Download Google Earth ga yankunan utm

Wannan fayil ɗin ya ƙunshi yankuna UTM a cikin tsarin kmz. Da zarar an sauke shi dole ne a zazzage shi.

Sauke fayil a nan

UTM zones google duniya

Sauke fayil a nan

Kamar dai yadda aka ambata ... masu gabatar da labarin yanki sun fito ne daga rarrabuwa duniya zuwa bangarori kamar yadda muke apple, zazzagewarorin a tsaye sukeyi (da ake kira tsayi) kuma tsaka-tsaki tsaka mai layi (wanda ake kira latitudes).

Don yin la'akari da latitudes shine ɓangare na equator, arewa ko kudu daga zero zuwa 90 digiri a kwakoki kuma waɗannan biyu halves ake kira hemispheres.

Dangane da dogaye, waɗannan ana fara lissafa su daga Greenwich meridian da ake kira da sifirin meridian zuwa gabas, an jera su har sai sun kai digiri 180, inda wannan meridian ɗin ta raba duniya (ana kiranta antemeridian), ana kiran wannan rabin " Gabas ". Sannan sauran rabin ana kiran shi Yamma, gabaɗaya ana wakiltar W (yamma), meridians suna farawa daga Greenwich amma a kishiyar shugabanci daga sifili zuwa digiri 180.

1 geographic amfani da shi

Ta haka ne jagora a Spain zai iya zama Latsa 39 N da tsawon 3 W, wani haɗin kai a Peru zai zama Latitude 10 S da 74 W. na tsawon lokaci.

Wannan hanyar tantance abubuwan haɗin da ba shi da alaƙa da can sama da matakin teku, tunda veto ne wanda yake farawa daga tsakiyar duniya zuwa saman, wannan shine tsinkayen da Google Earth ke amfani da shi, kuma wannan ita ce hanya na tsarawa da fayilolin kml ke amfani da su, bugu da aari ana ƙara spheroid wanda yake shine hanya don kimanta saman duniya don dalilai masu aunawa. Google yana amfani da WGS84 azaman mahimmin bayani (duk da cewa akwai kayan aikin da zasu baka damar shigar da haɗin UTM zuwa Google Earth). Babban fa'idar wannan tsinkayen shine cewa daidaitawa na musamman ne a doron ƙasa, kodayake gudanar da aiki don ƙididdige tazara ko buguwa ba shi da amfani ga "waɗanda ba masu ilimin ƙasa ba".

Ƙungiyoyin UTM

Atesididdigar UTM ta dogara ne akan ra'ayin yin la'akari da spheroid daga ƙirar silsilar Traverso de Mercator. Meraidiyoyi ne ke raba duniya koyaushe, a bangarorin digiri shida wadanda suka hada jimillar 60, ana kiran wadannan yankuna. Lambobin waɗannan yankuna yana farawa daga antemeridian, daga sifili zuwa 60 daga yamma zuwa gabas.

Yankunan da ke samar da daidaito sun tafi daga 84 S zuwa 80 N, kuma an ƙidaya su tare da haruffa waɗanda ke zuwa daga C zuwa X (an cire “I” da “O”), kowane ɓangare yana da digiri 8 na latitude banda X wanda yake da digiri 12.

Ana amfani da A, B, Y, Z musamman ga iyakar polar; Google ba ya hada da wannan sashi saboda yana buƙatar ƙididdigar infinitesimal a cikin wani yanki na sha'awa kawai ga polar bears :).

1 geographic amfani da shi

1 geographic amfani da shiA cikin dukkanin yankunan 60 sune digiri na 6 kowanne, kazalika

  • Mexico ya fada tsakanin yankunan 11 da 16
  • Honduras a cikin 16 da kuma sashi a 17
  • Peru tsakanin 17 da 19
  • Spain tsakanin 29 da 31.

 

Ididdigar spheroid mai nuni zuwa matakin teku yana sanya baka da aka kafa ta waɗannan layukan suna da ma'aunai waɗanda suke kamanceceniya da gaskiyar ma'aunin gida. Wannan bayanin spheroid din, a da (sananne a Latin Amurka) shine NAD27, a halin yanzu ana amfani da NAD83 sosai, wanda mutane da yawa suka sani WGS84. Ta hanyar samun bayanai daban-daban na kwance, grids na duka spheroids sun bambanta.

Ƙungiyar 16Don haka yanki yana da farawa x, y daidaitawa, a game da Amurka ta Tsakiya, iyaka tsakanin yanki 15 da 16 yana da kusan daidaitawar 178,000 kuma yana zuwa sama ko ƙasa da 820,000. Wannan zangon daidaitawa iri daya ne ga kowane yanki, a daidai wannan filin amma mun bayyana, ba layin orthogonal bane amma don dalilai ne na auna gida, yayi kamanceceniya. Iyakokin da ke tsakanin yankuna suna rufe, amma duk wani ɓangare na tsakiya, inda akwai madaidaiciyar ƙawancen tsaye wanda tsawonsa ya kai 300,000 da aka sani da "gabas ta ƙarya", don haka duka biyu zuwa hagu da dama na wannan meridian babu raka'a korau.
Latitude (Y hadewa) ya fara ne daga 0.00 a matakan kuma ya hau zuwa arewacin arewa tare da haɗin kusa da 9,300,000.

Taswirar da muka sani don dalilai na cadastral, tare da Sikeli 1: 10,000 ko 1: 1,000 ya fito daga bangare na wannan sashin, a cikin wani bayani na gaba yadda wannan bangare ta zo.

1 geographic amfani da shi

Geographic tsarawa, kamar 16N 35W ne na musamman, duk da haka, a UTM daidaita matsayin kasancewa X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 karkacewa daya batu maimaita ta a cikin 60 yankunan guda latitud, duka a cikin Arewa, kuma a cikin ta Kudu. Yana bukatar wani yanki da kuma ayyana yammancin duniya inda shi nasa.

8 Amsoshi zuwa "Zazzage wuraren utm na Google Earth"

  1. Ba zai yiwu ba Za'a iya maimaita daidaitattun kayan aiki a akalla sau biyu a cikin x da y na yankunan 60

  2. Shin akwai wata hanyar da za'a iya lissafa abubuwanda suke da igiyoyin UTM?

  3. Na yi shekaru 4 ina karanta batutuwa a kan shafinku. Gaskiyar ita ce, na zazzage yankuna UTM a cikin GEarth. Ina da taswirar taswirar samaniya ta Nicaraguan (waɗancan zanen gado waɗanda suke "auna" 10 ′ latitude x 15 ′ Longitude. Manufar ita ce a kawo su GEarth ta hanyar da ta dace da shiyyoyin UTM. Ba ni da kyau tare da AutoCAD amma wani abu tare da Excel. Na yi ƙoƙarin warware shi kamar haka: A cikin Excel Ina da matakan kusurwar kowane yanki (a bayyane yake cewa ba a maimaita su a cikin maƙwabta makwabta), na yi .txt kuma tare da Geotrans na canza su zuwa UTM WGS84 tare da ra'ayin ɗaukar su zuwa AutoCAD, je zuwa DXF sannan zuwa .kml amma matsalata shine iyawata tare da AutoCAD.Wataƙila ina ɗaukar babban juyi, gaskiyar ita ce ba zan taɓa zana layuka ko polygons a cikin GEarth ba.Zan yi godiya idan za ku iya nuna duk wani shafin yanar gizonku da zai iya taimaka mini. Na gode sosai daga Managua.

  4. ban sha'awa, daga baya zan bukaci wasu koyaswa, godiya ga bayanin, byee

  5. ba daidai ba ne cewa aikace-aikacen ya rigaya a kan google duniya

  6. Babu wani abu da aka sauke. Hanya tana kaiwa zuwa wani labarin. Geofumadas ????

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