Add
Microstation-Bentleytopografia

Yi tsarin samfurin lantarki (MDT / DTM) tare da Microstation kuma ya dace da rubutun

A baya mun ga yadda aka yi MDT, da kuma ƙananan shinge tare da AutoCAD don samar da ƙananan igiyoyi.

Ingantaccen shirin yin wannan shine GeoPack, daga Microstation wanda yayi daidai da Civil3D daga AutoDesk, ana iya yin shi tare da Descartes, kwatankwacin AutoCAD Raster Design. Tare da waɗannan shirye-shiryen an sami tarin matakai amma a wannan yanayin za mu kawai tare da Microstation V8.

1. Fayil din tushe

Za mu yi amfani da fayil wanda ya riga yana da raga na maki a cikin uku da ake kira 220_Points.dgn, mun yi magana game da yadda zaka iya shigo da raga na abubuwa xyz daga akwatin Excel zuwa Microstation. Mun kewaya da budewa"maki” a matsayin samfurin aiki.

2. Samar da samfurin ƙasa

  • Muna ƙirƙirar sabon matakin (Layer) da aka kira DTM
  • Mun zabi launi da nau'in layi
  • Muna yin matakin aiki
  • Muna zaɓar duk maki kuma a buga a cikin mashaya umarnin rubutu (abubuwan amfani / maɓalli) "mdl load facet; facet maganganu", ba tare da ambato ba
  • Sa'an nan a cikin akwatin na gaba za mu zabi shafin XY Points kuma kunna"Fadada zuwa Rectangle", don tabbatar da shinge zuwa inda muke so tsarin ya zana samfurin filin
  • Yanzu muna danna maɓallin"Makiyoyin XY Triangular"

image

  • Wani madadin shi ne don amfani da wannan haɗin da shigarwar shigarwa: Mdl load facet; facet triangulate xypoints. Wannan zai haifar da sakamako iri ɗaya, cire buƙatun buɗe akwatunan maganganu. A bayyane yake cewa wannan shigarwar keyboard za ta yi amfani da halin yanzu (kunnawa / kashe) na "Fadada zuwa Rectangle".
  • A lokacin tsarin tsarawa, MicroStation zai bude maɓallin ƙananan rubutun kuma ya nuna alamomi guda uku da harufa ta biyo baya:
    V - Yawan lambobin a cikin sakamakon.
    F - Yawan fuskoki ko triangles a cikin sakamakon.
    C - Lambar abin da aka haɗa ta kayan aiki. Domin tsarin tsari, wannan darajar ya zama 1 kullum.

3. Ganawa Lighting don sa

Za mu jefar da filin, kafin mu dace da rubutun.
Domin samun ƙarin fasalin wannan samfurin, za mu daidaita daidaitaccen haske na duniya a farkon.

  • Mun zabi"Kayayyakin / Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Hulda da Hannun Hannun Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Hulda da Hannu) kuma a sakamakon akwatin maganganun zamu daidaita dabi'un don su yarda tare da zane-zane.
  • Don sanya saman, daga akwatin kayan aiki iri ɗaya, zaɓi "Maida" kuma daidaita dabi'u kamar haka:
    Target = view, Yanayin Yanayin = M, da Shading Type = Al'ada.
    Shigar da bayanan bayanai a cikin ra'ayi na isometric kuma sha'awan sakamakonsa.

4. Adana hoton raster zuwa microstation

  • Daga Raster Manager, zaɓi "Fayil / Haɗa" kuma zaɓi "220_Image.jpg". Wannan hoton georeferenced ne, don haka a tabbata a cire "Wuri Interactively" na akwatin maganganu "link".

Muna samun bayanan bayanan na dukiya na hoton:

  • Muna komawa zuwa saitunan tunani ta hanyar Raster Manager. Mun kewaya zuwa tab"Wuri” kuma mun rubuta bayanai masu zuwa:
  • girma - Wannan shine girman ɗaukar hoto wanda hoton yana da, 5,286 mita m kuma 5,228 mita high
  • Girman pixel (Girman pixel) - Wannan shine girman pixin, a cikin raka'a masu mahimmanci. Hotonmu yana da nauyin pixel na 1 mita.
  • Origin (Source) - Wannan ita ce wurin XY na kusurwar hagu na hoton. Don haka an sanya kusurwar hagu na hoton a cikin XY = 378864.5, 5993712.5

5. Ƙirƙirar wani kayan da ya danganci daukar hoto (Orthophoto)

Dabarun samar da kayan aiki tsufa ne a Microstation, misali misali don yin tasiri; a wannan yanayin za mu yi amfani da ita don sa shi ya zama kamar kayan da za mu yi amfani da su don yin shi ne fassarar kamar sauran hotuna a cikin hanyar hanyar amfani.

  • Daga akwatin kayan aiki"Kayan aiki", mun zabi"Ƙayyadaddun Kaya”.
  • Lokacin da ka isa wannan maganganu na farko, MicroStation zai ci gaba da gefen hagu tare da shigarwa wanda yake daidai da sunan fayil. Wannan shigarwa shine farkon wani tebur kayan abinci (tebur mai launi) wanda shine fayil tare da tsawo .mat. Tebur na tebur yana adana kayan aiki zuwa abubuwa a cikin fayil wanda yake a matakan musamman kuma suna da launi daban-daban.
  • Daga cikin mashaya menu, zaɓi "Palette > Sabo”
    MicroStation ya amsa ta ƙara "Sabon Palette (1)” ƙarƙashin tebur.
  • Mun sake suna wannan kamar "PhotoDrape" zabar"Palette / Ajiye Kamar yadda", ko ta danna dama akan shigarwa da zabi 'Ajiye Kamar yadda ' daga jerin.
    Ta yin wannan, MicroStation ya kirkiro fayil ɗin palette, wanda yana da tsawo .pal.
     

  • Don ƙirƙirar abu muna kunna maɓallin "Sabon abu” kuma mun sake suna” Sabon Kaya (1)” kamar "m"
  • Don sanya hoton iska azaman abu, danna kan ƙaramin gunkin da aka haskaka a cikin hoton da ke ƙasa kuma zaɓi "120_Image.jpg".
  •  

     

image

  • Yanzu muna amfani da bayanan da muka samu daga hoton:
  • "Taswira" a "Lambun dagawa”
    X Girman = 5286 da kuma Kuma Girman = 5228
    An kashe X = 378864.5 da kuma Ƙaddamarwa Y = 5998940.5
  • Muna rufe maganganun "tsarin" kuma adana canje-canje ta latsa "Ajiye" a cikin akwatin maganganu "Editan kayan aiki".

6. Hada Hotuna na Harkokin Hoto (Tsarin Hoto) zuwa DTM kamar yadda ya sa

     

  • Mun rufe akwatin maganganu na "Material Edita" kuma zaɓi "Aiwatar Abu” daga kayan aiki"Kayan aiki.
  • Mun tabbatar da cewa muna da matsala mai kyau da kuma abin da aka zaɓa kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin hoto mai zuwa.
  •  

  • Mun latsa "Sanya ta Mataki/Launi” kuma za mu zaɓa nau'in ragar da yake wakiltar filin.
  • Daga akwatin kayan aiki"Kayan aiki, mun zabi kayan aiki "Maida" kuma muna daidaita dabi'u kamar haka:
    Target = view, Yanayin Yanayin = M, da Shading Type = Al'ada.
  • Yanzu muna kunna aikin isometric kuma an gama.

A saboda wannan sakon mun yi amfani da hanyar da Jorge Ramis ya nuna a cikin wani tsofaffin shafukan yanar gizo wanda ya cancanci ceto saboda wata rana da Yahoo ya ɓace wannan sabis, an fassara shi daga Askinga.

Yawan 'yan kwanan nan na Microstation suna da ayyuka don yin wannan tare da Google Earth images kuma Bentley yana da aikace-aikace tare da ƙwarewar musamman domin gudanar da samfurori na samfurin lantarki.

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

shafi Articles

7 Comments

  1. Kyakkyawan darasi, Ina da tambaya, zan iya yin tsari na baya? Wato, daga hanyar tiagulated za a iya fitar da hanyoyi?

    Gaisuwa da godiya

  2. ABUBUWAN NASIHIYAR ZUWA YA KAMATA MDT DA MICROSTATION V8 MUKA YA KA GARANTI MILAN MARTINEZ

  3. Taya murna mai ban sha'awa amma zan sarrafa aikin kawai da microstation Ina so in samar da MDT URGENT taimake ni

  4. Don Allah taimake ni TO yi tare da MicroStation MDT gaggawa, kuma ina ESTODIANDO bukatar wasu taimako daga aboki ko kamfanin da yawa AGRACEDERE gaisuwa Milan La Paz Martinez Martinez-Bolivia

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga.

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.

Komawa zuwa maɓallin kewayawa