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Shigo da maki kuma samar da wani dijital ƙasa model a CAD fayil

 

Kodayake abin da muke sha'awa a ƙarshen motsa jiki kamar wannan shine don samar da sassan giciye tare da layin layi, ƙididdige ƙididdigar da aka yanke, cika, ko bayanan martaba iri ɗaya, za mu ga a cikin wannan ɓangaren ƙarni na samfurin yanayin dijital daga lokacin shigo da maki, don haka wani mai amfani ya iya kwafa shi. Kamar yadda umarnin AutoCAD a Turanci ya shahara, za mu ambace su da Turanci.

Zamuyi wannan aikin ta amfani da CivilCAD. Idan baka da shi, a karshen za mu nuna maka yadda ake saukar da shi.

Idan kana so ka ci gaba da wannan motsa jiki daga mataki zuwa mataki, zaka iya amfani da fayil ɗin da aka kira sts.txt, wanda a ƙarshen labarin za'a iya nuna yadda za a samu.

  1. Tsarin da maki

CivilCAD na iya shigo da haɗin gwiwar a cikin tsari mai mahimmanci daga ɗayan majalisa daban-daban, a wannan yanayin zamu yi amfani da bayanai daga binciken da aka samar a cikin fayil txt, inda aka raba maki ta hanyar ginshiƙai, a cikin tsarin da ke biyowa: Lambar lamba, haɗin X, Y hadewa, Hawan tsawa da daki-daki.

  • 1 1718 1655897.899 293.47 XNUMX
  • 2 1458 1655903.146 291.81 XNUMX
  • 3 213 1655908.782 294.19 XNUMX
  • 4 469 1655898.508 295.85 XNUMX FENCE
  • 5 6998 1655900.653 296.2 XNUMX FENCE
  1. Ana shigo da matakai

Anyi wannan tare da:  CivilCAD> Points> Terrain> Shigo da kaya

A cikin rukuni wanda ya bayyana, za mu zaɓi zaɓi nXYZ, tun da yake muna da sha'awar shigo da kwatancin, za mu zaɓi zaɓi na bayanin Annotate.

Zaɓi yarda tare da button OK  Kuma mun zaɓi fayil ɗin, wanda a cikin wannan yanayin ake kira "sts.txt“. Tsarin yana fara shigo da maki kuma bayan ƴan daƙiƙa kaɗan, sai a sami sako a ƙasa wanda ke nuna maki nawa aka shigo da shi. A wannan yanayin ya kamata ya nuna cewa kun shigo da maki 778.

Don samun damar ganin maki, ya zama dole ayi wani Zafin Zuriya. Ko dai tare da tambarin ko kuma akan maballin amfani Z> shigar> X> shiga.

Girman maki ya dogara da tsarin da kake da shi, don canja wannan an yi tare da Tsarin> Salon Magana, ko ta amfani da umurnin ddptype.

Idan kana son ganin su a cikin girman da aka nuna a cikin hoton, yi amfani da nau'in ma'auni da aka nuna da girman 1.5 cikakkun raka'a.

Kamar yadda kake gani, duk abubuwan da aka shigo da su sun shigo da su, kuma a kusa da shi an rubuta bayanin a cikin yanayin waɗanda suke da shi.

Har ila yau, ga cewa an gina wasu matakan bisa ga bayanai da aka shigo:

  • CVL_PUNTO ya ƙunshi maki
  • CVL_PUNTO_NUM ya ƙunshi bayanin
  • CVL_RAD zai ƙunsar bayanai daga bayanai daga binciken da aka yi.

Za'a iya canza launi na matakan da launi na maki ta hanyar wucewa daga rawaya zuwa ByLayer, don su sami launi na Layer kuma sun fi sauƙi don ganin su.

Idan kana da allon AutoCAD a fararen, zaka iya canza shi zuwa baki ta amfani Kayan aiki> Zabuka> Nuni> Launuka… A cikin duhu duhu launi zai zama sauƙi don ganin abubuwa a launuka masu haske kamar launin rawaya.

  1. Samar da triangulation

Yanzu muna buƙatar canza maki da muka shigo da shi zuwa ƙirar filin dijital. Don wannan, dole ne mu kashe matakan da ba mu buƙata.

Ana yin wannan ta amfani da aikin yau da kullum:

Cungiyoyin CivilCAD> Gidaje> Bar su.  Sannan mun taɓa aya kuma muyi Shiga. Tare da wannan, kawai layin maki ya kamata a bayyane. Hakanan don mataki na gaba ya zama dole a sami dukkan maki a bayyane.

Don samar da triangulation da muke yi:

CivilCAD> Altimetry> rianayyadaddun yanayi> Terrain.  Panelananan panel suna tambayarmu idan muna son yin su bisa lamuran da ke akwai ko layukan kwane-kwane waɗanda aka riga aka zana akan taswirar. Tunda abin da muke da shi maki ne, zamu rubuta wasika Pto, za mu yi Shigar. Mun zabi duk abubuwan kuma a kasan yakamata ya fada mana cewa akwai maki 778 da aka zaba.

Muna sake sake Shigar, kuma tsarin yana tambayarmu irin nisan da zamuyi amfani dashi don cinikin yanki a wuraren kewaye. A wannan yanayin za mu yi amfani da 20 mita, la'akari da cewa an gudanar da binciken tare da grid na kusan 10 mita.

Mun rubuta 20to, za mu yi Shigar.

Mun nuna azaman ƙananan kwana 1 digiri muke yi Shigar kuma hakan ya zama sakamakon:

An kirkiro mai suna CVL_TRI wanda ya ƙunshi fuskoki 3D.

  1. Ƙirƙirar Ƙananan Ƙirƙuka

Ofaya daga cikin mahimman mahimmancin gani na samfurin dijital shine samar da layukan kwane-kwane. Ana yin wannan tare da:  CivilCAD> Altimetry> Lines na layi> ƙasa

A nan mun nuna cewa ƙananan ƙananan (wanda aka kira a CivilCAD na bakin ciki) suna a kowane mita na 0.5 da kuma manyan (lokacin farin ciki) a kowane mita na 2.5.

Kuma ga ɗakunan da za su yi laushi a cikin shimfidar lantarki za mu yi amfani da mahimmanci na 4.4 kuma sakamakon ya zama hoton da aka nuna a kasa.

 

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

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