Yi tsarin samfurin lantarki (MDT / DTM) tare da Microstation kuma ya dace da rubutun

A baya mun ga yadda aka yi MDT, da kuma ƙananan shinge tare da AutoCAD don samar da ƙananan igiyoyi.

Shirye-shiryen shirin da za a yi shine GeoPack, daga Microstation wanda yake daidai da AutoXX na Civil3D, ana iya yin shi tare da Descartes, daidai da AutoCAD Raster Desing. Tare da waɗannan shirye-shirye za ku adana matakan matakai amma a wannan yanayin za mu yi kawai tare da Microstation V8.

1. Fayil din fayil

Za mu yi amfani da fayil wanda ya riga yana da raga na maki a cikin uku da ake kira 220_Points.dgn, mun yi magana game da yadda zaka iya shigo da raga na abubuwa xyz daga akwatin Excel zuwa Microstation. Mu kewaya da bude «Makau » a matsayin samfurin aiki.

2. Samar da samfurin ƙasa

  • Muna ƙirƙirar sabon matakin (Layer) da aka kira DTM
  • Mun zabi launi da nau'in layi
  • Muna yin matakin aiki
  • Mun zaɓa duk maki kuma rubuta a cikin ma'aunin umarnin rubutu (masu amfani / key-in) «mdl load facet; facet maganganu«Ba tare da sharhi ba
  • Sa'an nan a cikin akwatin na gaba za mu zabi shafin XY Points kuma kunna «Ƙarawa zuwa Rectangle », don tabbatar da shinge zuwa inda muke so tsarin ya zana samfurin filin
  • Yanzu mun danna maɓallin «Triangulate XY Points »

image

  • Wani madadin shi ne don amfani da wannan haɗin da shigarwar shigarwa: Mdl load facet; facet triangulate xypoints. Wannan zai haifar da wannan sakamako, kawar da buƙatar don buɗe boye-kwance. Ya bayyana a fili cewa wannan shigarwar shigarwa za ta yi amfani da halin yanzu (kan / kashe) na akwatin "Ƙarawa zuwa Rectangle ».
  • A lokacin tsarin tsarawa, MicroStation zai bude maɓallin ƙananan rubutun kuma ya nuna alamomi guda uku da harufa ta biyo baya:
    V - Yawan lambobin a cikin sakamakon.
    F - Yawan fuskoki ko triangles a cikin sakamakon.
    C - Lambar abin da aka haɗa ta kayan aiki. Domin tsarin tsari, wannan darajar ya zama 1 kullum.

3. Ganawa Lighting don sa

Za mu jefar da filin, kafin mu dace da rubutun.
Domin samun ƙarin fasalin wannan samfurin, za mu daidaita daidaitaccen haske na duniya a farkon.

  • Za mu zaɓi «Kayayyakin / Ana gani / Rendering / Hasken Duniya " kuma a sakamakon akwatin maganganun zamu daidaita dabi'un don su yarda tare da zane-zane.
  • Domin sa ido, daga wannan kayan aiki, zaɓi kayan aiki «Gyara » kuma daidaita dabi'u kamar haka:
    Target = view, Yanayin Yanayin = M, da Shading Type = Al'ada.
    Shigar da bayanan bayanai a cikin ra'ayi na isometric kuma sha'awan sakamakonsa.

4. Adana hoton raster zuwa microstation

  • Daga Raster Manager (Raster Manager), zaɓi «Fayil / Haɗaka » kuma zaɓi «220_Image.jpg ». Wannan hoton yana da georeferenced, don haka muna tabbatar da kashe "Wurin Interaction » daga «mahada» maganganun maganganu.

Muna samun bayanan bayanan na dukiya na hoton:

  • Mu koma cikin saitunan tunani ta hanyar Raster Manager (Raster Manager). Mu kewaya zuwa «Location » kuma mun rubuta bayanai masu zuwa:
  • girma - Wannan shine girman ɗaukar hoto wanda hoton yana da, 5,286 mita m kuma 5,228 mita high
  • Girman pixel (Girman pixel) - Wannan shine girman pixin, a cikin raka'a masu mahimmanci. Hotonmu yana da nauyin pixel na 1 mita.
  • Origin (Source) - Wannan ita ce wurin XY na kusurwar hagu na hoton. Don haka an sanya kusurwar hagu na hoton a cikin XY = 378864.5, 5993712.5

5. Ƙirƙirar wani kayan da ya danganci daukar hoto (Orthophoto)

Dabarun samar da kayan aiki tsufa ne a Microstation, misali misali don yin tasiri; a wannan yanayin za mu yi amfani da ita don sa shi ya zama kamar kayan da za mu yi amfani da su don yin shi ne fassarar kamar sauran hotuna a cikin hanyar hanyar amfani.

  • Daga kayan aiki «Gyara Kayayyaki », za mu zaɓi «Ƙayyade kayan aiki ».
  • Lokacin da ka isa wannan maganganu na farko, MicroStation zai ci gaba da gefen hagu tare da shigarwa wanda yake daidai da sunan fayil. Wannan shigarwa shine farkon wani tebur kayan abinci (tebur mai launi) wanda shine fayil tare da tsawo .mat. Tebur na tebur yana adana kayan aiki zuwa abubuwa a cikin fayil wanda yake a matakan musamman kuma suna da launi daban-daban.
  • Daga menu bar, za mu zabi «Palette> Sabon »
    MicroStation amsa ta ƙara «Sabuwar Palette (1) » ƙarƙashin tebur.
  • Mun sake suna a matsayin «PhotoDrape » zabi «Palette / Ajiye Kamar yadda », ko ta danna dama akan shigarwa da zabi 'Ajiye Kamar yadda ' daga jerin.
    Ta yin wannan, MicroStation ya kirkiro fayil ɗin palette, wanda yana da tsawo .pal.

  • Don ƙirƙirar kayan da muka kunna maɓallin «Sabon abu » kuma mun sake suna » New abu (1) » kamar yadda «m"
  • Don sanya hoto na hoto azaman abu, danna kan kananan gunkin haske a cikin hoto a ƙasa kuma zaɓi «120_Image.jpg ».

image

  • Yanzu muna amfani da bayanan da muka samu daga hoton:
  • «Mapping» a «Elevation drape »
    X Girman = 5286 da kuma Kuma Girman = 5228
    An kashe X = 378864.5 da kuma Ƙaddamarwa Y = 5998940.5
  • Mu rufe "alamu" maganganu kuma ajiye canje-canje ta latsa «Ajiye » a cikin "Editan Edita" maganganun.

6. Hada Hotuna na Harkokin Hoto (Tsarin Hoto) zuwa DTM kamar yadda ya sa

  • Mun rufe akwatin maganganu na "Editan Edita" kuma zaɓi "Aiwatar da abu » daga kayan aiki «Gyara Kayayyaki ».
  • Mun tabbatar da cewa muna da matsala mai kyau da kuma abin da aka zaɓa kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin hoto mai zuwa.
  • Mun danna «Sanya ta Level / Color » kuma za mu zaɓa nau'in ragar da yake wakiltar filin.
  • Daga kayan aiki «Rendering Tool », za mu zaɓi kayan aiki «Gyara » kuma muna daidaita dabi'u kamar haka:
    Target = view, Yanayin Yanayin = M, da Shading Type = Al'ada.
  • Yanzu muna kunna aikin isometric kuma an gama.

A saboda wannan sakon mun yi amfani da hanyar da Jorge Ramis ya nuna a cikin wani tsofaffin shafukan yanar gizo wanda ya cancanci ceto saboda wata rana da Yahoo ya ɓace wannan sabis, an fassara shi daga Askinga.

Yawan 'yan kwanan nan na Microstation suna da ayyuka don yin wannan tare da Google Earth images kuma Bentley yana da aikace-aikace tare da ƙwarewar musamman domin gudanar da samfurori na samfurin lantarki.

7 tana maida hankali zuwa "Yi tsarin samfurin lantarki (MDT / DTM) tare da Microstation kuma ya dace da"

  1. Kyakkyawan darasi, Ina da tambaya, zan iya yin tsari na baya? Wato, daga hanyar tiagulated za a iya fitar da hanyoyi?

    Gaisuwa da godiya

  2. ABUBUWAN NASIHIYAR ZUWA YA KAMATA MDT DA MICROSTATION V8 MUKA YA KA GARANTI MILAN MARTINEZ

  3. Taya murna mai ban sha'awa amma zan sarrafa aikin kawai da microstation Ina so in samar da MDT URGENT taimake ni

  4. Don Allah taimake ni TO yi tare da MicroStation MDT gaggawa, kuma ina ESTODIANDO bukatar wasu taimako daga aboki ko kamfanin da yawa AGRACEDERE gaisuwa Milan La Paz Martinez Martinez-Bolivia

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