Sauya hotunan zuwa zane-zane

Wani lokaci da suka gabata, Tables masu ladabi sune kayan aiki don zakuɗa taswirar da aka buga, to, masanin kimiyya ya isa, ko da yake aikin ba kawai yana amfani da taswirar baƙi ba amma wasu da suka canza zuwa hoto ko pdf kuma ba mu da siffar tsarin.

Hanyar da zan nuna shine ta amfani da Microstation Descartes, amma ana iya yin haka tare da kowane shirin: AutoDesk Raster Design (Kafin CAD Kanada), ArcScan, da yawa GIS (Kasuwancin Kasuwanci), Na tuna cewa na dogon lokaci na yi tare da Corel Draw.

1. Hoton

Akwai wasu dalilai da ke tasiri don yin yaduwa tare da ba tare da ƙananan ciwon kai ba. Daga cikin wadannan hotunan hotunan, wani nau'i ko tiff zai ba da sakamako mafi kyau, yayin da jpg ba zai yiwu ba; Har ila yau, yana rinjayar ƙudurin da aka fitar dashi, domin idan an canza shi daga bugu ko fitarwa, zai kasance da sikelin da ya dace da girman takarda, ya fi girma girman takarda, za'a iya sa ran ƙaddara mafi kyau ko akalla yanayi mafi kyau fiye da sauƙi mai sauƙi.

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Misalin da zan yi amfani da shi shine 1: Taswirar cadastral 1,000 wanda aka fitar daga Microstation printing module, zuwa 24 "x36" sheet, a cikin tsarin tiff.

2. Hanya

Taswirar wannan yana da sauƙi don rabawa, saboda yana da haɗin kai a gefe. Na kware da maki ta amfani da umurnin "wuri wuri", Kuma shigar da keyin daidaitawa a cikin tsari "xy = X gudanarwa, Y hadewa", Wadannan su ne maki a blue na ƙananan image.

Daga nan sai na kira siffar hoto, ta ajiye shi a waje da waɗannan mahimman bayanai. Bayan haka na sanya maki guda iri a cikin launi daban-daban, ta hanyar yin amfani da layin launi, ta yin amfani da kauri da yawa don nuna su. Kuma a karshe amfani da "gyara, warp" daga mai sarrafa raster, na yi amfani da maki hudu kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin adadi. Yanzu ya kamata ku sami damar canzawa zuwa sikelin.

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Kodayake Microstation V8i na goyan bayan kira fayil pdf azaman hoto kuma wannan za a iya haɓakawa tare da hanyar da ta gabata, tsarin aiwatarwa ba ya aiki saboda yana buƙatar samun takardun rubutu. Dole ne a ɗauka shi, da ajiye shi a matsayin hoto (maɓallin dama, ajiye as...).

3. Cikakken

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurinIna amfani da Microstation Descartes V8i. Kodayake wannan yana aiki daidai da fasali na baya.

Yi aiki da kayan aikin Descartes. Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurinSaboda wannan muna yin "kayan aiki, raster, raster discards gyara"Kuma wannan yana nuna mana wani mashaya wanda ya ƙunshi kayan aiki masu mahimmanci don sarrafa hoto.

Za mu yi aikin a cikin apple 15 don bayyanawa almara abin da za ku yi:

Zaɓi mask. Shafin farko ya ba ka damar ƙirƙirar masks, bisa ga ma'auni, a wannan yanayin zan yi amfani da launuka, yana nuna cewa ina so in ƙara orange zuwa mask. Dole ne ku kusanci tsakiyar tsakiyar layi, kuma zaɓi akwatin a cikin yankin da launi ya dubi. Don saita launi da kake so ka nuna mask din, an yi shi tare da zaɓi "launi mask maganganu"A cikin akwati na zabi kore. Haka ma yana iya ƙirƙirar masks da dama kuma adana sanyi a cikin .msk format

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Nan da nan zaɓaɓɓun da aka zaɓa a cikin mask din sun canza zuwa launi da aka nuna (kore). Zaka kuma iya ƙara ƙarin launuka zuwa wannan mask, ko cire su.

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurinƘirƙirar ƙungiya. Za mu gina ɗakunan da aka gani a cikin adadin apples, saboda haka muna buƙatar radiyo sannan sai kawai ku taɓa layin kowane ɗigon. Mai sauƙi, na yi amfani da launi na magenta da kuma kauri sosai don abubuwan da ke gani. Dole ne ku ƙayyade iyakar iyakar layin, wanda aka yi ta aunawa nesa wanda ya wuce layin layin a cikin hoton. Domin mafi kyau iko, yana da kyau ya umurce shi ya share hotunan da aka yi.

A Normalization. Don kaucewa yin karin shimfidawa saboda saboda pixelated, an ƙayyade factoralization. Misali shi ne wanda ba a daidaita shi ba, duba yadda za a shafa layin ta hanyar pixel.

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Ƙididdigar iyaka da topology. Yanzu ina so in rarraba iyakokin, idan na yi takalma daban don iyakokin apple zanyi matsala cewa ba za su iya tsaftacewa a cikin ƙananan iyakoki ba. Don wannan na ƙara launin orange da launin baki zuwa maskurin, to, sai na taɓa shafuka daban. Alamar ita ce duk za a sanya shi cikin launi na mask, to, an taɓa su kawai ta amfani da zabin "Lissafi masu juyo"

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Simple, shi ke nan. Dubi Karin bayani, cewa an san sunayensu ta hanyar riƙe daidaitattun labaran da ke cikin shimfidar lantarki, ana iya adana ƙuƙuka a matsayin .nod file ofrmat. Zaka iya zaɓar launi ko canjin canjin lokacin da kake son, wannan shine abin da na yi don raba rabon apple na dukiya duk da aiki tare da masoya ɗaya.

Matsar da rubutu. Saboda wannan akwai wasu kayan aikin, wanda ya ba ka dama ka zaɓa a kwance, juyawa, rubutu mai yawa, da sauransu, ta hanyar yin amfani da OCR. Dama akwai tuba ga tuba (sel).

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin

Taswirar taswirar zuwa samfurin Wasu zaɓukan zane. Da zarar an yi amfani da mask, a cikin ayyukan da za a iya amfani da shi shine:

4. Lissafi Lissafi a kowanne lokaci
5. Sanya dukan yanki da aka tsara a cikin akwati
6. Sanya duk abubuwan da aka haɗa akan taswirar
7. Gina ƙananan hanyoyi (kwane-kwane), dole ne a cikin fayil din 3D.
8. Gina da'irori
9. Sauƙaƙaƙƙen kayan aiki, wannan don tsararren layi ne wanda ke da sassan da yawa

Gaskiyar. Na auna da nisa daga gaban da dukiyar da lambar 2, kuma Ya bã ni, 28.9611 mita, da asali da aka 29.00, vectorizarlo yawo, dã Mun bã guda amma a hankali, digitizing tebur dã ya kasance mafi muni. A wannan tabbacin da dalilai da dama dole ne a yi la'akari, kamar calida
d scanning, idan takardar da aka ba sosai, taswirar sikelin, pixelated inganci da musamman da georeferencing na karamin sashe 2 wannan post.

Tsarin yawa.

Idan wani image yana da biyu launuka, ko kana da wasu sauri a iya yin m vectorization, ko da yake wannan dole dauki wasu fannoni a cikin account:

  • Idan taswirar ya ƙunshi iyakoki, bayan an gwada gwaje-gwaje na daidaitawa, ana iya yin shi kawai.
  • Idan taswirar yana da matani, manufa shine a juyo da su na farko, sa'an nan kuma tare da kayan tsabtace kayan hoto cire datti mai laushi
  • Idan scanning a launi, da wani m scan, kamar taswira takardar 1: 50,000, za ka iya yi launi, da kuma yin masks tare da amfani sunayen (kwane-kwane Lines, gine-gine, hanyoyi, layin wutar, da dai sauransu) domin amfani da shi don haka uniform daban-daban images.
  • Lokacin da yana ci gaba da zanen gado, shi ne fin so biyu kira, yin yiwu gyara cewa spliced ​​da vectorize da ciwon daban-daban zaba zanen gado.
  • Zai zama da kyau don yin dubawa a baya, musamman a cikin gidajen abinci da yankunan kusa da layi.

Ɗaya daga cikin amsoshin "Maida hotunan zuwa zane"

  1. Ina ganin yana da kyau a gare ni in yi aiki tare da 8.5 domin yana da matukar muhimmanci.

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