ESRI Venezuela tare da Edgar Díaz Villarroel don bugu na 6 na Twingeo

Don farawa, tambaya mai sauƙi. Menene Hankalin Yan Adam?

Ana samun Bayanan Hanya (LI) ta hanyar gani da nazarin bayanan yanayin ƙasa don haɓaka fahimta, ilimi, yanke shawara da kuma tsinkaya. Ta hanyar ƙara bayanan bayanai, kamar yanayin ƙasa, zirga-zirga, da yanayi, zuwa taswirar mai kaifin baki, ƙungiyoyi suna samun ƙwarewar wurin yayin da suke fahimtar dalilin da yasa abubuwa ke faruwa a inda suke faruwa. A matsayin wani ɓangare na canjin dijital, ƙungiyoyi da yawa sun dogara da fasahar tsarin ƙasa (GIS) don ƙirƙirar Leken Asiri.

Kamar yadda kuka ga karɓar Bayanan Sirri a ƙananan ƙananan kamfanoni, tare da karɓar sa a matakin Jiha / Gwamnati. Amincewa da Matsayi na Sirri a cikin manya da ƙananan kamfanoni yayi kyau ƙwarai, wanda ya ba da gudummawa ga ƙaddamar da GIS da kuma amfani da mutanen da ba sana'o'in gargajiya ba, a gare mu abin birgewa ne yadda muke aiki tare da masu banki, injiniyoyin masana'antu, likitoci, da dai sauransu Ma'aikatan da ba shine burin mu ba a matsayin masu amfani a da. Saboda rikicin siyasa da rashin saka hannun jari, Jiha / Gwamnati ba ta samu karbuwa sosai ba.

Shin kuna tunanin cewa yayin annobar da ake ciki yanzu, amfani, amfani da ilmantarwa na geotechnologies ya sami canji mai kyau ko mara kyau?

Geotechnologies suna da matsayi mai kyau kuma na asali a cikin yaƙi da ƙwayoyin cuta, dubun-dubatar aikace-aikace an haɓaka a ƙasashe da yawa don taimakawa, sa ido da yanke shawara mafi kyau. Akwai manhajoji kamar ɗaya daga Cibiyar Jami'ar Johns Hopkins wanda a yau yana da ziyarar biliyan 3.  Dashboard Venezuela da JHU

Esri ya ƙaddamar da COVID GIS Hub, shin wannan fasahar za ta iya taimakawa wajen yaƙar wasu cututtukan a nan gaba?

ArcGIS HUB wata cibiya ce ta kayan aiki na musamman don gano dukkan aikace-aikacen a wuri guda kuma zazzage bayanai don bincike kai tsaye, a wannan lokacin akwai kusan COVID HUB ga kowace .asa. za ta sami bayyanannun bayanai ga dukkanin masana kimiyya da likitanci da duk wani mai sha'awar taimakawa.

Shin kuna ganin cewa yawan amfani da geotechnologies wani ƙalubale ne ko dama ce?

Dama ce ba tare da wata shakka ba, don sanya duk bayanan, yana ba da dama don nazari wanda zai ba ku damar ƙwarewa da hankali sosai kuma wannan yana da mahimmanci a cikin wannan sabuwar gaskiyar.

Kuna la'akari da cewa akwai babban bambanci a cikin haɗakar fasahar geospatial a Venezuela game da sauran duniya? Shin rikicin na yanzu ya rinjayi aiwatarwa ko ci gaban geotechnologies?

Babu shakka akwai bambanci saboda rikicin da ake ciki a yanzu, rashin saka hannun jari a cikin hukumomin gwamnati ya yi mummunar illa, misali a ayyukan gwamnati (Ruwa, Wutar Lantarki, Gas, Telephony, Intanet, da sauransu) sun kasance daga jihar, ba su da fasahohi a cikin ƙasa kuma kowace ranar jinkiri da ke wucewa ba tare da yin waɗannan aiwatarwar ba matsalolin da suke tarawa kuma sabis ba zai yi ba idan bai ƙara yin muni ba, a gefe guda kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, (rarraba abinci, wayar hannu, Ilimi, Talla, Bankuna, Tsaro, da sauransu) suna amfani da fasahar kere kere sosai kuma kuna daidaita da kowa.

Me yasa ESRI ke ci gaba da fare akan Venezuela? Waɗanne ƙawance ko haɗin gwiwa kuke da su kuma waɗanne ne za su zo?

Mu Esri Venezuela, mun kasance farkon mai rarraba Esri a wajen Amurka, muna da kyakkyawar al'ada a cikin ƙasar, muna aiwatar da ayyuka waɗanda suka zama misali ga sauran duniya, muna da babban taron masu amfani waɗanda koyaushe suke ƙidaya a kanmu kuma wannan sadaukarwar da aka yi musu yana motsa mu. A Esri mun tabbata cewa dole ne mu ci gaba da yin fare akan Venezuela kuma cewa amfani da GIS shine ainihin abin da zai taimaka don gina kyakkyawar makoma.

Dangane da ƙawance da haɗin gwiwa, muna da ƙawancen ƙawancen abokan kasuwanci a cikin ƙasa, wanda ya ba mu damar aiki a duk kasuwanni, muna ci gaba da neman sabbin abokan tarayya a wasu fannoni na ƙwarewa. Kwanan nan suka gudanar da "Taron Gargajiya da Fasahar Masana'antu". Shin za ku iya gaya mana menene Smart City, shin ya yi daidai da birni na dijital? Kuma me kuke tsammani Caracas zai rasa - alal misali - don zama Smart City

Smart City birni ne mai ingantaccen birni, yana nufin wani nau'in ci gaban birane dangane da ci gaba mai ɗorewa wanda ke iya amsawa daidai gwargwadon bukatun cibiyoyi, kamfanoni, da mazauna kansu, duka a tattalin arziki, kamar yadda yake a cikin aiki, zamantakewa da kuma yanayin muhalli. Ba irin wannan bane cewa Digital City birni ne na Dijital City, shine mataki na gaba, Caracas birni ne wanda yake da magajin gari 5 daga cikin waɗannan akwai 4 waɗanda tuni suna kan hanyar zama Smart City muna ci gaba jagorantar su a cikin Tsara, Motsi, Tattaunawa da gudanar da bayanai kuma mafi mahimmancin dangane da 'yan ƙasa. ArcGIS Hub Venezuela

Menene, gwargwadon ma'auninku, menene mahimman hanyoyin ƙasa don samun canjin dijital na biranen? Menene fa'idodin da fasahar ESRI ke bayarwa musamman don cimma wannan?

A gare ni, wani abu mai mahimmanci don cimma nasarar Canjin Dijital shine a sami rajista na dijital kuma ana samun ta a kowane wuri, lokaci da na’ura, a kan wannan rajista duk bayanan da ake buƙata za a ɗaga kan Sufuri, Laifuka, idarancin idata, Tattalin Arziki, Lafiya, Tsare-tsare, Abubuwan da suka faru, da dai sauransu. Za a raba wannan bayanin ga 'yan ƙasa kuma za su kasance masu matukar mahimmanci idan ba su dace da zamani ba kuma suna da inganci. Hakan zai taimaka wajen yanke hukunci a ainihin lokacin kuma magance matsalolin al'umma. Mu a Esri muna da takamaiman kayan aiki a kowane bangare don cimma burin canjin dijital.

A cikin wannan juyin juya halin masana'antu na huɗu, wanda ke kawo maƙasudin kafa haɗin haɗin kai tsakanin birane (Smart City), samfurin tsarin (Digital Twins) a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, ta yaya GIS ya shiga azaman kayan aikin sarrafa bayanai masu ƙarfi? Dayawa suna tunanin cewa BIM shine yafi dacewa da matakan da suka danganci wannan.

Da kyau Esri da Autodesk sun yanke shawarar yin tarayya don tabbatar da wannan gaskiyar GIS da BIM sun dace sosai a wannan lokacin, muna da hanyoyin haɗin mu da ƙashin BIM kuma duk bayanan ana iya ɗora su a cikin aikace-aikacen mu, abin da masu amfani ke tsammani shine mai gaskiya duk bayanai da bincike a cikin yanayi guda ɗaya mai yiwuwa ne a yau tare da ArcGIS.

Kuna ganin ESRI ta kusanci haɗin GIS + BIM daidai?

Haka ne, a gare ni a kowace rana tare da sababbin masu haɗawa tsakanin fasaha, nazarin da za a iya aiwatarwa yana ba mu mamaki ta hanya mai kyau. Kamar yadda kuka ga juyin halitta dangane da amfani da na'urori masu auna sigina don kama bayanai na duniya. Mun san cewa wayoyin hannu na sirri suna ci gaba da aika bayanan da ke da alaƙa da wani wuri. Mene ne mahimmancin bayanan da mu kanmu muke samarwa, shin takobi mai kaifi biyu ne?

Duk bayanan da aka samar dasu tare da wadannan na'urori masu auna sigina suna da ban sha'awa, hakan yana bamu damar nazarin bayanai da yawa game da makamashi, sufuri, tattara albarkatu, kaifin kwakwalwa, hangen nesa, da sauransu. Ko da yaushe akwai shakku idan ana amfani da wannan bayanin ba daidai ba zai iya zama cutarwa, amma tabbas akwai ƙarin fa'idodi ga birni da kuma sanya shi ya zama mai sauƙi ga duk waɗanda muke zaune a ciki.

Hanyoyi da dabaru na samun bayanai da kamawa yanzu ana jagorantar su don samun bayanai a cikin ainihin lokacin, aiwatar da amfani da na'urori masu auna firikwensin nesa kamar jirage marasa matuka, wadanda ya yi imanin zai iya faruwa tare da amfani da na'urori masu auna sigina kamar su tauraron dan adam da na’urar hangen nesa, tare da lura da cewa bayanin ba nan da nan ba.

Bayanai na lokaci-lokaci abu ne da duk masu amfani suke so kuma kusan hakan a kowane gabatarwa wacce tambaya ce ta tilas wacce wani ya yanke shawarar tambaya, jirage marasa matuka sun taimaka matuka wajen gajertar wadannan lokutan kuma muna da, misali, kyakkyawan sakamako don sabunta hoto da samfura na hawa, amma har yanzu drones suna da iyakancewar jirgin da sauran batutuwan fasaha wadanda suke sanya tauraron dan adam da radar kyakkyawan zabi ga wasu nau'ikan aiki. Haɗin kai tsakanin fasahar biyu ya dace. A yanzu haka akwai wani aiki da ke gudana da tauraron dan adam masu ƙanƙantar da kai don sa ido kan ƙasa a cikin ainihin lokacin ta amfani da fasaha ta wucin gadi. Wanne ya nuna cewa tauraron dan adam yana da lokaci mai tsawo don amfani.

Waɗanne fasahohin fasaha ne masu alaƙa da yanayin ƙasa ke amfani da manyan biranen yanzu? Ta yaya kuma a ina ya kamata aiki ya fara isa wannan matakin?

Kusan dukkanin manyan biranen suna da GIS, wannan shine farkon farawa, don samun kyakkyawar ƙa'ida tare da duk matakan da ake buƙata a cikin Tsarin Bayanan Bayanai na Sararin samaniya (IDE) wanda ke haɗin gwiwa tsakanin sassa daban-daban waɗanda suke tare a cikin gari inda kowane sashi yake Layer mamallakin da ke da alhakin sabuntawa, wannan zai taimaka wa Nazari, Tsare-tsare da alaƙa da 'yan ƙasa.

Bari muyi magana game da Academia GIS Venezuela, shin an samu karbuwa sosai? Wadanne layukan bincike ne masu ilimin ke bayarwa?

Haka ne, mu a Esri Venezuela muna matukar jin dadin karbuwa na mu Kwalejin GISMuna da kwasa-kwasai da yawa a kowane mako, da yawa da suka yi rajista, muna ba da dukkanin kwasa-kwasan Esri na hukuma, amma ban da haka mun ƙirƙiri tayin kwasa-kwasan keɓaɓɓu a cikin Geomarketing, Muhalli, Man Fetur, Geodesign da Cadastre. Hakanan mun ƙirƙiri fannoni na musamman a waɗancan yankuna waɗanda dama suna da kotunan digiri na biyu. A halin yanzu muna da sabon kwas akan kayan ArcGIS Urban wanda gabaɗaya yaren Spanish da Ingilishi, wanda aka kirkira gaba ɗaya a Esri Venezuela kuma ana amfani dashi don horar da wasu masu rarraba a Latin Amurka. Farashinmu na matukar taimakawa.

Shin kuna la'akari da cewa tayin karatun don horar da ƙwararren GIS a Venezuela yayi daidai da gaskiyar yanzu?

Haka ne, babban buƙatar da muke da ita ta tabbatar da shi, An ƙirƙiri kwasa-kwasanmu ne gwargwadon abin da ake buƙata a wannan lokacin a Venezuela, an ƙirƙiri fannonin ne gwargwadon buƙatun ƙwadago na ƙasar, duk waɗanda suka gama fannoni ana ɗaukar su aiki kai tsaye ko sami mafi kyawun tayin aiki.

Shin kuna ganin cewa buƙatun ƙwararru waɗanda ke da alaƙa ta kut da kut da sarrafa bayanan sararin samaniya zai kasance mafi girma nan gaba?

Haka ne, wannan ya riga ya zama gaskiya a yau, tarin bayanai suna da mahimmanci a kowace rana inda ya faru ko inda yake kuma hakan yana ba mu damar haɓaka da hankali, ana ƙirƙirar sabbin ƙwararru, masana kimiyyar bayanai (Masana kimiyyar bayanai) da masu nazari (Masana sarari) kuma ina da yakinin cewa a nan gaba za a samar da karin bayanai da yawa wadanda za su zo ta hanyar muhallinsu daga asali kuma za a bukaci wasu kwararru da yawa da za su yi aiki da wannan bayanin

Me kuke tunani game da gasa tsakanin kullun GIS na kyauta da na masu zaman kansu.

Gasar tana da kyau a wurina saboda wannan yana sa mu dage, haɓakawa da ci gaba da ƙirƙirar samfuran mafi inganci. Esri yana bin duk ƙa'idodin OGC, A cikin ba da samfuranmu akwai wadatattun hanyoyin buɗewa da buɗe bayanai

Waɗanne matsaloli ne na gaba a cikin duniyar GIS? Kuma menene mafi mahimmancin canjin da kuka gani tun kafuwar sa?

Ba tare da wata shakka ba, akwai Chaalubalen da dole ne mu ci gaba da haɓaka, Lokaci na ainihi, ilimin Artificial, 3D, Hotuna da Haɗin gwiwa tsakanin ƙungiyoyi. Babban canjin da na gani shine yadda ake amfani da dandalin ArcGIS a cikin dukkan masana'antu, a kowane wuri, na'ura da lokaci, mun kasance software wanda ya san yadda ake amfani da kwararru kawai, a yau akwai aikace-aikacen da kowa yayi iya ɗauka ba tare da samun kowane irin horo ko ilimi na gaba ba.

Shin kuna ganin cewa bayanan sararin samaniya zai kasance cikin sauki a nan gaba? Idan akayi la'akari da cewa domin wannan ya faru dole ne su bi ta matakai da yawa

Ee, na gamsu da cewa bayanan da zasu zo nan gaba zasu kasance a bude kuma a sawwake. Hakan zai taimaka wajen haɓaka bayanan, sabuntawa da haɗin kai tsakanin mutane. Ilimin hankali na wucin gadi zai taimaka da yawa don sauƙaƙe waɗannan ayyukan, makomar bayanan sararin samaniya zai kasance da ban sha'awa ƙwarai ba tare da wata shakka ba.

Kuna iya gaya mana game da wasu ƙawancen da zasu kasance a wannan shekara da sababbi masu zuwa.

Esri zai ci gaba da girma a cikin jama'arta na abokan kasuwanci da haɗuwa da jami'o'in da zasu taimaka mana ƙirƙirar ƙawancen ƙungiyar GIS mai ƙarfi, a wannan shekara za mu haɗu da ƙungiyoyi da yawa, ƙungiyoyin da ke kula da taimakon agaji da ƙungiyoyin da ke farkon layi na taimakawa wajen shawo kan cutar COVID-19.

Duk wani abu da zan so in ƙara

A Esri Venezuela muna da shekaru a cikin shirin don taimakawa Jami'o'in, muna kiran wannan aikin Smart Campus wanda muke da tabbacin zamu iya magance matsalolin da ke cikin harabar waɗanda suke kamanceceniya da matsalolin birni. Wannan aikin ya riga ya kammala ayyukan 4 na Jami'ar Tsakiyar Venezuela, Jami'ar Simón Bolívar, Jami'ar Zulia da Jami'ar Metropolitan. Makarantar UCVFarashin UCV3DKebul Smart Campus

Moreari mafi

Wannan hira da wasu an buga su a cikin Buga na 6 na Mujallar Twingeo. Twingeo yana da cikakkiyar damar ku don karɓar labaran da suka shafi Geoengineering don fitowar ta ta gaba, tuntuɓe mu ta imel ɗin edita@geofumadas.com da edita@geoingenieria.com. Har zuwa bugu na gaba.

 

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