Leica Airborne CityMapper - bayani mai ban sha'awa ga taswirar birane

Yana da maƙasudin cewa ba za mu taba ganin SmartCity na gaskiya ba, tare da hangen nesa. Yana da yiwuwa akwai wasu bukatu a cikin abubuwan da muke ciki fiye da yadda za mu yi tunanin yanar-gizon abubuwa. Ko ma, abin da masana'antun da ke warwarewa suka yi, ba wanda ya nemi su. Gaskiyar ita ce, tseren da za a kafa kanta a cikin juyin juya halin gaba na yadda masana'antu za su yi aiki a nan gaba yana nan, kuma babu wata hanya ta gwada fahimtar inda abubuwan ke faruwa.

Duk da yake mun mayar da hankali a kan bayani Leica a karshen wannan labarin - topic cewa muna da lokacin da za a magana tare da wani Paisa tire da Laura daga Switzerland da kuma Pedro a Brazil, a karkashin Congress na Inter-American Network Cadastral Register a Bogotá- shi ne ban sha'awa ganin cewa kawai a yanayin saukan kamawa gaskiya, mai masõya fafatawa a gasa kawo nasu kokarin. A wani ɓangare, ESRI / AutoDesk tare da nema don haɗawa da yanayin BIM / GIS tare da mafita CityEngine, Bentley / Siemens tare da Twin CityPlanner. A game da Hexagon tare da kayan aiki Leica CityMapper. Kowane yana da halaye daban-daban, amma duk da su ne a cikin yaƙin hade da wani Gacin ƙarshe na Abubuwan da gaske gudana jere daga kamawa data, tallan kayan kawa, zane, yi, aiki da kuma rayuwa sake zagayowar karkashin wani zane BIM Hub matakin 3.

Wadannan gudana an rabu shekaru da yawa, amma shi ne ƙara wahala a bambance su rabuwa, saboda kawai cewa ka nemi da SmartCity m, a ra'ayi da cewa har yanzu yana karkashin gini amma wanda da geomatics da kuma injiniyoyi kamata ba duba bãya. saboda kayan aikinsa a cikin bayanai, hanyoyin da fasaha zasu faru a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa.

Daga Harkokin Gini na Hudu (4IR), SmartCities da Intanit na Abubuwa

Tushen wannan hayaƙin ɓangaren hankali. Yaya yadda ƴan ƴan ƴan ƴan ƴan ƴan ƙasa ke taimakawa wajen taimakawa wajen tafiyar da ayyukan mutum Masanin tururi yana da matukar ƙoƙari don hanzarta tafiyar matakai, sannan juyin halitta ya ci gaba har zuwa gano wutar lantarki, daga bisani kuma ƙirƙirar kwakwalwa a matsayin kayan da ba za a iya gwadawa ba yayin aiki; wadannan abubuwa uku sun haɗu da matakan masana'antu guda uku wanda tarihi ya wuce.

A halin yanzu, duniya tana fuskantar juyi na hudu wanda ya danganci shekarun dijital, a kan batun cewa fasaha yana iya samun dama ga kowa kuma wannan ana amfani dashi don amfanin al'umma; saboda haka yana iya amfani da dandamali na rarraba bayanai (Cloud / BigData), ilimin artificial (AI), masana kimiyya da kuma masana'antu don samun ƙarin bayani game da samfurori, saka idanu da wurin wurin albarkatu.

Muna cikin lokaci, wanda duk masu sana'a, daga duk abin da filin su na kwarewa zai iya amfani da fasaha kamar yadda zasu taimaka wajen bunkasa yanayin su. Nasarar da ci gaban fasaha sun haifar da canji mai mahimmanci na wurare -sai shine yanayi na kayan aiki - kuma basa da nauyin mutane da yawa, amma buƙatar mahallin mahalli. Duk waɗannan ci gaba, suna so su ba da hanyar zuwa SmartCities. waxanda suke da alaƙa da ke buƙatar jituwa tsakanin haɗin gwiwar mutane, fasaha, sarrafa bayanai, da daidaitawa ga yanayin.

-Na fahimta, kyafaffi kusa da fannin kimiyya na fina-finai na post-apocalyptic. Amma zo, wannan shine batun da yake cikin fagen wasan inda gwanin wasa ke taka muhimmiyar rawa.

Wannan haɗin gwiwar kayan aiki da kayan aiki, zai ba da damar al'ummomi da gwamnatoci don yin shawarwari mafi kyau, da samun damar bunkasa tattalin arzikin su da kuma hanyar rayuwa, kowane abu na yanzu a sararin samaniya za a yi amfani da shi don zama ɓangare na wani maƙasudin bayani marar iyaka, zuwa abin da ake kira IoT (Intanet na Abubuwa).

ban sha'awa misalai na kaina gani a SmartCity ne Singapore, wanda ya lashe wasan share fagen shiga a matsayin daya daga cikin smartest birane a duniya, da halin da ciwon da ilhama sarari, tare da wani} o} arin yi da kuma kula da daidaito a lura da kuma sa idanu a fadin mahara na'urori masu auna sigina, kazalika da wani darasi ga wani dandali da cewa bakuncin data ci gaba, tare da abin da yanke shawara za a iya sanya game da data kasance, rike da mayar da hankali a kan muhalli da kuma tsarin dorewa.

Wannan wahayi na IoT ba kawai game da aiwatar da na'urori masu auna sigina a abubuwa, ko kula da wani tarin aiki da kuma ware daga kowane kayan aiki data amma kuma albarkatun da kuma ayyuka da hankali kan kafa na SmartCities, an juna da matakai takardun, zane, gine - injiniya - yi AEC (domin ta acronym in English), da ginin bayanai tallan kayan kawa (BIM) da kuma management sunadaran da bayanai kamar GIS, waɗannan dangantaka an abin da dokoki da ainihin kalubale a kafa birane masu kyau.

Bayan da ciwon bayyana bukatar ta musayar tafiyar matakai kamar AEC + BIM + GIS, a matsayin cibiya na bayanai management, shi burin hadewa tare da yin tallan kayan kawa 3D birni. Saboda haka hauka ya rage wuya da kuma streamline da nan kusa tallan kayan kawa kama bayanai kamar ainihi daga cikin mutum, da records da dijital binopkulari wajen axis na aiki management a tafiyar matakai kamar da rai sake zagayowar daga samfurori (PLM).

Misalin Leica Airborne CityMapper

A amfani da 3D fasahar taimaka wajen rage lokaci da kuma halin kaka na data tarin a cikin filin, kuma ko da yake a halin yanzu da surveying kayan aiki suna masu ciwon adaptations da kuma gyare-gyare ga kama data tallan kayan kawa, yana da ban sha'awa ga heksagon da Leica Geosystems aka nuna a matsayin madadin, samar da wani haska cewa na kama iri daban-daban data a wani sarrafa kansa kuma Hadakar iri, ta amfani a san Leica Airborne CityMapper.

Bayanan bayanai

A kasuwar yayi dace da na'urori masu auna sigina na image kama drones, infrared, accelerometers, danshi mita, na'urori masu auna sigina a kan tituna don sarrafa zirga-zirga da kwarara, masu karatu na barbashi a cikin yanayi da kuma wasu da suka dauki bayani a cikin terrestrial sarari. Duk da haka, muna zaton fare Leica Geosystems, a cikin juyin halitta a matsayin wata tarihi developer na musamman fasahar a yankin na data saye da kuma sarrafa mugun, wani gagarumin mataki da ƙaddamar da Airborne Leica CityMapper, wannan mai banmamaki yana aiki a matsayin mai sigina na lantarki mai haɗari wanda yake da siffofi irin su:

  • Kyakkyawan kyamara mai mahimmanci tare da ƙuduri na sararin samaniya na 80 MP da Nadir ra'ayi.
  • Gidan na'urori masu inganci guda huɗu tare da jagoran jirgin sama, karamin RGB na 80 MP da kusurwar juyawa na 45º ra'ayi don ɗaukar hotunan hotuna.
  • Lidar tsarin, maimaita maimaitawa na 700 Hzs, kullun ƙwaƙwalwa na nau'ikan samfurori, 40 digiri na fagen hangen nesa, nazarin zane da halaye a ainihin lokacin.

An halicce shi ne don aiki da birane masu taswira da kuma samfurin birane na su, wato, ya wuce fiye da haɓakar abubuwa, zai iya haifar da kothophotos, nuna maki, DEM da 3D model; sabõda haka, Hexagon tare da wannan firikwensin yana son samun kayan aiki na musamman don bunkasa SmartCities don layinta; taimakawa wajen fahimtar aiki mai rikitarwa na yanayi da kuma hanyoyi na birane. Tsarinsa ya ƙunshi kamaccen adadin bayanai a cikin jirgin guda ɗaya, wanda ba haka ba ne tare da na'ura masu mahimmanci na al'ada, irin su tauraron kallon duniya, GNSS, ko radars.

Kodayake, ba za a iya watsar da samfurin sararin samaniya wanda zai samar da wasu karin bayanai ba; Tare da wannan sabon firikwensin, ba dole ba ne a zabi tsakanin samfurori, kamar siffar hoto ko maki, saboda duk bayanin zai riga ya kasance a cikin jirgin guda.

Wannan firikwensin jirgin sama na iya kama da sauri da kuma dacewa daga birane mafi ƙanƙanci, zuwa birane da ƙauyuka mafi girma, yana taimakawa wajen kaucewa kuɗin kudi akan tsarin jirgin sama mai yawa ko shirin tsare-tsare

Jiyya na bayanan

Don aiwatar da adadin bayanin da wannan firikwensin ya samar, Leica ya samar da tsarin, waɗanda suka kira su a matsayin hanyar hadin gwiwar hadin gwiwar, wanda ke ƙunshe da ayyukan daga kamawa, sarrafa bayanai da kuma nunin bayanai, ta hanyar software mai ƙwarewa da aka kira HxGN.

Sun duba wannan software don zama mai sauƙi da ƙin ganewa, ta hanyar matakan da ta dace yana jagorantar mai amfani don samar da samfurin da yake bukata. Ya ƙunshi aikin aiki don samar da samfurori da aka samo daga kama su da sauri; kowane samfurin yana da takamaiman maɓallin aiki. Kodayake software na samar da sauƙi mai sauƙi, ana buƙatar, masu fasaha ko masu sharhi tare da kwarewa wajen sarrafa wannan irin bayanai.

Zai yiwu, bisa ga bukatun, don ƙara lasisi masu yawa wanda ya dace da bayanan da aka kama. HxGN, an tsara shi don aiwatar da bayanan da aka samar ta hanyar CityMapper, ta hanyar manyan matakan uku: RealWorld, RealCity da RealTerrain.

  • RealWorld: an tsara shi musamman don ayyukan da ya haɗa da hotuna masu girma, ya haɗa da ƙarancin mai tsara kotho - ortho mosaics, nuna bayani game da girgije.
  • RealTerrain: Lidar bayanan bayanan sarrafa bayanai ga manyan yankunan da ƙaddamarwa da yawa. Ya hada da ƙarancin gwanin ortho - orthomosaic, rikodin da kuma nuna bayanai game da girgije, gyaran kafa ta atomatik, da ma'auni na bayanai.
  • Gaskiya: ita ce tsarin goyon baya ga SmartCities, yana ba da izini don samar da samfurin 3D na tsarin da aka kama. Ya haɗa da haɗin ginin genera kotho - ortomosaics, nuna bayani game da girgije, mashagin birni, mawallafin rubutu da kuma editan 3D.

Yana da shakka wani karfi kalubale ga abin da suke neman su gaba Bentley Systems, tare da wani abu quite kama da abin da za mu yi magana daga baya, tare da ContextCapture, CityMapper da Topcon kayan aiki. Za mu yi don ganin yadda shi bayani da Esri / AutoDesk biyu, zai dauki lokaci su hade kayan aikin da suka yi nasu hanyoyi kamar Drone2Map, sake bayyanawa, Infraworks, da barin kalubale na hadawa da wani kayan aiki manufacturer tare da masu hada kai hangen nesa. Trimble kuma daukawa da madadin.

Gwaje-gwaje da Aikace-aikace

Ɗaya daga cikin firikwensin ya fara gwaje-gwajen da kamfanin ya gudanar Bluesky daga Ƙasar Ingila, tare da hanya mai ban sha'awa a cikin bincike mai ban mamaki, wanda ya yi amfani da shi a cikin wannan yanayin da kama bayanai ta hanyar nadir da hotuna masu ban mamaki tare da laser scan na 3D, a yankuna da yawa ciki har da London. A cikin hoton, an nuna ta kafin da kuma bayan kamawa lokaci guda, da kuma girgijen da yake hade da tsarin da ke cikin yankin. Daidaitan bayanai game da tsarin asali ya nuna muhimmancin wannan kayan aiki don makomar birane.

Leica ya bayyana cewa bai gama aikinsa tare da CityMapper ba, tun da yake suna bukatar su ci gaba da aiki don samarwa da kuma bayanan da suka dace da manyan wuraren da ake amfani da su a cikin manyan garuruwan. Yin amfani da wannan firikwensin yana da nau'o'in aikace-aikace iri-iri, wanda za'a iya kiran shi:

  • Ƙasashe da tsarawa,
  • Saurin mayar da martani ga gaggawa,
  • Kulawa da tsire-tsire na birni,
  • Tsaro,
  • Daidaitawa na fataucin motoci,
  • Hanyar tafiye-tafiye,
  • Gine-gine,
  • Talla,
  • Wasan bidiyo

Aiwatar da fasahar kamar Leica CityMaper ne ba makawa ga SmartCities, kamar yadda ba kawai ya nuna wurin da dukkan abubuwa na sarari, amma yin tallan kayan kawa da tsarin, hadawa da wannan bayanai da cewa generated daga sauran na'urori masu auna sigina kamar zafin jiki da kuma zafi na yanayi, da ikon nuna wuraren da birane ya ƙaru da yanayin zafi ko sauya yanayi.

Hanyoyi daga hangen nesa

Idan akwai abu ɗaya ba zamu iya kaucewa ba, wannan fasaha ne na wannan damar zai canza (sake) da sauƙaƙe hanyar da muke yi yanzu a cikin masana'antu na hoto, taswirar, kayan haɗin gine-gine da kuma sarrafa kayan. Saboda haka, na huɗu juyin juya halin shi ne ba don haka yanzu duk da yake akwai dukkan halayen zama tartsatsi a cikin dukkan masana'antu, amma zai yi alama a guideline ga batutuwa da kuma aiki a kan wannan haska kamar yadda yaro-, watsa, ajiya da kuma sauran amfani da albarkatun kasa, ciki har da samar da makamashi - Sanin cewa kama hotunan yana faruwa ne ta hanyar hasken rana, da kuma abubuwan da aka samo daga na'urar firikwensin a cikin Lidar. Sa'an nan kuma a cikin aikace-aikace mun ga kwarewarsa a fannoni da aka gani a cikin SmartCities a matsayin gaskiyar abin da ke gani, maganganu masu amfani kamar yadda ake hana rigakafi da ma amfani da amfani amma amfani da tattalin arziki a matsayin wasan bidiyo.

Duk da pragmatism na gaggawa na sababbin abubuwa kunno fasahar, sararin sama ya dubi alamar rahama, ko da yake su yarda da harkokin kasuwanci da kuma kwararru Geo-injiniya za su yi girma zuwa mutuža cewa mafita unshe, a duka biyu kama da tallan kayan kawa Bayani irin su sabuntawa na sarrafawa da kuma buɗe don haɗin kai zuwa mafita mai amfani.

Duba ƙarin daga Leica CityMapper

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