Decidiéndonos da MapServer

Shan amfani da wani sabo hira da wani ma'aikata da ke neman Land Registry zuwa buga su maps, a nan zan takaita da mafi muhimmanci batun bailouts komawa zuwa al'umma. Zai yiwu a lokacin da ka yi aiki ga wani wanda yake so ya yi a yanke shawara ko tambaya geofumada taimako.

Me yasa MapServer

Labarin ya kasance wani, wanda ya yi niyya ta GeoWeb Publisher, Bentley, domin har yanzu yana da lasisi Kayan Bincike, kakannin wannan, baya a cikin turbaya shekaru. Wani dalili da ya sa suna sha'awar Bentley shi ne cewa taswirar su akan Microstation Geographics, tare da aikace-aikacen VBA don ginawa da kuma kula da taswirar cadastral.

A baya can a kan blog (Ƙananan - Rare kamar yadda aboki ya ce) ya nuna yadda za a ƙirƙiri sabis na taswirar yanar gizon, ta amfani da Manifold GIS, a matsayin madadin farashi. Na kuma yi magana a wata rana game da amfanin da Geoweb Publisher na Bentley a matsayin bayani idan akwai karin kudi. Wannan ya ba da cigaba ga wannan tsohuwar post ɗin Na yi kwatanta tsakanin aikace-aikace daban-daban don shafukan kan layi.

Bayan tattaunawar mun yanke shawara mu je MapServer, batun da zan yi fatan amfani da shi a cikin kwanaki masu zuwa. Ta hanyar, fara gwada wasu dandamali tushen tushe a lokacin sauran shekara, amma a cikin yanar gizo.

banner MapServer ba aikace-aikacen GIS ne ba, kuma ba ma ma ya zama kamar yadda shafinsa ya ce. An haife shi ne a matsayin wani shiri na Jami'ar Minnesota, saboda haka jaridar ta fito ne daga rikicewar kogin Minnesota da Mississippi. Yau wata alama ce a cikin rabawa da aka rarraba sosai, watakila saboda asalin Anglo-Saxon. Kamar yadda wannan aikace-aikacen akwai fadi da kewayo -sosai sosai gaske-, Ina son na da sauki, kamar yadda sauki ga sabon masu amfani. sihiri ne a cikin .map fayil management cewa za a iya generated ko dai daga shirye-shirye kamar QGis ko fahimta da dabaru don su cuci mapscript harsuna kamar PHP, Java, Perl, Python, Ruby, ko C #.

Ƙarin aikace-aikacen suna ci gaba a MapServer "bauta"Kamar Chamaleon, Cartoweb, Ka-map da Pmapper. Wadannan ana bada shawara ga masu amfani tare da ƙasa da ƙananan yanki, ko da yake yana da manufa don fahimtar mahimmancin tunani na MapServer.

shiryayye masu sa ido

Misalin da aka nuna ita ce, kawai misalin aikin da muke yi a yanzu. Tare da izinin su kuma sun san cewa wannan sabis zai kasance ga jama'a a cikin makonni biyu sa'annan za su ga yadda yake aiki.

Wadannan aikace-aikacen yanar gizon sun kasance

Don wannan, zanyi amfani da Foundation a matsayin tunani OSGeo, wanda shine ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka fi dacewa game da daidaituwa da daidaitawa na tushen budewa a cikin filin da ake amfani da su. Ko da yake na yarda cewa akwai wasu.

  • Mapbender, quite popularized, amfani da matsayin mai bakin ciki abokin ciniki kusa da Mapserver a cikin yanayin da IDE Guatemala. Dalilin da ake kira shi ne cewa an samo shi ne don PHP da JavaScript, biyu daga cikin haɗin da aka fi amfani dasu a yanar gizo a yau.
  • Mapbuilder, wanda ya zo ƙarshensa a cikin 1.5 version kuma ya haɗa tare da Open Layer. AJAX abu ... yana da kyau.
  • Bude Layer, abubuwan al'ajabi idan kana so ka haɗi tare da Google ko tashoshin Yahoo ko inganta cache a cikin rawar da aka yi.
  • Taswirar Ma'aikata, mashahuri don dangantaka da AutoDesk. Karfin da zai mutu, a cikin dandano da kake so.
  • Degree, duk wanda aka kyafaffen a cikin matsayi. Tare da mai yawa m a Turai. Saboda kwanciyar hankali a cikin goyon bayan GML, an nuna shi matsayin madaidaici don aiwatar da ayyukan yanar gizon a cikin shirin INSPIRE.

shiryayye masu sa ido Sauran hanyoyin maganin OSGeo sune:

  • Geoserver, babbar mahimmanci shi ne cewa ci gaban ya shafi Java. Tare da yawa don bayar da irin su Layer Layer lokacin haɗaka Google Maps, Google Earth, Yahoo Maps, ciki har da ArcGIS.
  • Geomatics wanda ya haɗa da abokin ciniki, tebur da kuma yanar gizo.
  • MapFish, tare da mayar da hankali ga Pyton amma watakila ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun rubutu (a layi).

Taswirar MapServer

Hadaddiyar tare da matsayi OGC. Zai yiwu mafi kyau, ko da yake a cikin kusan kusan dukkanin aikace-aikacen budewa suna da kyau, akalla game da WMS, WFS, WCS, GML.

  • Ayyukan Taswirar Yanar Gizo (OGC: WMS) 1.0.0, 1.0.7, 1.1.0 da 1.1.1
  • Shafin Farko na Yanar gizo (OGC: WFS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • Sabis na Wurin Yanar Gizo (OGC: WCS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • Harshen Tsarin Gida (OGC: GML) 2.1.2, Nemo 3.1.0 Level 0
  • Shafukan Taswirar Yanar Gizo na Yanar Gizo (OGC: WMC) 1.0.0, 1.1.0
  • Rubutun Bayanin Layer (OGC: SLD) 1.0.0
  • Ƙayyadadden Bayanin Filter (OGC: FES) 1.0.0
  • Sabis na Kulawa Sensor (OGC: SOS) 1.0.0
  • Abubuwan da aka yi da kuma matakan (OGC: OM) 1.0.0
  • SWE Daidai (OGC: SWE) 1.0.1
  • OWS Common (OGC: OWS) 1.0.0, 1.1.0

Saka bayanai ta hanyar jagorancin Gudanarwar Gis na Gidan Gis, zai sa kowane shirin ya tsaya garesu ba tare da hani ba. Daga AutoDesk Civil3D, ArcGIS. Bentley Map, har zuwa gvSIG, QGis, da dai sauransu. Ko da Google Earth / maps via wms.

Idan muka kwatanta shi da aikace-aikacen da na yi aiki tare da (GeoWeb Publisher da Manifold GIS), MapServer ya zarce su ta hanyar ciwon yawa watsawa, samfurin wannan shafi naka yana da cikakkun bayanai, samfura misalai, ba tare da ambaci al'ummar masu amfani ba. A game da GWP dole ne kuyi aiki da yawa tare da kusoshi da kuma abin da Manifold yake a cikin Mutanen Espanya yana da ƙananan -barin fita Ka egeomates don haka kada ku shiga rikitarwa-.

El goyon bayan bayanai Yana da ban mamaki. Ba sama ba ne amma yana kusa:

  • Bayanan Vector ko Bayanan Gida: Fassara fayilolin, GML, PostGIS da kuma sauran duniya ta hanyar OGR, ciki har da DGN.
  • Raster bayanai: TIF da ake kira TIF da abin da muke so ta hanyar GDAL.
  • Daga fitarwa, zaka iya samar da jpg, png, pdf kuma ba shakka, ka'idodin OGC.

Sa'an nan kuma akwai goyon bayan multiplatform. MapServer zai iya gudu akan IIS, wanda ya sa ya zama aboki ga masu amfani da Windows / PC. Har ila yau a kan Apache, tare da abin da zai iya gudu a kan Windows da Linux na abin mamaki, ba kawai don yin amfani da bayanai ba amma don kewaya. A cikin yanayin Manifol
d, wallafe-wallafen IIS kawai, idan kuna magana da su game da Apache shi yana haddasa ambaliya, ko da yake akwai wadanda suka sanya su pirouettes. Kuma a game da Bentley, kawai Windows, ciki har da haɗin yanar gizo shine ActiveX wanda ke gudana akan Internet Explorer, sai dai idan kuna shan taba IDPR zuwa ga ɗaukakar da ke cikin sararin samaniya.

Ba dole ba ne a ce, ba kula ba biya lasisi. Da yawa lasisi tare da Universal zai zama a cikin tsari na $ 600, da Bentley GWPublisher ta Amurka $ 10,000 tare da iyaka masu amfani da kuma idan GIS Server Amurka $ 15,000 up.

A ƙarshe, na ga babban amfani a da ci gaba. Sami wani wanda ya aikata aiki na MapServer ba shi da sauki, amma shi ne yafi saukin fiye da tare da wasu aikace-aikace, ciki har da m hanya kamar yadda muke yi yanzu. A developer wanda ya san fitowa su Bentley GWPublisher ba haka ba ne mai sauki samu, dole ne ya san Project hikima, Geographics, VBA da Microstation Bentley Map ya dauki amfani da wani robust ci gaba a kan Bentley Geospatial Server (Ko da yake na yarda cewa akwai abubuwan ban mamaki da aka yi a can). Mai haɓaka GIS na GIF, yana da wuyar gaske kodayake kawai .NET, kuma ɗaya daga GIS Server, inshora zai cajin dangane da yawan adadin lasisi.

Yadda zaka sanya shi a cikin matakai na 5

shiryayye masu sa idoBabu matakai da dama, da farkon Farawa:

  1. Download OSGEO4W daga nan
  2. Shigar da shi, mafi yawan MapServer, Apache da misali.
  3. Shigar Apache kuma ƙirƙirar sabis ɗin (ko ya dauke wani shugabanci ta hanyar IIS).
  4. Ɗaukaka sabis
  5. Gudun misali a cikin mai bincike

Haka ne, kamar misalin, tsakanin ayar 1 da 2 akwai abubuwa da dama da suka faru a cikin tawayen Shaiɗan. Kullum, zaku iya fara sabis ko ta hanyar http: // localhost / ko kuma ya dauki yakin ku, amma kuna koya.

Zai kasance a gaba wanda za mu bayyana shi.

7 tana maida hankali ga "yanke shawarar a kan MapServer"

  1. Barka da Sallar Idi. Wata rana zaku gaya mana game da hayakin da kuka yi da C #, game da abin da na gani kaɗan ne akan yanar gizo.

    gaisuwa

  2. me yasa yasa ba tare da kwarewa da kuma 2008 uwar garke na sql ko riga tare da haɓaka da kuma wallafe-wallafen siffofi na siffar siffar don haka ka guje wa batun yankin kuma don haka kawai ka nemo uwar garke tare da asp.net

  3. wani kwarewa tare da Mapguide bude tushe ?? Na riga an shigar da shi na dan lokaci, amma lokacin da na fara mashawarina na sami kuskuren kuskure zuwa uwar garken ... wani koyawa a cikin Mutanen Espanya zai zama gaisuwa sosai, godiya =)

  4. Sannu, ina sha'awar masu tanadi, wasu abubuwa na da damar da za su hada tare, a wannan lokacin ina kishin yin kwaskwarima a cikin rails, kuna da ra'ayin yadda ta yaya? ko wasu hanyoyin haɗin kai .. na gode sosai

  5. Dole ne ku bincika kamfani wanda ke ba da kyauta tare da takardun da aka haɗa a cikin sabis ɗin.

    Har ila yau http://www.hostgis.com/

    Domin mu bauta wa daga intanet ɗin matakin ne quite sauki, saboda kawai tare da Karna Maiya IP da na'ura cewa ya tãyar da sabis (As 192.168.0.129) za a iya isa ga daga wasu kwakwalwa a cikin wannan cibiyar sadarwa, ko workgroup.

    Idan kuna son bauta masa zuwa Intanet, ku kula da injin da yake aiki azaman uwar garke yana da haɗin Intanet mafi kyau ko lessasa, kuma ana amfani da IP na jama'a (80.26.128.194). Dalilin shi ne IP da kayan aiki ke ɗauka lokacin da suke haɗin Intanet, sabis ɗin Intanet ya samar dashi, kodayake yana jama'a ne, yana canzawa duk lokacin da aka isa ga shi kuma ya kula da cewa an daidaita shi, saboda wannan dalili ya zama dole ya biya.

    Idan ba ka so damar samun dama ga lambar IP kamar na baya, ka biya yankin da sabis na DNS, wanda zaka iya samun adireshin sauki. http://www.eldominio.com. Hakanan zaka iya juyawa tare da Reshen yanki ko sabis waɗanda ke ba da shafuka kamar su http://www.no-ip.com

  6. Taya murna ga blog da na yi don dan lokaci kadan. Ko da yake ni masanin ilimin halitta ne, ina aiki a kan al'amurran GIS. A bara na koyi amfani da MapServer a bit kuma yana da kyau. Amma ina da wata tambaya cewa ban samu amsar ba tukuna. Abin da kamfanin haɗi yake yi a cikin kantin sayar da MapServer? Mene ne sakamakon da kake da shi don amfani da kwamfutarka da kuma amfani da intanet na intanet?

    Ina so in yi wani aikin tare da wannan shirin amma ba ni da wata hanya ta rataye shi a kan hanyar sadarwa.

    Idan wani ya san cewa za a sami amsa sosai.

    Mafi kyau,

    Martiño

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