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Ganawa tare da Carlos Quintanilla - QGIS

Muna magana da Carlos Quintanilla, shugaban ƙasar na yanzu Qungiyar QGIS, wanda ya ba mu sigar sa game da karuwar bukatar sana'o'in da suka shafi ilimin kasa, da kuma abin da ake tsammanin su a nan gaba. Ba sirri bane cewa da yawa daga cikin shugabannin fasaha a fannoni da yawa -gina, injiniyanci, da sauransu-, “TIG kayan aikin wucewa ne waɗanda yawancin sassan ke amfani da su waɗanda ke ganin su a matsayin kayan aiki mai tasiri don yanke shawara a waɗancan ɓangarorin da suka shafi yankin, Nan gaba, za mu ga kamfanoni da yawa da ke amfani da TIG a matsayin kayan aiki, a hankali zai zama shirin sarrafa kansa na ofis wanda ya zama ruwan dare a kwamfutocin aiki ”.

Hada TIG a wurare daban-daban, akwai maganar hadewar fannoni don cimma nasarar wani aiki, don haka Quintanilla ya ce a yanzu yana da matukar bukatar halartar masana a fannoni da yawa da ke amfani da TIG, masu gine-gine, injiniyoyi. , muhalli, likitoci, masu aikata laifuka, 'yan jarida, da sauransu.

Baya ga abin da ke sama, GIS kyauta ya zama dole ya daidaita don amsa buƙatun da suka taso, da kuma ci gaba da ci gaban fasaha, GIS kyauta shine garantin ma'amala tsakanin aikace-aikace da dakunan karatu, haɗi kai tsaye tare da A cikin CRM, yin amfani da laburaren leken asiri na wucin gadi ya riga ya yiwu, kuma yana da ɗan godiya saboda gaskiyar cewa an haɗa shirye-shiryen software na Kyauta.

Mun san cewa zamani na dijital na 4 yana kawo maƙasudin ƙirƙirar birane masu ƙima a nan gaba. Amma, ta yaya GIS ke ba da izinin sarrafa ingantaccen biranen birni? Citiesananan biranen za su kasance yayin da aka sami iyakar aiki tare tsakanin duk aikace-aikacen, aiwatar da GIS kyauta yana ba birane damar zama masu wayo. Garuruwa masu wayo zasu kasance lokacin data kasance masu inganci kuma kayan aikin sun dace da bukatun yan ƙasa.

Quintanilla, ya nuna cewa haɗin BIM + GIS bai dace ba, amma zai iya kasancewa idan akwai sadarwa tsakanin duniyoyin biyu, ya zama dole a samu ƙungiyar cigaban fasahar BIM wacce ta san aikin GIS don su sami damar zama tare. Haɗin aikace-aikacen duka biyu zai kawo fa'idodi ta ma'anar tanadi ta hanyar gabatar da lissafi da sifofin da suka fito daga GIS kuma ana iya amfani da su a cikin BIM.

Hakanan, ganin sha'awar duniya game da kafa birane masu wayo, mun tambaya ko Qungiyar QGIS ta haɓaka wani kayan aiki don wannan. Quintanilla ya jaddada cewa bai san wani kayan aiki da za a iya amfani da shi don ƙirƙirar birane masu kyau ba, amma QGIS da ƙari sama da 700, a cikin kansu, kayan aiki ne mai kyau don samun birane masu wayo. Babban fa'idar QGIS a kan masu fafatawa ita ce ƙari fiye da 700 waɗanda za a iya sanya su, ban da manyan kayan aikin da QGIS ta riga ta ƙunsa a matsayin daidaitacciya. Abu ne mai sauki ƙirƙirar sabbin abubuwa waɗanda zasu taimaka wa masu fasahar QGIS da masu amfani sosai.

Game da karɓuwa da karɓar kayayyakin ƙungiyar QGIS, shugaban ya bayyana mana cewa QGIS kyauta ce ta kyauta kuma a bayan wannan ƙungiyar akwai kamfanoni da yawa, kamar yadda sabbin kayan aikin da suka shafi asalin QGIS suke yanke shawara a cikin kwamitin fasaha, a wanda QGIS Spain ke da wakilci. Duk da yake a cikin ƙari, masu kirkiro suna da cikakken 'yanci don ƙirƙirar duk abin da kuke buƙata. Daga kungiyarmu da sauran duk muna da manufar yada shirin QGIS a taruka, gabatarwa, da kuma wuraren tattaunawa inda kwararru daga bangaren GIS suke haduwa. Nuna nasarorin da aka samu shine hanya mafi kyau ta ilimantar da sababbin masu amfani da QGIS .

Game da ka'idojin hulda da juna, Quintanilla ya bayyana cewa mafi yawan ka'idojin sun fito ne daga OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium), QGIS na da aikin da zai dace da ka'idojin da aka saba da su, saboda haka yana da matukar sauki a bi su da inganta hulda. tsakanin aikace-aikace da sabobin. Wasu shirye-shiryen kasuwanci ta hanyar tsoho suna amfani da sifofi masu zaman kansu sannan kuma suyi dacewa da ƙa'idodi, QGIS ya dace da mizanai daga tushen, yana zuwa cikin ɗabi'a. Wataƙila ana amfani da ayyukan taswira (WMS, WFS, WFS-T,), amma akwai wasu kuma masu mahimmanci, metadata, tsarin bayanai (gml, GPKG, da sauransu).

Dangane da amfani da na'urorin hannu wadanda ke ba da cikakkun bayanai kan mai amfani, wanda ka iya cutar ko amfanar dan kasa da muhallinsu, shugaban kungiyar QGIS ya ce takobi mai kaifi biyu ne lokacin da ake amfani da bayanan ta hanyar zamba ba tare da girmama sirrin mutane. Koyaya, bayanai ne masu ban sha'awa sosai, kuma koyaushe suna cikin tsarin doka, dole ne ayi amfani dasu don dalilai na kimiyya da fa'ida ga citizensan ƙasa. Buɗe bayanai, OpenData, bayanai ne da ke ba mu damar yin karatu mai ban sha'awa da yawa. OpenStreetMap zai zama kyakkyawan misali.

Bugu da ƙari, muna tambayarku game da mahimmancin shirye-shirye don mai nazarin GIS a cikin wannan zamani na dijital na 4. Ya dogara da ma'anar mai nazarin GIS, idan muka ayyana mai nazarin GIS a matsayin ƙwararren wanda dole ne ya ba da amsoshi ga rikitattun matsalolin GIS, to Ee zai zama ba makawa. Koyaya, idan mai sharhi ya ayyana su a matsayin ƙwararrun masanan da suke nazarin ayyukan kuma suke yanke shawara tare da ƙungiyar aiki, to ba mahimmanci bane mai sharhin ya san yadda ake shiryawa, amma wani daga cikin ƙungiyar zai zama da mahimmanci.

Kodayake ya zama manazarci mai kyau, ba tare da kasancewa masanin shirye-shirye ba, zai yi kyau a san yiwuwar, kokarin da ake yi wajen tantance aikin da ake buƙata don shirya ayyuka don haka yanke shawara game da tsara yadda ya kamata don ci gaban ayyukan.

 

Ba shi da mahimmanci, amma ana ba da shawarar sosai, ba lallai ba ne a shirya, akwai kayan aiki da yawa waɗanda za a iya aiwatar da su ba tare da ilimin shirye-shirye ba, amma a cikin manyan ayyuka masu rikitarwa koyaushe yana da matukar amfani don tsara wasu ayyuka. Amma yana daɗa zama dole kuma yana da ƙarfi don samun masu fasaha waɗanda suka san yadda ake shirya da kuma haɗa ƙungiyoyi masu yawa.

A cewar Quintanilla, yawan amfani da koyon ilimin geotechnologies ya kasance mai matukar kyau, an koyar da kwasa-kwasan GIS da yawa a kan layi, da yawa sun yi amfani da damar don yin rajista don kwasa-kwasan amfani da gaskiyar cewa akwai sauran lokaci. Game da ƙawance, a wannan shekara babu ɗaya daga QGIS Spain, suna ci gaba da irin su daga shekarar da ta gabata, duk da haka, QGIS na duniya har yanzu aikin OSGeo ne https://www.osgeo.org/projects/qgis/

Sabbin ayyuka daga ƙungiyar zasu kasance don ƙaddamar da sabon rukunin yanar gizon ƙungiyar masu amfani da QGIS Spain (www.qgis.es) mafi zamani da inganci, ta yadda membobin za su iya amfani da shi don gano abubuwan da muke yi daga ƙungiyar da kuma wurin taron mambobi da ma waɗanda ba mamba ba waɗanda ke da tausayin aikin QGIS.

Muna matukar farin ciki cewa ayyukan da aka haifa a Spain da haɗin gwiwa tare da ƙungiyar suna shiga cikin gudummawa ga QGIS na ƙasa da ƙasa, kamar GISWater, kayan aiki don sarrafa kyawawan hanyoyin albarkatun ruwa, ruwan sha, tsafta da ruwan sama.

Karamar hukumar birnin Barcelona za ta ci gaba da kasancewa mamba a kungiyar, ita ce kawai hukumar gudanarwar jama'a da ta dauki wannan matakin. Ina kuma son ambata gudummawar da Víctor Olaya, mai haɓaka QGIS, da kuma marubucin GIS littafin, Víctor ya ba da gudummawar gefen tattalin arzikinsa na littattafan da aka buga wa theungiyar masu amfani da QGIS Spain

Abubuwan da ake tsammani na nan gaba na TIG kyauta yana ƙaruwa kuma yana da wuya a ba da hujjar amfani da kayan aikin kasuwanci, wannan zai sa ɓangaren TIG kyauta ya haɓaka, dole ne mu shirya kuma muyi aiki tare don kar a riƙa yin ƙoƙari iri biyu, A saboda wannan dalili, ƙungiyoyi kamar namu suna da mahimmanci don haɓaka ci gaban tsari da gaskiya.

An samo daga Twingeo Magazine Mujalladi Na Biyar. 

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

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