Mene ne dalibai na Gidan Jarida sukayi tunani?

Wannan labarin ya dogara ne akan wani gabatarwar da aka yi a FOSS4G a Barcelona a watan Satumba na 2010 ta:

Iraklis Karampourniotis da Ioannis Paraschakis - daga Jami'ar Aristotle na Tasalonika
Zoi Arvanitidou - daga Jami'ar Aegean

Wannan haɗin ya faru da ni Gabriel Reyes, kuma yana dogara ne akan wannan tambaya, idan za a iya nazarin Open Source Software a hanya na yau da kullum a cikin darussa na geospatial yanki na aiki a jami'a ko a cikin bada kyauta na kyauta ga masu digiri da kuma jama'a.

Amsar ne karshe a, amma a hanya akwai da dama abubuwa aiki a cikin bishara dalibai wanda yawanci suke resistant mamaye a farkon misali da wani kayan aiki wanin sanannen iri, kamar ESRI, AutoDesk ko Intergraph. sabili da tunanin da ba zai bude dama a cikin kasuwa ba.

Bugu da sake buga ni, wannan da yawa GIS duk da yake software ne "akwai a can"Ana ambata a cikin maɓallin kayan software na asali kamar yadda Shafin AutoCAD na 3D, ArcGIS y GeoMedia; mafita shakka da wani matakin da shahararsa da kuma iri goyon bayan da za a sosai nemi bayan da wadanda sha'awar a cikin shakka a Geographic Information Systems. A matakin na kamfanoni da samar da horo da sabis ya kasance m reversion ga wannan shãmaki, duk da haka Academy iya wasa mai muhimmanci da rawar a lokacin da la'akari da abũbuwan amfãni daga free software a wannan mataki a cikin sharuddan na balaga da kuma karbuwa a cikin gwamnatocin da jama'a ko kasuwanci kansu, daga abin da shi yakan haifar da rage gibin da na illegality da kuma rahusa halin kaka.

Ƙoƙari na farko da ya kāsa

Masu gabatarwa sun ambaci cewa suna da tarihi a 2006, lokacin da suka sanya GRASS a cikin ɗakin gwaje-gwaje tare da AutoCAD Map da ArcGIS. A wannan lokacin, sakamakon haka shine masu amfani ba su son alamar maras kyau na Grass, kuma shine fahimtar cewa haɗuwa abu guda tare da ɗayan ba koyaushe yana haifar da kyakkyawan sakamakon ba, kuma baya ganin ta a matsayin kayan aiki mai mahimmanci daga cikin mahallin inda matsala ta kasance wani ɓangare na dabi'u mafi kyau a cikin hanyar Open Source.

Lokacin da cikakken kewayo na ci gaba da kayayyakin aiki da aka nuna, gini data management, vector / raster da kuma littafin analysis mu gane cewa duk da OSGeo tunanin ba dole ba ne haife shi a Daidaita, yanzu muna iya tabbatar da cewa standardization kokarin da dorewa Sun samo daidaitattun daidaito, tare da fuskantarwa ga nama mai kyau.Gizon halittu mai budewa

Hoton da ya gabata gabatar Jorge Sanz da Miguel Montesinos a Taron Farko gvSIG Latin America yayi kokarin fayyace kuma raba kwance matakin wanda ake nufin tebur kore da launin toka wuraren sayar da litattafai da kuma zabi tare da m uwar garke a guje kayan aikin. A cikin m, masu kula da bayanai da kuma a cikin matakan da ke tsaye a cikin harsuna.

Wannan bita na tsarin halittu na OSGeo yana taimaka mana mu fahimci dangantaka tsakanin ayyukan da sama da dukkanin fahimtar cewa bambancin ya zama dole kuma aiki idan dai an daidaita ka'idodi.

Na biyu ƙoƙari, nasara

Masu gabatarwa suna yin bayani cewa, a ƙoƙari na biyu suka rabu tsakanin ɗalibai marasa digiri da waɗanda suka riga sun kammala digiri ko kuma sun kasance a matakin digiri. Saboda wannan, sun yi amfani da darussan da suka dace:

QGis + GRASS + PostGIS a cikin kundin karatu don masu digiri

QGis + PostGIS a cikin dakunan gwaje-gwaje ga wadanda ba a jami'ar ba

qgis ciyawa aikawa

Wadannan sune na nuna su a ja a cikin hoto na baya, don nuna inda suke, a cikin yanayin C ++ wanda ya danganci MapGuide Open Source ko MapServer.

Tebur mai zuwa yana nuna batutuwa da aka haɗa a cikin darussa da dakunan gwaje-gwaje.

Masu karatu

Babu Salibai

Qis
  • Ƙwalolin da kuma ƙirƙirar alama
  • Tattaunawa da kuma shawarwari na sararin samaniya
  • Geocoding da kuma hanyar sadarwa
  • Amfani da plugins
  • Extensibility
  • Ƙarin tare da GRASS
  • Rijista da canji na hotuna
  • Amfaniwa daga raster
  • Shigar da bayanai na sararin samaniya
  • Taswirar Taswirar
  • Tattaunawa da nazarin sararin samaniya
Grass
  • Binciken 3D da kuma nazarin hoto
  • Taimako a cikin bincike na cibiyar sadarwa
  • Takaddama
PostGIS
  • Canje-canje a kan tashi
  • Ayyukan aikin LRS
  • Bincike a cikin goyon bayan cibiyar sadarwa
  • Halittar bayanai na sararin samaniya
  • Binciken sararin samaniya
  • Canzawa tsakanin tsarin sadarwa daban-daban
  • Bayanan fassarar bayanai da kuma bayyane

Tebur na gaba yana nuna fahimtar mutane a ƙarshen darussan, bincike mai ban sha'awa wanda zai iya -kuma ya kamata ta hanyar alliances- za a sarrafa su a cikin cikakkun bayanai, bada watsawa ga kayan kida irin su hanyoyin horo na horar da kayan aiki, rubutattun hanyoyi, banki abubuwa, ka'idoji na fasaha da kuma littattafai, don haka za su iya daidaita su da jami'o'i ko kwalejojin sana'a; Sau da yawa, ƙayyadaddun hanyoyin da wannan kawai ke raba jagororin. Tare da wannan, zai zama sosai m don ƙirƙirar sprints ko na game digiri ba da cikakken girma ga OSGeo yanayi biyu line C ++ da Java yanayi da cewa yana da yawa mafi m (a ganina) domin da iko multiplatform, tsanaki internationalization da bambancin a cikin mafita.

Masu karatu

Babu Salibai

Qis
  • Mai sauƙin amfani
  • Very sada zumunci
  • Kyakkyawan goyon baya
  • Very azumi da lafiya
  • Zaɓin sakonnin mai sassaucin ra'ayi saboda ƙwaƙwalwarsa da amfani.
  • Kyakkyawan dacewa ga GRASS
  • Mai sauƙin amfani
  • Very sada zumunci
  • Kyakkyawan goyon baya
Grass
  • Very azumi da lafiya
  • Mafi kyau rubuce
PostGIS
  • Azumi
  • Stable
  • Tabbatar
  • Mai sauƙin amfani
  • Amfani da aboki
  • Software masu sana'a
  • Azumi
  • Stable
  • Tabbatar
  • Mai sauƙin amfani
  • Amfani da aboki

Kamar yadda ake gani, ka'idodin kwararren likitoci na mayar da hankali kan yiwuwar kayan aikin, maimakon a kan kayan da suke samarwa da sauri. Wannan yana buƙatar rarrabuwa, idan muna fatan yin halitta Gudanar da al'adu da kuma tabbatar da haɗin gwiwar makarantar tare da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu na OSGeo da masu bada sabis na haɗin gwiwa.

Dubi bayyanar asali

Duba duk nune-nunen na FOSS4G 2010

Follow Gabriel Reyes

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga.

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.