#GIS - ArcGIS Pro Course - daga karce

Koyi ArcGIS Pro Easy - hanya ce da aka tsara don masu sha'awar GIS waɗanda ke son koyon yadda ake amfani da wannan software ta Esri, ko masu amfani da nau'ikan da suka gabata waɗanda ke fatan sabunta ilimin su ta hanyar da ta dace. ArcGIS Pro shine sabon sigar mafi mashahuri kasuwancin GIS software, yana ƙarewa da ArcMap 10x.

A hanya an tsara ta Golgi Alvarez, bisa ga tsarin AulaGEO:

  • Dukkan wannan yankin,
  • Ayyukan da wani gwani ya yi, ya bayyana a fili,
  • Yi tafiya a hankalinka, tare da samun dama ga rayuwa,
  • Hanya don yin tambayoyi lokacin da kake so,
  • Abubuwan da bayanai da aka samo don saukewa,
  • Samun dama daga na'urorin hannu,
  • A cikin Mutanen Espanya da Ingilishi.

Kwas din ya kunshi bangarori shida; A cikin biyar na farko, muna aiki tare da bayanai a matakin ƙasa, muna koyo mataki-mataki yadda ake yin abubuwan yau da kullun akan wannan bayanan. A cikin sashe na 6 muna aiki akan tsari na biyu, kuma ana gudanar da atisaye akan kaddarorin sannu-sannu, daga shigo da bayanai daga AutoCAD / Excel zuwa yin maganganu masu rikitarwa da jigogi bisa lamuran haɗin waje.

Samun Shirin Mutanen Espanya

Samun Jagoranci a Turanci

Da ke ƙasa akwai taƙaitaccen abun ciki.

1 sashe. Basics of ArcGIS Pro

Bari mu fara tare da ArcGIS Pro.  A cikin wannan aji, an gabatar da sabon tsarin aikin, tare da gudanar da abun ciki a cikin ɓangaren hagu da kuma bayanan bayanai a ɓangaren dama. Ana yin ta ta bin motsa jiki ta amfani da bayanai daga filayen jirgin sama a duk duniya, tuntuɓar bayanai game da su da kuma ƙoƙarin zama sananne da babban kintinkiri da kayan aikin.

Zaɓin Bayanan  A cikin wannan aji kuna koyon hanyoyi daban-daban na zaɓar abubuwa, duka ta zaɓaɓɓu a kan mabuɗin kuma ya dogara da abubuwan layi da na sarari. Daga yanzu, ana aiwatar da dukkan ayyuka a yanki guda ɗaya a matakin ƙasa.

Yankin Yanki (Alamomin shafi). Anan an ayyana shi azaman kafa yankuna masu zaɓi cikin sauri, don iya kewaya ta hanyar da ta dace. Ana yin wannan aikin ta amfani da sabis na hoto na tauraron dan adam (hoton duniya) kuma yana nuna yadda ake ƙirƙira, gungurawa, zuƙowa, gyara ko share yankin sha'awa (alamar shafi).

Sashe na 2. Kirkira da gyara bayanan sarari.

Ƙara bayanai daga Excel. Wannan ya hada da mataki-mataki, yadda ake saka bayanan sarari daga teburin daidaitawa na Excel. Ana amfani da haɗin gwiwar ƙasa a wannan yanayin; a cikin motsa jiki daga baya koyaushe zaku saka haɗin Excel UTM. Tabbas, a cikin wannan da sauran ayyukan an haɗa fayilolin don samun damar maimaita aji.

Data Symbology Wannan rukunin ya haɗa da amfani da alamun kwatanci bisa ga ma'aunin tebur. Ana amfani da yankuna a matakin kasa don wannan, wanda yayi daidai a wannan aikin (Madagascar).

Ana gyara bayanin haɗin.  Nan a kan wannan ƙasa zaba al'amurran kamar gyara alphanumeric data aka bayyana, gyara da kuma ƙara ginshikan da kirga ajiya yankin da kuma allunan bisa wani aikin shirya tsarin.

Labarin halaye.  Yanzu, an bayyana yadda za a kawo bayanan bayanan abu kuma sanya su bayyane azaman sifofi (lakabi). An bayyana yadda za a yi shi don polygons, layi da maki; kazalika da fannoni masu alaƙa da fuskantarwar lakabin.

Ƙididdigar bayanai na ƙasa.  Ana bayyana kayan aikin gyaran bayanan sararin samaniya.

Hotunan georeferencing.  A nan, ta yin amfani da bayanan da aka sani a kan hoton, ana yin georeferencing dangane da layin sararin samaniya.

3 sashe. Bayanin bayanai

Rabin tasiri - Buffer.  An bayyana yadda za a zabi bayanan sararin samaniya kuma a kan wannan ya shafi jigilar tashar tasiri, zaɓi irin alignment, irin karshen.

4 sashe. Buga abun ciki tare da ArcGIS Pro

Generation of Maps. Anan munyi bayanin yadda ake gina akwati don bugawa, muna bayanin yadda ake kara abubuwa zuwa taswirar kamar sikelin zane, alamomin jigo, alamar arewa, da sauransu. Hakanan yana bayanin yadda za'a fitar da taswirar zuwa wasu tsare-tsare (pdf, png, jpg, eps, da sauransu) don bugawa ko kallo tare da shirye-shiryen da aka saba amfani dasu.

6 sashe. Bari muyi shi - mataki na mataki zuwa mataki

A wannan ɓangaren, a karo na biyu, ƙaramin yanki na aiki, ana yin atisayen da ake amfani da su don ɗawainiya ɗaya akan al'amuran mallakar ƙasa. Suna tuna yankin da cewa za mu juya zuwa samfurin dijital daga hotunan, ta amfani da About3D, AutoDesk Recap kuma wanda muke girgije girgije zuwa Civil3D. Da kyau, ana yin motsa jiki masu zuwa akan wannan yanki ta amfani da ArcGIS Pro, tare da ƙarin bidiyo mai bayani. Bayanin shigarwa, fayilolin da ake buƙata don yin aikin, da sakamakon fitarwa don gwaji an haɗa su don duk motsa jiki.

Abubuwa na canji daga ArcMap zuwa ArcGIS Pro. A cikin wannan rukunin, ana yin yawon shakatawa na ArcGIS Pro, aikin sa, ana yin bayanin manyan canje-canje, fa'idodi, da kuma tasirin wannan sigar idan aka kwatanta da ArcMap. An bayyana kowane bangare na babban abin kwalliya, ina manyan ayyuka da kuma karfinsu karkashin sake fasalin da ArcGIS Pro yake da shi.

E1 jercicio. Shigar da kaddarorin daga tashar AutoCAD zuwa GIS. Auki fayil ɗin dwg daga AutoCAD / Microstation, kuma gwada shigo da shi daga ArcGIS Pro; bayanin abin da za a yi yayin da sigar ba ta da tallafi. Anyi bayanin bangarori kamar rarrabuwa da abubuwa ta hanyar Layer, kawar da abubuwa marasa amfani kamar bakin wannan titin wanda yayi yawa, jujjuya fasalin fasali da jujjuya abubuwan da yakamata su zama polygons amma hakan yazo ne kamar yadda yake polygons na ginin, rukunin layuka wanda yakamata ya zama ɗaya a cikin yanayin asalin kogin, gidaje da lagoon. Fiye da duka, ta yaya waɗannan abubuwan CAD suka zama matakan GIS.

Aiki 2. Gyara wani shafin daga wuraren GPS a cikin tsarin UTM. A kan aikin da aka shigo da shi daga AutoCAD, an kawo saitin haɗin haɗin da aka samu tare da GPS waɗanda ke cikin tsarin UTM don yin ɓarnatar da dukiya. Wannan darasi ya hada da ayyukan shigo da tsarin hada-hadar a cikin tsari na XY, sanya musu aikin WGS84, shiyya sannan kuma canza su zuwa gareshi a taswirar. A kan waɗannan, zaɓi don ƙirƙirar ƙaramin yanki, sarrafa ƙwanƙwasa don ƙididdige ragin, lissafin kewayen da yankin duka a muraba'in murabba'i har ma da sauyawa da adanawa a wani shafi kamar hectare ana amfani da su.

Aiki 3. Haɗuwa da filayen ƙididdiga masu yawa. Wannan aikin na musamman ne. Yana kulawa, yana ci gaba tare da haɓaka kayan ƙasa, an bayyana yadda ake yin hadaddun hanyoyin haɗi, kamar maɓallin cadastral wanda ya dogara da tsakiya a cikin hanyar P-coordinateX, daidaitawa, dash sannan lamba.

Aiki 4. Buffer Analysis. A kan kogin da ya keta dukiyar, ana aiwatar da lissafin yankin tasirin, ta amfani da abin adon mita 15 daga bakin babban kogin da kuma mita 7.5 a cikin rafin. Bugu da ƙari, an nuna yadda za a warware don samun polygon guda ɗaya na yankin tasiri.

Aiki 5. Labarin halaye. Yanzu, azaman ci gaba da aiki tare da kadarorin, an bayyana yadda ake ƙirƙirar maganganu don sarkar bayanai daban-daban daga ginshiƙan tebur daban-daban a cikin tambarin. A wannan yanayin, maɓallin cadastral ɗin da muka ƙirƙira a baya, da yankin da ke ƙara A = kafin ƙimar. Ari, yana bayanin yadda ake juya lakabin, a cikin yanayin sunayen kogin, da kuma yadda za a yi amfani da tasiri na musamman da kuma tsara salon rubutun.

Aiki 6. Ƙaddamar da halaye. Wannan ɓangaren karatun yana koyar da yadda, bisa lafazin bayanan, abubuwan kaddarorin za a iya sanya su, ta amfani da ƙa'idodi da ayyukan ArcGIS Pro. Ana haɗa tebur na Excel inda masu mallakar kaddarorin suke, kuma ana yin binciken ne game da kadarorin da Suna da yanayi na musamman, misali inda mai shi yake da suna "Juan", inda babu katin shaida sannan kuma an tsara shi bisa la'akari.

Aiki 7. Tallafin ƙididdigar  Wannan aji an mai da hankali kan fannonin ƙirƙira da gyara bayanan sarari. Anyi bayanin dabarun digitization kamar yin rami a cikin makirci daga lagoon, yadda ake cika polygon din ta hanyar amfani da auto-kammala ko yadda za'a zana tare da kogi ta hanyar amfani da kayan aikin da aka gano.

Aiki 8. Hotunan georeferencing. Anan, samun hoto wanda daga can aka san haɗin UTM, ana yin georeferencing. Ba kamar motsa jiki a cikin sashin da ya gabata ba, ana yin gyaran ne bisa ga waɗannan ƙididdigar da aka zana a matsayin matatar X, Y. Akwai yiwuwar samun wasu kwasa-kwasan ArcGIS Pro.

Da zarar ka samo hanya, za ka iya samun damar yin amfani da shi don rayuwa kuma ka karbi shi a matsayinka sau da yawa kamar yadda ka ke so.

A cikin Mutanen Espanya

A Turanci

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