Add
ArcGIS-ESRIGeospatial - GIS

Ayyukan ESRI, menene su?

Wannan daya ne daga tambayoyin da mutane da yawa ke yiwa kansu, bayan taron ESRI mun zo tare da duk waɗannan adadin kundin adadi masu kyau amma a lokuta da dama suna haifar da rudani game da abin da na mamaye a cikin abin da nake son yi. Dalilin wannan bita shine don samar da haɗin abubuwan da samfuran ESRI suke, aikin su da farashin su don yanke shawara ta hanyar masu amfani waɗanda ke da niyyar siyan su.

A cikin wannan ɓangaren za mu ga samfurori na asali, daga baya za mu bincika kariyar na kowa, ko da yake ESRI har yanzu yana sayar da nauyin 3x (wanda har yanzu yana amfani da shi, za mu mayar da hankali ga sababbin 'yan kwanan nan (9.2)

Game da ArcGIS

image ArcGIS tarin kayan haɗin ESRI ne waɗanda aka tsara don ginawa, kiyayewa, da kuma haɓaka tsarin bayanin ƙasa (GIS), gami da tebur mai iya daidaitawa, sabar, sabis na yanar gizo, da damar wayar hannu. An fahimci cewa kamfanoni suna sayan waɗannan samfuran da yawa dangane da abin da suke buƙata, kayayyakin tushe na ArcGIS sune kamar haka:

ArcGIS 9.2

image Wannan kayan aiki ne don amfani da tebur, koda yaushe don gina bayanai, gyara, bincika kuma samar da samfurori don bugu ko bugawa.

Taswirar ArcGIS yayi daidai da AutoCAD a masana'antar AutoDesk ko Microstation a cikin Bentley; Yana da amfani ga ayyukan gama gari a cikin yankin GIS, idan kuna son yin abubuwa na musamman akwai wasu kari ko aikace-aikace, ana kiran wannan scalability jere daga ArcReader, kuma ya miƙa zuwa ArcView, ArcEditor, da ArcInfo. (Kodayake kamar yadda abokinmu Xurxo ya ce, ba za a iya daidaitawa ba saboda aikace-aikacen iri ɗaya ne tare da keɓaɓɓiyar hanyar haɗawa) Kowane ɗayan waɗannan ma'aunin yana nuna ƙarfin ci gaba waɗanda ke haɓaka da wasu ƙarin abubuwa.

ArcGIS Engine ita ce laburaren kayan aikin ci gaban tebur wanda masu shirye-shirye ke iya gina kayan aiki tare da aikin al'ada. Ta amfani da Injin ArcGIS, masu haɓakawa na iya faɗaɗa ayyuka a cikin aikace-aikacen da ake da su ko gina sabbin aikace-aikace don ƙungiyoyinsu ko sake siyarwa ga wasu masu amfani.

Ana amfani da ArcGIS Server, ArcIMS da ArcSDE don ƙirƙirar da yin aiki da aikace-aikacen uwar garken, wanda ke raba ayyukan GIS ko dai a cikin intanet ɗin ko kuma yayi wa jama'a ta hanyar Intanit.   Server ArcGIS babban aikace-aikacen da ake amfani dashi don gina GIS aikace-aikace daga gefen uwar garken kuma masu amfani a cikin kamfani suna yin amfani da su daga yanar gizo.  RUKIYA yana da taswirar taswira don buga bayanai, tashoshi ko mashafi akan yanar gizo ta amfani da ladaran Intanit na yau da kullum.  ArcSDE shi ne uwar garken bayanai don ci gaba don samun damar samar da bayanan kula da bayanai a cikin bayanan haɗin gwiwar. (Kafin mu sanya daya kwatanta wadannan Ayyukan IMS)

ArcPad tare da wayar hannu mara waya ana amfani dashi ko'ina don tuntuɓi ko tattara bayanai da bayanai a cikin filin, musamman ana amfani dasu akan na'urorin GPS ko PDAs. Ana amfani da ArcGIS Desktop da ArcGIS Injin da ke gudana a kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka ko kwamfutar hannu don yin ayyukan da ke buƙatar tattara bayanai, bincike, da yanke shawara.

Duk waɗannan shirye-shirye suna amfani da manufar geodatabase, wanda shine misali na tushen bayanan ƙasa wanda ArcGIS yayi amfani da shi (Tsarin ESRI mai mahimmanci, tare da iyakancewar canje-canje koyaushe tsakanin sigar). Ana amfani da geodatabase don wakiltar abubuwan duniya na zahiri a cikin ArcGIS kuma adana su a cikin bayanai. Geodatabase yana aiwatar da hikimar kasuwanci azaman saitin kayan aiki don samun dama da sarrafa bayanan bayanan ƙasa.

ArcView 9.2

image ArcView shine tsarin asali na ESRI don kallo, sarrafawa, ƙirƙirawa da nazarin bayanan yanayin ƙasa. Amfani da ArcView zaka iya fahimtar yanayin bayanan ƙasa, ba ka damar ganin alaƙar da ke tsakanin saiti da kuma gano yanayin ɗabi'a. ArcView yana taimakawa ƙungiyoyi da yawa don yanke shawara cikin sauri.

ArcView shine mashahuri mafi kyawun tsarin sarrafa bayanai na duniya (GIS) saboda yana samar da hanya mai sauƙi don amfani da bayanan. Tare da adadi mai yawa na alama da damar ƙasa zaka iya ƙirƙirar taswira masu inganci. ArcView yayi sarrafa bayanai, gyara na asali, da ayyuka masu wahala waɗanda mutane daban-daban suka haɓaka a ƙungiyar. Kusan kowane mai ba da bayanan ƙasa na iya samar da bayanansu a cikin tsarin tallafi na ArcView. Kuma gaskiyar cewa ana iya haɗa bayanai daga tushe daban-daban, ana iya farawa ayyukan yadda yakamata tare da bayanan da ake samu a cikin gida ko akan Intanet.   Farashin lasisin ArcView yana zuwa $ 1,500 don PC da $ 3,000 don lasisi mai iyo.  Akwai kuma wasu farashin musamman ga yankunan gari.

ArcView yana sauƙaƙa ƙididdigar rikitarwa da ayyukan gudanar da bayanai ta hanyar barin ayyuka su kasance masu kallo azaman samfurorin gani a cikin aikin aiki na hankali. ArcView yana da sauƙin amfani ga waɗanda ba ƙwararrun ƙwararrun masu amfani da su ba, kuma masu amfani da ci gaba za su iya amfani da kayan aikin na musamman don taswira, haɗa bayanai, da nazarin sarari. Masu haɓakawa na iya tsara ArcView ta amfani da yarukan da aka saba amfani dasu a masana'antar shirye-shirye. ArcView kayan aiki ne na yau da kullun don aikin tebur, daga cikin fasalolinsa na musamman da zamu iya ambata:

  • Gudanar da bayanan ƙasa don yin shawarwari mafi kyau
  • Duba ku kuma bincika bayanan sararin samaniya a sababbin hanyoyi
  • Gina sabon tarin samfurin lissafi sauƙi da sauri
  • Ƙirƙira taswira don bugawa ko rarraba high quality
  • Sarrafa fayiloli, bayanan bayanai da bayanan yanar gizo daga aikace-aikace daya
  • Shirya musanya ta hanyar ayyuka na masu amfani waɗanda suke buƙatar shiga cikin aikin.

ArcEditor 9.2

image ArcEditor cikakken tsari ne don aikace-aikacen GIS don gyarawa da sarrafa bayanan yanayin ƙasa. ArcEditor wani ɓangare ne na kunshin ArcGIS kuma ya haɗa da duk ayyukan ArcView kuma ƙari kuma ya ƙunshi wasu kayan aikin don gyara bayanai.

ArcEditor yana da fa'ida ta tallafawa ɗayan da mahara masu amfani waɗanda ke aiki a cikin ayyukan haɗin gwiwa. Saitin kayan aiki yana fadada damarku don tsaftacewa da ciyar da bayanai, gami da sarrafa hadaddun topologies da kuma adana ingantattun bayanai.  Farashin lasisin ArcEditor shine $ 7,000.

Wasu ayyukan da za a iya aiwatarwa tare da ArcEditor sune:

  • Ƙirƙiri ku gyara halayen GIS tare da kayan aikin gyaran vector na "CAD-style".
  • Gina manyan bayanan bincike na ayyukan fasaha
  • Ƙwararren ƙira, masu aiki da yawa-masu amfani
  • Gina da kuma kula da mutuncin sararin samaniya tare da haɗin kai tsakanin halayen geographic
  • Sarrafa da kuma bincika kayan geometries a cikin hanyar hanyoyin sadarwa
  • Ƙara yawan aiki a gyara
  • Sarrafa yanayi mai haɓakawa da kyau tare da bayanai tare da gyare-gyare da aka fassara
  • Ka ci gaba da kasancewa mutunci a tsakanin matakan da suka dace da karfi da kuma yin amfani da ƙirar tsarin gyare-tsaren tsarin da aka tsara don faɗakar da matakai a cikin tabbatarwa da sabunta bayanai.
  • Yin aiki tare da bayanan da aka cire a haɗe, gyarawa a filin kuma aiki tare.

ArcInfo 9.2

image ArcInfo ana ɗaukarsa cikakken tsarin kula da bayanan ƙasa (GIS) wanda ake samu daga layin ESRI. Ya haɗa da duk ayyukan ArcView da ArcEditor, ƙari kuma ya haɗa da abubuwan haɗin geoprocessing masu haɓaka da ƙarin damar sauya bayanai. Kwararrun masu amfani da GIS suna amfani da ArcInfo don ginin bayanai, samfuri, bincike da nuna taswira duka a kan allo da kuma a cikin ɗab'i ko rarraba kayayyakin ƙarshe. Farashin lasisin ArcInfo yana zuwa $ 9,000.

ArcInfo, tare da ayyukanta a cikin kunshin guda ɗaya (daga cikin akwati) yana da damar ƙirƙirar da sarrafa tsarin GIS mai rikitarwa. Ana iya samun wannan aikin a ƙarƙashin hanyar sadarwa da ake la'akari da "mai sauƙin amfani", ko aƙalla wanda za'a iya gane shi ta yaɗuwar amfaninsa wanda ya rage yanayin koyo sakamakon shahararsa. Waɗannan ayyukan ana iya gyare-gyare kuma ana iya ƙara su ta hanyar ƙira, rubutun rubutu da aikace-aikace na al'ada.

  • Gina samfurori masu mahimmanci ga ƙungiyoyi masu dangantaka, nazarin bayanan bayanai da haɗin shiga bayanai.
  • Aiwatar da zane-zane na hoto, kusanci da kuma nazari.
  • Ƙirƙirar abubuwan tare da haɗin linzamin da haɓaka abubuwa tare da halaye daban-daban na Layer.
  • Sauya bayanan zuwa kuma daga nau'ukan daban-daban.
  • Gina bayanai masu mahimmanci da samfurori na bincike, abstraction da rubutun don amfani da matakan GIS.
  • Buga taswirar taswira ta amfani da nuni, zane, bugu da kuma amfani da fasahar sarrafa bayanai.

...sabuntawa… Sigogin farko na ArcInfo sun dogara ne akan ɗaukar hoto na kan iyaka, kwatankwacin tunanin Microstation Geographics kuma waɗannan ana kiransu coverages (abu na iya raba halaye daban-daban). Sigogi 9.2 ba su da wannan mahimmancin, amma sun daidaita ƙirar fayil ɗin gaba.

...sabuntawa... Ko da yake ESRI yana da kayan aikin da aka fi sani a kasuwa, farashin yawanci ne don ƙwaƙwalwa don ƙuƙwalwar ido), ko da yake yana da daraja a faɗi cewa gaskiyar zama babban kamfanin yana kula da kwanciyar hankali na fasaha (duk da cewa ba shine mafi kyau bayani ba), duk da haka, wannan mummunan aiki ya tabbatar da raguwa a cikin tsarin ilmantarwa ... aunqeu akwai wasu zaɓuka.

A cikin gaba mai zuwa zamu bincika babban ArcGIS kari.

Don sayen kayayyakin ESRI, zaka iya tuntuɓar GeoTechnologies a tsakiyar Amurka da kuma Geo Systems a Spain

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

shafi Articles

15 Comments

  1. Yadda za a bude fayil din dwg na Autocad LT a cikin ArcGis 9.2

  2. Angel david, dole ne ku tuntuɓi ESRI kuma ku nemi lasisi, inshora ku sami lambar samfurin a akwatin asalin kuma lalle ku yi rajistar shi bayan aikawa da imel zuwa ESRI, don haka dole ne a rajista a cikin sunanku

  3. Idan lasisin ku na asali ne, lokacin da kuka girka, akwai zaɓi don shigar da manajan lasisi, wanda ke shigar da labura masu mahimmanci. Ko ta yaya, na fahimci cewa tallafin ESRI ya kamata ya iya taimaka muku da wannan.

    gaisuwa

  4. Da farko, taya murna a shafin, Ina da tambaya, duba, Ina da lasisin arcview 8.3, amma na tsara maq. kuma abin takaici na rasa wani file da uwar garken lasisi ke amfani da shi, kuma ban san yadda zan dawo da shi ba, lasisin yawo ne na inji guda 3 kuma na ɗan lokaci kaɗan tunda ba ni da hanyar yin aiki, ina da duk fayafan shirin. , amma babu komai, godiya a gaba

  5. Nath:
    To, akwai abubuwa da dama da za ku iya yi tare da sauran aikace-aikace.

    Idan zaka iya rufe horarwa, kada ka rasa damar, amma ka tabbata ka ɗauki hanyar abin da zaka iya juya zuwa samfurin kuma za ka iya saya lasisi.

    Don dalilan abin da kuke yi, ArcMap na iya zama fiye da isa, idan abin da kuke da shi shine aikin tebur. Ƙirƙiri taswira, buga su, nuna su, sabunta su.

    Idan kun riga kuna so ku gudanar da bayanai don wallafe-wallafe a kan yanar gizo, mataki shine zuwa ArcIMS, ko da yake saboda wannan, ci gaba da kwamfuta da kudi mai yawa suna da hannu, saboda lasisi suna da tsada.

    Don dalilan da aka kama a filin, tare da aljihu ko PDA sannan kuma saukewa a cikin PC, mataki shine zuwa ArcPad.

    Don manufar nuna nunawa a cikin girman 3, saurin jirgin sama da wadancan abubuwan hauka, mataki zai kasance zuwa ArcGlobe da 3D bincike

    Ya dogara da abin da kuke so da abin da za ku iya yi ... amma idan sun biya ku kwasa-kwasan, to, kada ku rasa su kuma idan za su iya siyan muku lasisi, Arc2Earth zai dace da shi, ba shi da tsada sosai kuma yana ba ku damar haɗuwa da Google Earth

    gaisuwa

  6. Godiya, idan na fahimta daidai ... Arc Gis ya hada da cikin Arc Reader, Arc Scen, Arc Globe, Arc Catalog da kuma ARc Map wanda idan nayi aiki dashi ana kiran shi Arc View.
    Ina sabon amfani da software, duk da haka ina tsammanin na zauna a cikin Arc Map, menene zan iya bincika da cimma tare da sauran kayan aiki?
    Yanzu ina da damar da zan nemi wasu darussa amma menene? Zan iya buƙatar fadada sani. Don zama aikin da ya fi dacewa tare da wuraren cibiyoyi a ko'ina cikin ƙasata kuma menene zan iya samun ruwan 'ya'yan itace zuwa wadannan shirye-shirye?

    dubu godiya

  7. Hello!

    Haka kuma ba shine wuri mafi kyau don tambayar wannan ba, saboda haka ina cikin hannun mai gudanarwa don wuri mafi kyau.

    A cikin ArcGis, idan ka yi magana da juna sannan ka yi ƙoƙari ka yanke shi, zai rasa babban ƙuduri, wanda zai san yadda za a yi shi don kiyaye shi a matsayin mai kyau?

    Muchas gracias

  8. Kuna yin shi ta hanyar mai sarrafa lasisi

    Daga windows:
    gida / shirye-shirye / ArcGIS / lasisin sarrafawa / lasisin kayan aiki

    to a cikin panel da aka kunna, za ka je "server status" sa'an nan zabi "list all Active Licenses" da kuma danna maballin "perform status enquiry"

    Ya kamata in lissafa lasisi da suke samuwa.

    ... idan ArcGIS bai fashe ba ...

  9. wani ya san ta hanyar umarni yadda za'a san adadin lasisi lasisi ta uwar garken lasisin arcgis

  10. menene suke? tare da wadanda farashin don sauke pirated haha

  11. ... zai zama mizanin ESRI ... mizaninka, naka naka, mizanin mallakar ka ...

    a takaice, misali na kowa. 🙁

    gaisuwa da godiya ga karfafawa, lokacin da na so in kammala aikin

  12. Abin da dole ne ya zama dole a rubuta irin wannan dogon lokaci, mai yawa da cikakken bayani akan gidan ESRI !!!

    Af, ban san cewa ArcPAD ya sami isa ga "misali" Geodatabases

    Arfafawa, yanzu ci gaba tare da dangin Intergraph, dangin MapInfo,…!

    Za a sami rayuwa a waje da software mai mallakar?

  13. Kuna da gaskiya game da farashin, sun yi rauni sosai. Godiya ga fayyace abubuwan arcinfo, watakila mutane kaɗan ne suka lura da yadda ESRI ta ɓace ainihin manufar ɗaukar hoto daga wurin aiki na farko.

    Lokacin da na dawo daga raguwa zan yi kallo don yin bayani.

    gaisuwa

  14. Wasu maganganu:

    «... wannan ana kiransa daidaitawa wanda ke zuwa daga ArcReader, kuma ya faɗaɗa zuwa ArcView, ArcEditor da ArcInfo ...»

    Mutum, yana da ban dariya, daidaitawar ita ce idan ka biya ka bari ka yi amfani da software tare da ƙarin aiki ko žasa? Bambanci tsakanin ArcGIS Desktop a yanayin ArcView y a yanayin ArcInfo dangane da ayyuka abin birgewa ne, amma maimakon haka software ɗaya ce. Kamar dai bayan biyan kuɗin motar, dole ne ku biya wasu lambobin kuɗi don ku iya amfani da kwandishan da motar ta riga ta ko don iya amfani da kaya na 5….

    Za ka yi da hankali tare da wannan manufofin sunan saboda ArcInfo 9.2 ba haihuwa da kuma iko Arc / takardunku Workstation yafi amfani ga na'ura wasan bidiyo da kuma amfani gargajiya Arc-kumburi topology. Wannan ArcInfo shine abin da na fada a baya, motar da karbar ta biyar kunna.

    "Duk waɗannan shirye-shiryen suna amfani da ma'anar geodatabase, wanda shine daidaitaccen tushen bayanan ƙasa wanda ArcGIS yayi amfani dashi."

    Daidaitacce? Wannan tsarin an rufe shi, ba tare da bayanan jama'a ba kuma wannan yana canzawa tare da kowane sabon sigar. Muna da bayanan sirri, na kasuwanci, na tushen fayil (ein?) Kuma a saman wannan, ba mai jituwa baya: ta yaya zaka bude (ban ce gyara ba, kawai ka bude !!!) Geodatabase 8.3 a ArcGIS 9, yi ban kwana da sake amfani dashi 8.3 ...

    Duk da haka dai, ee, ESRI tana da mafi kyawun kayan aiki akan kasuwa wanda zata iya basu damar ... ba ma maganar manufofin farashin ESRI na mafi saurin jujjuyawa a gaban masu haɗin haɗakar ta, Ina komawa ga gwaje-gwajen: babu Maimakon jin Shugaba na ESRI Spain a teburin zagaye a IGN wanda aka buga akan YouTube fewan makwannin da suka gabata, yana mai bayyana cike da jimami cewa ESRI yana daidaita farashinsa ga abokin ciniki kuma yana cikin dukkan haƙƙoƙinta, a bayyane yake bayar da farashin kamfanoni. waɗanda ke rayuwa ta wani ɓangare daga siyarwa da daidaita kayayyakin ESRI waɗanda ba za su iya bayarwa ba, suna kiyaye ragowar daga kasuwa. Uis yadda zan kunna da waɗannan abubuwan….

    Gaisuwa!

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.

Komawa zuwa maɓallin kewayawa