata hanya kamar wannan a can ba.

    Dole ne ku je fitina da kuskure.

  6. Cikakken godiya, zaka iya ba da shawara ga koyawa don iya yin wannan watau grid a cikin mita mita
    gracias

  7. Tabbatar Don haka dole ku sami zane tare da tsarawa ta UTM, to sai grid panel zai bayyana a cikin wani zaɓi don samar da grid a cikin mita.

  8. Kuna da kuskure na kuskure Na yi kuskure na gode sosai.
    Akwai hanyar da zan iya yi a daidai ma'auni watau 100 mita mita kamar watau grid ko rubutun kayan mita na 100.
    Gracias

  9. Na uploaded fayilolin samfurin, don haka za'a iya sauke su.

  10. Pablo:

    Wannan dama ne, haifar da sabon zane kuma nuna shi ta hanyar danna sau biyu akan shi.
    Sa'an nan kuma ku ci gaba zuwa grid.

    @Ariel:

    Gwaji don ganin bambanci ta yin amfani da:

    Duba / Grid

    sa'an nan kuma

    Duba / rubutun

    Ɗaya daga cikinku ya kasance lafiya.

  11. Hi, yaya kake yi, amma a cikin akwati, ba ya aiki daidai? Wataƙila saboda lissafin inda ya ce DEGREE, bayan da na danna grid, ba ya aiki; Ya bar ta tsoho don saka kuma ba shine zaɓi DEGREE wanda zai iya zama ba? Na gode

  12. Na gode da yawa don amsawarku na sauri, wani shakka kafin yin grid ɗin za su kirkirar da zane da aiki akan wannan? ko akwai wata hanya.
    Gracias

  13. A cikin Google Earth kuna wuce alamar linzamin kwamfuta akan allon kuma an nuna latitude da longitude a ƙasa. Idan ba ku gan shi ba, yana da cewa an kashe shi, ana kunna shi ta hanyar yin “view / status bar”

  14. Kamar yadda tsawon lokaci da latitude a cikin ƙasa, a cikin wannan misali na samu wasu dabi'u ba idan na yi amfani da Google Earth da kyau ba.
    Godiya da uzuri idan tambaya ta zama maƙasudin karɓa tare da wannan

  15. Kyakkyawan abin da nake nema amma a ina ne na sauke ko in sami GIS Manifold?
    Gracias

  16. gaisuwa! Na gode sosai don taimako, yanzu zan iya samun tsarin taswira daga Google Earth har da da ewa ba, tare da wasu tambayoyi.

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