Yadda za a yi aiki a iyaka na yankunan UTM guda biyu

Sau da yawa muna da matsala na aiki a iyakokin yankin UTM, kuma muna ganin kanmu a matsayin sandunansu domin gwaninta a can ba su aiki ba.

Saboda matsalar

Na bayyana wani lokaci da suka wuce yadda yadda ayyukan UTM ke aiki, anan kawai zan maida hankali kan matsalar. Shafin da ke gaba yana nuna yadda tsakanin Costa Rica, Honduras da Nicaragua akwai canji tsakanin yankuna 16 da 17; wanda ke nuna cewa waɗancan haɗin haɗin da aka yiwa alama a cikin farin da'ira ana maimaita su. Wani batu da aka dauka a cikin Honduran Mosquitia, idan ba a ce yana cikin shiyya ta 17 ba, zai fada ne a Guatemala a shiyya ta 16, yayin da wanda ke gabar tekun Atlantika ta Nicaraguan zai fada a Tekun Fasifik, iri daya zai faru da daya a Isla del Caño a cikin Costa Rica.

aiki a yankunan daban-daban

Wannan saboda Grid ɗin UTM yana ɗaukar meridian na tsakiya, tare da haɗin x x 500,000, kuma daga can ya ci gaba har zuwa iyakan yankin. Wannan hanyar ba za su taɓa zama mummunan ba. Amma sabili da haka, haɗin gwiwar ba na musamman bane, ana maimaita su a kowane yanki da kowane yanki.

Yadda za'a warware shi

Zan yi amfani da wannan misalin ta amfani da Microstation Geographics yanzu Bentley Map, yakamata yayi kama da AutoCAD: Ina so in nuna hoto, ina da matattara huɗu na sasanninta. A cikin UTM ba shi yiwuwa, saboda lokacin shigar da maki, biyu za su faɗi a Guatemala.

1 Ƙada bayanan UTM zuwa daidaitattun yanki. Ana iya yin wannan tare da kowane shirin da yake can waje, kafin Na gabatar da takarda Excel da ke yin waɗannan lokutan. A sakamakon haka zamu sami wannan:

-85.1419,16.2190
-83.0558,16.1965
-83.0786,14.2661
-85.1649,14.2885

2 Canja tsarin daidaitawa a Microstation. Wannan saboda haka zamu iya shigar da maki a cikin wannan fasalin.

aiki a yankunan daban-dabanAn yi tare da:  Kayan aiki> daidaita tsarin> jagora

A nan za mu zaɓi gunkin farko (shirya master) kuma muna nuna cewa tsarin daidaitawa shine yanayin kasa. Koyaushe kiyaye Datum WGS84.

Sa'an nan kuma mu zaɓi zaɓi daga wannan rukuni Master kuma muna ajiyewa. Tsarin zai yi mana wasu tambayoyi, don tabbatar da cewa mun san abin da yake nufi, mun yarda da shi sau uku. Daga yanzu, zamu iya shiga cikin haɗin kai a cikin latitude / longitude.

aiki a yankunan daban-daban3. Shigar da jagororin.  Wannan, saboda ana samun 'yan kaɗan ne ta hanyar keyin; kunna harafin umarni, to, daga keyin muka rubuta:

xy = -85.1419,16.2190

aiki a yankunan daban-dabanMuna yin haka ga wasu:

  • xy = -83.0558,16.1965, shigar da
  • xy = -83.0786,14.2661, shigar da
  • xy = -85.1649,14.2885, shigar da

Idan ba ka so ka karya kwakwa za ka iya ajiye su a cikin txt kuma ka shigo su tare da umurnin da yake yi wa wannan.

Georeferencing da hoton.

aiki a yankunan daban-dabanSakamakon shigar da maki akwai, a bangarorin biyu na iyakokin yankin.

Abin da muke yi yanzu shi ne ɗaukar hoton. Ana yin wannan daga manajan raster, yana nuna cewa za a ɗora hoton a ma'amala tare da nuna maɓallin hagu na sama sannan kuma dama dama.

A can suna da shi:

aiki a yankunan daban-daban

 Menene ya faru da mãkirci:

Wani abu makamancin haka zai faru tare da dukiyar da aka raba ta iyakokin yanki; abin da aka yi shi ne cewa an juye ganuwar zuwa wurare don samun nuni guda ɗaya. Manufa tana cikin wannan yankin don ɗaga maki ta hanyar daidaita GPS don ɗaukar haɗin yanki.

17 Amsawa zuwa "Yadda ake aiki a cikin iyakar yankuna UTM biyu"

  1. Ban tabbata ba na fahimci abin da kake ciki.
    Idan ta faɗi tsakanin bangarorin biyu dole ne ka sake yin la'akari da shi ta yin amfani da daidaitattun yanki, latitude / longitude type.
    Yaya za ku samo asali?

  2. Nayi CIKIN TARIHIN TAFIYA TAFIYA tsakanin FASAHA: 17 18
    Ba na san yadda za a yi shi ba
    A CIKIN DA KASA KASA KASA DA AS AS
    ABUBUWAN DA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA KUMA
    AAGRACIAS

  3. Optionayan zaɓi shine cewa ka tura su Google Earth kuma a can ka bincika ta ta kunna grid digiri. Gaisuwa zuwa ga tafkuna da volcanoes; idan muka wuce zuwa can za mu ci gasa.

  4. Ina da matsala ta gaba
    Ina da haɓaka a cikin tsarin XY, wasu daga cikin waɗannan sun faɗi a cikin ZONE 16 amma ina tsammanin wasu sun fadi a cikin 17 ZONE, ta yaya zan iya san wane ne ZONE suke daga?

  5. Na wgs84 yanki da maki 17N kuma na nuna su a wani siffar kusa da kasar a WGS 84 17 Kudu yankin, da aikin a arcgis 10.2 yi na samun kuskure, godiya ga taimakon ku
    gaisuwa

  6. Bana ilmin fasaha mai kyau, Ina fatan ci gaba da koyon wannan ilmantarwa sannan kuma in aiwatar da shirye-shiryen su. Zan aika da shawarwarin da ake bukata kuma a gaba ina fatan inganci shine fasahar fasaha da suka shafi Geodesy da Topography.

  7. Wannan ba zai yiwu ba.
    Kuna iya canza gabas ta karya, saboda tsakiyar meridian yana cikin tsayi wanda zai ba ku damar samun komai a cikin ɗayan tsiri ɗaya. Tare da kasala cewa ayyukanka na canzawa.
    Hanya ita ce ta aiki a cikin latitudes da dogon lokaci.

  8. Aboki Ina aiki a Arcgis 9.3, ka san yadda zan iya canjawa zuwa yanki daya kawai.

    Godiya mai yawa don taimako

  9. Sannu aboki, zaka iya taimaka mini, Ina da bayanin fasalin daga yankin karatu a cikin yankuna daban-daban guda biyu 17S da 18S, suna cikin tsarin tsarin WGS84 iri ɗaya. Wannan ya sa bayanin ya zama ƙaura saboda kasancewa a cikin yankuna daban-daban kuma ina buƙatar su zama cikin 18S kawai.

    Taya murna akan shafinku

    Andrea-Ekwado

  10. Tsohuwar kirki ta hanyar yanar gizon ku, amma tallata jama'a sosai kowa yana jin tsoro, da alama kuna matsananciyar damuwa, na san cewa ba za ku amince da ni ba, tun kafin ingancinsa, amma takardar kuɗi ta canza ɗaukar «aikinku».

  11. Ban sani ba Zai zama dole don tabbatarwa, hotunan zasu iya ɗaukar tsinkayen kansu, amma lokacin ƙirƙirar sabon taswirar tayin za a iya kasancewa cikin daidaitawar ƙasa don haka ya kamata a raina shi.

  12. Kuma a cikin Manifold, ta yaya za a haɗa nau'o'i biyu (daga PNOA, UTM) tare da nau'i daban?
    gracias

  13. Sannu da gaskiya shine bayanin yana da kyau, amma zan so in rubuta labarin game da yadda za a yi aiki a cikin wani ɓangaren wuri.

    Matsalar da na yi ne q q na kasar Bolivia wannan uku zone da 19, 20 da 21 da na tsara mafi yawan wadannan ne a lokacin 19, amma na shi shigar da zone 20 (overlapping yankin).

    Abin da na so in tambayi shi ne cewa zan yi aiki a cikin ƙwallon ƙafa guda ɗaya ko kawai a cikin ɓoye guda ɗaya.

    Na gode a gaba don haɗin ku tare da gaskiyar cewa shafin yana da kyau, ci gaba da sake godiya saboda haɗin ku.

  14. Ina tsammanin kuna magana game da bayanai ba tare da yanayin kasa ba. Hakanan, kuna basu ma'anar tunani kuma kuna motsa su, waɗanda suka fadi a wannan sashi kuma ku canza su zuwa latitu da tsaunuka.

  15. Wannan hanya ce mai kyau don yin aiki, amma ABU YA YI DETAIL, yayin da kake daidaita matakan da zazzagewa lokacin da ka yi shi da lantarki theodolite

  16. Wannan hanya ce mai kyau don yin aiki, amma ABU YA YI DETAIL, yayin da kake daidaita matakan da zazzagewa lokacin da ka yi shi da lantarki theodolite

  17. Wancan aboki na taya shi murna ta hanyar yanar gizon sa, mutane kima a cikin wannan sararin duniya suna raba wani bangare na lokacinsu don tallafawa gama kai a cikin aikace-aikacen sahihanci daban daban da injiniyan jama'a, Ina bibiyar batutuwan da kuka yada ta wannan tsakiyar 'yan watanni. , wani sashi daga cikinsu ya yi min aiki a matsayin kayan aiki na ɗan kankanen lokaci, tunda a cikin al'amurran ma'aikata na sami kaina a matsayin mai aikin kwalliya kuma a matsayina na mai zaman kaina ina da tashar SOKKIA 630RK mai yawan gaske, kuma kodayake saboda albashin ma'aikata na yana hana ni keɓe kaina ga topography koyaushe Ina neman labaran da za su sa in sabunta su a kan dukkanin zane-zanen kwaikwaiyo da injin injin farar hula, yana da kyau don ban fadada kaina ba ina ce ban kwana.

    Atte: Emerson Marin
    Venezuela, Anaco Edo. Anzoategui.

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