Add
topografia

Kasancewa mai binciken shi ne kwarewar rayuwa.

Allaunar Ken Allred na yanayin ƙasa ba ta san iyaka ba, da kuma sha'awar sa, don binciken da ya bayyana ga sababbin sababbin abubuwa a matsayin lissafin lissafi, yana da saurin yaduwa.

St Albert MLA da ya yi ritaya baya tunani sau biyu game da nuna masu binciken wutar lantarki da zarar sun ciccike alamunsu na sauki a cikin ƙasa. Har ila yau ɗaruruwan shekaru bayan haka, waɗannan lamuran suna ɗauke da alamun rayuwa. Abubuwan tarihin ƙasa suna bayyana iyakokin ƙasa da ƙasa, amma a ƙaramin matakin, suna bayyana iyakokin mallakar kowane mai mallakar kunshi. Mahimmancinsa ya faro ne tun farkon lokacin da mutane suka tsaya akan wani yanki suka fara jayayya game da wanda ya mallaki kowane dutse.

topografia

 

"Aiki a kan Muhimmancin masu daukar hoto ana iya samunsa a cikin Littafi Mai-Tsarki, a cikin Littafin Kubawar Shari'a na Tsohon Alkawari, wanda a cikinsa aka yi la'akari da ikon mallakar ƙasa. Masu bincike na Kanada kamar Samuel de Champlain ko Jacques Cartier sun kasance ainihin masu zane-zane waɗanda ke ƙirƙirar taswirar bakin teku. A cikin ƙauyuka na zamani, iyakar ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙasa, waɗanda ke bayyana wanda ya mallaki ƙasar da duk wani abin da ke cikinta, an ƙaddara ta hanyar yanayin ƙasa, ”in ji Allred.

Ƙaunarsa tare da Topography ta fara 50 shekaru da suka gabata tare da aikin hutu, a lokacin bazara, yayin karatun aikin injiniya a Jami'ar Alberta.

“Hanya ce da ake buƙata don ɗaliban injiniya. Na kasance tare da ƙungiyar masu binciken ƙasa waɗanda ke aiki a kan iyakar arewacin Waterton National Park. Na ga wani mai dubawa daga Ottawa ya zo ya sami hanyar alamar katako wanda ya zama alamar iyaka; Wannan al'amarin ya faranta min rai, saboda na fahimci cewa don zama mai bincike dole ne ku kasance cikin masu bincike "in ji Allred.

Ko da yake mafi yawan 'yan majami'ar St. Albert sun tuna da Allred don maganganun siyasarsa a matsayin Majalisa na City da kuma Alberta, bayan wannan bazara a Waterton, Allred ya zama masanin binciken gwamnati kuma wannan shi ne karo na farko zama.

Sha'awarsa ga batun ya zama mai jan hankali sosai cewa, a matsayin abin sha'awa, ya gudanar da bincike kan tarihin yanayin kasa. Allred ya kwashe yawancin sa'o'insa na kyauta yana neman shahararrun wuraren tarihi kamar su mai shekaru 300 da suka gabata na layin Mason-Dixon a Amurka ko kuma iyakar Stelae da har yanzu ta kasance kusa da Aswan Dam a Kogin Nilu, duk da cewa tsoffin Masarawa sun yanke shi a cikin dutse.

 "Yawancin wa] annan alamun sune ayyukan fasaha," in ji Allred, lokacin da yake nuna mana hotuna na tsohuwar wuraren tarihi, ciki har da mabijin Babila.

Kaldiyawa dutse, dake a cikin Kassite lokaci 1700 AC ne alama da wani tsoho rubutu bayanin wanda ya kasance mai shi daga cikin ƙasa kuma dõmin wannan batu shi ne mafita ga wata iyaka tsakanin, ya ce Allred.

"Wannan ya nuna muhimmancin da masu binciken suke da shi da kuma muhimmancin kafa iyakoki don magance maƙwabta daga maƙwabta da 'yan uwansu," inji shi.

Alamar alama ce

Babban dokar babban yatsa don yin binciken ita ce, abin tunawa shi ne sarki. Wannan ƙa'idar ita ce wacce ta kasance tabbatacciya a cikin kowane rikici na iyaka.

Bayyanannun umarni ko rubutattun takardu ba su da iko iri ɗaya da alamar mai binciken. Hatta hukunci na gaskiya ba ya kafa layin gaskiya a kan ƙasa wanda ke nuna inda dukiyar ɗayan ta fara da ta ɗayan ta ƙare.

Dangane da layin Mason-Dixon, alal misali, mahimmancin dalilan shekarun 1700 shine cewa Sarkin Ingila ya kafa mallakar ƙasar William Penn bisa lafazi na 40. Amma, ainihin binciken da aka yi bai yi ba yana kan wannan.

Duk da haka, a lokacin da aka yanke hukunci kan iyaka zuwa kotu, an kafa alamomi da aka kafa a cikin asali. Wannan yana nufin a bango cewa, bisa ga layin da aka tsara a cikin binciken zane-zanen Mason-Dixon, Philadelphia yana cikin Pennsylvania kuma ba Maryland.

tarihin topography

"Daidai wannan ka'ida tana da gaskiya ga iyakokin ƙasashen waje, kamar 49 a layi," in ji Allred. "Ƙasar Kanada - Arewacin Amirka ba daidai ba ne a kan 49 a layi."

Yankunan Riparian

Kusa da gidansa, a cikin 1861, firist Albert Lacombe ya bayar a nan, ga farkon mazaunan ƙasar a St. Albert, tsarin yin alama a jerin wuraren da ke haɗe da kogi dangane da hanyar Québec. Kowane mai mulkin mallaka ya sami madaidaiciyar yankin da Kogin Sturgeon ya wanke.

A cikin 1869, Gwamnatin Kanada ta aika wani mai binciken mai suna Manjo Webb don yin bincike kan yankunan rafin da ke yankin Red River a cikin garin Manitoba, ta hanyar amfani da hanyar yanki da yawan yanki na auna kasa. Louis Riel ya sake nazarin tsarin binciken Major Webb kuma ya dakatar da shi.

An ba da izinin mai daukar hoto Lewis Lavoie na St. Albert ya zana zane wanda ya kwatanta wannan lokacin tarihi.

Allred ya ce "Lokacin da Riel ya dakatar da wannan tsarin binciken, ya sauya yanayin yammacin Kanada," in ji Allred.

Hanyar da aka yi amfani da ita a cikin binciken a Manitoba dabara ce ta talla. An kira Webb don tayar da yanki mai girman eka 800 a kokarin jan hankalin mazauna arewacin iyakar Amurka. Amurkawa sun gina alummarsu a yanki mai girman eka 600.

"Suna ƙoƙarin jawo hankalin masu mulkin mallaka ta hanyar samar da su fiye da yadda Amurkawa ke bawa," in ji Allred.

Hakanan tsarin kunshin rijiyar ya zama matsala a St. Albert. A cikin 1877, an aika masu binciken biyar, karkashin jagorancin Babban Sufeto M. Deane, daga Edmonton zuwa St. Albert.

"Mestizo natsuwa tsayayya da aikin da tawagar surveyors saboda gwamnatin tarayya so su raba ƙasar a sassan," ya ce Jean Leebody, nune-nunen gudanarwa na Heritage Museum, yanzu ya yi ritaya, wanda ya yi bincike topographical matsala a St. Albert.

“Wani ɓangare na matsalar shi ne cewa mestizos ba ta ba da izini a hukumance ba. Suna da takardu ne kawai ba tare da darajar hukuma ba. A cikin St. Albert, mazaunan mestizo sun yi barazanar dakatar da aikin idan aka gyara hanyar rarar bakin kogi, wannan ya tilasta wa Oblates da Father Leduc shiga tsakani. "

Mazaunan mestizo sun kalli Deane da tawagarsa sun auna St. Albert don ƙirƙirar tsarin rarraba filaye ga birni kuma suka fara firgita saboda suna tsoron rasa haƙƙin ƙasar. Idan aka sake gwada wannan, masu mulkin mallaka sunyi jayayya, aƙalla iyalai bakwai zasu mallaki yanki ɗaya na ƙasar. Wasu mazaunan za su rasa damar zuwa kogin da ke da matukar mahimmanci don noma da kamun kifi. Duk hanyoyi, waɗanda suka yi daidai da ta, dole ne a canza su.

“Gwamnati ba ta koyi darasi ba. Bai yi koyi da abin da ya faru a Manitoba ba kuma hakan ya haifar da matsaloli a nan da kuma a Batoche a Saskatchewan, ”in ji Allred.

tarihin tarihi

Bugu da} ari, masu zaman kansu na St. Albert sun yi marhabin da tsarin nazarin ilimin lissafi na zamani saboda tsarin rarraba kasa na iyayen Oblate ya kawo sababbin jituwa.

Dangane da littafin tarihin gida na Black Robe's Vision, da'awar ƙasa lamari ne na yau da kullun. Sabbin baƙi kawai suna sanya gungumen azaba a kowane ƙarshen dukiyoyinsu.

Sakamakon masu binciken gwamnati ya gabatar da lamarin a gaba kuma an gudanar da taron jama'a a St. Albert wanda mutane daga sauran al'ummomin da suka hada da Fort Saskatchewan da Edmonton suka halarta. An ɗora harsashin ginin, kuma an aiko da mahaifinsa Lindac da Daniel Maloney, wani mazaunin St. Albert, zuwa Ottawa, don yunkurin shari'ar ta hanyar rike tsarin rudun dake bakin St. Albert. Sun yi nasara, sabili da haka an ci gaba da kasancewa a cikin tsari na yanzu.

“Yayin da garin ke girma, ‘yan zuhudu sun sayar da filayensu aka raba gari. Yayin da birnin ya fadada, wadanda suka mallaki kuri'a a gefen kogi sun sayar da dukiyoyinsu; An sayar da waɗannan a matsayin filin da muke da su yanzu a St. Albert, "in ji Leebody.

Ayyuka masu aiki

Tsoffin wuraren tarihi da masu binciken suka shimfida sun zama tabbatattun wuraren tarihi amma ba masu sauki bane a same su.

Lokacin da ruwan ya tashi ko ya fāɗi matakinsa, kamar yadda yake a cikin babban tafkin, iyakokin har yanzu suna bukatar a kafa su. Kuma idan ciyayi ya tsiro a kan alamomi, waɗannan zasu iya zama da wuya a samu.

“Mafi kyawun kayan aikin mai bincike shine felu. Wani lokaci masu binciken suna tono suna neman wani da'irar tsatsa inda abin da ya faru ya wargaje amma kawai wanzuwar gyare-gyaren da ya bari ya isa," in ji Allred.

Don nuna misalin wahalar gano matakai, Allred ya nuna daya wanda ya zama alama a binciken da ake yi a hanya kuma wanda ake kira R-4; Ana cikin tsakiyar tsakiyar bishiyoyin White Spruce kusa da babban tafkin.

"Wannan wata alama ce ta asali alama ce ta yankin rafi," in ji shi.

Alamar yanzu gungumen azaba ne tare da tef ɗin mai binciken jan robobi a haɗe a saman. Lokacin da Allred ya share ganyayyaki da tarkace, sai ya samo asalin ƙarfen. A cikin yankin da ke kewaye da shi, ya kuma sami mummunan damuwa a cikin ƙasa.

"Ba zan iya samun bakin ciki daya kawai ba a yanzu, amma ga babban titin kogin ya kamata a sami bakin ciki hudu mai zurfin inci 12 da santimita 18 a cikin yanki. Matsalolin sun kasance ƙarin alama ta yadda manoma ba su yi noma a kansu ba kuma saboda haka za a iya rasa alamomin,” inji shi.

Allred al'ajabin a aikin na waɗanda farkon explorers kamar David Thompson, bai san yunkuri, sau da yawa a cikin mafi m yankunan na kasar da kuma hõre mafi matsananci weather yanayi.

“Masu binciken majagaba ne. A cikin yanayin Thompson aiki ne gaba ɗaya ta hanyar kallon taurari. Babu wata ma’ana a gare shi,” in ji Allred.

Ya yi ba'a a ra'ayin cewa binciken yana da m.

"Yawancin ya dogara da halayen ƙasar kuma kowane yanki yana da iyaka," ya gaya mana.

“Masu binciken dole ne su kasance masu ƙwararru a cikin trigonometry; Dole ne su kasance ƙwararrun fahimtar tsarin shari'a da fasaha da yin taswira da kuma yanayin ƙasa. Dole ne su san abin da ya kasance a baya. Topography tarihi ne."

 

Source: stalbertgazette

Golgi Alvarez

Marubuci, mai bincike, kwararre a cikin Samfuran Gudanar da Ƙasa. Ya halarci Conceptualization da aiwatar da model kamar: National System of Property Administration SINAP a Honduras, Model na Management of hadin gwiwa Municipalities a Honduras, Integrated Model na Cadastre Management - Registry a Nicaragua, System of Administration na Territory SAT a Colombia. . Editan shafin ilimin Geofumadas tun daga 2007 kuma mahaliccin Kwalejin AulaGEO wanda ya haɗa da darussa sama da 100 akan GIS - CAD - BIM - batutuwan Twins na Dijital.

shafi Articles

4 Comments

  1. Abin sha'awa !!!!!!!! Za su sami tarihin tarihin hoto, na Mexico? Gaisuwa!

  2. Daraja gudanar da bincike yafa a cikin wannan sosai ban sha'awa da kuma cike da SATISFACTIONS filin, bidiyo game da wannan ko kuma wani Jaridun.

  3. Littafin da ya kunshi tarihin da ya nuna muhimmancin mai daukar hoto

Deja un comentario

Your email address ba za a buga.

Wannan shafin yana amfani da Akismet don rage spam. Koyi yadda aka sarrafa bayanan bayaninka.

Komawa zuwa maɓallin kewayawa