Leica Airborne CityMapper - bayani mai ban sha'awa don taswirar birni

Abu ne mai yiwuwa ba za mu taɓa ganin SmartCity na gaskiya ba, tare da kyakkyawan hangen nesa. Da alama akwai ƙarin buƙatu na asali a cikin yanayinmu fiye da tunani game da Intanet na Abubuwa. Ko da cewa abin da masana'antun mafita suke yi ba wanda ya tambaye su. Gaskiyar magana ita ce, tseren tsayuwa da kanta a cikin wani juyin juya hali na gaba na yadda masana'antar za ta yi aiki a nan gaba tana nan, kuma babu wani zabi face yin kokarin fahimtar inda abubuwa ke tafiya.

Kodayake a ƙarshen wannan labarin za mu mai da hankali kan batun Leica - batun da muke da lokacin tattaunawa a kansa tare da rakiyar Paisa tare da Laura daga Switzerland da Pedro daga Brazil, a cikin tsarin Majalisar theungiyar Hadin Gwiwa tsakanin -asashen Duniya na ofasashen Duniya. a cikin Bogotá- yana da ban sha'awa ganin kawai game da ɗaukar gaskiyar, manyan abokan hamayyar suna yin nasu ƙoƙari. A gefe guda, ESRI / AutoDesk tare da bincika haɗakar yanayin BIM / GIS tare da mafita CityEngine, Bentley / Siemens tare da Twin CityPlanner. Game da Hexagon tare da kayan aiki Leica CityMapper. Kowannensu yana da abubuwan daban daban, amma dukansu suna cikin yaƙin don haɗawa a cikin ƙarshen ƙarshen abubuwan da ke gudana daga kama bayanai, samfurin, zane, gini, aiki da tsarin rayuwa a ƙarƙashin makirci BIM Hub matakin 3.

Wadannan gudana an rabu shekaru da yawa, amma shi ne ƙara wahala a bambance su rabuwa, saboda kawai cewa ka nemi da SmartCity m, a ra'ayi da cewa har yanzu yana karkashin gini amma wanda da geomatics da kuma injiniyoyi kamata ba duba bãya. saboda kayan aikinsa a cikin bayanai, hanyoyin da fasaha zasu faru a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa.

Daga Harkokin Gini na Hudu (4IR), SmartCities da Intanit na Abubuwa

Dalilin wannan hayaƙin shine hankali. Ta yaya kirkire-kirkire ke taimakawa wajen saukaka yadda ake gudanar da ayyukan mutane. Injin tururin ya kasance muhimmin ƙoƙari na hanzarta matakai, sannan juyin halitta ya ci gaba har zuwa lokacin da aka gano wutar lantarki, sannan daga baya aka kirkiro kwamfutoci a matsayin kayan aikin da ba makawa yayin aiki; Wadannan abubuwan kirkire-kirkire guda uku suna da alaƙa da juyin-juya-halin masana'antu guda uku wanda tarihin kwanan nan ya wuce.

A halin yanzu, duniya tana fuskantar juyi na hudu wanda ya danganci shekarun dijital, a kan batun cewa fasaha yana iya samun dama ga kowa kuma wannan ana amfani dashi don amfanin al'umma; saboda haka yana iya amfani da dandamali na rarraba bayanai (Cloud / BigData), ilimin artificial (AI), masana kimiyya da kuma masana'antu don samun ƙarin bayani game da samfurori, saka idanu da wurin wurin albarkatu.

Muna cikin lokacin da duk masu ƙwarewa, daga kowane fanni na musamman, na iya amfani da fasahohi azaman abokan haɗin gwiwa don haɓaka ci gaban muhallin su. Ci gaban da ƙwarewar fasaha sun haifar da sauye-sauye masu mahimmanci na sararin samaniya - kamar yadda ya dace da abubuwan more rayuwa- kuma yanzu ba shine abin da yawancin mutane ke so ba, amma buƙatar yanayin mahallin. Duk waɗannan ci gaban suna son su ba da hanyar abin da ake kira SmartCities; waxanda suke da alamomin da ke buqatar haxin kai tsakanin albarkatun xan Adam, da fasaha, da sarrafa bayanai, da daidaita yanayin.

-Na fahimta, na sha sigari kusa da almarar kimiyya na fina-finai masu zuwa. Amma zo, batun ne wanda ke kan gaba inda sararin samaniya ke taka muhimmiyar rawa.

Wannan haɗin gwiwar kayan aiki da kayan aiki, zai ba da damar al'ummomi da gwamnatoci don yin shawarwari mafi kyau, da samun damar bunkasa tattalin arzikin su da kuma hanyar rayuwa, kowane abu na yanzu a sararin samaniya za a yi amfani da shi don zama ɓangare na wani maƙasudin bayani marar iyaka, zuwa abin da ake kira IoT (Intanet na Abubuwa).

ban sha'awa misalai na kaina gani a SmartCity ne Singapore, wanda ya lashe wasan share fagen shiga a matsayin daya daga cikin smartest birane a duniya, da halin da ciwon da ilhama sarari, tare da wani} o} arin yi da kuma kula da daidaito a lura da kuma sa idanu a fadin mahara na'urori masu auna sigina, kazalika da wani darasi ga wani dandali da cewa bakuncin data ci gaba, tare da abin da yanke shawara za a iya sanya game da data kasance, rike da mayar da hankali a kan muhalli da kuma tsarin dorewa.

Hangen nesa na IoT ba kawai yana aiki da aiwatar da na'urori masu auna firikwensin a cikin abubuwa bane, ko riƙe tattara bayanai na aiki da keɓance na kowane kayan aiki ba, har ma cewa albarkatu da ayyukanda suka mai da hankali akan kafa SmartCities suna haɗuwa da hanyoyin takardu, zane, gine - gine - injiniya - gini AEC (don karancin sunan ta a cikin Turanci), tsarin samar da bayanan gini (BIM) da hanyoyin sarrafa bayanai kamar GIS, wadannan alakar sune ainihin kalubalen. wajen kafa birane masu wayo.

Bayan da ciwon bayyana bukatar ta musayar tafiyar matakai kamar AEC + BIM + GIS, a matsayin cibiya na bayanai management, shi burin hadewa tare da yin tallan kayan kawa 3D birni. Saboda haka hauka ya rage wuya da kuma streamline da nan kusa tallan kayan kawa kama bayanai kamar ainihi daga cikin mutum, da records da dijital binopkulari wajen axis na aiki management a tafiyar matakai kamar da rai sake zagayowar daga samfurori (PLM).

Misalin Leica Airborne CityMapper

A amfani da 3D fasahar taimaka wajen rage lokaci da kuma halin kaka na data tarin a cikin filin, kuma ko da yake a halin yanzu da surveying kayan aiki suna masu ciwon adaptations da kuma gyare-gyare ga kama data tallan kayan kawa, yana da ban sha'awa ga heksagon da Leica Geosystems aka nuna a matsayin madadin, samar da wani haska cewa na kama iri daban-daban data a wani sarrafa kansa kuma Hadakar iri, ta amfani a san Leica Airborne CityMapper.

Bayanan bayanai

A kasuwar yayi dace da na'urori masu auna sigina na image kama drones, infrared, accelerometers, danshi mita, na'urori masu auna sigina a kan tituna don sarrafa zirga-zirga da kwarara, masu karatu na barbashi a cikin yanayi da kuma wasu da suka dauki bayani a cikin terrestrial sarari. Duk da haka, muna zaton fare Leica Geosystems, a cikin juyin halitta a matsayin wata tarihi developer na musamman fasahar a yankin na data saye da kuma sarrafa mugun, wani gagarumin mataki da ƙaddamar da Airborne Leica CityMapper, wannan mai banmamaki yana aiki a matsayin mai sigina na lantarki mai haɗari wanda yake da siffofi irin su:

  • Kyakkyawan kyamara mai mahimmanci tare da ƙuduri na sararin samaniya na 80 MP da Nadir ra'ayi.
  • Gidan na'urori masu inganci guda huɗu tare da jagoran jirgin sama, karamin RGB na 80 MP da kusurwar juyawa na 45º ra'ayi don ɗaukar hotunan hotuna.
  • Lidar tsarin, maimaita maimaitawa na 700 Hzs, kullun ƙwaƙwalwa na nau'ikan samfurori, 40 digiri na fagen hangen nesa, nazarin zane da halaye a ainihin lokacin.

An ƙirƙira shi don aikin tsara biranen taswira da samfurin birni, wato, ya wuce kawai yanayin yanayin ƙasa na abubuwa, zai iya ƙirƙirar hotunan hoto, giragizai masu nunawa, DEM da nau'ikan 3D; Don haka Hexagon tare da wannan firikwensin yana neman samarwa layinta muhimmin kayan aiki don ci gaban SmartCities; taimakawa fahimtar rikitarwa aiki na muhalli da kuma tasirin birni. Tsarin hadaddensa ya kunshi kame adadi mai yawa a cikin jirgi daya, batun da baya faruwa da na'urori masu auna sigina na nesa, kamar su tauraron dan adam na lura da Duniya, GNSS, ko radars.

Kodayake, ba za a iya watsar da samfurin sararin samaniya wanda zai samar da wasu karin bayanai ba; Tare da wannan sabon firikwensin, ba dole ba ne a zabi tsakanin samfurori, kamar siffar hoto ko maki, saboda duk bayanin zai riga ya kasance a cikin jirgin guda.

Wannan firikwensin jirgin sama na iya kama da sauri da kuma dacewa daga birane mafi ƙanƙanci, zuwa birane da ƙauyuka mafi girma, yana taimakawa wajen kaucewa kuɗin kudi akan tsarin jirgin sama mai yawa ko shirin tsare-tsare

Jiyya na bayanan

Don aiwatar da adadin bayanin da wannan firikwensin ya samar, Leica ya samar da tsarin, waɗanda suka kira su a matsayin hanyar hadin gwiwar hadin gwiwar, wanda ke ƙunshe da ayyukan daga kamawa, sarrafa bayanai da kuma nunin bayanai, ta hanyar software mai ƙwarewa da aka kira HxGN.

Sun nemi cewa wannan software ɗin ta kasance mai sauƙi da ƙwarewa, ta hanyar takamaiman matakan da take jagorantar mai amfani don ƙirƙirar samfurin da suke buƙata. Ya haɗa da gudanawar aiki don samfuran da aka samo daga kamawa ana ƙirƙirar su ta hanya mafi sauri; kowane samfurin yana da takamaiman maɓallin aiki. Kodayake software tana ba da sauƙi mai sauƙi, masu fasaha ko manazarta tare da ƙwarewa wajen sarrafa irin wannan bayanan ana buƙatar su.

Zai yiwu, bisa ga bukatun, don ƙara lasisi masu yawa wanda ya dace da bayanan da aka kama. HxGN, an tsara shi don aiwatar da bayanan da aka samar ta hanyar CityMapper, ta hanyar manyan matakan uku: RealWorld, RealCity da RealTerrain.

  • RealWorld: an tsara shi musamman don ayyukan da ya haɗa da hotuna masu girma, ya haɗa da ƙarancin mai tsara kotho - ortho mosaics, nuna bayani game da girgije.
  • RealTerrain: shine bayanin bayan-aiki don bayanan Lidar don manyan yankuna da haɓakar tsari. Ya haɗa da jigon janareta na ortho - orthomosaics, bayanin girgije da aikin shiga, ƙirar kai tsaye, da ma'aunin bayanai.
  • Gaskiya: ita ce tsarin goyon baya ga SmartCities, yana ba da izini don samar da samfurin 3D na tsarin da aka kama. Ya haɗa da haɗin ginin genera kotho - ortomosaics, nuna bayani game da girgije, mashagin birni, mawallafin rubutu da kuma editan 3D.

Tabbas babban kalubale ne ga abin da Bentley Systems ke nema, tare da wani abu kwatankwacin abin da zamu tattauna game da shi a wani lokaci, tare da ContextCapture, CityMapper da ƙungiyar Topcon. Abin jira a gani shi ne yadda Esri / AutoDesk duo ke magance wannan, wanda zai ɗauki lokaci don haɗa kayan aikin da ke da hanyoyin su kamar Drone2Map, Recap, Infraworks, suna barin ƙalubalen haɗa masana'antar kayan aiki tare da hangen nesa. Har ila yau, Trimble yana ɗaukar madadinsa.

Gwaje-gwaje da Aikace-aikace

Ɗaya daga cikin firikwensin ya fara gwaje-gwajen da kamfanin ya gudanar Bluesky daga Kingdomasar Burtaniya, tare da yawon buɗe ido na jirgin sama mai ban sha'awa, wanda a wannan yanayin yayi amfani da ɗaukar bayanai ta hanyar nadir da hotuna masu ɓoyewa tare da binciken laser laser, a yankuna da yawa ciki har da London. Hoton yana nuna lokaci ɗaya kafin da bayan an kama shi, da kuma gajimaren abin da ke hade da sifofin da ke yankin. Daidaitaccen bayanan game da asalin tsarin yana nuna mahimmancin wannan kayan aikin don makomar biranen.

Leica ya bayyana cewa bai gama aikinsa tare da CityMapper ba, tun da yake suna bukatar su ci gaba da aiki don samarwa da kuma bayanan da suka dace da manyan wuraren da ake amfani da su a cikin manyan garuruwan. Yin amfani da wannan firikwensin yana da nau'o'in aikace-aikace iri-iri, wanda za'a iya kiran shi:

  • Ƙasashe da tsarawa,
  • Saurin mayar da martani ga gaggawa,
  • Kulawa da tsire-tsire na birni,
  • Tsaro,
  • Daidaitawa na fataucin motoci,
  • Hanyar tafiye-tafiye,
  • Gine-gine,
  • Talla,
  • Wasan bidiyo

Aiwatar da fasahar kamar Leica CityMaper ne ba makawa ga SmartCities, kamar yadda ba kawai ya nuna wurin da dukkan abubuwa na sarari, amma yin tallan kayan kawa da tsarin, hadawa da wannan bayanai da cewa generated daga sauran na'urori masu auna sigina kamar zafin jiki da kuma zafi na yanayi, da ikon nuna wuraren da birane ya ƙaru da yanayin zafi ko sauya yanayi.

Hanyoyi daga hangen nesa

Idan akwai wani abu da baza mu iya guje masa ba, to wannan fasahar ta wannan yanayin za ta canza (sake) kuma ta sauƙaƙa yadda muke yin abubuwa a yau a cikin hotunan hoto, taswira, ƙirar kayayyakin aiki da masana'antar sarrafa kadara. Don haka, juyin juya halin na huɗu ba shi da nisa, duk da cewa ba dukkan yanayin ne zai yadu a duk masana'antun ba, amma za su sanya lafazin abubuwan da suka riga suka fara aiki a cikin wannan firikwensin kamar robotics, watsawa, adanawa da sauran amfani da albarkatun ƙasa, kamar makamashi. -da sanin cewa kame hotuna yana faruwa ne ta hanyar amfani da hasken rana, da kuma kumburin da firikwensin ya fitar a cikin lamarin Lidar-. Sannan a cikin aikace-aikacen muna ganin fa'idar sa ta fuskokin da aka gani a cikin SmartCities kamar gaskiyar gaske, kwaikwayon na da fa'ida kamar rigakafin rauni da ma amfani don mara amfani amma tattalin arziƙi kamar wasan bidiyo.

Duk da pragmatism na gaggawa na sababbin abubuwa kunno fasahar, sararin sama ya dubi alamar rahama, ko da yake su yarda da harkokin kasuwanci da kuma kwararru Geo-injiniya za su yi girma zuwa mutuža cewa mafita unshe, a duka biyu kama da tallan kayan kawa Bayani irin su sabuntawa na sarrafawa da kuma buɗe don haɗin kai zuwa mafita mai amfani.

Duba ƙarin daga Leica CityMapper

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