Yadda za a bude, lakafta, da kuma sanya wani fayil .shp tare da Microstation V8i

A cikin wannan labarin za mu ga yadda za a bude, sanyawa da kuma lakafta fayil ɗin shp ta amfani da Microstation V8i, wannan aiki tare da Bentley Map. Ko da yake sun kasance fayiloli na arka na 16 bits, tsoho kamar wasu -mutane da yawa- daga launin toka, yana da makawa cewa suna ci gaba da amfani dasu a cikin mahallin mu. Ya bayyana a fili cewa waɗannan sharuɗɗa suna dacewa da kayan kayan aikin da aka haɗa da sauran bayanan bayanan.

Wata rana na yi magana game da yadda, ta amfani da Microstation V8, sun shigo, sun lakafta da kuma yadda za a yi thematic. Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiA wancan lokaci na yi amfani da Microstation Geographics version 2004, wanda na mamaki ganin cewa mutane da yawa suna amfani da shi da cikakken gamsuwa -ko jin tsoron ƙaura-. A wannan hali za mu yi amfani da Microstation version Zabi Series PowerView 3, wannan shi ne wajen daidai da abin da ya PowerMap, tare da farashin a kusa da $ 1,500 tutur lasisi.

Bude fayil ɗin shp

Tare da waɗannan nauyi ba lallai ya buƙaci shigo da fayil ɗin shp ba, kamar yadda ya karanta ta kai tsaye, ko dai a matsayin fayil a yanayin mai kyau ko a matsayin maƙalli.
Domin wannan an yi:

Fayil> buɗewa

Sa'an nan kuma a cikin nau'in fayil ɗin, za mu zaɓi nau'in .shp, don haka kawai an tsara fayilolin wannan nau'in. Kamar yadda ka gani daga ginshiƙi, Microstation V8i iya bude ko da, irin DGN fayiloli, DWG, DXF fayiloli tubalan (.cel), wuraren sayar da litattafai (.dgnib), kuma versions AutoDesk DWG True (DWG da DXF) samfuri (.skp), tare da wasu, ciki har da haɓaka wanda zai iya samun kowane tsawo zuwa whim (.cat .hid .mad .mm, da dai sauransu)

Duba bayanan dbf

Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiA shp nau'in fayil yana da sarari abubuwa, bautarka biyu ƙarin fayiloli a kalla: daya shx ne fihirisa da kuma dbf dauke da database nasaba da na sarari abubuwa. Bugu da ƙari, da .prj da ke dauke da tsarin bincike da tsarin kula yana da mahimmanci.

Don ganin kaddarorin dbf fayil, yi wadannan:

Kayayyakin aiki> haɗin gizon> ayyukan gudanar da bayanai

Daga wannan rukunin, zamu zaɓi 5 icon da ake kira «Duba XFM halaye».

Ka tuna cewa halaye daga Microstation Geographics zama xfm 2004 lokacin amfani da xml ƙungiya Tabular data vector abubuwa a matsayin wani ci gaba na gargajiya engeneering mahada.

Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiDaga nan sai kawai ya dace da halayen da aka kirkiro daga Gudanarwa na Gida. Yanzu yana yiwuwa a karanta kowane bayanan bayanan bayanai da ke hade da wani abu.

Halittar Model

Don ƙirƙirar takardu, ƙaddamarwa ko wasu ayyuka na sararin samaniya, yana da farko don samar da samfurin. Ba za a iya yin wannan ba daga wurin aiki kuma yana kama da -ko da yake ba haka ba ne- zuwa layout AutoCAD.

Anyi haka ne kamar haka:

Fayil> Mai sarrafa tashar

Zai nemi mu idan muna so a kirkiro samfurin, za mu zaɓin zabin a, kuma an ƙara shi a matsayin mai tunani.

Tare da wannan, an kirkiro wani rukuni na gefen hagu na ɗakin aikin, inda za ka iya ganin bayanan a cikin nau'i na yanayin da matakan. Wannan tsari na goyon bayan da kansa reference fayiloli, view dũkiyarsu da kuma wasu siffofin da na sarari bincike da kuma tsara na buffer, geoprocesses (shiga, rarraba, ware ...), jerin bayanai, gano wuri kuma ba shakka, kamar yadda ya bayyana a kasa: suati da kuma labeled.

Ƙaddamar da ma'auni

Don zaɓar su, an zaɓi Layer tare da maɓallin linzamin maɓallin dama da "Symbology ...". A wannan yanayin, Ina amfani da taswirar cadastral na cikakke cikakke, yana nufin cewa kayan aikin jama'a kamar gadaje na kogi da tituna suna da mahimmin digiri na gaba kuma suna wakilci a matsayin makirci.

Bari mu ɗauka cewa a kan taswirar taswirar ni, ina so in fenti da makircin titin-giragu, a cikin orange alamu na ainihi da kuma zane-zane. Don wannan, dole ne in ƙirƙiri uku azuzuwan:

Zaži zaɓi na "Alamar", sa'an nan kuma ƙirƙirar na farko, tare da sunan Streets, tare da yanayin da aka zaɓa a cikin Wurin TIPOPARCEL = 1 tebur, kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin hoto mai zuwa. Kila za a iya bayyana launi, nau'in layi, kauri, nuna gaskiya; a wannan yanayin mun zaɓi launin toka. Hakazalika muke yi da mãkircin Rio a cikin shuɗi da nau'i na dukiya a launin launi.

haɓaka gis microstation

Da zarar an zaɓi "Aiwatar" button, wannan shine sakamakon. Ina ba da shawara cewa kayi wasa tare da sauran siffofi, kamar ƙirƙirar jinsin da aka tsara a kan jeri ko wasu da muke amfani dasu don ganin shirin GIS.

1 mai amfani da ƙwayoyin microstation

Rubutun wuraren (lakabi) daga dbf

A ƙarshe, idan muna son makirci ya kasance da lakabi. An zaɓi Layer tare da maɓallin linzamin maɓallin dama, kuma "Labeling ..." an zaba, tare da wannan rukuni ya bayyana, inda za mu zaɓa a matsayin salon lakabin "By Layer", Rubutun Arial, ja launi, daga shafi na tushe na bayanan da aka kira IDPARCELA kuma cewa ba'a juyawa rubutun bisa ga siffar mãkirci (Zaman Gyara ba).

A nan muna da shi, rubutun ƙarfafa daga dbf. Tabbas, yana yiwuwa a ƙara filayen atomatik azaman wuri na abu, wanda, ba kamar yankin da aka adana ba, yana da ƙarfin kuma an sabunta shi tare da daidaitawa na lissafin.

1 mai amfani da ƙwayoyin microstation

Za'a iya adana lakabi da kayan halayyar su a matsayin xml, tare da .theme tsawo, kama da tsarin SLD. Ana kiran wannan kuma ana amfani da shi zuwa wasu layuka ko a cikin tsarin da aka tsara a cikin VBA.

Ya zuwa yanzu fayil ɗin da muka yi aiki tare yana shp kuma an karanta kawai. Amma tare da ajiye shi a matsayin dgn, ana iya gyara kuma dukan dukiyar da ke cikin database za su kasance cikin xml waɗanda aka saka a cikin ƙirar da ke ciki.

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