Yadda za a bude, lakafta, da kuma sanya wani fayil .shp tare da Microstation V8i

A cikin wannan labarin zamu ga yadda ake buɗe, jigo da yiwa lakabi da fayil ɗin shp ta amfani da Microstation V8i, daidai yake aiki da Taswirar Bentley. Kodayake su fayilolin 16-bit ne na gargajiya, tsofaffi kamar wasu -mutane da yawa- na furfura, babu makawa a ci gaba da amfani da su a yanayinmu. A bayyane yake cewa waɗannan sharuɗɗan suna zartar da abubuwan vector waɗanda ke da alaƙa da wasu kafofin bayanai.

Wata rana na yi magana game da yadda, ta amfani da Microstation V8, sun shigo, sun lakafta da kuma yadda za a yi thematic.  Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiA wancan lokacin na yi amfani da Microstation Geographics version 2004, wanda na mamaki ganin cewa mutane da yawa suna amfani da shi da cikakken gamsuwa -ko jin tsoron ƙaura-. A wannan yanayin zamuyi amfani da sigar zaɓi na Microstation PowerView Zaɓi Jerin 3, wannan ya fi daidai da abin da PowerMap yake, tare da farashin kusan $ 1,500 don lasisi na har abada.

Bude fayil ɗin shp

Tare da waɗannan nauyi ba lallai ya buƙaci shigo da fayil ɗin shp ba, kamar yadda ya karanta ta kai tsaye, ko dai a matsayin fayil a yanayin mai kyau ko a matsayin maƙalli.
Domin wannan an yi:

Fayil> buɗe

Sannan a cikin nau'in fayil ɗin, mun zaɓi waɗanda suke da nau'in .shp, don haka kawai fayilolin irin wannan an lissafa. Kamar yadda kake gani a cikin hoto, Microstation V8i na iya buɗewa ba tare da sayo ba, fayilolin nau'in dgn, dwg, dxf, toshe fayilolin (.cel), dakunan karatu (.dgnib), da kuma nau'ikan True dwg na AutoDesk (dwg da dxf), sketchUp (.skp), da sauransu, gami da dgn da zai iya samun kowane kari yadda yake so (.cat .hid .rie .adm, da sauransu)

Duba bayanan dbf

Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiFayil na nau'in shp yana da abubuwan sararin samaniya, yana da aƙalla ƙarin fayiloli guda biyu: shx shine wanda aka lissafa da kuma dbf wanda ya ƙunshi bayanan da aka haɗa da abubuwan sararin samaniya. Allyari ga haka, .prj da ke ƙunshe da tsarin tsinkaye da tsarin tunani yana da mahimmanci.

Don ganin kaddarorin dbf fayil, yi wadannan:

Kayan aiki> aikin sararin samaniya> ayyukan tattara bayanai

Daga wannan rukunin, zamu zaɓi 5 icon da ake kira «Duba XFM halaye».

Ka tuna cewa halaye daga Microstation Geographics zama xfm 2004 lokacin amfani da xml ƙungiya Tabular data vector abubuwa a matsayin wani ci gaba na gargajiya engeneering mahada.

Tsarin microstation da aka yi amfani da shiZuwa wannan ya dace ne kawai da halayen da aka kirkira daga Mai Gudanar da Sararin samaniya. Yanzu yana yiwuwa a karanta kowane bayani daga rumbun adana bayanan da ke tattare da abu.

 Halittar Model

Don ƙirƙirar lakabi, jigo, ko wasu ayyukan sararin samaniya, da farko ya zama dole a samar da samfuri. Ba za a iya yin wannan ba daga filin aiki kuma yana kama -ko da yake ba haka ba ne- zuwa layout AutoCAD.

Anyi haka ne kamar haka:

Fayil> Manajan Taswira

Zai nemi mu idan muna so a kirkiro samfurin, za mu zaɓin zabin a, kuma an ƙara shi a matsayin mai tunani.

Tare da wannan, ana ƙirƙirar rukunin gefe zuwa hagu na filin aiki, inda zaku iya ganin bayanan duka a cikin nau'ikan azuzuwan fasali da matakan. Wannan samfurin yana tallafawa fayilolin bayanan nasa, duba kaddarorin da sauran ayyukan bincike na sararin samaniya kamar su tsararren ajiya, geoprocesses (shiga, rarraba, ware ...), jerin bayanai, gano wuri kuma ba shakka, abin da aka bayyana a ƙasa: jigo da lakabi.

Ƙaddamar da ma'auni

Don ɗaukar hoto, zaɓi layin tare da maɓallin linzamin dama sannan zaɓi "Symbology ...". A wannan halin, Ina amfani da cikakkiyar taswira ta cadastral, wannan na nufin cewa dukiyar jama'a ta amfani da su kamar su raƙuman ruwa da tituna suna da maɓallin cadastral kuma ana wakiltar su a matsayin ƙananan.

A ce a cikin taswira ta, ina so in zana launuka iri-iri masu launin toka, nau'ikan kayan mallaka a lemu mai launin shuɗi. Don wannan, dole ne in ƙirƙiri aji uku:

Zaɓin alamar alamar «Thematic» an zaɓi, sannan aka ƙirƙiri ajin farko, tare da suna Streets, tare da yanayin da aka zaɓa a cikin teburin INA TIPOPARCEL = 1, kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin zane mai zuwa. Ana iya bayyana ajin launi, nau'in layi, kauri, nuna gaskiya; a wannan yanayin mun zaɓi launin toka. Haka nan za mu yi tare da makircin nau'in Kogin a shuɗi da nau'in Kadarori a rawaya.

haɓaka gis microstation

Da zarar an zaɓi maɓallin «Aiwatar», wannan shine sakamakon. Ina ba ku shawarar ku yi wasa tare da sauran abubuwan aiki, kamar ƙirƙirar aji dangane da darajoji ko wasu waɗanda muka saba gani a cikin shirye-shiryen GIS.

1 mai amfani da ƙwayoyin microstation

 

Rubutun wuraren (lakabi) daga dbf

A ƙarshe, idan abin da muke so shi ne cewa ƙananan suna da lakabi. Zaɓi layi tare da maɓallin dama na linzamin kwamfuta, kuma zaɓi «Lakabi ...», tare da wannan rukunin yana bayyana inda za mu zaɓa azaman salon lakabin «By Layer», Rubutun nau'in Arial, launin ja, daga ginshiƙin tushe fayil ɗin da ake kira IDPARCELA kuma cewa rubutun ba a juya su gwargwadon fasalin jakar (Hanyar Fuskantarwa).

A can muna da shi, rubutu mai ƙarfi daga dbf. Tabbas, yana yiwuwa a ƙara filayen atomatik azaman yanki na abu, wanda sabanin yanki da aka adana, yana da kuzari da sabuntawa tare da daidaita lissafin.

1 mai amfani da ƙwayoyin microstation

Ana iya adana lakabi da kayan salo na kayan zane azaman xml, tare da .theme tsawo, mai kama da salon SLD Don haka ana sake kiran su kuma ana amfani dasu zuwa wasu matakan ko cikin tsarin yau da kullun da aka tsara a cikin VBA.

Ya zuwa yanzu fayil ɗin da muka yi aiki tare shine shp kuma ana iya karanta shi kawai. Amma tare da adana shi azaman dgn, ana iya gyara shi kuma duk kaddarorin bayanan zasu kasance cikin xml da aka saka a cikin kayan aikin da ke cikin dgn din.

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