gvSIG: Amfanin wannan da sauran cinikai

Kwafi na IMG_0818 Hanyar kayan aikin kyauta sun balaga yana da ban sha'awa, wasu shekaru da suka gabata, suna magana game da GIS kyauta, yana kama da UNIX, a muryar Geek kuma a matakin rashin amana don tsoron abin da ba a sani ba. Duk wannan ya canza da yawa tare da bambancin hanyoyin warware matsalolin waɗanda suka balaga ba kawai a cikin ayyukan yau da kullun da ake tsammani ba har ma da sabbin dabaru don haɓakawa, gwaji da daidaitawa ga ƙwarewar gama gari dangane da musaya. OSGeo da ƙa'idodin OGC sune sakamakon wannan balagar.

Ya faru cewa yanzu tare da babban kwarin gwiwa za mu iya ba da shawarar buɗe tushen mafita waɗanda ke da inganci (QGis ko gvSIG don ba da misalai biyu), akwai bambancin da za a zaɓa daga, kodayake kuma muna sane da cewa a cikin 'yan shekaru da yawa za a daina ko za a haɗu a ƙarƙashin inuwar mafi dorewa (misali shari'ar Qgis + Grass da gvSIG + Sextante). Dole ne a yi la'akari da batun wanda zai rayu a yau, tun da yake aminci yana da iyaka, dorewar software na GIS a ƙarƙashin tsarin buɗe tushen tushen ginshiƙai kamar: Fasaha, kasuwanci da al'umma. 

ginshiƙan ginshiƙai

Ginin fasaha abu ne da za a iya sarrafa shi, ko kuma aƙalla kamar dai mahaukacin waƙar sa ci gaban da ake yi duk bayan mintuna 5 baya ba mu tsoro. Amma mun koyi fahimtar cewa wannan ita ma wata hanya ce ta tsabtace wurin kuma aikace-aikacen da ke da matsalolin dorewa suna kan hanya, kodayake yana da zafi ga masu aminci. Don ba da misali, Ilwis, wanda duk da cancantar sa, yana da wahalar fita daga Visual Basic 6.

Tarancin kuɗi, ko abin da muke kira kasuwanci, abin mamaki yana tafiya. Yanzu akwai aiyuka da yawa waɗanda ake tallafawa ta hanyar tsarkakakken aikin sa kai, ta hanyar tushe, ayyukan da aka tsara bisa ƙa'ida ko ma sauƙin "haɗa kai ta hanyar Paypal". A wannan matakin, batun gvSIG abin birgewa ne, wanda a matsayin ɓangare na a babban aikin na hijirar zuwa software kyauta, yana da ci gaban kudi wanda aka tsara sosai.

Pero dorewar al'umma Da alama ita ce hanyar da ta fi rikitarwa don sarrafawa, saboda ba kawai ya dogara da "mahaliccin" ba amma saboda yana da babban tasiri a fagen kere-kere (a hanyoyi biyu) kuma yana iya sa ya zama da wuya a magance batun kuɗi. Masana kimiyya da fasaha sun sami horo ta hanyar ilimin kimiyya, kuma idan ba cikakkun ilimin kimiyya bane, a bayyane yake. Manufar "wannan nau'in al'umma" ta samo asali ne daga dunkulewar Intanet da kuma inganta abubuwan da suka samo asali sakamakon "al'umma"; sab thatda haka sashin ya kasance mai haɗin kai, tsakanin sadarwa, ilimi, kasuwanci, fasaha da komai tare da sanya tufafin zamantakewar jama'a.

Girmamawa ga waɗanda ke bayan wannan layin, tare da ayyuka kamar gvSIG, waɗanda fatarsu ta ƙasashen duniya ke da tsananin tashin hankali. Dole ne in yarda cewa ɗayan ayyukan ne waɗanda nake matukar so (ban da haɗarin wannan sana'ar), ina ganin sun sami nasarori da yawa ba wai kawai a cikin yankin Hispanic ba (wanda yake da rikitarwa a cikin kansa).

Daya daga cikin layukan wannan layin (kuma shi kadai ne zan tabo a yau) shine batun "amincin mai amfani" ta hanyar musayar bayanai ta hanyar musayar ra'ayi. Auna wannan dole ne ya kasance mai rikitarwa sosai, don haka zan aza kaina akan aikin da yafi rashin hankali fiye da sauki:

-Ba'idar Wikipedia ta ciyar da al'umma. 
-Wannan mai amfani da aminci ga software, wanda yake so ya sadarwa, ya rubuta game da shi. 
-Ya cikin al'umma, duk masu amfani masu biyayya da wannan software, zasu taimakawa gare shi a Wikipedia.

Shi ne m, na sani, amma ina so in sa wani misali, domin ko da yake Wikipedia ne yadu soki malamai kamar fideligna source, da abun ciki a kowace rana ya zama na farko da tunani da kuma taka muhimmiyar rawa a mai amfani-search-content dangantaka.

Saboda haka ina amfani da wani masomin da page "na labarin kasa bayanai tsarin" sa'an nan na tafi zuwa kowane daga cikin shafukan 11 shirye-shirye da kuma na kirga yawan data kasance akwai kalmomi, daga batun nassoshi category.

A kusan kalmomin 5,000 da suka ƙara, sakamakon haka kamar haka:

GvSIG + Sextant

1,022

21%

GIS na yankin

632

13%

Geopista

631

13%

Qgis + Grass

610

12%

Jump

485

10%

Ilimi

468

10%

Kosmo

285

6%

Ƙware

276

6%

Generic zana taswira Tools

191

4%

MapGuide Open Source

172

3%

SAGA GIS

148

3%

total

4,920

 

Ka lura cewa jimlar GvSIG + Sextante take
21%, ba abin mamaki bane, idan mun tuna cewa wadannan ayyukan ne da suka kware sosai ga takardun tsare-tsaren bayanai a kan shafukan yanar gizon su, sun saka jari a cikin tsarin tsarin tsarin, manhaja, lissafin mai amfani da kuma sauran ƙoƙarin da ake yi na duniya.

Haka zamu iya ganin cewa QGis + Grass an bari a baya, karfin da ya fi karfi ba daidai ba ne a cikin harshen Sespanic, kodayake Grass shine watau GIS Open Source GIS wanda har yanzu yana da rai.

Wannan batun batun aminci ne kawai bisa rashi, kuma kallon Wikipedia kawai a matsayin misali. Kamar yadda muke gani, kuma tare da gamsuwa, gvSIG + Sextante suna da mahimmin tasiri a cikin yanayin Hispanic. Wataƙila za mu ga irin wannan ɗabi'a a cikin hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a, shafukan yanar gizo, mujallu na kwamfuta da kuma dandalin tattaunawa, kodayake, ba shakka, wannan yana haifar da babban nauyi ga al'umma.

Amma gaskiyar cewa "gajerenmu" ya sa mu yi tambaya game da fannoni da suka shafi sadarwa ba ya nuna cewa mu masana ne kan batun ɗorewa. Partangare ne na kasancewa "al'umma", sune halayen yau da kullun na waɗanda suke fata tare da babban imani ga ayyukan wannan girman (kodayake, Na yarda da shi, baya ba da dalilin sautin).

Zai yiwu ya zama dole a kula da yada bayanai, wanda aka tace ta hanyoyi daban-daban da ke inganta himmar (kamar batun Geomática Libre Venezuela) ko sadarwa maras tsari a cikin jerin rarrabawa wadanda suka zama gaskiya ba na hukuma ba kuma wadanda ke haifar da tsammanin. Ana shirya wannan da ƙarin maganganun ta hanyar manufofin sadarwar hukumomi, wanda a ciki dole ne a fahimci "tashoshin al'umma", duka na gaba da gaba, don tabbatar da ɓangare na wannan ɗorewar.

Ya dace a sake bitar yadda al'umma ke nunawa ga watsa shirye-shiryen, saboda al'umma abu ne mai rai, yana da halayya irin ta mutane, ta amsa, tunani, ji, magana, rubutu, gunaguni, farin ciki kuma sama da duk suna da tsammanin a cikin daftarin aiki Misali na yadda ake ƙirƙirar fata:

-Mene ne mummuna na 1.3 gvSIG, wanda muka riga muka gani 1.9 gvSIG
-Mene ne ba daidai ba tare da 1.9 gvSIG: abin da yake maras kyau
-Mene ne mummunan abu wanda ba shi da ƙarfi: cewa ba mu san lokacin da zai kasance ba
- Lokaci: ana ga alama nan da nan zai zama riga.
-Sa'ad da zai kasance ...

Wajibi ne a sake nazarin batun al'umma, a cikin aikin wannan babban, tare da faɗin duniya daban-daban. Sadarwar yau da kullun a hukumance ba ta cutar da mu, idan hakan na taimakawa ga dorewar al'umma.

A ƙarshe dai asalin asalin da ya motsa ni in taɓa batun da zan cire shi, bayan da alamun sun kasance kusan bazai yiwu ba kuma sabon sabanin da ba'a dace ba tare da kayan da aka sa. 

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