Tsarin sararin samaniya, 2011 taken

Halin zafin jama'a zai kasance a cikin launi a wannan shekara -da kuma wadannan- saboda babu abu da yawa da za a yi domin magance mafita a duniya. Shekaru na wannan shekara ga National Geographics shine ainihin mutanen duniya a ranar da za su daidaita biliyan 7. Littafin Janairu ne mai tarin yawa.

natgeo

Cibiyar Lincoln Cibiyar Harkokin Gida ta Lincoln ta shirya abubuwa da dama da kayan bincike da suka fito daga wani karin nazarin wuraren 3,000 da suka wuce 2000 mazaunan 100,000 shekara.

Littafin da na fi so shi ne abin da ake kira shirin biraneYin dakin duniyar birane. Rahoton mai ban sha'awa wanda yayi nazarin abubuwan da suka wuce, yanzu da kuma gaba na ci gaban birni a dukan duniya. Yana gabatar da wani sabon tsarin yadda za mu shirya don ci gaba a cikin shekaru masu zuwa.
Babban aiki na Angel, Shlomo, tare da Jason Parent, Daniel L. Civco, da Alejandro M. Blei. Zaka iya saya shi a cikin buga bugawa ta US $ 15 kuma saukewa a cikin tsarin pdf don kyauta (kawai dole a rijista a shafi). A shekara ta 2012, an buga littattafan abu Ƙarin Faduna, wanda zai zama wani tsari mai ban sha'awa wanda ya kamata ya haɗa da samfurin Yarjejeniyar Gida, wannan ya tunatar da ni game da ka'idodi na CitiVilles na Facebook kuma cewa yana da haɗari wajen haifar da rikice-rikicen siyasa na musamman saboda ko da yake yana da ban sha'awa sosai, mutane da dama suna ganin shi a matsayin sabon tsarin mulkin mallaka.

Wani abun ciki na Cibiyar Lincoln, ko da yaushe a cikin wannan batu Atlas na fadada birane. Wannan wani muhimmin tarin bayanai ne don saukewa wanda ya ƙunshi taswira a tsarin hotunan, musa da xls wanda ya zama tushen don gina -da sauransu- daftarin aiki da aka ambata a sama. Akwai kuma bayanai a cikin tsarin GIS da za a karanta daga shirin GIS.

An shirya wannan cikin sassa biyar:

1 Sashi na farko, akwai hotuna jpg a nau'i nau'i-nau'i wanda aka tsara don bugawa a kan lakabi. Ɗaya daga cikin hotuna yana dauke da bayanan kididdiga da kuma graphics, wasu taswirar ƙasar da ake amfani da su a birane da aka gina tare da fasahohin mahimmanci tare da hotuna mai tauraron dan adam a yankunan karkarar 120 birane a cikin lokaci biyu: An dauka kusa da shekaru 1990 da na biyu a cikin 10 shekaru daga baya a cikin 2000.

Taswirar tara-duniya-2000
Taswirar na sama ya nuna wurin wurin biranen 120, launuka ne yankuna yayin da aka raba nazarin. Alal misali na bar ƙungiyar Madrid.

2000-madrid-map 2000-madrid

2 Sashi na biyu ya hada da nazarin tarihi mai zurfi na jama'a 25 biraneBinciken maps daga marigayi 1800 kawai ƙãre karni. Wadannan 25 birane an rarraba, kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin wadannan taswira: 7 a Amurka, a Turai 4, 6 a Afirka, 12 1 a Asiya da kuma Oceania.

map-tara-duniya-yankuna-tarihi

Hotunan da ke ƙasa suna misali ne game da yanayin da ke yankin Metropolitan na Mexico. A gefen hagu ƙananan yankunan da aka gina daga yankin 1807 zuwa 2000, kuma a hagu ne yawan jama'a, wuraren da aka rufe, shafuka masu yawa da kuma taswirar tsofaffi.

tarihi-mexico-birnin-map tarihi-mexico-birnin

3. Sashe na uku Ya haɗa da Tables a Excel tare da duk bayanan da ke goyan bayan aikin 15 da 120 birane. Musamman, tun da yake masu bincike na Excel sun ba mu damar ganin wannan bayanan bisa ga bukatun mu.

4 Sashe na hudu Yana hada data for nuni a kan GIS shirye-shirye. Dukansu geometries administrative yankuna da yadudduka .shp .dbf da .shx yi tare da wani shirin, kamar yadda .prj fayiloli for georeferencing, .img domin nuna raster da .lyr ganin Layer tare da theming dũkiyarsu da kuma tsarin ArcGIS.

5 Sashe na biyar Ya haɗa da bayanai na biranen 3,646 a cikin takardar Excel kuma a cikin fayil din km tare da dukan birane da aka yi nazarin, don ganin su da shirin GIS ko Google Earth.

A taƙaice, wani abu mai mahimmanci wanda zai iya zama da amfani sosai ga dalibai, jami'an gwamnati, masu bincike, masu tsarawa da kuma mutanen da ke cikin ci gaban tattalin arziki.

Dukansu allo da takardun suna samar da tsari na al'ada, kuma, ga alama, a karo na farko, tarihin abubuwan da suka gabata, halin yanzu da kuma gaba na biranen birane a duniya. Yana buɗe bayanin hangen nesa wanda ba mu san yadda za'a magance mu a cikin shekarun da suka gabata ba.

Domin yanzu ban ga idan zai yiwu a saya shi a CD ko DVD ba, don saukewa dole ne a yi kowane abu.

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