LADM - Matsayi ne na Musamman na Yankin Gudanar da Yanki - Colombia

Takaitaccen gabatarwar da Golgi Alvarez da Kaspar Eggenberger suka gabatar a taron Andean Geomatics Congress a Bogotá, a watan Yunin 2016.

Buƙatar Ƙaddamar Ƙaƙwalwar Kasuwanci

Tare da aiwatar da shirin ci gaba na kasa da kasa na 2014 - 2018 da kuma samar da Hukumar Nasa ta Nasa ta ANT, yanayin shimfidar wurare na Lands a Colombia ya canza da yawa kuma ya sa sabon abubuwa don gina tsarin tsarin na cadastral kamar yadda suke :

  •   Kaddamar da tsarin na cadastre tare da wakilai na ikon zuwa yankin,
  • Externalization na aiwatar da kafa da gyare-gyaren cadastral.
  • Don samun daidaituwa da bayanan bayanan da ke cikin bayanan bayanai na Cadastre da Registry,

A zamani Project na Land Administration a Colombia, a] en da Swiss hadin (SECO) tana goyon bayan daban-daban matakai alaka kasa siyasa, ciki har da goyon baya ga gina wani kumburi ƙasar gwamnati a cikin tsarin na ICDE, da goyi bayan hukumomi sake fasalin kudin da reorientation na IGAC game da sabon rawa a matsayin cadastral dalĩli, ƙarfafa cadastral-Registry manufofin shawara ga geodetic reference tsarin da kuma goyon baya ga ganin na hangen nesa da multipurpose cadastre.

LADM Model

A matsayin sabon abu a cikin manufofi da fasahar fasahar zamani, tallafin Yarjejeniya ta Ƙasa ta Duniya wanda ake kira ISO-19152 ya fara; Na sanimajalisaLADM (Samfurin Gudanar da Yankin Landasa). Theirƙirar wannan ƙa'idar tana ba da damar daidaita tsakanin matsin lambar da fasahar ke samarwa da buƙatar sabis na 'yan ƙasa cikin lamuran gudanar da ƙasa a ƙarƙashin haɗin kai.

A halin yanzu, an gina wani tsari na farko na LADM, wanda ya dace da dokokin Colombian wanda ya hada da samfurin gyare-gyare na akalla:

  • Wa] anda ke da sha'awar, ko wa] annan kungiyoyi, da mutane, da hukumomin shari'a da kuma jama'a sun ha] a da sashen gudanar da harkokin mallakar ƙasa,
  • Ƙungiyoyin gudanarwa waɗanda suke wakiltar abubuwa daban-daban na yankuna, masu zaman kansu da kuma jama'a.
  • Jerin haƙƙin haƙƙin haƙƙin haƙƙin haɗi, halayen da ƙuntatawa da ke tsakanin abubuwan yanki da ainihin dukiyar da aka rajista a cikin Yankin Yanki.
  • Ra'ayoyin sararin samaniya da halayensu, wanda ke kasancewa a cikin bayanan da ake gudanarwa a yanzu, wanda kuma za a tayar da shi a cikin matakan jirgin sama na Multipurpose wanda za a kashe nan da nan.
  • Theaddamar da LADM ya haɗa da tallafi don Tsarin Bayanan Bayanan atasa na Colombia (ICDE), ta hanyar ƙirƙirar Administrationungiyar Gudanar da Landasa, wanda zai zama tushen tushen hulɗar abubuwan da aka tsara a cikin ainihin. A hankali, cibiyoyi daban-daban zasu daidaita LADM a cikin ayyukansu, suna ba da tabbaci na musamman game da kaya, haƙƙoƙi, mutane da haraji waɗanda suka ƙunshi kayan aikin National Land Management System na Colombia.

SANYI don aiwatar da shi

LADMOfaya daga cikin kayan aikin da ake amfani dasu don aiwatar da LADM shine INTERLIS. Wannan yare ne na musamman don kwatancen samfuran bayanan yanayin ƙasa, wanda ke da tsarin canja wuri da jerin kayan aikin da za'a iya cin nasararsu, haɗewa, gudanar da ma'amala da sabunta bayanai ta hanyar ladabi da hulɗa.

An fara horar da horar da ma'aikata daga kungiyoyi daban-daban da suka shafi aikin, a kan yin amfani da INTERLIS don daidaitawa, kuma an samo wani tsarin LADM na Colombian a cikin wannan harshe.

Filaye Masu Gudun Kayan Gudun Tsarin Mulki

Aikin yana tallafawa Agustín Codazzi Geographical Institute (IGAC) da National Registry Superintendency (SNR), wajen gina samfurin, ƙayyadaddun fasaha da hanyoyin ci gaban Multipurpose Cadastre Pilots. Wannan ya hada da aiwatar da wurin adanawa don adana bayanan cadastral da bayanan rajista; tare da kayan aikin kayan komputa na kyauta wadanda ke sawwake ginawa, gyarawa da kuma fitar da bayanai, da kuma kayan aikin don ingancin bayanan da aka samar ta hanyar aiwatarwa ta waje.

Bugu da ƙari, za a shirya kayan fasaha da kayan aiki don ayyukan daban-daban na tsarin filin da kuma binciken ginin.

Ta hanyar LADM Colombian Profile Implementation Model, wanda aka bayyana a cikin INTERLIS, masu kwangila zasu sami kayan aikin da zasu dace congrekasparda kuma isar da bayanan da aka tattara a cikin filin bisa ga misali da aka ambata na misali na ISO 19152. IGAC da SNR za su sami kayan aikin don tabbatarwa, sarrafawa da adana bayanan da takaddun sakamakon gwajin, don samar da darussan da aka koya. da inganta hanya don kimanta samfuran binciken cadastral.

Ƙarin bayani game da Project a http://www.proadmintierra.info/

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