LADM - As Unique Domain Model na Land Management - Colombia

Bayani na gabatarwa da Golgi Alvarez da Kaspar Eggenberger suka yi a Andean Geomatics Congress a Bogotá, a watan Yunin 2016.

Buƙatar Ƙaddamar Ƙaƙwalwar Kasuwanci

Tare da aiwatar da shirin ci gaba na kasa da kasa na 2014 - 2018 da kuma samar da Hukumar Nasa ta Nasa ta ANT, yanayin shimfidar wurare na Lands a Colombia ya canza da yawa kuma ya sa sabon abubuwa don gina tsarin tsarin na cadastral kamar yadda suke :

  • Kaddamar da tsarin na cadastre tare da wakilai na ikon zuwa yankin,
  • Externalization na aiwatar da kafa da gyare-gyaren cadastral.
  • Don samun daidaituwa da bayanan bayanan da ke cikin bayanan bayanai na Cadastre da Registry,

A zamani Project na Land Administration a Colombia, a] en da Swiss hadin (SECO) tana goyon bayan daban-daban matakai alaka kasa siyasa, ciki har da goyon baya ga gina wani kumburi ƙasar gwamnati a cikin tsarin na ICDE, da goyi bayan hukumomi sake fasalin kudin da reorientation na IGAC game da sabon rawa a matsayin cadastral dalĩli, ƙarfafa cadastral-Registry manufofin shawara ga geodetic reference tsarin da kuma goyon baya ga ganin na hangen nesa da multipurpose cadastre.

LADM Model

A matsayin sabon abu a cikin manufofi da fasahar fasahar zamani, tallafin Yarjejeniya ta Ƙasa ta Duniya wanda ake kira ISO-19152 ya fara; Na sanimajalisaLADM (Sabon Yanki na Yanki). Ƙaddamar da wannan daidaitattun yana ba da izinin daidaitawa tsakanin matsalolin da fasaha na fasaha da kuma neman aikace-aikacen da 'yan ƙasa suka yi dangane da tafiyar da yanki a ƙarƙashin tsarin daidaitawa.

A halin yanzu, an gina wani tsari na farko na LADM, wanda ya dace da dokokin Colombian wanda ya hada da samfurin gyare-gyare na akalla:

  • Wa] anda ke da sha'awar, ko wa] annan kungiyoyi, da mutane, da hukumomin shari'a da kuma jama'a sun ha] a da sashen gudanar da harkokin mallakar ƙasa,
  • Ƙungiyoyin gudanarwa waɗanda suke wakiltar abubuwa daban-daban na yankuna, masu zaman kansu da kuma jama'a.
  • Jerin haƙƙin haƙƙin haƙƙin haƙƙin haɗi, halayen da ƙuntatawa da ke tsakanin abubuwan yanki da ainihin dukiyar da aka rajista a cikin Yankin Yanki.
  • Ra'ayoyin sararin samaniya da halayensu, wanda ke kasancewa a cikin bayanan da ake gudanarwa a yanzu, wanda kuma za a tayar da shi a cikin matakan jirgin sama na Multipurpose wanda za a kashe nan da nan.
  • Tsarin LADM ya hada da tallafi ga Ƙungiyar Harkokin Samun Labaran Colombia (ICDE), ta hanyar samar da Node Management Land, wanda zai zama tushen dalilin hulɗar abubuwan da aka tsara a cikin ainihin. A hankali, cibiyoyi daban-daban zasu daidaita LADM a cikin matakan su, suna tabbatar da ƙididdiga ta musamman game da kaya, hakkoki, mutane da haraji da suka hada da tsarin tsarin kula da ƙasa na Colombia.

SANYI don aiwatar da shi

LADMƊaya daga cikin kayan da ake amfani dashi don aiwatar da LADM shine INTERLIS. Wannan shi ne na musamman model ga kwatanta yanayin data, tare da canja wurin format da kuma jerin kayayyakin aikin da za a iya cimma Ingancin, hadewa, management da Ana ɗaukaka transactional bayanai ta hanyar harshen interoperability ladabi.

An fara horar da horar da ma'aikata daga kungiyoyi daban-daban da suka shafi aikin, a kan yin amfani da INTERLIS don daidaitawa, kuma an samo wani tsarin LADM na Colombian a cikin wannan harshe.

Filaye Masu Gudun Kayan Gudun Tsarin Mulki

A aikin da aka goyon bayan Codazzi (IGAC) da National Superintendency na Registry (SNR) a model gini, fasaha bayani dalla-dalla da kuma hanyoyin da ci gaban Multipurpose Cadastre matukan jirgi. Ni ciki har da aiwatar da tsarin ajiyar ajiya don ajiyar bayanan cadastral da bayanan rajistar; tare da free software kayayyakin aiki, don tallafa a yi, tace da kuma wallafe-wallafe data kazalika da kayayyakin aiki, don validating data generated ta hanyar kisa outsourced.

Bugu da ƙari, za a shirya kayan fasaha da kayan aiki don ayyukan daban-daban na tsarin filin da kuma binciken ginin.

Ta hanyar LADM Colombian Profile Implementation Model, wanda aka bayyana a cikin INTERLIS, masu kwangila zasu sami kayan aikin da zasu dace congrekasparda kuma sadar da bayanin da aka tashe a cikin filin bisa ga misali na misali na ISO 19152 Standard. IGAC da SNR zai sa samuwa kayayyakin aiki, don dubawa, gwaji da kuma ajiya na bayanai da takardun sakamakon daga cikin matuka jirgin, don samar da darussan da aka koya da kuma inganta hanya for kimantawa kayayyakin na cadastral binciken.

Ƙarin bayani game da Project a http://www.proadmintierra.info/

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